The Spread of the Reformation:

 Calvin, Radical Protestants, and Henry VIII

 

image002

John Calvin
1509-1564

Henry VIII

1491-1547

Elizabeth I

c.1546s

 

Š     What is Calvinism? How did it differ from Lutheranism?

Š     How did the Reformation breed social radicalism?

Š     How did the Reformation come to England? What did Henry VIII want?

 

Key Terms

1) John Calvin                           6) Catherine of Aragon

2) predestination                        7) Act of Supremacy

3) The Protestant Work Ethic    8) The Elizabethan Settlement

4) Huguenots

5) Anabaptists

 

I.  Calvinism: Theology and Politics

 

Š     Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1531): Humanist and Swiss Reformer

 

Š     John Calvin (1509-1564): Law, Humanism, and Religion

 

Š     Who Receives Salvation? The Concept of Predestination

 

Š     The “Protestant Work Ethic” (Max Weber) and the New Morality

 

Š     Calvin’s Religious Theocracy in Geneva: Smashing the Idols

 

Š     Other Calvinists: Huguenots (France), Presbyterians (Scotland), “Puritans” (England)

 

 

II. Radical Protestants:  A Religion for the Poor?

 

Š     Religion and Social Equality

 

Š     The German Peasants War (1525)

 

Š     The Anabaptists and the Münster Rebellion (1534)

 

 

III. The English Reformation:  The Primacy of Politics?

 

Š     The Legacy of English Religious Independence (Henry II and Thomas Beckett)

o  Strong Monarchy, Detachment, and Heretics

 

Š     Henry VIII’s Big Problem

o  Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Charles V and the Pope

o  Help from Parliament

o  First Act of Supremacy: King as Head of the Church of England (1534)

o  The Early Anglican Church

 

Š     Sibling Rivalry:  Bloody” Mary (1553-58) and Elizabeth I (1558-1603)

Š     The Elizabethan Settlement (1559) and the Rise of Calvinism:  Toward a Protestant Nation