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Selected articles in journals and collective volumes

1. General and critical issues in Islamic studies

"Persianate Islamic Studies in American Universities." In Iranian Studies in America: Looking Back, Looking Ahead, ed. Franklin Lewis and Erica Ehrenberg (American Institute of Iranian Studies/Eisenbruns, 2016). 

"Ten Questions about Islamic Civilization." In Islam for Journalists, ed. Lawrence Pintak and Stephen Franklin (Social Science Research Council, 2013), pp. 50-62.

“Changing Approaches to Islamic Studies in North American Universities.” In Islamic Studies and Civilisational Dialogue: A Transdisciplinary Approach for Sustainability, ed Azizan Baharuddin (Kuala Lumpur: Centre for Civilisational Dialogue, University of Malaya, 2013), pp. 75-92.

"The Global Significance of Arabic Language and Literature." Religion Compass 7/6 (2013), pp. 191-200. Click here to request a copy.

Charles Kurzman and Carl W. Ernst, “Islamic Studies in U.S. Universities.” In At the Precipice: Middle East Studies and the American University, ed. Seteney Shami and Cynthia Miller-Idriss (New York: New York University Press, forthcoming in 2016). A slightly truncated version has been published in Review of Middle East Studies 46/1 (Summer 2012), pp. 24-46.

"It's Not Just Academic – Writing Public Scholarship in Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies," Review of Middle East Studies 45/2 (Winter 2011 [2012]), pp. 164-71.

“‘The West and Islam?’ Rethinking Orientalism and Occidentalism.” Ishraq: Islamic Philosophy Yearbook 1 (Moscow/Tehran, 2010),  pp. 23-34.

Carl W. Ernst and Richard C. Martin, ed., Rethinking Islamic Studies: From Orientalism to Cosmopolitanism (University of South Carolina Press, 2010), co-author of "Introduction: Toward a Post-Orientalist Approach to Islamic Religious Studies" (pp. 1-22), and author of "The Perils of Civilizational Islam in Malaysia" (pp. 266-80). 

“Muhammad as the Pole of Existence.” In The Cambridge Companion to Muhammad, ed. Jonathan Brockopp (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), pp. 123-38.

"Reading Strategies for Introducing the Qur'an as Literature in an American Public University." Islamic Studies (Islamabad) 45:3 (2006), pp. 333-344; reprinted as Occasional Paper No. 77, Islamic Research Institute (Islamabad, 2007).

"Between Orientalism and Fundamentalism: Problematizing the Teaching of Sufism." In Teaching Islam, ed. Brannon Wheeler (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), pp. 108-23.

“Traditionalism, the Perennial Philosophy, and Islamic Studies (review article),” Middle East Studies Association Bulletin, vol. 28, no. 2 (December 1994), pp. 176-81.

"From Philosophy of Religion to History of Religion." In Problems in the Philosophy of Religion: Critical Studies of the Work of John Hick, ed. Harold Hewitt, Jr (London: Macmillan, 1991), pp. 46-50.

2. Premodern and Contemporary Sufism

"Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd on Ibn 'Arabī and Modernity," Journal of the Muhyiddin Ibn 'Arabi Society, Vol. 58 (2014), pp. 1-16.

"Wakened by the Dove’s Trill: Structure and Meaning in the Arabic Preface of Rumi’s Mathnawi, Book IV.” In The Philosophy of Ecstasy: Rumi and the Sufi Tradition, ed. Leonard Lewisohn (London: I. B. Tauris, 2015), pp. 259-268.

"'A Little Indicates Much': Structure and Meaning in the Prefaces of Rumi’s Mathnawi (Books I-III)." Mawlana Rumi Review V (2014), pp. 14-25.

"Piety and Devotion." In Islam in the Modern World, ed. Jeffrey T. Kenney, Ebrahim Moosa (Routledge, 2013), pp. 107-24.

Translations from the writings of Jalal al-Din Dawani: Commentary on Suhrawardi's "Temples of Light" (Sharḥ hayākil al-nūr, Book 5; Arabic), and Flashes of Illumination on Praiseworthy Ethics, or the Jalalian Ethics (Akhlāq-i Jalālī, Book 4; Persian), for An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia, ed. S. H. Nasr and Mehdi Aminrazavi, vol. 4, From the School of Illumination to Philosophical Mysticism (London: I.B. Tauris, 2012), pp. 93-120, 121-135.

"Shams-i Tabrizi and the Audacity of Bayazid Bistami." In Şems: Güneşle Aydinlananlar / Enlightened By The Sun (Istanbul: Nefes Yayınevi, 2010), pp. 286-95.

"Sufism and the Art of Penmanship according to Siraj al-Shirazi's Tuhfat al-Muhibbin (1454)." Journal of the American Oriental Society 129.3 (2009), pp. 431-42.

"Davani's Interpretation of Hafiz." In Hafiz and the School of Love in Persian Poetry, ed. Leonard Lewisohn (London: I. B. Taurus, 2010), pp. 197-210.

"Rumi on the Sound of the Human Voice.” Keşkül: Sufi Gelenek ve Hayat (forthcoming).

“The Daily Life of a Saint, Ahmad Sirhindi, by Badr al-Din Sirhindi.” In Islam in South Asia in Practice, ed. Barbara D. Metcalf (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009), pp. 158-65.

“Sufism, Islam, and Globalization in the Contemporary World: Methodological Reflections on a Changing Field of Study.” In Memoriam: The 4th Victor Danner Memorial Lecture. Bloomington, IN: Department of Near Eastern Languages and Cultures, 2009.

"On Losing One's Head: Hallajian themes in works attributed to `Attar." In Attar and the Persian Sufi Tradition: The Art of Spiritual Flight, ed. Leonard Lewisohn and Christopher Shackle (London: I. B. Tauris, 2006), pp. 330-343.

"Ideological and Technological Transformations of Contemporary Sufism." In Muslim Networks: From Hajj to Hip-hop, ed. miriam cooke and Bruce B. Lawrence. Islamic Civilization and Muslim Networks Series, 2 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005), pp. 198-207.

"Persecution and Circumspection in the Shattari Sufi Order."  In Islamic Mysticism Contested: Thirteen Centuries of Controversies & Polemics, ed. Fred De Jong and Berndt Radtke, Islamic History and Civilization: Studies and Texts, 29 (Leiden: Brill, 1999), pp. 416-35.

"Vertical Pilgrimage and Interior Landscape in the Visionary Diary of Ruzbihan Baqli." Muslim World 88/2 (1998), pp. 129-40.

"The Interpretation of the Classical Sufi Tradition in India: The Shama'il al-atqiya' of Rukn al-Din Kashani." Sufi 22 (1994), pp. 5-10. Persian translation by Karim Zayyani as "Tafsiri bar sunnat-i tasavvuf-i klasik-i Hindustan: Shamayil al-atqiya', athar-i Rukn al-Din Kashani," in Sufi 24 (1373/1994), pp. 6-12.

"Ruzbihan Baqli on Love as 'Essential Desire.'" In Gott is schön und Er liebt die Schönheit/God is Beautiful and He Loves Beauty: Festschrift für Annemarie Schimmel, ed. Alma Giese and J. Christoph Bürgel (Bern: Peter Lang, 1994), pp. 181-89.

"The Man without Attributes: Ibn `Arabi's Interpretation of Abu Yazid al-Bistami." Journal of the Muhyiddin Ibn `Arabi Society XIII (1993), pp. 1-18. 

"An Indo-Persian Guide to Sufi Shrine Pilgrimage," in Manifestations of Sainthood in Islam, ed. Grace Martin Smith and Carl W. Ernst (Istanbul: The Isis Press, 1993), pp. 43-67; abridged version reprinted in Tales of God’s Friends: Islamic Hagiography in Translation, ed. John Renard (University of California Press, 2009), pp. 269-85.

"Mystical Language and the Teaching Context in the Early Sufi Lexicons." In Mysticism and Language, ed. Steven T. Katz (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992), pp. 181-201.

"The Symbolism of Birds and Flight in the Writings of Ruzbihan Baqli." In The Heritage of Sufism, Volume 2, ed. Leonard Lewisohn (Oxford: One World, 1999), pp. 353-66.

"The Stages of Love in Persian Sufism, from Rabi`a to Ruzbihan." In The Heritage of Sufism, Volume 1, Classical Persian Sufism from its Origins to Rumi (700-1300), ed. Leonard Lewisohn (Oxford: One World, 1999), pp. 435-55.

"The Spirit of Islamic Calligraphy: Baba Shah Isfahani's Adab al-Mashq." Journal of the American Oriental Society 112 (1992), pp. 279-86.

"Controversy over Ibn `Arabi's Fusus: The Faith of Pharaoh." Islamic Culture LIX (1985), pp. 259-66.

"From Hagiography to Martyrology: Conflicting Testimonies to a Sufi Martyr of the Delhi Sultanate." History of Religions XXIV (May, 1985), pp. 308-27.

3. Indo-Muslim culture

"Muslim Interpreters of Yoga." In Yoga: The Art of Transformation, ed. Debra Diamond (Smithsonian Books, 2013), pp. 59-68.
  • As an adjunct to the Smithsonian exhibit, "Yoga: The Art of Transformation," see Chapter 4 of the Bahr al-hayat, by Muhammad Ghawth Gwaliyari, translated from the Persian by Carl W. Ernst.
"Traces of Šattari Sufism and Yoga in North Africa." Oriente Moderno XCII/2 (2013), pp. 361-367.

"Indian Lovers in Arabic and Persian Guise: Azad Bilgrami's Depiction of nayikas." The Journal of Hindu Studies (2013), pp. 1-15.

“A Fourteenth-Century Persian Account of Breath Control and Meditation.” In Yoga in Practice, ed. David Gordon White, Princeton Readings in Religions (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011), pp. 133-39.


"The Limits of Universalism in Islamic Thought: The Case of Indian Religions.” Muslim World 101 (January 2011), pp. 1-19.

"Fayzi's Illuminationist Interpretation of Vedanta: The Shariq al-Ma`rifa.” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 30/3 (2010), pp. 156-64.

"Reconfiguring South Asian Islam: The 18th and 19th centuries." Journal of Comparative Islamic Studies 5/2 (2009), pp. 247-272.

“Islam and Sufism in Contemporary South Asia.” In Sacred Spaces: A Journey with the Sufis of the Indus, by Samina Quraeshi (Cambridge, MA: Peabody Museum Press, 2009), pp. 21-40.

"Being Careful with the Goddess: Yoginis in Persian and Arabic Texts.” In Performing Ecstasy: The Poetics and Politics of Religion in India, ed. Pallabi Chakrovorty and Scott Kugle (Delhi: Manohar, 2009), pp. 189-203.

“Accounts of Yogis in Arabic and Persian Historical and Travel Texts.” Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam, vol. 33 (2008), pp. 409-426.

“Fragmentary Versions of the Apocryphal ‘Hymn of the Pearl’ in Arabic, Turkish, Persian, and Urdu.” Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam, vol. 31 (2006), pp. 144-188. MS Word version requires the following Unicode fonts: Arabic Transparent (Windows XP), Nazanin, and Lateef.

“Two Versions of a Persian Text on Yoga and Cosmology, Attributed to Shaykh Mu`in al-Din Chishti.” Elixir 2 (2006), pp. 69-76, 124-5. Revised edition ed. Scott Kugle, in Sufi Meditation and Contemplation: Timeless Wisdom from Mughal India (New Lebanon, NY: Suluk Press/Omega Publications, 2012), pp. 167-9, 181-92.

"Situating Sufism and Yoga."
Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Series 3, 15:1 (2005), pp. 15-43.

"The Islamization of Yoga in the Amrtakunda Translations." Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Series 3, 13:2 (2003), pp. 199-226.

"Muslim Studies of Hinduism? A Reconsideration of Persian and Arabic Translations from Sanskrit." Iranian Studies 36 (2003), pp. 173-95.

"Abu Nasr Muhammad Khalidi (d. 1406/1985): A Brief Memoir."  The Annual of Urdu Studies 15 (2000), pp. 305-313.

"Admiring the Works of the Ancients: The Ellora Temples as viewed by Indo-Muslim Authors." In Beyond Turk and Hindu: Rethinking Religious Identities in Islamicate South Asia, ed. David Gilmartin and Bruce B. Lawrence (University Press Florida, 2000), pp. 198-220.

"The Psychophysiology of Ecstasy in Sufism and Yoga." North Carolina Medical Journal 59/3 (May/June, 1998), pp. 182-4.

"Local Cultural Nationalism as Anti-Fundamentalist Strategy in Pakistan." Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa, and the Middle East 16 (1996), pp. 68-76.

"Sufism and Yoga according to Muhammad Ghawth." Sufi 29 (Spring 1996), pp. 9-13.

Translations for Religions of India in Practice, ed. Donald S. Lopez, Jr., Princeton Readings in Religions, 1 (Princeton University Press, 1995): "Lives of Sufi Saints" (Persian; pp. 495-512), "Conversations of Sufi Saints" (Persian; pp. 513-17), and "India as a Sacred Islamic Land" (Arabic; pp. 556-64).


Articles for reference works

Encyclopedia Iranica (Costa Mesa CA: Mazda Publishers): "Deccan I. Political and Literary History" (VII:181-85, 1995); "Ebrahim Shirazi" (VIII:76, 1997); "Faruqi Dynasty of Khandesh" (IX:374-5, 1999); "Jawāher-e Khamsa" (2007); "Ruzbihan Baqli" (forthcoming).

Encyclopaedia of Islam (Leiden: E. J. Brill), 2nd ed.: "Ruzbihan Bakli" (VII:651-52, 1995); "Shath" (IX:361-2, 1997); "Shirazi, Rafi` al-Din" (IX:483, 1997); "Tasawwuf (iii): 19th and 20th-century Sufism, in Muslim India" (X:333-7, 1999); 3rd edition: "Bibi Jamal Khatun" (2009).

Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World (Macmillan Reference U.S.A., 2003): “Tariqa,” "Tasawwuf.”

Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion, ed. Robert Wuthnow (Congressional Quarterly, Inc., 1998): "Iqbal, Muhammad," pp. 375-6; "Sufism," pp. 719-21.

Encyclopedia of Religion, ed. Mircea Eliade et al. (New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1987): "Blasphemy (Islamic Concept)," vol. 2, pp. 242-45.

The Muslim Almanac: A Reference Work on the History, Faith, Cultures, and Peoples of Islam, ed. Azim A. Nanji (Gale Research, Inc., 1996): "Spiritual Life and Institutions in Muslim Society," pp. 253-59.

South Asian Folklore: An Encyclopedia, ed. Peter J. Claus and Margaret A. Mills (Garland Publishing, Inc., 2003): "Syncretism" (with Tony K. Stewart).


 Prefaces and Forewords

Preface to Hakim Al-Tirmidhi, Bayan al-Farq bayna al-sadr wa l-qalb wa l-fu'ad wa l-lubb, Arabic text and Italian trans. Demetrio Giordani (Palermo: University of Palermo Press, 2014).

Foreword.
Sajida Sultana Alvi. Perspectives on Mughal India: rulers, historians, 'Ulama' and Sufis (New York : Oxford University Press, 2012).

Preface.
Kenan Rifai, Listen: Commentary on the Spiritual Couplets of Mevlana Rumi,  trans. Victoria Holbrook (Fons Vitae, 2012).

Foreword. Anna Suvorova, Lahore: Topophilia of Space and Place
(Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2011).

Foreword.
Michel Boivin, Artefacts of Devotion: A Sufi Repertoire of the Qalandariyya in Sehwan Sharif, Sindh, Pakistan (Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2011).

Foreword. Annemarie Schimmel, Mystical Dimensions of Islam (35th anniversary ed., Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2011).

Preface to the Second Edition. Carl W. Ernst,
Words of Ecstasy in Sufism (London: Archetype, forthcoming).

Preface to the Second Edition. Carl W. Ernst, Eternal Garden: Mysticism, History, and Politics at a South Asian Sufi Center (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2004).

Preface to Abu `Abd ar-Rahman as-Sulami, Early Sufi Women, trans. Rkia Laroui Cornell (Fons Vitae, 2000).
Foreword. Shaykh `Ali al-Hujwiri, Revealing the Mystery (Kashf al-mahjub), trans. R. A. Nicholson, (reprint ed., N.Y.: Pir Press, 1999).

Preface to Michael Sells, Early Islamic Mysticism, Classics of Western Spirituality (Paulist Press, 1996).


Preface to Judith L. Ernst, The Golden Goose King: A Tale Told by the Buddha (Chapel Hill, NC: Parvardigar Press, 1995).








CARL W. ERNST
Selected articles in journals
and collective volumes

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