Bibliography on the Qur'an

Translations of the Qur'an

Mahmoud M. Ayoub, The Qur’an and Its Interpreters, Vol. I and II (SUNY, 1984)

Yusuf ‘Ali, trans., The Holy Qur’an with Medinan Arabic text and English commentary by ‘Ali and revised by Isma’il al-Faruqi (Amana Publications, 1989). `Ali's liberal interpretation, originally composed in British India in the 1930s, has been judiciously modified (particularly in the footnotes) by Saudi-funded organizations who consider his views questionable.

Thomas Cleary, The Essential Qur'an. A well-known translator of Chinese Buddhist texts offers a lucid and engaging version of selections from the Qur'an.

Reference Works

Daniel A. Madigan, "Reflections on Some Current Directions in Qur'anic Studies," The Muslim World 85 (1995), pp. 345-362. A good summary of current scholarship, including debates over the theories of John Wansborough.

Jane Dammen McAuliffe, general editor, Encyclopaedia of the Qur'an (Leiden : Brill, 2001-). A major reference work organized by topic into articles both large and small.

Hanna E. Kassis, A Concordance of the Qur’an. (Berkeley, 1982). By transliterated Arabic roots, keyed to the translation of A. J. Arberry.

W.M. Watt, Bell’s Introduction to the Qur’an (Columbia University, 1970). An older guide to European scholarship on the Qur'an, theories on the history of the text, structure, style, etc.

Mustansir Mir, Dictionary of Qur’anic Terms and Concepts (NY, 1987).

John Penrice, A Dictionary and Glossary of the Qur’an (London, 1873).

Brannon M. Wheeler, Prophets in the Quran (London & New York: Continuum, 2002). Gives Qur'anic accounts of major prophets, with extracts from standard commentaries.

Commentaries in English

Abdul, Musa O.A. The Qur’an : Shaykh Tabarsi's commentary. Lahore : Sh. Muhammad Ashraf, 1977. UNC Davis Library BP130.4.T343 A63 1977. A prominent Shi`i commentary.

Ali, S.V. Mir Ahmed. The Holy Qur’an. (Karachi, 1964). "Commentary according to the version of the Ahlul-Bait." Shi’i concerns.

Ali, Syed Anwer. Qur’an: The Fundamental Law of Human Life. vols. 1-10. "A commentary [in consideration of] philosophical thought, scientific research, political, economical, and social developments." (Karachi, 1982-1994).

An enlightening commentary into the light of the holy Qur'an, by a group of Muslim scholars; translated by Abbas Sadr-`ameli; edited by Somaiyah Berrigan. Isfahan: Amir-al-Mo'mineen Ali Library, 1994-. A recent Shi`i commentary from Iran. BP130.4 .E544 1994

Ayoub, M. The Great Tidings. (Tripoli, 1983). Commentary on the last juz’ (30th part) of the Qur’an.

Azad, Abul Kalam. Tarjuman al-Qur’an, trans. Syed Abdul Latif(Bombay, 1962-1967 and rep. New Delhi, 1990). A popular commentary by a modernist thinker, well known as an associate of Gandhi in India's Congress Party.

Beeston, A.F.L. Baidawi’s Commentary on Surah 12 of the Qur’an: Text, Accompanied by an interpretive rendering and notes. (Oxford, 1963). The Sura of Yusuf.

Bell, Richard. A Commentary on the Qur’an, ed. C. Edmund Bosworth and M.E.J. Richardson (Manchester : University of Manchester, 1991). A critical reinterpretation that rearranges the surahs in accordance with Bell's understanding of their historical order.

Behbudi, Muhammad Baqir. The Quran: a new interpretation, trans. Colin Turner (Richmond, England: Curzon, 1997). BP109 1997

Haeri, Fadhlalla. Keys to the Qur'an (Reading, UK: Garnet, 1993). Interpretations from a modern Sufi teacher. BP130.4 .H22 1992

Khu’i, Abu al-Qasim ibn ‘Ali Akbar, 1899-. Prolegomena to the Qur’an. New York : Oxford University Press, 1998. Duke Divinity --- 297.12261 K45, B356, 1998

Kinberg, Naphtali. A lexicon of al-Farra’'s terminology in his Qur’an commentary: with full definitions, English summaries, and extensive citations. Leiden; New York: E.J. Brill, 1996. UNC Davis BP130.4 .K46 1996

Margoliouth, D.S. Chrestomathia Baidawiana: The Commentary of el-Baidawi on Sura III Translated and Explained for the Use of Students of Arabic. (London, 1894)..

Mawdudi, M. Abu al-A’la (d. 1979). The Meaning of the Qur’an (Tafhim al-Qur’an). Composed in Urdu and translated into Arabic and English (Lahore, 1967- ). Moral and theological approach from the founder of the fundamentalist Jama`at-i Islami, using biblical accounts to supplement verses, some naturalistic explanations for miraculous phenomena. BP104.8.M313 . Another, superior, English trans. by Z. I. Ansari, Towards Understanding the Qur’an (to vol. 5, surah 21) BP 130.4.M42513 1988.

Qutb, Sayyid. In the shade of the Qur'an, translated by M.A. Salahi, A.A. Shamis (London : MWH, 1979). Translation of Fi zilal al-Qur’an, the best-selling commentary by a major ideologue of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood.

Sale, George. A comprehensive commentary on the Qurán; comprising Sale's translation and preliminary discourse, with additional notes and emendations; together with a
complete index to the text, preliminary discourse, and notes
, by E. M. Wherry.
London, K. Paul, Trench, Trübner & co., limited, 1896 (London, K. Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., Limited, 1896). BP109.S3 1975. A classic 18th-century English work, largely based on the Latin translation and commentary on the Qur'an by Maracci; this itself, although polemical, gave fairly good summaries of classical Arabic commentators like Baydawi.

Tabari, Abu Ja‘far Muhammad b. Jarir al-. The commentary on the Qur’an; being an abridged translation of Jami‘ al-bayan ‘an ta’wil ay al-Qur’an. Introduction and notes by J. Cooper; general editors, W.F. Madelung, A. Jones. London ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1987-. UNC Davis BP130.4 .T2713 1987

Usmani, Shabbir Ahmad (d. 1949). trans. M.A. Ahmad. The Noble Qur’an: Tafseer-e-Usmani. vols. 1-3. (Lahore, 1991). BP130.4.K5712 1991.

Commentaries in Arabic and other languages

Alusi, Mahmud ibn ‘Abd Allah, 1802 or 3-1853 or 4. Ruh al-ma‘ani fi tafsir al-Qur’an al-‘azim wa-al-sab‘ al-mathani. Beirut : Dar al-Fikr, 1983. Divinity --- 297.1227 A471, R933, 1983. An important Sufi commentary from Ottoman Baghdad.

‘Askari, al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali, d. 874. Tafsir al-Imam Abi Muhammad al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali al-‘Askari. Bayrut: Mu’assasat al-Tarikh al-‘Arabi; Dar Ihya’ al-Turath al-‘Arabi, 2001. Duke Divinity --- 297.1226 A834, T124, 2001. Atrributed to one of the Shi`i imams.

Baghawi, al-Husayn ibn Mas‘ud, d. 1117?. Tafsir al-Baghawi al-musamma Ma‘alim al-tanzil. Bayrut, Lubnan : Dar al-Ma‘rifah, 1987. Divinity --- Quarto 297.1227 B144, T124, 1987

Bint al-Shati’. al-Tafsir al-bayani lil-Qur’an al-karim. Misr, Dar al-Ma‘arif, 1977-1982. Divinity --- 297.122 B614, T124, 1977. By a leading Egyptian woman scholar of Islamic studies.

Fayd al-Kashi, Muhammad ibn Murtadá, 1598 or 9-1680 or 81. Tafsir al-Safi.Bayrut, Lubnan : Mu’assasat al-A‘lami lil-Matbu‘at, 1979- . Divinity --- 297.1227 F282, T124, 1979. By a major Shi`i intellectual of Safavid Iran.

Firuzabadi, Muhammad ibn Ya‘qub, 1329-1414 or 15. Tanwir al-miqbas min Tafsir Ibn ‘Abbas. Multan : Faruqi Kutub Khanu, [1975 or 1976]. Divinity --- Quarto 297.1227 A135, F527, 1975

Ibn al-‘Arabi, 1165-1240. Tafsir al-Qur’an al-karim. Bayrut : Dar al-Andalus, 1978. Divinity --- 297.1227 I13, T124, 1978. Attributed to the great Andalusian Sufi, though probably by his commentator Kashani.

Ibn Kathir, Isma‘il ibn ‘Umar, ca. 1301-1373. Tafsir ibn Kathir. [196-] Divinity --- 297.122 I13T

"Jalalayn": al-Qur’an al-karim : bi-al-rasm al-‘Uthmani. Wa-bi-hamishihi tafsir al-Jalalayn lil-Imamayn
al-jalilayn Jalal al-Din Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli [wa-]Jalal al-Din ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn
Abi Bakr al-Suyuti. Mudhayyalan bi-Kitab Lubab al-nuqul fi asbab al-nuzul / lil-Suyuti
, ed.
Muhammad Karim ibn Sa‘id Rajih. Bayrut, Lubnan: Dar al-Qalam, [1983?]. UNC Davis folio BP100 1983b

Qutb, Sayyid, 1903-1966. Fi zilal al-Qur’an.Bayrut : Dar al-Shuruq, 1996. Divinity --- Quarto 297.1227 Q9, F438, 1996

Razi, Fakhr al-Din Muhammad ibn ‘Umar, 1149 or 50-1210. al-Tafsir al-kabir, aw, Mafatih al-ghayb.Bayrut, Lubnan : Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah, 1990. Divinity --- Quarto 297.1227 R278, M187, 1990. A major philosophical commentary.

Muhammad Siddiq Hasan, Nawab of Bhopal, 1832-1890. Nayl al-maram min tafsir ayat al-ahkam. 1963. Library Service Center --- 297.1227 M952, N331, 1963

Mujahid ibn Jabr, ca. 641-ca. 720. Tafsir al-Imam Mujahid ibn Jabr.Bayrut : Dar al-Fikr al-Hadithah, 1989.
Divinity --- 297.1227 M953, T124, 1989. An extremely early commentary.

Siyalkuti, ‘Abd al-Hakim ibn Shams al-Din, d. 1656. Hashiyah ‘alá al-tafsir lil-Qadi al-Baydawi. Quetta : Maktabat-i Islamiyah, 1977. Library Service Center --- 297.1227 B356, S625, 1977. The author was an important philosopher of Mughal India.

Tabari, 838?-923. Tafsir al-Tabari : al-musammá Jami‘ al-bayan fi ta’wil al-Qur’an. Bayrut, Lubnan : Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah, 1997. Divinity --- Quarto 297.1227 T112, J32, 1997. The classic hadith-based commentary.

Tabarsi, al-Fadl ibn al-Hasan, d. 1153. Majma‘ al-bayan fi tafsir al-Qur’an. Qum, Iran : Maktabat Ayat Allah al-‘Uzmá al-Mar‘ashi al-Najafi, 1403 [1983]. Divinity --- Quarto 297.1227 T112, M233, 1983. Shi`i.

Thanvi, Ashraf ‘Ali. Tafsir bayan al-Qur’an. Lahaur : Maktabah al-Hasan, [1398- , i.e. 1978- ]. Divinity --- 291.122 T367, M953, 1978. Urdu commentary by a Deoband reformist.

‘Ubaidullah Sindhi, 1872-1944. Ilhamurrahman fi tafsirulqur’an, Urdu: Qur’an-i ‘azim ki hakimanah inqilabi bainulaqvami tafsir. Kabirvalah, Zila‘Multan, 1978- . Divinity --- Quarto 297.122 U12, I27, 1978. "Revolutionary and international" Urdu commentary by an important thinker who was a convert from a Sikh background.

Wali Allah al-Dihlawi, 1702 or 3-1762 or 3. al-Fauz ul-Kabir fi usul al-tafsir. Delhi, [1963]. Library Service Center --- 297 W176F