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Wassily Kandinsky and 20th Century Abstract Art

Wassily Kandinsky was a 19th-20th century abstract painter. He was born in Russia but contributed greatly to the German Expressionism Movement and was one of the first modern abstract painters. His works use many shapes and colors and are quite unique. I choses this topic since I am an Art History minor and I enjoy absract art and Kandinsky, in particular. From my research I wanted to learn more about Kandinsky's personal and professional life and discover what contributions and lasting effects he had on the German Expressionist Movement and modern abstract painting from the 20th century to today.

WEB SOURCES

1. Title of Web page: WebMuseum: Kandinsky, Wassily
Web address: http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/kandinsky/
Brief Description: This site provides biographical information, examples of Kandinsky's work, and links to other Kandinsky-related sites, which were very helpful. Also, the site explores Kandinsky's relationship with music as well as painting and explains his theories of abstraction.
Source of Web site: Nicolas Pioch, WebMuseum

2. Title of Web page: CGFA - Bio: Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944)
Web address: http://sunsite.dk/cgfa/kandinsky/kandinsky_bio.htm
Brief Description: This page provides detailed information about Kandinsky's personal and professional life. It includes a great biography and describes Kandinsky's studies and his contribution to art. It also has a picture of Kandinsky himself, which is always interesting!
Source of Web site: Compton's Encyclopedia Online v2.0

3. Title of Web page: Kandinsky: Compositions
Web address: http://www.glyphs.com/art/kandinsky/
Brief Description: This site provides a deeper look into the psychological meanings and goals of Kandinsky's work. It discusses how Kandinsky's desire to express his emotional perceptions led to the development of an abstract style of painting based on the non-representational properties of color and form. The site uses specific works as examples and analyzes the use of color and composition, as well as the themes Kandinsky is trying to convey. It is helpful because it provides information and insight about Kandinsky that I have not seen before, and it causes you to look at Kandinsky's painting in a whole new way.
Source of Web site: Mark Harden

4. Title of Web page: Mark Harden's Artchive - Wassily Kandinsky
Web address: http://www.artchive.com/artchive/ftptoc/kandinsky_ext.html
Brief Description: This site provides information about Kandinsky's fascination with music's emotional power. It discusses Kandinsky's musical inspiration for his painting and his correlations between music and art. There is also interesting personal information about Kandinsky and his works. The site has links to books on kandinsky and images of his paintings, too.
Source of Web site: Mark Harden

5. Title of Web page: Wassily Kandinsky and his Justification for Abstraction in Art
Web address: http://arthistory.about.com/library/weekly/aa020100.htm
Brief Description: This site provides a biography and timeline of Kandinsky's life and career as an artist. There's and interesting anecdote about how Kandinsky decided to pursue and abstract style of painting, too. It describes the development and justification of Kandinsky's abstraction in his paintings, which are seen as the first entirely abstract works of art in western art history. The site offers additional art history links as well.
Source of Web site: Andrea Mulder-Slater

 

ELECTRONIC INDEXES AND DATABASE SOURCES

1. [no author mentioned]. (1995, December). Painting states of mind. Scholastic Art [Online], 26, 377 words. Available: Infotrac OneFile [2002, May 26].

2. [no author mentioned]. (2000, May 15). An Avant-Garde Original: A small gallery in the Alps plays host to the great Kandinsky, one of the most influential artists of the abstractionist movement. Time International [Online], 155, 889 words. Available: Infotrac OneFile [2002, May 26].

3. Adams, Brooks. (1995, July). Epic Kandinsky. Art in America [Online], 83, 10 pages. Available: Infotrac OneFile [2002, May 27].

4. Hall, James. (1999, April 19). The world reshaped. New Statesman (1996) [Online], 128, 780 words. Available: Infotrac OneFile [2002, May 27].

5. Southgate, Therese M. (1999, May 26). The cover. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association [Online], 281, 594 words. Available: Infotrac OneFile [2002, May 26].

6. Wullschlager, Jackie. (2001, September 26). A vocation found in a haystack: VISUAL ARTS ST PAUL DE VENCE. The Financial Times [Online], 1052 words. Available: Infotrac OneFile [2002, May 27].

 

BOOKS, VIDEOTAPES FROM THE UNC-CH LIBRARIES

Two Print Sources:

1. Peter Anselm Riedl, Wassily Kandinsky, (Milano: Fratelli Fabbri, 1964).
call number: ND1170.M33 no.43

2. Sixten Ringbom, The sounding cosmos; a study in the spiritualism of Kandinsky and the genesis of abstract painting, (Abo [Finland]: Abo Akademi, 1970). call number: AS262.A3 v. 38 nr. 2

One Non-paper Source:
1. Museum without walls (Indianapolis: Kartes Video Communications, 1986), videorecording. call number: 65-V4932

 

INTERNET MINI-ESSAY

TITLE: "1-Click" Controversy
(TOPIC AREA: Net Controversy)

Statistics show that online merchants lose many sales after buyers are presented with a long form to fill out. (1) This was the motivation behind Amazon.com's development of "1-Click" checkout. A single mouse click at the Amazon site sends an order, along with customer identification, to the server system. The server retrieves previously stored customer information, such as shipping and billing information, and generates a purchase order. There is no additional "check-out" procedure once a customer has selected an item for purchase. (2)

Amazon.com patented their "1-Click" Ordering technology in September 1999 and within months sued Barnes and Noble for using a similar ordering system, called "Express Lane" checkout. (3) Amazon has sued to block the use of the "1-click" idea and the patent gives Amazon the power to control all use of this technique.

The suit asked for a preliminary injunction and an award of damages. Amazon won the first round, stopping Barnes and Noble from using the "1-click" technology during the 1999 and 2000 holiday seasons. (2) However, on February 14 2001 a federal appeals panel lifted the pretrial order that had prevented Barnes and Noble from using the "Express Lane" feature. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Courts had found "substantial questions as to the validity of the … patent." (1) In March 2002 Amazon.com reported that it had settled its long-running patent-infringement suit against Barnes and Noble, but the details of the settlement were not disclosed.

The district court's granting of the preliminary injunction drew much attention and prompted many to voice concerns over whether patents on business methods should be granted at all. Some even suggested boycotts of Amazon. (2) The basic concern is that such business method patents would stifle, rather than encourage, innovation in the rapidly changing technology of the Internet. (3) The ruling in this case does not ultimately resolve the issue of whether Amazon deserves a patent on its "1-Click" system, which many consider to be a commonsense idea.

In response to the controversy over the Amazon patent, Jeff Bezos, CEO, Amazon.com, wrote a letter proposing certain changes to the patent system where "business method" technology was concerned. (2) However, the issue at large is still unresolved and the debate over patents on Internet technology will likely continue to be a problem, not just for Amazon, but for all e-businesses.

NOTES:
(1) Marc E. Brown, "One-click shopping still risky to implement," Electronic Business, May 2001 v27 i5 p18. Also Available [Online]: Infotrac OneFile [Accessed: 24 May, 2002].

(2) Scott M. Alter, "Can you patent a better mouseclick? The recent Amazon.com decision and the debate on business methods patents," Washington Techway, 14 May 2001, pS-4(2). Also Available [Online]: Infotrac OneFile [Accessed: 25 May 2002].

(3) Robert Carson Godbey, "Patents and the Internet part 2," Hawaii Business, August 2001 v47 i2 p199. Also Available [Online]: Infotrac OneFile [Accessed: 24 May 2002].

THREE WEB SOURCES:

1. Title of Web page: Boycott Amazon!
Web address: http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/amazon.html
Brief Description: Anti-Amazon site explaining boycott as a result of Amazon's "1-Click" patent and lawsuit
Source of Web site: GNU Project, Free Software Foundation (FSF), Inc.


2. Title of Web page: No More Pesos for Senor Bezos
Web address: wysiwyg://zoffsitebottom.9/http://davenet…d.com/2000/02/28/
noMorePesosForSenorBezos

Brief Description: Site discusses the Amazon suit, patents and their effects on everyday Internet users
Source of Web site: Davenet (Dave Winer)

3. Title of Web page: Patently Absurd - Amazon.com and the Internet Patent Controversy
Web address: wysiwyg://33http://publishing.about.com/library/weekly/ aa031000a.htm
Brief Description: Article about opposition to Amazon's patent and Jeff Bezos' response
Source of Web site: About.com


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