Published Journal Articles


Click on the links below to view PDF reprints of some articles I've published. This is not a complete list, but includes all that are available in PDF form. See my CV for a complete list of articles. Note that some of the articles are not available as page proofs and the versions included here are manuscripts, in which case the final printed version should be consulted before citing page numbers or exact wordings.)


Mahoney, Christine and Frank R. Baumgartner. 2015. Partners in Advocacy: Lobbyists and Government Officials in the Policy Process. Journal of Politics, forthcoming.


Epp, Derek, John Lovett, and Frank R. Baumgartner. 2015. Partisan Priorities and Public Budgeting. Political Research Quarterly, forthcoming. Article. Supplemental Materials.

See a discussion of our article in the London School of Economics blog on American Politics and Policy from October 2014.


Bunea, Adriana, and Frank R. Baumgartner. 2014. The State of the Discipline: Authorship, Research Designs, and Citation Patterns in Studies of EU Interest Groups and Lobbying. Journal of European Public Policy, forthcoming. Article. Supplemental Materials.

Baumgartner, Frank R., and Laura Chaqués Bonafont. 2014. All News is Bad News: Newspaper Coverage of Politics in Spain. Political Communication, forthcoming.

LaPira, Tim, Trey Thomas, and Frank R. Baumgartner. 2014. The Two Worlds of Lobbying: Washington Lobbyists in the Core and on the Periphery. Interest Groups and Advocacy, forthcoming.

Baumgartner, Frank R. 2014. Ideas, Paradigms, and Confusions. Journal of European Public Policy 21, 3: 475–80.

Baumgartner, Frank R., Jeffrey M. Berry, Marie Hojnacki, David C. Kimball, and Beth L. Leech. 2014. Money, Priorities, and Stalemate: How Lobbying Affects Public Policy. Election Law Journal 13, 1: 194–209.

Baumgartner, Frank R., Sylvain Brouard, Emiliano Grossman, Sebastien G. Lazardeux, and Jon Moody. 2014. Divided Government, Legislative Productivity, and Policy Change in the US and FranceGovernance 27, 3: 423–447.

Atkinson, Mary Layton, John Lovett, and Frank R. Baumgartner. 2014. Measuring the Media Agenda. Political Communication 31, 2: 355-80.

See this write-up about our article from Harvard's Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy entitled Measuring the media agenda: How to research news coverage trends on topics from May 27 2014.

Bevan, Shaun, Frank R. Baumgartner, Erik W. Johnson, and John McCarthy. 2013. Understanding Time-Lags and Measurement Validity in Secondary Data:  The Encyclopedia of Associations DatabaseSocial Science Research, 42: 1750–64.


Baumgartner, Frank R. 2013. Ideas and Policy Change. Governance 26, 2: 239-58.


Wolfe, Michelle, Bryan D. Jones, and Frank R. Baumgartner. 2013. A Failure to Communicate: Agenda Setting in Media and Policy Studies. Political Communication 30, 2: 175-192.


Chaqués Bonafont, Laura, and Frank R. Baumgartner. 2013. Newspaper Attention and Policy Activities in Spain. Journal of Public Policy 13, 1: 1-24.


Rose, Max, and Frank R. Baumgartner. 2013. Framing the Poor:  Media Coverage and US Poverty Policy, 1960–2008Policy Studies Journal 41, 1: 22-53.

Media / blog coverage of our article:

Center for Economic and Policy Research, from March 27, 2013.

NYTimes discussion of our paper from June 8, 2013.

London School of Economics blog posting about our paper from September 19, 2013.

Ecumenical Poverty Initiative from March 20, 2014 and on the End Poverty blog from the same date.


Baumgartner, Frank R. and Arco Timmermans. 2012. Analyzing Patterns of Government Attention and What Drives Them: The Comparative Agendas Project. Council for European Studies, Perspectives on Europe 42, 2: 7-13. (Part of special issue on the Comparative Agendas Project.)


Baumgartner, Frank R., Martial Foucault and Abel François. 2012. Public Budgeting in the EU Commission: A Test of the Punctuated Equilibrium Thesis. Politique Européenne 38: 70–99


Jones, Bryan D. and Frank R. Baumgartner. 2012. From There to Here: Punctuated Equilibrium to the General Punctuation Thesis to a Theory of Government Information Processing. Policy Studies Journal 40, 1 (January): 1-19.


Kimball, David C., Frank R. Baumgartner, Jeffrey M. Berry, Marie Hojnacki, Beth L. Leech, and Bryce Summary. 2012. Who Cares About the Lobbying Agenda?  Interest Groups and Advocacy 1, 1: 1–21.


Hojnacki, Marie, David C. Kimball, Frank R. Baumgartner, Jeffrey M. Berry, and Beth L. Leech. 2012. Studying Organizational Advocacy and Influence: Reexamining Interest Group Research. Annual Review of Political Science 15: 9.1-9.21.

Baumgartner, Frank R., Bryan D. Jones and John Wilkerson. Comparative Studies of Policy Dynamics. Comparative Political Studies 44, 8 (August 2011): 947–72.


Walker, Edward T. , John D. McCarthy, and Frank Baumgartner. 2011. Replacing Members with Managers? Mutualism among Membership and Nonmembership Advocacy Organizations in the United States. American Journal of Sociology 116, 4 (January): 1284-1337.


Baumgartner, Frank R., Beth L. Leech, Heather A. Larsen, and Paul Rutledge. 2011. Congressional and Presidential Effects on the Demand for Lobbying. Political Research Quarterly 64 (1): 3-16. (click here for the do-file and here for the three Stata datasets called for in the do-file: 1, 2, 3).


Lowery, David, Virginia Gray and Frank R. Baumgartner. 2011. Policy Attention in State and Nation: Is Anyone Listening to the Laboratories of Democracy? Publius 41 (2): 286-310. (click here for appendix)


Wonka, Arndt, Frank R. Baumgartner, Christine Mahoney and Joost Berkhout. 2010. Measuring the Size and Scope of the EU Interest Group Population. European Union Politics 11 (3): 463-76.


Jones, Bryan D., Frank R. Baumgartner, Christian Breunig, Chris Wlezien, Stuart Soroka, Martial Foucault, Abel François, Christoffer Green-Pedersen, Chris Koske, Peter John, Peter B. Mortensen, Frédéric Varone, and Stefaan Walgrave. 2009. A General Empirical Law of Public Budgets: A Comparative Analysis. American Journal of Political Science 53, 4 (October): 855-73.


Baumgartner, Frank R., Christian Breunig, Christoffer Green-Pedersen, Bryan D. Jones, Peter B. Mortensen, Michiel Neytemans, and Stefaan Walgrave. 2009. Punctuated Equilibrium in Comparative Perspective. American Journal of Political Science 53, 3, (July): 602-619.


Baumgartner, Frank R., Sylvain Brouard, and Emiliano Grossman. 2009. Agenda-Setting Dynamics in France: Revisiting the Partisan Hypothesis. French Politics, 7, 2 (October): 75-95.


Baumgartner, Frank R., Martial Foucault, and Abel François. 2009. Public Budgeting in the French Fifth Republic: The End of La République des partis? West European Politics 32: 2, 404-422.


Baumgartner, Frank R. 2009. Interest Groups and Agendas.  In L. Sandy Maisel and Jeffrey M. Berry, eds., Oxford Handbook of American Political Parties and Interest Groups.  New York:  Oxford University Press, forthcoming, pp. 519–33.


Baumgartner, Frank R., David Lowery, and Virginia Gray. 2009. Federal Policy Activity and the Mobilization of State Lobbying Organizations. Political Research Quarterly, 62, 3: 552-567


Wilkerson, John, Frank R Baumgartner, Sylvain Brouard, Laura Chaqués, Christopher Green-Pedersen, Emiliano Grossman, Bryan D. Jones, Arco Timmermans, and Stefaan Walgrave. 2009. Le Projet Agendas Comparés : Objectifs et Contenus. Revue Internationale de Politique Comparée 16, 3: 365-79.


Brouard, Sylvain, John Wilkerson, Frank R. Baumgartner, Arco Timmermans, Shaun Bevan, Gerard Breeman, Christian Breunig, Laura Chaqués, Christopher Green-Pedersen, Will Jennings, Peter John, Bryan D. Jones, and David Lowery. 2009. Comparer les Productions Législatives : Enjeux et Méthodes. Revue Internationale de Politique Comparée 16, 3: 381-404.


Baumgartner, Frank R., and Christine Mahoney. 2008.The Two Faces of Framing:  Individual-Level Framing and Collective Issue-Definition in the EU.  European Union Politics 9, 3 (2008): 435-49.


Mahoney, Christine, and Frank R. Baumgartner. 2008. Converging Perspectives on Interest-Group Research in Europe and America.  West European Politics, 31, 6: 1251-71.


Dardis, Frank E., Frank R. Baumgartner, Amber E. Boydstun, Suzanna De Boef, and Fuyuan Shen. 2008. Media Framing of Capital Punishment and Its Impact on Individuals' Cognitive Responses.  Mass Communication and Society 11, 2: 115-140.


Baumgartner, Frank R. 2007. EU Lobbying: A View from the US.  Journal of European Public Policy 14, 3 (March): 482-488.


Baumgartner, Frank R. 2006. "3. Jack L. Walker, Jr. 1969. 'The Diffusion of Innovations Among the American States.' American Political Science Review 63 (September): 880-99. Cited 482 times." American Political Science Review 100, 4 (November): 672. (Part of the APSR Centennial Issue commentaries on the top 20 most cited articles.) (Click here to read a slightly longer version of the same article, with a little more detail.)


Baumgartner, Frank R., Christoffer Green-Pedersen and Bryan D. Jones. 2006. Comparative Studies of Policy Agendas. Journal of European Public Policy 13 (7): 959-74.


Baumgartner, Frank R., Martial Foucault and Abel François. 2006. Punctuated Equilibrium in French Budgeting Processes. Journal of European Public Policy 13 (7): 1086-1103.


Martin, Andrew W., Frank R. Baumgartner, and John McCarthy. 2006. Measuring Association Populations Using the Encyclopedia of Associations: Evidence from the Field of Labor Unions. Social Science Research 35: 771-778.


Jones, Bryan D., and Frank R. Baumgartner. 2005. A Model of Choice for Public Policy. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 15, 3 (July): 325-51.


Leech, Beth L., Frank R. Baumgartner, Timothy La Pira, and Nicholas A. Semanko. 2005. Drawing Lobbyists to Washington: Government Activity and Interest-Group Mobilization. Political Research Quarterly 58, 1 (March): 19-30.


Baumgartner, Frank R., and Christine Mahoney. 2005. Social Movements, the Rise of New Issues, and the Public Agenda. In David S. Meyer, Valerie Jenness, and Helen Ingram, eds., Routing the Opposition: Social Movements, Public Policy, and Democracy. (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press), pp. 65-86.


Jones, Bryan D., and Frank R. Baumgartner. 2004. Representation and Agenda-Setting Policy Studies Journal 32, 1 (January): 1-24.


Baumgartner, Frank R., and Beth L. Leech. 2001. Issue Niches and Policy Bandwagons: Patterns of Interest Group Involvement in National Politics. Journal of Politics 63, 4 (November): 1191-1213.


ERRATUM: Note that a series of typos affect the pecentages reported in Figure 5, p. 1202. The percentages reported in the left-hand column do not accurately reflect the number of issues. The numbers of issues are correct, and the correct percentages can easily be obtained by dividing by the total number of issues, 137.


Lobby Disclosure Reports, 1996 (with Beth Leech)
(This is a complete dataset of the 19,000 reports filed with the U.S. Senate under the Lobby Disclosure Act of 1995. Each lobbyist was required to report on the total amount of money spent and to the list particular issues on which the group was active.)

Codebook and dataset description (PDF)

Data (Excel 2007 version). Some browsers block downloads of MDB files, so we have put up an XLSX version.

Data (Access 2000 database) (approx 6.6 megabytes)

Data (Access 97 version) (approx 6.6 megabytes). NOTE: We recommend that you use the Access 2000 version of the dataset. We provide the Access 97 version as a courtesy.


Baumgartner, Frank R. 2001. Political Agendas. In Niel J. Smelser and Paul B. Baltes, eds. International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences: Political Science (New York: Elsevier Science and Oxford: Pergamon), pp. 288-90.


Baumgartner, Frank R. 2001. Interest Groups. In Paul Barry Clarke and Joe Foweraker, eds., Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought (London and New York: Routledge, 2001), pp. 371-74.


Baumgartner, Frank R., Bryan D. Jones, and Michael C. MacLeod. 2000. The Evolution of Legislative Jurisdictions. Journal of Politics 62, 2 (May): 321-49.


Jones, Bryan D., Frank R. Baumgartner, and James L. True. 1998. Policy Punctuations: US Budget Authority, 1947-95. Journal of Politics 60, 1 (February): 1-33.


Jones, Bryan D., James L. True and Frank R. Baumgartner. 1997. Does Incrementalism Stem from Political Consensus or Institutional Gridlock? American Journal of Political Science 41, 4 (October): 1319-39.


Baumgartner, Frank R., and Beth L. Leech. 1996. The Multiple Ambiguities of “Counteractive Lobbying.” American Journal of Political Science 40, 2 (May): 521-42.


Baumgartner, Frank R., and Beth L. Leech. 1996. Good Theories Deserve Good Data. American Journal of Political Science 40, 2 (May): 565-69.


Talbert, Jeffery C., Bryan D. Jones, and Frank R. Baumgartner. 1995. Nonlegislative Hearings and Policy Change in Congress. American Journal of Political Science 39, 2: 383-406.


Jones, Bryan D., Frank R. Baumgartner, and Jeffery C. Talbert. 1993. The Destruction of Issue Monopolies in Congress. American Political Science Review 87, 3 (September): 673-87.


Jones, Bryan D., and Frank R. Baumgartner. 1991. Agenda Dynamics and Policy Subsystems. Journal of Politics 53, 4 (November): 1044-74.


Baumgartner, Frank R., and Jack L. Walker, Jr. 1990. Measurement Validity and the Continuity of Results in Survey Research. American Journal of Political Science 34, 3 (August): 662-70.


Baumgartner, Frank R., and Jack L. Walker, Jr. 1989. Educational Policy Making and the Interest Group Structure in France and the United States. Comparative Politics 21, 3 (April): 273-88.


Baumgartner, Frank R. 1989. Independent and Politicized Policy Communities: Education and Nuclear Energy in France and the United States. Governance 2 (1989): 42-66. (Caution: this is a scanned document 120 megs in size so may take a long time to download)


Baumgartner, Frank R., and Jack L. Walker, Jr. 1988. Survey Research and Membership in Voluntary Associations. American Journal of Political Science 32, 4 (November): 908-28.


Baumgartner, Frank R. 1987. Parliament's Capacity to Expand Political Controversy in France." Legislative Studies Quarterly 12, 1 (February): 33-54.


Goldenberg, Edie N., Michael W. Traugott, and Frank R. Baumgartner. 1986. Preemptive and Reactive Spending in U.S. House Races. Political Behavior 8, 1: 3-20.



updated: October 26, 2014

2 page CV

Teaching Materials



Conference Papers

Policy Agendas Project

Comparative Agendas Projects

Lobbying and Public Policy

Death Penalty

Traffic Stops Analysis

Research Opportunities
for Students

UNC PhD Placement