Liesbet Hooghe, Zachary Taylor Smith Professor at UNC Chapel Hill and Chair in Multilevel Governance at the VU Amsterdam
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Collected papers and chapters

Below please find links to papers and book chapters, organized chronologically. Click the section headings for a more detailed overview of the papers.

2016. "Europe's Crises and Political Contestion," with Liesbet Hooghe. Paper presented at the conference Theory Meets Crisis, Robert Schuman Centre, EUI, June 30-July 1.

In progress. A Postfunctionalist Theory of Governance: Volume 4: Community, Scale and the Design of International Organization, co-authored with Liesbet Hooghe and Tobias Lenz. In progress.

2017. A Postfunctionalist Theory of Governance: Volume 3: Measuring International Authority, co-authored with Liesbet Hooghe, Tobias Lenz, Besir Ceka, Svet Derderyan, and Jeanine Bezuijen. Forthcoming.

2016. A Postfunctionalist Theory of Governance: Volume 2: Community, scale and Regional Governance, co-authored ms. with Liesbet Hooghe, submitted to Oxford University Press.

2016. A Postfunctionalist Theory of Governance: Volume 1: Measuring Regional Authority, co-authored ms. with Liesbet Hooghe, Arjan Schakel, Sara Niedzwiecki, Sandi Chapman Osterkatz, and Sarah Shair-Rosenfield, submitted to Oxford University Press, in press.  

2015. Regional Institutional Design: Pooling and Delegation,” with Tobias Lenz. Oxford Handbook of Comparative Regionalism, edited by Tanja Börzel and Thomas Risse. Oxford: Oxford University press. In press.

2015. "Multilevel Governance and the State, with Arjan H. Schakel and Liesbet Hooghe, for an Oxford Handbook on the Transformation of the State, edited by Stephan Leibfried, Evelyne Huber, John Stephens. In press.

2014. "Patterns of International Organization: Task-specific vs. General-Purpose," with Tobias Lenz, Jeanine Bezuijen, Liesbet Hooghe. Politische Vierteljahresschrift (forthcoming). Appendix.

2014. "Delegation and Pooling in International Organizations," with Liesbet Hooghe, Review of International Organizations (forthcoming). Online appendix; replication data and do file

2014."A Comparative Measure of Decentralization for Southeast Asia,” with Sarah Shair-Rosenfield, and Liesbet Hooghe. Journal of East Asian Studies 14(1): 85-108. Regional authority by region; regional authority by country.

2014. "Discovering Cooperation: Institutional Change in Regional International Organizations," with Tobias Lenz, Besir Ceka, and Brian Burgoon, submitted.

2012. "Politicization," with Liesbet Hooghe, Handbook on the European Union, edited by Erik Jones, Stephen Weatherill, and Anand Menon, OUP, 840-53.

2012."Regional Authority in Latin America: An Analysis of 27 Countries (1950-2010)," with Sandi Chapman, Sara Niedzwiecki, and Liesbet Hooghe. APSA paper.

2012. "Measuring Party Positions in Europe: The Chapel Hill Expert Survey Trend File, 1999-2010," with Ryan Bakker, Catherine de Vries, Erica Edwards, Seth Jolly, Liesbet Hooghe, Jonathan Polk, Jan Rovny, Marco Steenbergen, Milada Vachudova, Party Politics.DOI: 10.1177/1354068812462931). Dataset:

2012. Editor (with Catherine de Vries) of a Special issue on "The Politics of Dimensionality,” European Union Politics Vol. 13(2), including “The Struggle over Dimensionality: A Note on Theory and Empirics,” with Catherine de Vries, 13 (2): 185-193.

2012.JCMS Annual Lecture: Europe and its Empires: From Rome to the European Union,Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 50 (1): 1-20.

2012. Beyond Federalism: Estimating and Explaining the Territorial Structure of Government, with Liesbet Hooghe, forthcoming in Publius. Online appendix. Replication data in stata and spss.

2011. "Issues and Dimensions in Public Opinion,” with Jan Rovny, draft.

2011. "The Evolution of Sid Tarrow: Becoming a Transnational Scholar,” with Liesbet Hooghe, prepared for Sid Tarrow’s fest, June 2011.

2010. A Symposium on Goldstein’s Political Repression, Labor History, Vol. 51, No. 2 (May 2010) 295-318.
All responses
My response:Crude Conceptualization, Biased Evidence, Weak Explanation

2010. Measurement Validity and Party positioning: Chapel Hill expert surveys of 2002 and 2006, with Ryan Bakker, Anna Brigevich, Catherine de Vries, Erica Edwards, Liesbet Hooghe, Jan Rovny, Marco Steenbergen, Milada Vachudova, European Journal of Political Research, 42 (4): 684-703.

2009. Radicalism or Reformism. Socialist Parties before World War I, with Heather A. D. Mbaye and Hyung-min Kim, American Sociological Review 74: 615-635.

2009. Efficiency and the Territorial Structure of Government, with Liesbet Hooghe, Annual Review of Political Science 12 (May): 225-241.

2009. A Postfunctionalist Theory of European Integration: From Permissive Consensus to Constraining Dissensus, with Liesbet Hooghe, British Journal of Political Science 39: 1-23. Commentaries from Schmitter, Kriesi, and Boerzel & Risse.

2008. Double Issue. Regional and Federal Studies, Vol. 18 (2-3), 111-302 "Regional Authority in 42 Democracies, 1950–2006: A Measure and Five Hypotheses," with Liesbet Hooghe and Arjan Schakel.

* Unofficial versions. For the published versions in Regional and Federal Studies, please consult the Taylor & Francis website.

2008. "European Union?" with Liesbet Hooghe. 30th Anniversary issue of West European Politics 31(1–2): 108 – 129.

2008. "Die Entstehung eines politischen Gemeinwesens: Der Kampf um die europäische Integration" (translated from “Making of A Polity. The Struggle over European Integration)” with a new postscript "Politisierung und nationale Identitäten--Eine Nachbetrachtung von Liesbet Hooghe und Gary Marks," [English original] in Die Politische Ökonomie der Europäischen Integration, edited by Martin Höpner, Armin Schäfer (Frankfurt am Main: Campus Verlag), 159-202.

2007. Cross-Validating Data on Party Positioning on European Integration, with Liesbet Hooghe, Marco Steenbergen, and Ryan Bakker. Electoral Studies 26: 23-38.

2007. Do expert surveys produce consistent estimates of party stances on European integration? Comparing expert surveys in the difficult case of Central and Eastern Europe, with Liesbet Hooghe, Matthew Loveless, Robert Rohrschneider, Marco Steenbergen, Milada Vachudova, Stephen Whitefield. Electoral Studies 26: 23-38.

2007. Sources of Euroskepticism, with Liesbet Hooghe. Acta Politica 42 (2-3): 119-127.

2007. Does Occupation Shape Attitudes on Europe: Benchmarking Validity and Parsimony, with Liesbet Hooghe and JingJing Huo. Acta Politica 42 (2-3): 329-351.

2007. Double special issue on "Understanding Euroscepticism", Acta Politica 42 (2-3), edited with Liesbet Hooghe. Table of contents

2007. Evaluating Expert Judgments, with Marco Steenbergen. European Journal of Political Research 46(3): 347–366.

2007. Triangulation and the Square Root Law, Electoral Studies 26: 1-10.

2006. The Neofunctionalists Were (Almost) Right: Politicization and European Integration, with Liesbet Hooghe, in Colin Crouch and Wolfgang Streeck, eds. The Diversity of Democracy: Corporatism, Social Order and Political Conflict (Cheltenham, Edward Elgar), 205-222.

2006. Europe’s Blues: Theoretical Soul-Searching After the Rejection of a European Constitution, with Liesbet Hooghe, PS: Politics and Political Science (April) 247-250.

2006. Party Ideology and European Integration: An East/West: Different Structure, Same Causality, with Liesbet Hooghe, Moira Nelson and Erica Edwards. Comparative Political Studies 39(2), 155-75.

2005. Calculation, Community, and Cues: Public Opinion on European Integration, with Liesbet Hooghe, European Union Politics 6(4): 421-45.

2004. Contrasting Visions of Multi-Level Governance? with Liesbet Hooghe, in Multi-Level Governance, edited by Ian Bache and Matthew Flinders (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 15-30.

2004. Does Identity or Economic Rationality Drive Public Opinion on European Integration? with Liesbet Hooghe, PS: Political Science and Politics 37, 3: 415-420.

2004. Conclusion: European Integration and Political Conflict, in European Integration and Political Conflict: Citizens, Parties, Groups, edited by Gary Marks and Marco Steenbergen, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 235-59.

2004. Regional integration and Left Parties in Europe and North America, with Ian Down, in Restructuring Territoriality: Europe and the United States Compared, edited by Christopher K. Ansell and Giuseppe Di Palma, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

2003. Unraveling the Central State. But How? Types of Multi-level Governance, with Liesbet Hooghe, American Political Science Review 97(2): 233-243.

2002. Does Left/Right Structure Party Positions on European Integration? With Liesbet Hooghe and Carole J. Wilson, Comparative Political Studies, 35(8): 965-989.

2002. National Political Parties and European Integration, with Carole Wilson and Leonard Ray, American Journal of Political Science 46(3): 585-594.

2002. Understanding Political Contestation in the European Union, with Marco Steenbergen, Comparative Political Studies 35 (8): 879-892.

2002. What Do Subnational Offices Think They Are Doing in Brussels? with Richard Haesly and Heather Mbaye, Regional and Federal Studies 12(3): 1-23.

2000. Optimality and Authority: A Critique of Neoclassical Theory, with Liesbet Hooghe, Journal of Common Market Studies 38(5): 795-816.

2000. The Past in the Present: A Theory of Party Response to European Integration, with Carole Wilson, British Journal of Political Science 30 (July), 433-459.

2000. Social Democracy Lives On, with Seymour Martin Lipset, New Statesman, June 26, pp. 25-27.

1999. Convergence and Divergence in Advanced Capitalist Societies, in Herbert Kitschelt, Peter Lange, Gary Marks and John Stephens eds., Continuity and Change in Contemporary Capitalism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) 427-460. Also co-authored introduction, 1-8. Reprinted in David Coates, ed., Models of Capitalism: Debating Strengths and Weaknesses (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar).

1999. The Making of a Polity: The Struggle over European Integration, with Liesbet Hooghe, in Herbert Kitschelt, Peter Lange, Gary Marks and John Stephens, eds., Continuity and Change in Contemporary Capitalism, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 70-97.

1999. On the Relationship of Political Opportunities to the Form of Collective Action: The Case of the European Union, with Doug McAdam, in Donatella della Porta, Hanspieter Kriesi and Dieter Rucht, eds. Social Movements in a Globalizing World (New York: St. Martin’s Press), 97-111.

1999. Territorial Identities in the European Union, in Jeffrey J. Anderson, ed., Regional Integration and Democracy: Expanding on the European Experience (Boulder, CO.: Rowman & Littlefield), 69-91.

1997. An Initial Attempt to Explain Reallocation of Authority Among Regimes, with Reference to Diffusion of Authority in European Integration and the Disintegration of the Carolingian Empire, APSA meeting, Washington DC, August 1997.

1997. A Third Lens: Comparing European Integration and State Building, in Jytte Klausen and Louise A. Tilly, eds., European Integration in Social and Historical Perspective: 1850 to the Present (New York: Rowman & Littlefield), 23-50. Reprinted in Neill Nugent, ed., Theories of European Integration (Aldershot: Dartmouth, 1997).

1996. An Actor-Centered Approach to Multi-Level Governance, Regional and Federal Studies 6(2): 20-40.

1996. Competencies, Cracks, and Conflicts: Regional Mobilization in the European Union, with Francois Nielsen, Jane Salk, and Leonard Ray, Comparative Political Studies 29(2): 164-193.

1996. European Integration and the State: Multi-level vs. State Centric Governance, with Liesbet Hooghe and Kermit Blank, Journal of Common Market Studies 34 (3): 341-378.

1996. Europe With the Regions: Channels of Subnational Representation in the European Union, with Liesbet Hooghe, Publius 26 (1): 73-92.

1996. Exploring and Explaining Variation in EU Cohesion Policy, in Liesbet Hooghe, ed., European Integration and EU Cohesion Policy: Building Multilevel Governance, (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 388-422.

1996. Social Movements and the Changing Structure of Political Opportunity in the European Community, with Doug McAdam, West European Politics 18(2): 249-278.

1995. "La Transformación de la Movilización Regional en la Unión Europea," ("The Transformation of Regional Mobilization in the European Union"), with Ivan Llamazares, Revista de Estudios Políticos 22(1): 149-170.

1993. Structural Policy and Multilevel Governance in the EC, in Alan Cafruny and Glenda Rosenthal, eds., The State of the European Community, (New York: Lynne Rienner,), 391-410.

1992. Rational Bases of Chaos in Democratic Transition, American Behavioral Scientist 35(3/4): 397-421.

1992. Seymour Martin Lipset and the Study of Democracy, with Larry Diamond, American Behavioral Scientist 35(3/4): 352-362.

1992. Structural Policy in the European Community, in Alberta Sbragia, ed., Europolitics: Institutions and Policy Making in the 'New' European Community , (Washington D.C.: The Brookings Institution), 191-224.

1990. Immigrant Support for the American Socialist Party, 1912 and 1920, with Matthew Burbank, Social Science History, 14 (Summer), 175-202.

1989. Variations in Union Political Activity: Britain, Germany and the United States from the Nineteenth Century, Comparative Politics 20 (October), 84-104.

1986. Neocorporatism and Incomes Policy in Western Europe and North America, Comparative Politics,  18, 3: 253-277.

1985. The Revival of Laissez-Faire: the United States and Britain in Comparative Perspective, in James Ceaser and Richard Hodder Williams, eds., Politics in Britain and the United States, (Durham: Duke University Press), 28-54.