Sociocultural Models

 

      Basic principle – abnormal behavior must be examined in context (social, cultural forces) to be understood

 

      Family Systems Theory

   Family = system of interacting parts relating to each other in consistent ways

 

   Distress/abnormality results from family structure or communication problems

 

 

Family Systems Therapy

 

      Change system to affect individual symptoms

   Family power structure, boundaries, alliances, communication

 

   Family = unit of treatment vs. individual

 

   “identified patient”

 

Assessing the Sociocultural Model

 

      Great contribution to understanding psychopathology

   Most clinicians now take into account family, social, and societal variables

 

      Research findings not helpful with etiology of abnormal functioning

 

      Poor predictive validity