Table of Contents

Chapter 1.  Introduction and Themes
Organizations: An Overview 
Plan of the Book 
Plan for the Chapters 
First Call

Chapter 2.  The Evolutionary Approach
Evolutionary Processes
Indeterminacy and the Evolutionary Perspective
What Is Being Selected?
Chapter 3.  How the Evolutionary Approach Relates to Other Approaches
The Ecological Approach
The Institutional Approach
The Interpretive Approach
The Organizational Learning Approach
The Resource Dependence Approach
The Transaction Cost Economizing Approach
Summary: the Six Perspectives

Chapter 4.  Emergence: New Organizations
Key Issues
Nascent Entrepreneurs and Innovation
The Social Network Context
Knowledge: Types, Origins, and Uses
Employees, Capital, and Other Resources

Chapter 5.  The Emergence of a Community of Practice
Boundary Crossing Is a Way of Life: Matching Organizations and Members
Two Models of Organizational Coherence: Users and Supporters
Constructing Members
Evolution of Organizational Role Structures
Organizational Reward and Control Systems

Chapter 6.  Emergence of a Community of Practice 
Views of Organizational Knowledge
Constructionís Consequences: Threads of Meaning
Consequences of Boundaries for Membersí Identities

Chapter 7.  Organizational Transformation
Explaining Transformation at the Organizational Level
Evolutionary Explanations at the Organizational Level
Examining the Three Dimensions of Transformation
The Extent of Member Participation in Transformation Activities
Consequences of Transformation

Chapter 8.  Organizations and Social Change
The Life Cycle Metaphor: Developmental and Stage Models
Non Life Cycle Models: Teleological and Dialectical
Three Components of an Historical Framework

Chapter 9.  Emergence of New Populations of Organizations
Definitions: Populations, Learning, and Legitimacy
Forms of Learning and Legitimacy
Cognitive Strategies
Sociopolitical Legitimacy Strategies

Chapter 10.  Reproducing Populations: Foundings & Disbandings
Definitions: Rates of Organizational Foundings and Disbandings
Intra-Population Conditions
Prior Disbandings
Prior Foundings
Density Dependence
Alternative Explanations for the Facilitating Effect of Density
Inhibiting Effects of Increasing Density
Density Effects and Favored Forms
Societal Level Factors Affecting the Reproduction of Populations

Chapter 11.  Community Evolution
Definitions of Community
Relations between Populations
How Do Organizational Communities Form?
Legitimacy and Collective Action

Chapter 12.  An Invitation
Variation: Agents in Action?
Selection: By Consequences, not Intentions
Retention: Preserving Patterned Behaviors and Knowledge
Last Call logo

Organizations Evolving