The Owl & The Nightingale

    Text and Translation
  • The Owl and the Nightingale, Cleanness, St. Erkenwald. Trans. with Introduction Brian Stone. 2nd ed. Marmondsworth: Penguin, 1988. For bibliography see 253-56.
  • Stanley, Eric G., ed. The Owl and the Nightingale. London: Nelson, 1962. The best recent edition, with useful introduction and notes.
  • The Owl and the Nightingale. Reproduced in facsimile from the surviving manuscripts Jesus College Oxford 29 and British Museum Cotton Caligula A.ix. With an Introduction by N.R. Ker. EETS 251. London: Oxford UP, 1963.
  • Wilson, R. M. Early Middle English Literature. 3rd ed. London: Methuen, 1968. Chapter 7.
  • Pearsall, Derek. Old English and Middle English Poetry. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1977. 91-4.
  • Bennett, J.A.W. Middle English Literature. Ed. and completed by Douglas Gray. Oxford: Clarendon, 1986. 1-10.
  • For Latin authors (John of Salisbury, Walter Map) mentioned in discussions of this poem, see Rigg, A.G. A History of Anglo-Latin Literature 1066-1422. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1992.
  • Hume, Kathryn. The Owl and the Nightingale: the Poem and its Critics. Toronto: , 1975.
  • Salter, Elizabeth. English and International: Studies in the Literature, Art and Patronage of Medieval England. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1988. Chapter 2.
  • Reed, Thomas L. Middle English Debate Poetry and the Aesthetics of Irresolution. New York: Columbia UP, 1990.
  • Holter, Rainer. Norm und Spiel in The Owl and the Nightingale. Studia Humaniora: Dsseldorfer Studien zu Mittelalter und Renaissance, 18. Dsseldorf: Droste, 1990. For a bibliography good through the late 80's see pp. 221-234.

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