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Hurricanes of North Carolina, 1990-present

1. During the 1990's, North Carolina endured numerous hurricane strikes. Hurricanes Hugo, Fran and Floyd are three of the most memorable of those hurricanes, as they caused damage hundreds of miles inland. Floyd caused major flooding in eastern North Carolina, forcing many people to abandon their homes and seek shelter elsewhere. The record-setting floods did not recede for several days. High winds knocked over trees, which resulted in power outages, damage to houses and buildings and roadblocks.
2. How many hurricanes threatened North Carolina from 1990-2000 and what were their names? How big was the eye of each hurricane and what were the top wind gusts and rainfall amounts of each storm? How much measurable destruction did each storm produce?
3. This research is directed at all North Carolinians, especially those affected by past hurricanes. Readers of the News & Observer could benefit from this research, as many reside in areas that have been hit by a hurricane.

b.) UNC library catalog: hurricanes AND North Carolina; tropical AND cyclones AND North Carolina
Academic Universe Lexis-Nexis: recent AND hurricanes AND North Carolina; History of hurricanes AND North Carolina
Web Search Engine (www.google.com): hurricanes of North Carolina; North Carolina hurricanes since 1990


Non-Internet Sources

Bales, Jared. Aftermath of Hurricane Fran in North Caroilna: Preliminary data on flooding and water quality. Raleigh: U.S. Geological Survey, 1996.
Call number: I 19.76:96-499

Barnes, Jay. North Carolina's Hurricane History. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001.
Call Number: QC945 .B37 2001

Payne, Jim and Saulsby, Pam. Fran's Furty: Stories from the eye. Raleigh: WRAL-TV, 1996. Videorecording.
Call Number: C551.55 F814w

Campese, Claudia. Preparation, Experience and Aftermath of Hurricane Floyd. Association of Operating Room Nurses, Inc; 2000. accessed 28 May 2002.

Peterson, Eric. Big Disasters for a Small Town. Public Management, 1997. accessed 28 May 2002.

Pressley, Sue Anne and Walsh, Edward. N.C. Cleans up, Rejoices at Moderate Damage. The Washington Post; 1998. accessed 28 May 2002.

Perkins, S. Hurricanes' full havoc hasn't yet been felt. Environmental effects from 1999 hurricanes in North Carolina. Science News: May 12, 2001.

Thompson, Charles D. Jr. The Great Deluge. University of North Carolina Press; 2001. Accessed 28 May 2002.

Willing, Richard and Wolf, Richard. The long road back: In storm's wake, years of rebuilding. USA Today: Gannet Publishing Co., 1999. accessed 27 May 2002.

Web Sources

Title of Webpage: Hurricane History
Brief Description: Table outlining major hurricanes of North Carolina since 1950 and the total esitmated damage of each storm, as well as death toll. The website also includes information on other hurricanes that have hit the United States.

Source of Website: Carteret County News-Times

Title of Webpage: Central Atlantic Storm Investigators: NC Hurricanes 1680-1996
Brief Description: This website sutdies past hurricane systems that affected North Carolina. It includes tables, graphics and the results of various hurricane systems.
Source of Website: Weather Matrix

Title of Webpage: A History of Hurricanes in North Carolina
Brief Description: Includes an overview of North Caroilna's history of hurricanes, with descriptive statistics on each hurricane, including the date and landfall, storm surge and storm path of each storm through North Carolina.
Source of Website: North Carolina State University

Title of Webpage: Preliminary Report - Hurricane Fran
Brief Description: This website gives a detailed summary of Hurricane Fran, with information about how the storm originally formed and how it developed over time. It includes meteorological statistics as well as casualty and damage stats.
Source of Website: National Hurricane Center

Title of Webpage: Preliminary Report - Hurricane Floyd
Brief Description: Inlcludes important statistical information about Hurricane Floyd, from the moment it was born until the moment it died down after striking land. It incldues tabels and information on damage and casualties.
Source of Website: National Hurricane Center


Internet Mini-Essay

Title: The Growth of Instant Messenger
(Topic Area: Net Trends and Trivia)

The number of instant messenger users has increased dramatically over a brief period of time. According to a report by Jupiter Media Metrix, the amount of instant messenger users at home increased 28 percent from September 2000 to September 2001, with 53.8 million people logging on to chat via instant messenger. (1) At work, the number of IM users jumped from 10 million to 13.4 million over the same one-year period. (1)
According to Charles Buchwalter, vice president of media research at Jupiter, instant messenger is "growing along the same trajectory that propelled e-mail into the mainstream. "Instant messaging in general is contributing significantly to the overall growth of the Web and the digital universe," he said. (1)
While AOL is still king of the instant messenger market with 8.8 million users at work and 41.7 million users at home, MSN and Yahoo! are quickly gaining ground. Two other instant messenger providers, Yahoo! And MSN, are rapidly growing. (1)
The majority of instant messenger users are between the ages of 18 and 49. (2) Instant messenger is popular among college students, as a means of communicating with long-distance friends and relatives. Instant messenger allows users to send messages back and forth with other online "buddies" as well as share links, graphics and sounds with online friends. Most instant messenger services provide a phone service, in which users can actually talk to other people via the internet. (3)

(1) Jay Lyman, "Report: Instant Messenger Use Exploding," NewsFactor Network, 15 November 2001. accessed 22 May 2002.
(2) David Whelan, "The Instant Messaging Market," MediaChannels, December 2001.
(3) Jeff Tyson, "How Instant Messaging Works," Marshall Brain's How Stuff Works, accessed 28 may 2002.

Title of Web page: AOL Instant Messenger
Brief Description: Download and access AOL instant messenger.
Source of Web page: AOL

Title of Web page: E-Commerce News AOL Releases New Version of ICQ Messenger
Brief Description: Describes latest edition of AOL Instant messenger.
Source of Web page: NewsFactor

Title of Web Page: Yahoo!
Brief Description: Allows users to download Yahoo!'s version of instant messenger.
Source of Web page: Yahoo!Inc.