SOCI830-Demography: Theory, Substance, Techniques, Part I


Course Schedule

Wed, Aug 20: Introduction & Overview
•    McFalls, Joseph A., Jr. 2003. “Population: A Lively Introduction, 4th Edition.” Population Bulletin 58(4).

Mon, Aug 25: Defining Demography [RN]  [Slides]
•    Crimmins, Eileen M. 1993. “Demography: The Past 30 Years, the Present, and the Future.” Demography 30(4):579-591.
•    Xie, Yu. 2000. “Demography: Past, Present, and Future.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 95:670-673.

Wed, Aug 27: Sources of Data [RN]  [Slides]
•    Bryan, Thomas. 2004. “Chapter 2: Basic Sources of Statistics.” Pp. 9-41 in J. S. Siegel and D. A. Swanson (eds.), The Methods and Materials of Demography, Second Edition. San Diego, CA: Elsevier Academic Press.
•    Bryan, Thomas and Robert Heuser. “Chapter 3: Collection and Processing of Demography Data.” Pp. 43-63 in J. S. Siegel and D. A. Swanson (eds.), The Methods and Materials of Demography, Second Edition. San Diego, CA: Elsevier Academic Press.
•    Fricke, Tom. 2003. “Culture and Causality: An Anthropological Comment.” Population and Development Review 29(3):470-479.

Mon, Sep 1: Labor Day–NO CLASS

Wed, Sep 3: Data Quality [RN]  [Slides]
•    Robinson, J. Gregory, Kirsten K. West, and Arjun Adlakha. 2002. “Coverage of the Population in Census 2000: Results from Demographic Analysis.” Population Research and Policy Review 21:19-38.
•    Prewitt, Kenneth. 2005. “Politics and Science in Census Taking.” Pp. 3-48 in Reynolds Farley and John Haaga, eds., The American People: Census 2000. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.       

Mon, Sep 8: Foundational Concepts and Measures [RN]  [Slides]
•    Demography, Chapter 1
•    Coale, Ansley J. 1987. “How a Population Ages or Grows Younger.” Pp. 365-369 in S.W. Menard and E.W. Moen (eds.), Perspectives on Population: An Introduction to Concepts and Issues. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wed, Sep 10: Age-Specific Rates and Probabilities [RN]  [Slides]
•    Demography, Chapter 2
•    Coale, Ansley J. And Ellen Eliason Kisker. 1986. “Mortality Crossovers: Reality or Bad Data.” Population Studies 40:389-402.

Assignment 1--Rates & Probabilities--Due Sept 15

Mon, Sep 15: Life Tables  [RN]     [Slides]
•    Demography, Chapter 3

Wed, Sep 17:Life Tables Continued  [RN]
•    Bonzar, T.P. 2003. “Prevalence of Imprisonment in the U.S. Population, 1974-2001.” Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report.
•    Hayward, Mark and Melonie Heron. 1999. “Racial Inequality in Active Life among Adult Americans.” Demography 36(1): 77-91.

Assignment 2--Life Tables--Due Sept 24

Mon, Sep 22: Mortality Transitions  [RN]                        
•    Preston, Samuel H. and Etienne van de Walle. 1978. “Urban French Mortality in the Nineteenth Century.” Population Studies 32:275-297.
•    Johansson, S.R. and Carl Mosk. 1987. “Exposure, Resistance and Life Expectancy: Disease and Death During the Economic Development of Japan, 1900-1960.” Population Studies 41:207-235.

Wed, Sep 24:Mortality Transitions Continued  [RN]
•    Caldwell, John C. 1986. “Routes to Low Mortality in Poor Countries.” Population and Development Review 12:171-220.
•    Caldwell, John C. 1990. “Cultural And Social Factors Influencing Mortality Levels in Developing Countries.” The Annals of the American Academy 510:44-59.

Mon, Sep 29: Life Expectancy & Longevity [RN]
•    Soares, Rodrigo. 2007. “On the Determinants of Mortality Reductions in the Developing World.” Population Development Review 33(2):247-.
•    Olshansky, S. Jay, Burce A. Carnes, and Aline Desesquelles. 2001. “Prospects of Human Longevity.” Science 291(5508)1491-1492.
•    James Oeppen, and Vaupel JW., Broken Limits to Life Expectancy, Science, vol. 296 (May, 2002), pp. 1029-1031.10

Wed, Oct 1: Mortality Differentials [RN]
•    Rogers, Richard G. 1992. “Living and Dying in the U.S.A.: Sociodemographic Determinants of Death among Blacks and Whites.” Demography 29:287-304.
•    Lillard, Lee A. And Constantijn W.A. Panis. 1996. “Marital Status and Mortality: The Role of Health.” Demography 33(3):313-27.

Mon, Oct 6: Infant and Child Mortality    [RN]
•    Muhui, Pradip K. and Samuel H. Preston. 1991. “Efffects of Family Composition on Mortality Differentials by Sex among Children in Matlab, Bangladesh.” Population and Development Review 17:415-434.
•    Desai, Sonalde and Soumya Alva. 1998. “Maternal Education and Child Health: Is there a Strong Causal Relationship?” Demography 35:71-81.
•    Hummer, R., D. Powers, G. Gossman, S. Pullum, and W. Frisbie.  2007. “Paradox Found (Again): Infant Mortality among the Mexican Origin Population of the United States.”  Demography 44(3): 441-457.

Wed, Oct 8: HIV/AIDS     [RN]
•    John C. Caldwell. 2000. “Rethinking the African AIDS Epidemic.” Population and Development Review 26: 117-135.
•    Boerma, J. Ties and Sharon S. Weir. 2005. “Integrating Demographic and Epidemiological Approaches to Research on HIV/AIDS: The Proximate Determinants Framework.” The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 191 (Supplement 1): S61-S67.

Mon, Oct 13: Multiple Decrement Processes Using Life Tables     [RN]     [Slides]
•    Demography, Chapter 4, Sections 4.1-4.3 (pp.71-80)

Wed, Oct 15: Applications of Multiple Decrement Life Table Methods
•    Treas, Judith. 1977. “A Life Table for Postwar Senate Careers: A Research Note.” Social Forces  56(1):202-207.
•    Harris, Kathleen Mullan. 1993. “Work and Welfare among Single Mothers in Poverty.” American Journal of Sociology 99:317-352.

Mon, Oct 20: Fertility Measures & Concepts  [RN]     [Slides]
•    Demography, Chapter 5
•    Bongaarts, John. 1975. “Why High Birth Rates Are So Low.” Population and Development Review 1:289-296.
•    John Bongaarts. 1978. A framework for analyzing the proximate determinants of fertility. Population and Development Review 4:104-132.

Wed, Oct 22: Demographic Transition Theory  [RN]     [Slides]
•    Dudley. 1996. “Demographic Transition Theory.” Population Studies 50(3):361-387.

Mon, Oct 27: Fertility Transitions
•    Watkins, Susan Cotts. 1986. “Conclusions.” Pp. 420-449 in Ansley J. Coale and Susan Cott Watkins (eds.) The Decline of Fertility in Europe. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
•    Caldwell, John C., I.O. Orubuloye and Pat Caldwell. 1992. “Fertility Decline in Africa: A New Type of Transition?” Population and Development Review 18:211-242.

Wed, Oct 29: NO CLASS

Mon, Nov 3: More Fertility Transitions
•    Knodel, John, Napaporn Havanon, Anthony Pramualratana. 1984. “Fertility Transition in Thailand: A Qualitative Analysis.” Population and Development Review 10:297-328.
•    James F. Phillips, Ruth Simmons, Michael A. Koenig, and J. Chakraborty. 1988. "Determinants of Reproductive Change in a Traditional Society: Evidence from Matlab, Bangladesh." Studies in Family Planning 19:313-334.

Wed, Nov 5: Studying Determinants of Fertility Transition  [RN]
•    Smith, Herbert L. 1989. “Integrating Theory and Research on the Institutional Determinants of Fertility.” Demography 26(2):171-184.
•    Axinn, William G. and Scott T. Yabiku. 2001. “Social Change, the Social Organization of Families, and Fertility Limitation.” American Journal of Sociology 106(5):1219-1261.

Mon, Nov 10: Fertility Patterns in the West  
•    Morgan, S. Phillip. 1996. “Fertility Trends and Differentials: Characteristic Features of Modern American Fertility.” Pp. 19-63 in J.B. Casterline, R.D. Lee, and K.A. Foote, (eds.), Fertility in the United States: New Patterns, New Theories. Supplement to Population and Development Review 22. JSTOR
•    S. Philip Morgan and Miles G. Taylor. 2006. “Low Fertility at the Turn of the Twenty First Century.” Annual Review of Sociology 32:16.1-16.25.

Wed, Nov 12: Family Planning Research  [RN]
•    Casterline, John and Steven Sinding. 2000. “Unmet need for family planning and implications for population policy.” Population and Development Review 26: 691-724.
•    Tsui, Amy Ong . 2001. “Population policies, family planning programs, and fertility: the record.” In Rodolfo Bulatao and John B. Casterline, eds., Global Fertility Decline. A supplement to vol 27 of Population and Development Review, pp. 184-204 New York: The Population Council. **if you have problems accessing this article, use JSTOR's advanced search

Mon, Nov 17: Abortion and Contraceptive Use  [RN]  [Slides]
•    Henshaw, Stanley K. 1990. “Induced Abortion: A World Review, 1990.” Family Planning Perspectives 22:76-89.
•    Westoff, Charles and Akinrinola Bankole. 2000. “Trends in the Demand for Family Limitation in Developing Countries.” International Family Planning Perspectives 26:56-62.
•    Piccinino, Linda J. and William D. Mosher. 1998. “Trends in Contraceptive Use in the United States: 1982-1995. Family Planning Perspectives 30(1):4-10.

Wed, Nov 19: Family Demography  [Slides]
•    Teachman, Jay D., Lucky M. Tedrow, and Kyle D. Crowder. 2000. “The Changing Demography of America’s Families.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 62:1234-1246.
•    Seltzer et al. 2005. “Explaining Family Change and Variation: Challenges for Family Demographers.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 67:908-925.

Mon, Nov 24: Cohabitation
•    Smock, Pamela J. 2000. “Cohabitation in the United States: An Appraisal of Research Themes, Findings, and Implications.” Annual Review of Sociology 26:1-20.
•    Goldstein, Joshua R. and Catherine T. Kenney. 2001. “Marriage Delayed or Marriage Forgone? New Cohort Forecasts of First Marriage for U.S. Women.” American Sociological Review 66(4):506-519.
•    Yabiku, Scott. 2006. “Neighbors and Neighborhoods: Effects on Marriage Timing.” Population Research and Policy Review 25(4):305-327.

Mon, Dec 1: Connections between Demographic Behaviors
•    Axinn, William G. And Arland Thornton. 1992. “The Relationship between Cohabitation and Divorce: Selectivity or Causal Influence?” Demography 29(3):357-374.
•    Hirschman, Charles and Ronald Rindfuss. 1982. “The Sequence and Timing of Family Formation Events in Asia.” American Sociological Review.” American Sociological Review 47:660-680.
•    Heuveline, Patrick and Bunnak Poch. 2007. “The Phoenix Population: Demographic Crisis and Rebound in Cambodia.” Demography 44(2):405-426.

Wed, Dec 3: Population and Environment
•    Pebley, Anne R. 1998. “Demography and the Environment.” Demography 35(4):377-89.
•    Liu, J. et al. 2005. “Beyond Population Size: Examining Intricate Interactions among Population Structure, Land Use, and Environment in Wolong Nature Reserve, China.” in Entwisle & Stern (Eds.), Population, Land Use, and Environment: Research Directions.  NOTE:  If you are logged in through UNC's library website, you can access this book in pdf version.  This link should take you to the edited volume, and then you can look for the right chapter.
•    Ann E. Biddlecom, William G. Axinn, and Jennifer S. Barber.  2005. "Environmental Effects on Family Size Preferences and Subsequent Reproductive Behavior in Nepal." Population and Environment 26(3):183-206.