Introduction to the Order of the Illuminati

Adam Weishaupt

    Illuminati literally means "one who is illuminated" or "the enlightened ones," describing someone who has received "the light" or some great knowledge."  The Order of the Illuminati was founded by Adam Weishaupt (1748-1830) on May 1, 1776. Weishaupt was trained by the Jesuits and was a professor of Natural and Cannon Law at the University of Ingolstadt in Germany. There is some debate about the name of the Order when it was first created. Some claim it was called the Order of the Perfectibilists. (1) Others say it was the Ancient and Illuminated Seers of Bavaria or AISB. (2) Their outward purpose was "to attain the highest possible degree of morality and virtue, and to lay the foundation for the reformation of the world by the association of good men to oppose the progress of moral evil." (1)
    The order was very popular at first, as was the fashion of the time, and spread quickly across Europe. The Illuminati boasted 2,000 members throughout Germany, France, Belgium, Holland, Denmark, Sweden, Poland, Hungary, and Italy. At its conception, Illuminati members were reputed to favor freethinking and radical politics. Some understood the Order to be a Christian one, promoting a belief in deism and spiritual perfection. However, this façade merely hid the true motives. (1)
    As the conspiring reputation of the Order began to spread, the Bavarian government abolished it, along with many other secret societies existing at the time, for plotting a massive overthrow of Europe's monarchies. At this point the membership declined rapidly, and for some the history of the society ends here. (3)

History and Origins

    The Illuminati are widely believed to be a sect or faction of the Freemasons. The Freemason, hence the Illuminati, adopted their beliefs and teachings from the Knights Templar. The Knights Templar was originally a religious and military organization during the crusades. Its members became very rich through gifts of land and money from European rulers. By the 1300s, the Templars deemed themselves the "bankers of Europe," because of their enormous wealth and the breadth of their organization. They were hoping to "become wealthy enough to buy the world."
    The king of France and the Pope then conducted arrests and investigations of the Knights Templar. The Pope suspected the king's investigation involved torturous methods and so held his own. During these investigations, the Knights confessed voluntarily to a variety of crimes including "spitting on the crucifix, committing obscenities, and practicing unnatural vices (sodomy)." As a result of these investigations, the Knights Templar was exposed as two-faced and evil. The Knights concealed one doctrine for only their masters - the one that proclaimed Lucifer as their god - and put forth a Christian front for the public.
    The Pope abolished the order and it fled underground, continuing only among its most trusted members. Hundreds of years later, the Knights Templar surfaced as a "benevolent organization of good works." The Templars took over the stonemason guilds of Europe, which were then struggling to maintain their membership. The transition of the Templars into the Masons occurred smoothly; the public merely viewed the organization as a good one. It is at this point in history when Weishaupt, a Mason, formed a secret society (the Illuminati) within the existing secret society.
    The Freemasons are a society that exists even today, promoting the banner of equality and service. However, interviews with current and former Masons of the 32 and 33 degrees displayed huge discrepancies in the organization. The following information comes from abstracts of the book "The Invisible Rung of Government," by an anonymous author, published in "Conspiracy Nation."
    When current members of the Freemasons were interviewed, they did not express any knowledge of any higher religious aims of the Order. They were infinitely loyal to the organization and believed undoubtedly that it was an international secret fraternity based on good works. However, former members of the Masons explained that the organization was anti-Christ and Luciferically inspired, especially in its higher levels. This means that either current members would not reveal any of their knowledge because of binding oaths of secrecy, or that they were unaware of the Masons' evil nature because they had not yet reached its highest levels. For the book secret Masonic materials and writings were gathered from widows of deceased Masons. These materials repeatedly referenced the Illuminati and the Knights Templar, confirming that Freemasonry is a continuation of the Illuminati. (4)
 

Another Account of Creation (slightly less believable)

    There are some who claim to trace the Illuminati or at least its philosophies and plans back 4,000 years to Mesopotamia, in the Sumerian era. The ruling king at that time was King Ur-Nammu. King Ur established, through his influence, which of three great brotherhoods would eventually gain dominion over the world.
    During the Babylonian era, three warring brotherhoods were established, the White Order, or White Brotherhood; the Green Brotherhood, or Green Dragon; and the Yellow Brotherhood. The White Order inhabited Greece, the Green Brotherhood operated (and apparently still operates) in Asia, and the Yellow Brotherhood's seat was in Egypt. The Green and Yellow Brotherhoods eventually merged into one, which they called the Green Dragon. Because of the merge, the order's bloodline was split in four directions and thinned, leaving no pure descendants of the brothers. However the bloodline of the White Brotherhood stayed in a straight line of descendants, from father to son, without breaking at all.
    The White Brotherhood, as the foundation of Ancient Greece, determined which civilizations were to be included in the creation of the "One World Dominated Realm." The Greeks (and therefore the White Brotherhood) were the founders of the disciplines and institutions, such as politics, philosophy, government, the military, and education that are the main sources of civilization in the western world today. In other words, modern day "Western" societies all were created by and based on the influence of the White Brotherhood.
    The condition for each son to enter, in addition to maintaining the pure bloodline, is that he must obtain multiple master's degrees in disciplines related to the secret teachings. Hence, the sons would be educated for 40 years, similar to many of our country's prominent leaders.
    Thus, the White Brotherhood laid the foundation for the New World Order and passed it on to secret societies to continue its work.
    Another theory of the historical origins of the Illuminati is that it began with the civilization on Atlantis. Atlantians were believed to have an enlightened king and perfect religion and science, the ultimate worldwide culture. When Atlantis was destroyed, the king migrated to Egypt and settled in the Nile area, which accounts for the abundance of Egyptian symbols in Freemasonry. From Egypt the king was able to pass on his enlightened knowledge.(2)
 
pyramid symbol


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Sources:
1) http://www.nii.net/~obie/adam.htm
2) http://members.shaw.ca/illuminaticonspiracy/illuminati.html
3) http://www.english.upenn.edu/~jlynch/Frank/Contexts/illumin.html
4) http://webusers.physics.umn.edu/~duvernoi/ill.html