SandBar Digital Library
(also hosted at The Well Project
On line supplement to
Synthesizing Qualitative Research
Dr. Margarete Sandelowski at
Dr. Julie Barroso at
The purpose of the Qualitative Metasynthesis Project was to clarify, refine,
and develop new analytic and interpretive techniques to synthesize qualitative
research findings. Studies of HIV-positive women were used to develop
these techniques, and studies of women and couples receiving positive
prenatal diagnoses were used to evaluate and refine them. To begin the
project, we drew from procedures traditionally associated with research
synthesis to set inclusion criteria and to search for and retrieve relevant
literature, and from available guidelines used to evaluate qualitative
studies. We used reflexive accounting practices, such as the maintenance
of an audit trail, think/talk aloud and negotiated consensus processes,
and peer review, throughout the project. As we developed procedures, a
six-member panel of experts evaluated them with purposeful samples of
research reports in the study. An additional “test” of our
procedures was to use them to complete several research syntheses.
The final sample of HIV studies consists of 114 reports appearing between
1991 (when the first study meeting our inclusion criteria was published)
and 2002, including 79 published reports (75 journal articles, 2 books,
1 book chapter, and 1 technical report) and 35 unpublished reports (31
doctoral dissertations and 4 Master’s theses). These works were
retrieved between June 1, 2000 and December 31, 2002. The final sample
of positive prenatal diagnosis studies consists of 17 reports appearing
between 1984 (when the first study meeting our inclusion criteria was
published) and 2002, including 13 published reports (10 journal articles,
2 books, and 1 book chapter) and 4 unpublished reports (3 doctoral dissertations
and 1 Master’s thesis). These works were retrieved between December
1, 2002 and March 31, 2003.
- Barroso, J., Gollop, C. J., Sandelowski, M., Meynell, J., Pearce,
P. F., & Collins, L. J. (2003). The challenges of searching for
and retrieving qualitative studies. Western
Journal of Nursing Research, 25, 153-178.
- Barroso, J., & Sandelowski, M. (2003). Sample reporting in qualitative
studies of women with HIV infection. Field
Methods, 15, 386-404.
- Barroso, J., & Sandelowski, M. (2004). Substance abuse in HIV-positive
women. Journal of the Association of
Nurses in AIDS Care, 15(5), 48-59.
- Sandelowski, M., & Barroso, J. (2002). Finding the findings in
qualitative studies. Journal of Nursing
Scholarship, 34, 213-219.
- Sandelowski, M., & Barroso, J. (2002). Reading qualitative studies.
International Journal of Qualitative
Methods (On line journal), 1(1), Article 5. Available at http://www.ualberta.ca/~ijqm/english/engframeset.html
- Sandelowski, M. & Barroso, J. (2003). Classifying the findings
in qualitative studies.
Qualitative Health Research, 7,
- Sandelowski, M. & Barroso, J. (2003). Creating metasummaries of
qualitative findings. Nursing Research,
- Sandelowski, M. & Barroso, J. (2003). Motherhood in the context
of maternal HIV infection. Research
in Nursing & Health, 26, 470-482.
- Sandelowski, M. & Barroso, J. (2003). Toward a metasynthesis of
qualitative findings on motherhood in HIV-positive women. Research
in Nursing & Health, 26, 153-170.
- Sandelowski, M., & Barroso, J. (2003). Writing the proposal for
a qualitative research methodology project. Qualitative
Health Research, 13, 781-820.
- Sandelowski, M., Lambe, C., & Barroso, J. (2004). Stigma in HIV-positive
women. Journal of Nursing Scholarship,
- Sandelowski, M., & Barroso, J. (In press; 2005). The travesty
of choosing after positive prenatal diagnosis. Submitted to JOGNN:
Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing.
- Sandelowski, M., & Barroso, J. (2004). SandBar
Digital Library Project. Available at http://sonweb.unc.edu/sandbar
- Sandelowski, M. & Barroso, J. (Under contract). Synthesizing
qualitative research. New York: Springer.