Fall 1998
UNC-CH
R. A. Rosenfeld

SOCIOLOGY 230: SOCIAL STRATIFICATION
HM 151, T/Th 12:30-1:45 pm





Professor:  Rachel A. Rosenfeld 
Office:  264 Hamilton Hall
Phone: 962-1272 
Email:  rachel_rosenfeld@unc.edu
Office hours:  11:00-12:15 T/Th and by appointment
 

This course covers the major classical and current ways of approaching social stratification in sociology.  Students are responsible for doing the readings, discussing them, and taking turns facilitating that discussion by preparing discussion questions.  In doing the readings, you should think about the following sorts of issues:
 

  • What question does this reading try to answer within the domain of stratification?  What assumptions are being made, implicitly or explicitly?
  • What conception of stratification does it use?  What does this conception highlight?  What does it ignore?  Why is it used?  Is it explicit or not?  Is there a good fit between the question being asked and the conception of the stratification system?
  • If the reading is empirical, what particular methodology does it use?  What assumptions are involved in using this methodology for analyzing social structure?  Is there an alternative methodology that would be better?  Does this particular method limit possible conclusions reached?
  • What does this research tell us about the nature of social stratification systems?  In general, what does it say about the next steps to be taken in this area?  What does it leave out?


READINGS:  The first set of readings will provide an overview of this area and give you some of the tools with which to evaluate the other readings.  Readings on different approaches to the study of social stratification follow.  The attached reading list details the readings and the classes by which they should be read.  "See also" readings are other important material that you should know about, but are not required for this course.  The Social Stratification doctoral examination reading list has other good papers and books.  Obviously, even all these sources together are far from completely covering sociological and related research on social stratification.  There is a strong bias here toward "mainstream" work.  If you have favorites that you think should be on either the course or the doctoral exam reading list, please let me know. 

Buying Books:  A large number of the basic readings are in Social Stratification, edited by David Grusky (GRUSKY).  We will be reading large portions of several other books:

P. Blau, Structural Contexts of Opportunities.
P. Blau and O.D. Duncan, The American Occupational Structure.
R. Dahrendorf, Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society.
R. Herrnstein and C. Murray, The Bell Curve.
G. Lenski, Power and Privilege

New and used copies of these books are available at 

 The Internationalist Bookstore
 405 West Franklin Street
 (942-1740)

Reserve Reading and Copies:  Articles and chapters (aside from those in GRUSKY) are on reserve in the Sociology/Political Science Library, Hamilton Hall 271, as are many of the books.  In addition, many of the books and journals from which readings come are on the shelves of campus libraries.  At the very back of the syllabus, there is a list of other readers that may contain some of the course materials, too.  I also have a complete set of copies you may borrow to make your own coursepaks.

Do share the books and articles.  Please let me know if you have trouble getting any of the readings.
 

REQUIREMENTS:

(1)  Readings and class.  You need to do the readings for the day and thought about the questions on them so that you can participate in class discussion and other activities.  Different subsets of students will have special responsibility for each day's readings.  Questions on the readings will be posted on the class listserver.

(2)  Exam: a take-home essay exam, with questions similar to those on doctoral exams.  You will have a week to do this.

(3) Paper: a paper, due the day of the normally scheduled exam period, on some topic in stratification--theoretical or empirical or both.  This does not need to be something you do only for this class--it can be a version of a master's thesis, a dissertation proposal, a paper for another class (with the other instructor’s permission), whatever, as long as it is on a stratification topic.  Coauthored papers are encouraged.  See the last page of the syllabus for a couple of references on sociological writing.

(4) Presentation: a presentation of either literature not elsewhere covered in the course relevant to your paper or the paper itself, with a brief bibliography of important sources to hand out.  Such presentations are often useful in helping people refine their ideas.  Presentations will be in conference format: 15-20 minutes (timed by a class member), with a few minutes for discussion.  I’ll give you written feedback on your presentation per se.

The weights given to these requirements will be roughly 50% for the paper, 25% for the exam, and 25% for the presentation and class participation.
 
 

IMPORTANT DATES:

2/5  paper topics due--No more than a page describing what your paper will be on.

3/3 paper abstract

3/31  give out take-home exam

 4/2   no class---POPULATION ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA AND SOUTHERN SOCIOLOGICAL SOCIETY MEETINGS

4/7 exam due at beginning of class

4/16-4/30  presentations

5/5  paper due in my office at noon--NO INCOMPLETES UNLESS IT IS A DIRE EMERGENCY
 
 



SOCIOLOGY 230:  SOCIAL STRATIFICATION
 SCHEDULE AND READINGS 




I.  OVERVIEW

Th 1/8              "Social differentiation," pp. 1-2 in E. Laumann et al., The Logic of Social
                         Hierarchies.  Chicago: Markham, 1970.

T 1/13              1.  Grusky, David, “The contours of social stratification,” pp. 3-35 in David 
                                    Grusky (ed.), Social Stratification.  Boulder: Westview, 1994 
                                    (GRUSKY). 

                         2.  Szelényi, Szonja, “Women and the class structure,” pp. 577-82 in
                                    GRUSKY.

                         3.  Ferree, Myra Marx and Elaine J. Hall, “Rethinking stratification from a 
                                     feminist perspective: Gender, race, and class in mainstream 
                                     textbooks.”  American Sociological Review 61, 1996:929-50. 

See also:
Ossowski, Stanislaw.  Class Structure in the Social Consciousness.  New York:  Free Press,
          1963. 

Collins, Randall, "Is 1980's sociology in the doldrums?"  American Journal of Sociology 91, 
          1986:1336-55.
 

II.  MARXIAN APPROACHES

Th 1/15           A.  Karl Marx (some with Friedrich Engels), pp. 65-82 in GRUSKY:

                        "Alienation and social classes." 
                        "Classes in capitalism and pre-capitalism."
                        "Ideology and class."
                        "Value and Surplus Value."

T 1/20             B.  Modern Empirical Marxism

                         1.  Erik O. Wright, “Varieties of Marxist conceptions of class structure” and
                                      “A general framework for the analysis of class structure,” pp. 94-110 
                                      in GRUSKY.

                         2.  Erik O. Wright, "Women in the class structure."  Politics and Society 17, 
                                      1989:35-66. 

                         3.  Erik O. Wright,  “Class and race,” pp. 67-69 in Class Counts
                                      Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

See also:
Erik O. Wright.  Class Counts: Comparative Studies in Class Analysis.  Cambridge:
          Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Aldrich, Howard and Jane Weiss, "Differentiation within the U. S. capitalist class."  American 
          Sociological Review 46, 1981:279-90.

Burawoy, Michael.  The Politics of Production.  London:  Verso, 1985.

Boswell, Terry and William J. Dixon, “Marx’s theory of rebellion:  A cross-national analysis of 
          class exploitation, economic development, and violent revolution.”  American 
          Sociological Review 58, 1993:681-702.

Fantasia, Rick, “From class consciousness to culture, action, and social organization.”  Annual 
          Review of Sociology 21, 1995:269-87.

Flacks, Richard and Gerald Turkel, "Radical sociology:  The emergence of neo-Marxian 
          perspectives in U. S. sociology."  Annual Review of Sociology 4, 1978:193-238.

Burawoy, Michael, "Marxism as science."  American Sociological Review 55, 1990:775-93.
 

III.  RESPONSES TO MARX:  WEBER AND ELITE THEORISTS.

Th 1/22               A.  Max Weber and Other Economic Approaches

                            1.  Weber, Max, "Class, status and party" and “Status groups and classes,” 
                                          pp.113-126 in GRUSKY.

                            2.  Parkin, Frank, “Marxism and class theory: A bourgeois critique,” pp. 
                                          141-54 in GRUSKY.

                            3.  Sørensen, Aage, “The structural basis of social inequality.” American 
                                           Journal of Sociology 101, 1996:1333-65. 

T 1/27                 B.  Elite/Ruling Class Theorists 

                            1.  Mosca, Gaetano, "The ruling class,” pp. 155-61 in GRUSKY.

                            2.  Mills, C. W., “The power elite,” pp. 161-70 in GRUSKY.

                            3.  Useem, Michael, “The inner circle,” pp. 175-83 in GRUSKY.

Th 1/29               C.  (More on) Authority

                            Dahrendorf, Ralf.  Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society
                                          Stanford University Press, 1959 (esp. Preface, Chs. 4, 5, 6).

T 2/3                   D.  Tests of Elite/Authority/Class Models

                            1.  Robinson, Robert and Jonathan Kelley, "Class as conceived by Marx 
                                           and Dahrendorf."  American Sociological Review 44, 
                                           1979:38-58.

                            2.  Whitt, J. Allen, "Toward a class-dialectic model of power." American 
                                            Sociological Review 44, 1979:81-100.

See also:
Cammack, Paul, “A critical assessment of the new elite paradigm.” American Sociological 
          Review 55,  1990:415-20.  (See reply by John Higley et al., 421-26.)

Bottomore, T. B.  Elites and Society.  Penguin, 1964.  (pp. 175-182 in Heller).

Giddens, Anthony.  The Class Structure of the Advanced Societies.  NY:  Harper and Row, 
          1973.

Alba, Richard and Gwen Moore, "Ethnicity in the American elite." American Sociological 
          Review 47, 1982:373-83.

Ostrander, Susan.  Women of the Upper Class.  Philadelphia:  Temple University Press, 1984.

Domhoff, William.  The Powers That Be.  Vintage Books, 1978.

Halaby, Charles N. and David L. Weakliem, “Ownership and authority in the earnings function: 
          Alternative specifications.” American Sociological Review 58, 1993:16-30.  (Also 
          comment by E.O. Wright and reply by Halaby, pp. 31-36.)

Holmwood, John, “The problem of class in contemporary debates.”  (On “death of class.”) 
          Paper presented at the conference “Reconfigurations of Class and Gender,” 1-3 August 
          1997, Canberra, Australia: http://coombs.anu.edu.au/Depts/RSSS/Class/conf.html.
 

IV.  CLASSES, MARXISM, AND REALLY EXISTING SOCIETIES

Th 2/5                                      *****Paper Topics Due*****

                            1. Lenski, Gerhard,  "New light on old issues: The relevance of 'really 
                                       existing socialist societies' for stratification theory," pp. 55-61 in 
                                       GRUSKY.

                            2.  Kennedy, Michael and Naomi Galtz, “From Marxism to 
                                        postcommunism: Socialist desires and East European rejections.” 
                                        Annual Review of Sociology 22, 1996:437-58.

                            3.  Myles, John and Adnan Turegun, “Comparative studies in class 
                                        structure.”  Annual Review of Sociology 20, 1994:103-24.

See also:
Nee, Victor and Rebecca Matthews, “Market transitions and societal transformation in
          reforming state socialism.”  Annual Review of Sociology 22, 1996:401-35.
 

V.  EVOLUTIONARY APPROACHES

T 2/10                   1.  Lenski, Gerhard.  Power and Privilege.  University of North Carolina 
                                          Press, 1983 (1966), (esp. Chs. 3-4, 10-13, and Prefaces).

                             2.  Dunn, Dana, Elizabeth Almquist, and Janet Saltzman Chafetz, 
                                          “Macrostructural perspectives on gender inequality: Economic 
                                          factors and gender stratification.”  Pp. 78-83 in Paula England 
                                          (ed.), Theory on Gender/Feminism on Theory.  NY: Aldine de 
                                          Gruyter, 1993. 

See also:
Blumberg, Rae.  Stratification:  Socioeconomic and Sexual Inequality.  Dubuque: William
          C. Brown, 1978.  (Esp. Chs. 1-5)

Chafetz, J.  Sex and Advantage.  Rowman and Allanheld, 1984.

O'Kelly, Charlotte and Larry Carney.  Women and Men in Society.  2nd ed., Wadsworth, 
          1986. 

Blumberg, Rae.  "A general theory of gender stratification."  In R. Collins (ed.), Sociological 
          Theory, Jossey-Bass, 1984.

Lenski, Gerhard, "Societal taxonomies:  Mapping the social universe." Annual Review of 
          Sociology 20, 1994:1-26.
 

VI.  FUNCTIONALISM

Th 2/12                 A.  Functionalism

                             1.  Davis, Kingsley and Wilbert Moore, "Some principles of stratification," 
                                       pp. 39-46 in GRUSKY.

                             2.  Stinchcombe, Arthur, "Functional causal imagery."  Pp. 80-101 in 
                                      Constructing Social Theories.  Chicago, IL: University of Chicago 
                                      Press, 1968.

T 2/17                  B.  Comments on and Tests of Davis and Moore

                             1.  Stinchcombe, Arthur, "Some empirical consequences of the 
                                      Davis-Moore theory of stratification."  American Sociological 
                                      Review 28, 1963:805-808.

                             2.  Simpson, Richard, "A modification of the functional theory of social 
                                      stratification."  Social Forces 35, 1956:132-137.

                             3.  Tumin, Melvin, "Some principles of stratification:  A critical view,” 
                                      pp.47-54 in GRUSKY.

                             4.  Responses and exchanges

                             Moore, Wilbert, "But some are more equal than others."  (Ch. 10 in LSH)

                             Moore, Wilbert, "The Tumin-Moore polemics."  (Pp. 438-40 in Heller)

                             Exchanges, pp. 59-63 in Bendix and Lipset.

See also:
Wesolowski, W, "Some notes on the functional theory of stratification." Pp. 64-69 in Bendix
          and Lipset; pp. 430-38 in Heller.

Wrong, Dennis, "The functional theory of stratification:  Some neglected considerations."  P
          132-42 in LSH.

Cullen, John and Shelley Novick, "The Davis-Moore theory of stratification:  A further 
          examination and extension."  American Journal of Sociology 84, 1979:1424-37.

Johnson, Miriam, “Functionalism and feminism:  Is estrangement necessary?”  Ch. 6 in Paula 
          England (ed.), Theory on Gender/Feminism on Theory.  NY: Aldine de Gruyter, 1993.
 

VII.  FORMAL THEORY OF SOCIAL STRUCTURE

Th 2/19                  A.  Peter Blau

                              Blau, Peter M.  Structural Contexts of Opportunities.  Chicago:
                                        University of Chicago Press, 1994.  Esp. Ch. 1-3 (pp. 1-89).

See also:
Blau, Peter M, “A circuitous path to macrostructural theory.” Annual Review of Sociology
          21, 1995:1-19.

T 2/24                    B.  Other Tests

                               1.  Kanter, Rosabeth, "Some effects of proportions on group life." 
                                         American Journal of Sociology 82, 1977: 965-90.

                               2.  South, Scott, et al., "Social structure and intergroup interaction." 
                                        American Sociological Review 47, 1982:587-99.

                               3.  Tigges, Leann and Deborah Tootle, “Underemployment and racial 
                                        competition in local labor markets.”  Sociological Quarterly 34, 
                                        1993:279-98.

See also
Guttentag, Marcia and Paul Secord.  Too Many Women?  Sage, 1983.  (esp. pp. 13-33,
          153-71.)

South, Scott and Katherine Trent, "Sex ratios and women's roles." American Journal of 
          Sociology 93, 1988:  1096-1115.

Frisbie, W. Parker and Lisa Neidert, "Inequality and the relative size of minority populations: 
          A comparative analysis." American Journal of Sociology 82, 1977:1007-30.

Blalock, Herbert M., Jr.  Understanding Social Inequality:  Modeling Allocation 
          Processes.  Newbury Park:  Sage, 1991.
 

VIII.  SOCIAL MOBILITY AND STATUS ATTAINMENT

Th 2/26                  A.  Blau, Peter and Otis Dudley Duncan, The American Occupational 
                                           Structure.  NY:  Wiley, 1967.  (Esp. Chs. 1, 2, 5, 12, pp. 
                                           117-128.)

T 3/3  B.  Extensions of Status Attainment and Social Mobility Research

                                                   *****Abstracts Due*****

                                1.  Social psychological model:
                                Sewell, William H., Archibald O. Haller, and Alejandro Portes, “The 
                                            educational and early occupational attainment process,” pp. 336
                                           -46 in GRUSKY.

                                2.  Cross-national mobility:
                                Erikson, Robert and John H. Goldthorpe, “Trends in class mobility: The 
                                            post-war European experience,” pp. 289-316 in GRUSKY.

                                3.  Summary 
                                Ganzeboom, Harry, Donald Treiman, and Wout C. Ultee, "Comparative 
                                            intergenerational stratification research."  Annual Review of 
                                            Sociology 17, 1991:277-302.

Th 3/5                     C.  Comments on Status Attainment/Mobility Research and 
                                     Syntheses

                                1.  Kottnerus, J. David, "Status attainment research and its image of 
                                            society."  American Sociological Review 52, 1987:113-21.

                                2.  Grusky, David and Kim A. Weeden, “Models of influence” in Dan 
                                            Clawson (ed.), Required Reading: Sociology’s Most Influential 
                                            Books.  Amherst, MA: University of Mass. Press, 1998.

                                3.   Myles, John and A. B. Srensen, "Elite and status attainment models." 
                                           Canadian Journal of Sociology 1, 1975:75-88.

                                4.  Kingston, Paul, "The implications of intergenerational class mobility for 
                                           class theory:  A comment on Western"   and Mark Western, 
                                           "Intergenerational mobility and class theory:  Reply to Kingston." 
                                           Social Forces 75, 1996:323-34. 

See also:
Otto, L. and A. O. Haller, "Evidence for a social psychological view of the status attainment
          process." Social Forces 57, 1979: 887-914.

Sewell, W. et al., "Sex, schooling, and occupational status." American Journal of Sociology
          86, 1980:  551-83.  (Also in GRUSKY.)

Hallinan, Maureen, "Equality of educational opportunity."  Annual Review of Sociology 14, 
            1988:249-68.

Treiman, Donald.  Occupational Prestige in Comparative Perspective.  NY:  Academic 
          Press, 1977.

Rosenfeld, Rachel A., "Women's intergenerational occupational mobility." American 
          Sociological Review 43, 1978:36-46.

DiPrete, Thomas and David B. Grusky, “Structure and trends in the process of stratification for 
          American men and women.”  American Journal of Sociology 96, 1990:107-143.

Sørensen, Annemette, "Women, family, and class."  Annual Review of Sociology 20, 
          1994:27-47.

Treiman, Donald J. And Harry B.G. Ganzeboom, “The fourth generation of (comparative) 
          stratification research.”  Paper presented at RC#28 (Social Stratification and Mobility) 
          of the International Sociological Association, 6-7 August 1997, Montreal.  Available as 
          “isatext.fnl” [WP6.0] by anonymous ftp: nicco.sscnet.ucla.edu

Horan, Patrick, “Is status attainment research atheoretical?” American Sociological Review
          43, 1978:534-41.

Lin, Nan, et al., "Social resources and occupational status attainment." Social Forces 59, 
          1981:1163-81.

Lin, Nan, "Social resources and social mobility."  Pp. 247-71 in R. Breiger, Social Mobility 
          and Social Structure.  Cambridge:  Cambridge U., 1990.

Jencks, C. et al., Who Gets Ahead?  Basic, 1979.  (Section also in GRUSKY.)

Jencks, C., "What is the true rate of social mobility?"  Pp. 103-30 in Breiger, 1990.

England, Paula, "Women and occupational prestige."  Signs 5, 1979:252-65.

Campbell, Richard, "Status attainment research:  End of the beginning or beginning of the 
          end?" Sociology of Education 56, 1983:47-62.

Wong, Raymond Sin-Kwok, "Vertical and nonvertical effects in class mobility." American 
          Sociological Review  57, 1992:396-410.

Warren, John Robert and Robert M. Hauser, “Social stratification across 3 generations.” 
          American Sociological Review 62, 1997:561-72.

Kerckhoff, Alan, “Institutional arrangements and stratification processes in industrial societies.”
          Annual Review of Sociology 21, 1995:323-47.

Western, Mark, "Class structure and intergenerational class mobility:  A comparative analysis 
          of nation and gender." Social Forces 73, 1994:101-34.
 

 *****NO CLASSES 3/9-3/13, SPRING BREAK*****
 

IX.  THE BELL CURVE DEBATE

T, 3/17                   A.  Herrnstein, Richard and Charles Murray.  The Bell Curve.  New
                                           York: Free Press. 1996 [1994].

There is a fairly informative summary at the beginning of most chapters. 
To save time, I assign the summary only (SU) for some of the chapters.

Introduction pp. 1-24;
Part I: The Emergence of a Cognitive Elite pp. 25-115;
Part II: Cognitive Classes and Social Behavior pp. 117-125,
      Ch. 5 Poverty pp. 127-142, Ch.6 Schooling pp. 143-154, Ch 7.
      Unemployment SU pp. 155-6, Ch. 8 Family Matters SU p. 167, Ch. 9 Welfare
      Dependency SU p. 191, Ch. 10 Parenting SU pp. 203-4, Ch. 11 Crime SU p.
      235, Ch. 12 Civility & Citizenship SU pp. 253-4;
Part III: The National Context p. 267,
      Ch. 13 Ethnic Differences in Cognitive Ability pp. 269-315, Ch. 14
      Ethnic Inequalities in Relation to IQ pp. 317-340, Ch. 15 The Demography
      of Intelligence SU pp. 341-2, Ch. 16 Social Behavior and the Prevalence
      of Low Cognitive Ability SU p. 369;
Part IV: Living Together pp. 387-8,
      Ch. 17 Raising Cognitive Ability SU pp. 389-90, Ch. 18 The Leveling of
      American Education SU pp. 417-18, Ch. 19 Affirmative Action in Higher
      Education pp. 447-77, Ch. 20 Affirmative Action in the Workplace pp.
      479-508, Ch. 21 The Way We Are Headed pp. 509-26, Ch 22 A Place for
      Everyone pp. 527-52 (this chapter has no summary; read lightly to get
      the authors' main drift).
Afterword (by Charles Murray) pp. 553-75 (in the paperback edition).

Th 3/19                    B.  The Debates

                                 Fisher, Claude S., Michael Hout, Martín Sánchez Jankowski, Samuel R. 
                                            Lucas, Ann Swidler, and Kim Vos.  Inequality by Design: 
                                            Cracking the Bell Curve Myth.  Princeton, NJ: Princeton 
                                            University Press, 1996.

                                 1.  Nielsen, François, “Review of The Bell Curve”. Social Forces 74, 
                                            1995:337-342.

                                 2.  Massey, Douglas, “Review of The Bell Curve.”  American Journal 
                                            of Sociology 101, 1995:747-753.

                                 3.  Hauser, Robert, Howard Taylor, and Troy Duster, "Symposium on 
                                            The Bell Curve."  Contemporary Sociology 24, 1995:149-161.

                                 4.  Hauser, Robert and Min-Hsiung Huano, “Verbal ability and 
                                            socioeconomic success: A trend analysis.”  Social Science 
                                            Research 26, 1997:331-76.

See also:
Young, Michael, “From The Rise of the Meritocracy, 1870-2033.”  Pp. 522-53 in Blumberg.

Scarr, Sandra and Richard A. Weinberg, "The Influence of 'family background' on intellectual
          attainment." American Sociological Review 43, 1978:674-692.

Scarr, Sandra, "Development theories for the 1990s: Development and individual differences."
          (Society for Research in Child Development Presidential Address.)  Child 
          Development 63, 1992:1-19.

Arvey, Richard D. et al., "Mainstream science on intelligence." Wall Street Journal
          December 13, 1994.
 

X.  LABOR MARKETS AND THE DUAL ECONOMY

T 3/24                     A.  “New Structuralism:” Segmentation

                                1.  Kalleberg, Arne and Aage B. Sørensen, "The sociology of labor
                                             markets."  Annual Review of Sociology 5, 1979:351-79.

                                2.  Edwards, Richard.  Contested Terrain.  Basic Books, 1979.  Ch. 9. 

                                3.  Hodson, Randy, "The measurement of economic segmentation." 
                                             American Sociological Review  49, 1984:335-48. 

Th 3/26                   B.  Alternative Conceptions of Labor Markets

                                1.  Bonacich, Edna, “A theory of ethnic antagonism: The split labor 
                                             market,” pp. 474-486 in GRUSKY.

                                2.  Wilson, William J., "The declining significance of race: Blacks and 
                                             changing American institutions," pp. 520-531 in GRUSKY.

                                3.  Bielby, William and James Baron, “Men and women at work: Sex 
                                             segregation and statistical discrimination, “ pp. 606-32 in 
                                             GRUSKY.

                                4.  Wilson, William J.  “The truly disadvantaged: The inner city, the 
                                             underclass, and public policy,” pp. 560-67 in GRUSKY.
 

T 3/31                                  *****Give Out Take-home Exam*****

                               C.  Comments on Labor Markets/Ascription Research

                                1.  Baron, James, “Reflections on recent generations of mobility 
                                            research,” pp. 384-93 in GRUSKY. 

                                2.  Lieberson, Stanley, “Understanding ascriptive stratification: Some 
                                            issues and principles,“ pp. 649-56 in GRUSKY.

                                3.   Tomaskovic-Devey, “Segregation, inequality, and discrimination,” 
                                            pp. 3-20 in Gender and Racial Inequality at Work.  Ithaca: ILR 
                                            Press, 1993.

See also:
Hodson, Randy, "Labor in the monopoly, competitive, and state sectors of production."
           Politics and Society 8, 1978:  429-80.

Kalleberg, Arne, et al., "Economic segmentation, worker power, and income inequality." 
          American Journal of Sociology 87, 1981:651-83.

Hartmann, Heidi, "Capitalism, patriarchy, and job segregation by sex." Signs 1, 1976:137-69.

Beck, E. M., "Labor unionism and racial income inequality:  A time series analysis of the 
          post-World War II period."  American Journal of Sociology 85, 1980:791-814.

Rosenfeld, Rachel A., “Sex segregation and sectors.”  American Sociological Review 48, 
          1983:637-55.

Williamson, Oliver, "The economics of organization:  The transaction cost approach." 
          American Journal of Sociology 87, 1981:548-77.

Jencks, C. "Structural versus individual explanations of inequality:  Where do we go from 
          here?" Contemporary Sociology 9, 1980:762-67.

Spilerman, Seymour, "Careers, labor market structure, and socioeconomic achievement." 
          American Journal of Sociology 83, 1977:551-93.

Smith, Michael, "What is new in 'new structuralist' analysis of earnings?" American 
          Sociological Review 55, 1990:827-41 (comment by Srensen, 842-45).

Massey, Douglas and Nancy Denton.   American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making 
          of the Underclass.  Cambridge:  Harvard University Press, 1993.

Reskin, Barbara and Patricia Roos.  Job Queues, Gender Queues.  Philadelphia:  Temple 
          University Press, 1990.

Baron, James, "Organizational perspectives on stratification." Annual Review of Sociology 10, 
          1984: 37-69.

Althauser, Robert, "Internal labor markets."  Annual Review of Sociology 15, 1989:143-61.

Rosenfeld, Rachel A., "Job shifting and career mobility."  Annual Review of Sociology 18, 
          1992:39-61.

Smith, Vicki, “New forms of work organization,” Annual Review of Sociology 23, 
          1997:315-39.

Waters, Mary and Karl Eschbach, “Immigration and ethnic and racial inequality in the United 
          States.” Annual Review of Sociology 21, 1995:419-46.

Cancio, A. Silvia, T. David Evans, and David J. Maume, Jr., "Reconsidering the declining 
          significance of race" and comments.  American Sociological Review 61, 1996:541-64.

Morris, Aldon, “On William J. Wilson, The Declining Significance of Race: What’s race got to 
          do with it?” in Clawson, 1998.

Th 4/2                                              *****No Class--Exam*****
 

T 4/7                      Guest: Kathryn B. Ward, “The end of the civil rights movement in Cairo,
                                           Illinois”

                                                         *****Exam Due*****

XI.  THE WORLD-SYSTEM APPROACH

Th 4/9                     A.  World-system Theory

                                1.  Wallerstein, I., "Three paths of national development in 16th century
                                            Europe."  Studies in Comparative International Development
                                            7, 1972:95-101.

                                2.  Chirot, Daniel, “Review of Capitalist World-Economy and National 
                                            Development and the World System.”  Social Forces 59, 
                                            1980:538-43.

                                3.  Chase-Dunn, Christopher and Peter Grimes, “World-systems 
                                            analysis.”  Annual Review of Sociology 21, 1995:387-417.

See also:
Bornschier, Volker, Christopher Chase-Dunn, and Richard Rubinson, “Cross-national evidence
          of the effects of foreign investment and aid on economic growth and inequality.” 
          American Journal of Sociology 84, 1978:651-83. 

Bornschier, Volker and Christopher Chase-Dunn.  Transnational Corporations and 
          Underdevelopment. Praeger, 1985.  (Chs. 2 and 5.)

Firebaugh, Glenn, “Growth effect of foreign and domestic investment.” American Journal of 
           Sociology 98, 1992:105-30.

Dixon, William J. and Terry Boswell, "Dependency, disarticulation, and denominator effects: 
          Another look at capital penetration" and comments by Firebaugh, reply by Dixon and 
          Boswell.  American Journal of Sociology 102, 1996:543-84.

Van Rossem, Ronan, "The world system paradigm as general theory of development:  A 
          cross-national test." American Sociological Review 61, 1996:508-27.

Chirot, Daniel and Thomas Hall, "World-system theory."  Annual Review of Sociology 8, 
          1982:81-106.

Friedman, Harriet, “On Immanuel Wallerstein, The Modern World System: Prometheus 
          rebounds,” in Clawson, 1998.

T 4/14                     B.  Alternative Approaches

                                1.   Lenski, Gerhard and Patrick D. Nolan, “Trajectories of development:
                                            A test of ecological-evolutionary theory.” Social Forces 63, 
                                            1984:1-23.

                                2.  Ward, Kathryn, “Reconceptualizing world system theory to include 
                                            women.”  Pp. 43-68 in Paula England (ed.), Theory on 
                                            Gender/Feminism on Theory.  NY:  Aldine de Gruyter, 1993.

                                3.  Nielsen, François, “Income inequality and industrial development: 
                                            Dualism revisited.”  American Sociological Review 59, 
                                            1994:654-77.

                                4.  Firebaugh, Glenn and Frank D. Beck, “Does economic growth benefit 
                                            the masses?”  American Sociological Review 59, 1994:631-53. 

See also:
Bollen, Kenneth A. and Robert W. Jackman, “Political democracy and the size distribution of 
          income.”  American Sociological Review 50, 1985:438-57.

Bollen, Kenneth A. and Stephen J. Appold, "National industrial structure and the global 
         system."  American Sociological Review 58, 1993:283-301.

Ward, Kathryn and Jean Pyle, “Gender, industrialization, and development.”  In Christine Bose 
          and Edna Acosta-Belen (eds.), Women in the Latin American Development Process
          Philadelphia: Temple, 1995

Ward, Kathryn B. (ed.)  Women Workers and Global Restructuring.  Ithaca: ILR, 1990.

Kuznets, Simon, “Economic growth and income inequality.”  Pp. 257-87 in Economic 
          Growth and Structure.   Norton., 1965.  (Originally published in 1955 in American 
          Economic Review 45:1-28.)

Gagliani, Giorgio, “Income inequality and economic development.” Annual Review of 
          Sociology 13, 1987:313-34.
 

XII.  REVIEW:  WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT SOCIAL STRATIFICATION AND
         HOW?

Th 4/16                   Look at questions on first page of syllabus and at exam questions.
 

XIII.  STUDENT PRESENTATIONS

T 4/21                     Presentations
Th 4/23                    “
T 4/28                      “
Th 4/30                    “ 

                                                 ***************

OTHER READERS:

            Blumberg, Paul, The Impact of Social Class.  Crowell, 1972.

            Bendix, R. and S. M. Lipset, Class, Status and Power.  (2nd ed.), Free Press, 1966.

            Heller, C. Structured Social Inequality.  (2nd ed.)  MacMillan, 1987.

            Laumann, E. et al., The Logic of Social Hierarchies.  Markham, 1970. (LSH).
 
 

ON WRITING SEE:

            Becker, Howard, Writing for Social Scientists.  University of Chicago, 1986.

            Mills, C. W., "On intellectual craftsmanship,"  Pp. 195-226 in The Sociological 
                        Imagination.  Oxford University Press, 1959. 
 
 

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