R. A. Rosenfeld
SOCIOLOGY 230: SOCIAL STRATIFICATION
Professor: Rachel A. Rosenfeld
This course covers the major classical and current ways of approaching
social stratification in sociology. Students are responsible for
doing the readings, discussing them, and taking turns facilitating that
discussion by preparing discussion questions. In doing the readings,
you should think about the following sorts of issues:
Buying Books: A large number of the basic readings are in Social Stratification, edited by David Grusky (GRUSKY). We will be reading large portions of several other books:
P. Blau, Structural Contexts of Opportunities.
New and used copies of these books are available at
The Internationalist Bookstore
Reserve Reading and Copies: Articles and chapters (aside from those in GRUSKY) are on reserve in the Sociology/Political Science Library, Hamilton Hall 271, as are many of the books. In addition, many of the books and journals from which readings come are on the shelves of campus libraries. At the very back of the syllabus, there is a list of other readers that may contain some of the course materials, too. I also have a complete set of copies you may borrow to make your own coursepaks.
Do share the books and articles. Please let me know if you have
trouble getting any of the readings.
(1) Readings and class. You need to do the readings for the day and thought about the questions on them so that you can participate in class discussion and other activities. Different subsets of students will have special responsibility for each day's readings. Questions on the readings will be posted on the class listserver.
(2) Exam: a take-home essay exam, with questions similar to those on doctoral exams. You will have a week to do this.
(3) Paper: a paper, due the day of the normally scheduled exam period, on some topic in stratification--theoretical or empirical or both. This does not need to be something you do only for this class--it can be a version of a master's thesis, a dissertation proposal, a paper for another class (with the other instructor’s permission), whatever, as long as it is on a stratification topic. Coauthored papers are encouraged. See the last page of the syllabus for a couple of references on sociological writing.
(4) Presentation: a presentation of either literature not elsewhere covered in the course relevant to your paper or the paper itself, with a brief bibliography of important sources to hand out. Such presentations are often useful in helping people refine their ideas. Presentations will be in conference format: 15-20 minutes (timed by a class member), with a few minutes for discussion. I’ll give you written feedback on your presentation per se.
The weights given to these requirements will be roughly 50% for the
paper, 25% for the exam, and 25% for the presentation and class participation.
2/5 paper topics due--No more than a page describing what your paper will be on.
3/3 paper abstract
3/31 give out take-home exam
4/2 no class---POPULATION ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA AND SOUTHERN SOCIOLOGICAL SOCIETY MEETINGS
4/7 exam due at beginning of class
5/5 paper due in my office at noon--NO INCOMPLETES UNLESS
IT IS A DIRE EMERGENCY
SOCIOLOGY 230: SOCIAL STRATIFICATION
"Social differentiation," pp. 1-2 in E. Laumann et al., The Logic of
1. Grusky, David, “The contours of social stratification,” pp. 3-35
2. Szelényi, Szonja, “Women and the class structure,” pp.
3. Ferree, Myra Marx and Elaine J. Hall, “Rethinking stratification
Collins, Randall, "Is 1980's sociology in the doldrums?" American
Journal of Sociology 91,
II. MARXIAN APPROACHES
Th 1/15 A. Karl Marx (some with Friedrich Engels), pp. 65-82 in GRUSKY:
"Alienation and social classes."
T 1/20 B. Modern Empirical Marxism
1. Erik O. Wright, “Varieties of Marxist conceptions of class structure”
2. Erik O. Wright, "Women in the class structure." Politics
and Society 17,
3. Erik O. Wright, “Class and race,” pp. 67-69 in Class
Aldrich, Howard and Jane Weiss, "Differentiation within the U. S. capitalist
Burawoy, Michael. The Politics of Production. London: Verso, 1985.
Boswell, Terry and William J. Dixon, “Marx’s theory of rebellion:
A cross-national analysis of
Fantasia, Rick, “From class consciousness to culture, action, and social
Flacks, Richard and Gerald Turkel, "Radical sociology: The emergence
Burawoy, Michael, "Marxism as science." American Sociological
Review 55, 1990:775-93.
III. RESPONSES TO MARX: WEBER AND ELITE THEORISTS.
Th 1/22 A. Max Weber and Other Economic Approaches
1. Weber, Max, "Class, status and party" and “Status groups and classes,”
2. Parkin, Frank, “Marxism and class theory: A bourgeois critique,”
3. Sørensen, Aage, “The structural basis of social inequality.”
T 1/27 B. Elite/Ruling Class Theorists
1. Mosca, Gaetano, "The ruling class,” pp. 155-61 in GRUSKY.
2. Mills, C. W., “The power elite,” pp. 161-70 in GRUSKY.
3. Useem, Michael, “The inner circle,” pp. 175-83 in GRUSKY.
Th 1/29 C. (More on) Authority
Dahrendorf, Ralf. Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society.
T 2/3 D. Tests of Elite/Authority/Class Models
1. Robinson, Robert and Jonathan Kelley, "Class as conceived by Marx
2. Whitt, J. Allen, "Toward a class-dialectic model of power." American
Bottomore, T. B. Elites and Society. Penguin, 1964. (pp. 175-182 in Heller).
Giddens, Anthony. The Class Structure of the Advanced Societies.
NY: Harper and Row,
Alba, Richard and Gwen Moore, "Ethnicity in the American elite." American
Ostrander, Susan. Women of the Upper Class. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1984.
Domhoff, William. The Powers That Be. Vintage Books, 1978.
Halaby, Charles N. and David L. Weakliem, “Ownership and authority in
the earnings function:
Holmwood, John, “The problem of class in contemporary debates.”
(On “death of class.”)
IV. CLASSES, MARXISM, AND REALLY EXISTING SOCIETIES
Th 2/5 *****Paper Topics Due*****
1. Lenski, Gerhard, "New light on old issues: The relevance of 'really
2. Kennedy, Michael and Naomi Galtz, “From Marxism to
3. Myles, John and Adnan Turegun, “Comparative studies in class
V. EVOLUTIONARY APPROACHES
1. Lenski, Gerhard. Power and Privilege. University
of North Carolina
2. Dunn, Dana, Elizabeth Almquist, and Janet Saltzman Chafetz,
Chafetz, J. Sex and Advantage. Rowman and Allanheld, 1984.
O'Kelly, Charlotte and Larry Carney. Women and Men in Society.
2nd ed., Wadsworth,
Blumberg, Rae. "A general theory of gender stratification."
In R. Collins (ed.), Sociological
Lenski, Gerhard, "Societal taxonomies: Mapping the social universe."
Annual Review of
Th 2/12 A. Functionalism
1. Davis, Kingsley and Wilbert Moore, "Some principles of stratification,"
2. Stinchcombe, Arthur, "Functional causal imagery." Pp. 80-101
T 2/17 B. Comments on and Tests of Davis and Moore
1. Stinchcombe, Arthur, "Some empirical consequences of the
2. Simpson, Richard, "A modification of the functional theory of
3. Tumin, Melvin, "Some principles of stratification: A critical
4. Responses and exchanges
Moore, Wilbert, "But some are more equal than others." (Ch. 10 in LSH)
Moore, Wilbert, "The Tumin-Moore polemics." (Pp. 438-40 in Heller)
Exchanges, pp. 59-63 in Bendix and Lipset.
Wrong, Dennis, "The functional theory of stratification: Some
neglected considerations." P
Cullen, John and Shelley Novick, "The Davis-Moore theory of stratification:
Johnson, Miriam, “Functionalism and feminism: Is estrangement
necessary?” Ch. 6 in Paula
VII. FORMAL THEORY OF SOCIAL STRUCTURE
Th 2/19 A. Peter Blau
Blau, Peter M. Structural Contexts of Opportunities.
T 2/24 B. Other Tests
1. Kanter, Rosabeth, "Some effects of proportions on group life."
2. South, Scott, et al., "Social structure and intergroup interaction."
3. Tigges, Leann and Deborah Tootle, “Underemployment and racial
South, Scott and Katherine Trent, "Sex ratios and women's roles." American
Frisbie, W. Parker and Lisa Neidert, "Inequality and the relative size
of minority populations:
Blalock, Herbert M., Jr. Understanding Social Inequality:
VIII. SOCIAL MOBILITY AND STATUS ATTAINMENT
A. Blau, Peter and Otis Dudley Duncan, The American
T 3/3 B. Extensions of Status Attainment and Social Mobility Research
1. Social psychological model:
2. Cross-national mobility:
C. Comments on Status Attainment/Mobility Research and
1. Kottnerus, J. David, "Status attainment research and its image
2. Grusky, David and Kim A. Weeden, “Models of influence” in Dan
3. Myles, John and A. B. Srensen, "Elite and status attainment
4. Kingston, Paul, "The implications of intergenerational class mobility
Sewell, W. et al., "Sex, schooling, and occupational status." American
Journal of Sociology
Hallinan, Maureen, "Equality of educational opportunity." Annual
Review of Sociology 14,
Treiman, Donald. Occupational Prestige in Comparative Perspective.
Rosenfeld, Rachel A., "Women's intergenerational occupational mobility."
DiPrete, Thomas and David B. Grusky, “Structure and trends in the process
of stratification for
Sørensen, Annemette, "Women, family, and class." Annual
Review of Sociology 20,
Treiman, Donald J. And Harry B.G. Ganzeboom, “The fourth generation
Horan, Patrick, “Is status attainment research atheoretical?” American
Lin, Nan, et al., "Social resources and occupational status attainment."
Social Forces 59,
Lin, Nan, "Social resources and social mobility." Pp. 247-71 in
R. Breiger, Social Mobility
Jencks, C. et al., Who Gets Ahead? Basic, 1979. (Section also in GRUSKY.)
Jencks, C., "What is the true rate of social mobility?" Pp. 103-30 in Breiger, 1990.
England, Paula, "Women and occupational prestige." Signs 5, 1979:252-65.
Campbell, Richard, "Status attainment research: End of the beginning
or beginning of the
Wong, Raymond Sin-Kwok, "Vertical and nonvertical effects in class mobility."
Warren, John Robert and Robert M. Hauser, “Social stratification across
Kerckhoff, Alan, “Institutional arrangements and stratification processes
in industrial societies.”
Western, Mark, "Class structure and intergenerational class mobility:
A comparative analysis
*****NO CLASSES 3/9-3/13, SPRING BREAK*****
IX. THE BELL CURVE DEBATE
A. Herrnstein, Richard and Charles Murray. The
Bell Curve. New
There is a fairly informative summary at the beginning of most chapters.
Introduction pp. 1-24;
Th 3/19 B. The Debates
Fisher, Claude S., Michael Hout, Martín Sánchez Jankowski,
1. Nielsen, François, “Review of The Bell Curve”. Social
2. Massey, Douglas, “Review of The Bell Curve.” American
3. Hauser, Robert, Howard Taylor, and Troy Duster, "Symposium on
4. Hauser, Robert and Min-Hsiung Huano, “Verbal ability and
Scarr, Sandra and Richard A. Weinberg, "The Influence of 'family background'
Scarr, Sandra, "Development theories for the 1990s: Development and
Arvey, Richard D. et al., "Mainstream science on intelligence." Wall
X. LABOR MARKETS AND THE DUAL ECONOMY
T 3/24 A. “New Structuralism:” Segmentation
1. Kalleberg, Arne and Aage B. Sørensen, "The sociology of
2. Edwards, Richard. Contested Terrain. Basic Books, 1979. Ch. 9.
3. Hodson, Randy, "The measurement of economic segmentation."
Th 3/26 B. Alternative Conceptions of Labor Markets
1. Bonacich, Edna, “A theory of ethnic antagonism: The split labor
2. Wilson, William J., "The declining significance of race: Blacks
3. Bielby, William and James Baron, “Men and women at work: Sex
4. Wilson, William J. “The truly disadvantaged: The inner city,
T 3/31 *****Give Out Take-home Exam*****
C. Comments on Labor Markets/Ascription Research
1. Baron, James, “Reflections on recent generations of mobility
2. Lieberson, Stanley, “Understanding ascriptive stratification:
3. Tomaskovic-Devey, “Segregation, inequality, and discrimination,”
Kalleberg, Arne, et al., "Economic segmentation, worker power, and income
Hartmann, Heidi, "Capitalism, patriarchy, and job segregation by sex." Signs 1, 1976:137-69.
Beck, E. M., "Labor unionism and racial income inequality: A time
series analysis of the
Rosenfeld, Rachel A., “Sex segregation and sectors.” American
Sociological Review 48,
Williamson, Oliver, "The economics of organization: The transaction
Jencks, C. "Structural versus individual explanations of inequality:
Where do we go from
Spilerman, Seymour, "Careers, labor market structure, and socioeconomic
Smith, Michael, "What is new in 'new structuralist' analysis of earnings?"
Massey, Douglas and Nancy Denton. American Apartheid:
Segregation and the Making
Reskin, Barbara and Patricia Roos. Job Queues, Gender Queues.
Baron, James, "Organizational perspectives on stratification." Annual
Review of Sociology 10,
Althauser, Robert, "Internal labor markets." Annual Review of Sociology 15, 1989:143-61.
Rosenfeld, Rachel A., "Job shifting and career mobility." Annual
Review of Sociology 18,
Smith, Vicki, “New forms of work organization,” Annual Review of
Waters, Mary and Karl Eschbach, “Immigration and ethnic and racial inequality
in the United
Cancio, A. Silvia, T. David Evans, and David J. Maume, Jr., "Reconsidering
Morris, Aldon, “On William J. Wilson, The Declining Significance of
Race: What’s race got to
Guest: Kathryn B. Ward, “The end of the civil rights movement in
XI. THE WORLD-SYSTEM APPROACH
Th 4/9 A. World-system Theory
1. Wallerstein, I., "Three paths of national development in 16th
2. Chirot, Daniel, “Review of Capitalist World-Economy and National
3. Chase-Dunn, Christopher and Peter Grimes, “World-systems
Bornschier, Volker and Christopher Chase-Dunn. Transnational
Firebaugh, Glenn, “Growth effect of foreign and domestic investment.”
American Journal of
Dixon, William J. and Terry Boswell, "Dependency, disarticulation, and
Van Rossem, Ronan, "The world system paradigm as general theory of development:
Chirot, Daniel and Thomas Hall, "World-system theory." Annual
Review of Sociology 8,
Friedman, Harriet, “On Immanuel Wallerstein, The Modern World System:
T 4/14 B. Alternative Approaches
1. Lenski, Gerhard and Patrick D. Nolan, “Trajectories of development:
2. Ward, Kathryn, “Reconceptualizing world system theory to include
3. Nielsen, François, “Income inequality and industrial development:
4. Firebaugh, Glenn and Frank D. Beck, “Does economic growth benefit
Bollen, Kenneth A. and Stephen J. Appold, "National industrial structure
and the global
Ward, Kathryn and Jean Pyle, “Gender, industrialization, and development.”
In Christine Bose
Ward, Kathryn B. (ed.) Women Workers and Global Restructuring. Ithaca: ILR, 1990.
Kuznets, Simon, “Economic growth and income inequality.” Pp. 257-87
Gagliani, Giorgio, “Income inequality and economic development.” Annual
XII. REVIEW: WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT SOCIAL STRATIFICATION
Look at questions on first page of syllabus and at exam questions.
XIII. STUDENT PRESENTATIONS
Blumberg, Paul, The Impact of Social Class. Crowell, 1972.
Bendix, R. and S. M. Lipset, Class, Status and Power. (2nd ed.), Free Press, 1966.
Heller, C. Structured Social Inequality. (2nd ed.) MacMillan, 1987.
E. et al., The Logic of Social Hierarchies. Markham, 1970.
ON WRITING SEE:
Becker, Howard, Writing for Social Scientists. University of Chicago, 1986.
C. W., "On intellectual craftsmanship," Pp. 195-226 in The Sociological