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Noel Brewer                  Lab                  HPV                  Tobacco                  Other research                  Media

 

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For published articles by Dr. Brewer and Lab members, download them by clicking on each article’s link. 

 

For in-press articles that appear in

Dr. Brewer’s cv

ntb@unc.edu

Twitter: @noelTbrewer

 

Article Library

Categories

Frequently cited 

Anchoring & context effects

Cancer screening & decision making

False-positive testing

Genomic test results    

HPV vaccination 

Gulf War veterans & symptom reports 

Risk perception & vaccination decisions

Tobacco control 

Other medical decision making

 

Frequently Cited

Predictors of HPV vaccine acceptability: A theory-informed, systematic review. Preventive Medicine, 2007. Brewer, Fazekas.     pdf

 

Risk perceptions and their relation to risk behavior. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2004. Brewer, Weinstein, Herrington.     pdf

 

Meta-analysis of the relationship between risk perception and health behavior: The example of vaccination. Health Psychology, 2007. Brewer, Chapman, Weinstein.     pdf 

 

Systematic review: The long-term effects of false-positive mammograms. Annals of Internal Medicine, 2007. Brewer, Salz, Lillie.     pdf

 

Value for the future and preventive health behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 2001. Chapman, Brewer, Leventhal.     pdf

 

Cholesterol control, medication adherence and illness cognition. British Journal of Health Psychology, 2002. Brewer, Chapman, Leventhal.     pdf

 

Anchoring and Context Effects

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People’s risk perceptions can be strongly affected by context.  These studies examine different types of context effects, including anchoring.   

 

Anchors aweigh: A demonstration of cross-modality anchoring and magnitude priming. Cognition, 2008. Oppenheimer, LeBoeuf, Brewer.     pdf

 

The influence of irrelevant anchors on the judgments and choices of doctors and patients. Medical Decision Making, 2007. Brewer, Chapman, Bergus.     pdf

 

Contrast effects in judgments of health hazards. Journal of Social Psychology, 2003. Brewer, Chapman.     pdf

 

The fragile basic anchoring effect. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 2002. Brewer, Chapman.     pdf

 

Cancer Screening and Decision Making

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Patients’ understanding of how genotype variation affects benefits of tamoxifen therapy for breast cancer. Public Health Genomics, 2014. Brewer, DeFrank, Irvin.     pdf

 

Association between genomic recurrence risk and well-being among breast cancer patients.  BMC Cancer, 2013. Retèl, Brewer, van Harten.     pdf

 

Who gets genomic testing for breast cancer recurrence risk? Public Health Genomics, 2013. DeFrank, Salz, Brewer.     pdf

 

Understanding how breast cancer patients use risk information from genomic tests. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 2013. DeFrank, Carey, Brewer.     pdf

 

Direct-to-consumer genomewide profiling. [peer-reviewed letter] New England Journal of Medicine, 2011. Salz, Brewer.     pdf

 

Knowledge of genomic testing among early stage breast cancer patients. Psycho-Oncology, 2011. Richman, Tzeng, Brewer.     pdf 

 

Longitudinal predictors of nonadherence to maintenance of mammography. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers, and Prevention, 2010. Gierisch, Earp, Brewer, Rimer.     pdf

 

Variation in use of surveillance colonoscopy among colorectal cancer survivors in the United States. BMC Health Services Research, 2010. Salz, Brewer, Sandler.     pdf

 

Women’s experiences with genomic testing for breast cancer recurrence risk. Cancer, 2010. Tzeng, Richman, Valle, Brewer.     pdf

 

Association of health beliefs and colonoscopy use among survivors of colorectal cancer. Journal of Cancer Survivorship, 2009. Salz, Brewer, Weiner, Weinberger.     pdf   

 

Offering chemotherapy and hospice jointly: One solution to hospice underuse among lung cancer patients. Medical Decision Making, 2009. Salz, Brewer.     pdf

 

Intentions to maintain adherence to mammography. Journal of Women’s Health, 2008. O’Neill, Brewer, Rimer.     pdf  

 

Assessing and increasing breast cancer screening. [peer-reviewed invited commentary] Preventive Medicine, 2008. Brewer, Reiter.     pdf

 

 

False-Positive Testing

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We are conducting several studies of the effects of false positive tests, including breast and cervical cancer screening. 

 

Adult patients’ perspectives on the benefits and harms of overused screening tests: A qualitative study. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 2015. Sutkowi-Hemstreet, Vu, Harris, Brewer.     pdf

 

Clinicians’ perceptions of the benefits and harms of prostate and colorectal cancer screening. Medical Decision Making, 2015. Elstad, Earp, Brewer.     pdf

 

The psychological harms of screening: The evidence we have vs. the evidence we need. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 2015. DeFrank, Brewer, Harris.     pdf

 

Have screening harms become newsworthy? News coverage of prostate and colorectal cancer screening since the 2008 USPSTF recommendation changes. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 2014. Elstad, Lee, Brewer.     pdf

 

Some more evidence of long-term psychosocial harms from receiving false-positive screening mammography results. [peer-reviewed commentary] Evidence-Based Medicine, 2014. DeFrank, Brewer.     pdf

 

The harms of screening: A proposed taxonomy and application to lung cancer screening. JAMA Internal Medicine, 2014. Harris, DeFrank, Brewer.     pdf

 

Influence of false-positive mammography results on subsequent screening: do physician recommendations buffer negative effects? Journal of Medical Screening, 2012. DeFrank, Rimer, Brewer.     pdf

 

False positive mammograms in Europe: Do they affect reattendance?  [peer-reviewed commentary] Breast Cancer Research & Treatment, 2011. Salz, DeFrank, Brewer.     pdf

 

A model of the influence of false-positive mammography screening results on subsequent screening. Health Psychology Review, 2010. DeFrank, Brewer.     pdf

 

Meta-analyses of the effect of false-positive mammograms on generic and specific psychosocial outcomes. Psycho-Oncology, 2010. Salz, Richman, Brewer.     pdf

 

The background review for the USPSTF recommendation on screening for breast cancer. [peer-reviewed letter] Annals of Internal Medicine, 2010. DeFrank, Brewer.     pdf

 

Systematic review: The long-term effects of false-positive mammograms.  Annals of Internal Medicine, 2007. Brewer, Salz, Lillie.     pdf

 

The long-term effects of false-positive mammograms. [peer-reviewed letter] Annals of Internal Medicine, 2007. Brewer, Salz, Lillie.     pdf

 

Genomic Test Results

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With support of a five year grant from the American Cancer Society, I am examining how to communicate with women about new genomic tests that assess breast cancer recurrence risk.

 

When genomic and standard test results diverge: Implications for breast cancer patients' preference for chemotherapy. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 2009. Brewer, Edwards, O’Neill, Tzeng, Rimer.     pdf

 

Women’s interest in gene expression analysis for breast cancer recurrence risk.  Journal of Clinical Oncology, 2007. O’Neill, Brewer, Lillie, Morrill, Rimer.     pdf

 

Retention and use of breast cancer recurrence risk information from genomic tests: The role of health literacy. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, 2007. Lillie, Brewer, O’Neill, Morrill, Rimer.     pdf

 

Gulf War Veterans and Symptom Reports

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Soldiers who served in the Gulf War of 1990-91 have many unexplained symptoms. This research examines ways to understand these symptom reports.

 

The symmetry rule: A seven year study of symptoms and explanatory labels among Gulf War veterans. Risk Analysis, 2008. Brewer, Kipen, Hallman.     pdf  

 

Why do people report better health by phone than by mail? Medical Care, 2004. Brewer, Hallman, Fiedler.     pdf  

 

Why people believe they were exposed to biological or chemical warfare: A survey of Gulf War veterans. Risk Analysis, 2006. Brewer, Lillie, Hallman.     pdf

 

Military deployment as a risk factor for psychiatric illness among U.S. troops.  British Journal of Psychiatry, 2006.     pdf

 

Reported exposures, stressors, and life events among Gulf War registry veterans. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2003. Boyd, Brewer, Kipen.     pdf  

 

 

HPV vaccination

Articles on HPV vaccination are here. 

 

Risk Perception and
Vaccination Decisions

I study vaccination decisions as an example of health-related decisions that require careful deliberation and planning.  These decisions are an ideal applied setting in which to study theories about risk perception. 

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Anticipated regret and health behavior: A meta-analysis. Health Psychology, 2016 (in press). Brewer, DeFrank, Gilkey.     pdf

 

A comparative effectiveness trial of alternate formats for presenting benefits and harms information for three low-value preventive services. JAMA Internal Medicine, 2016. Sheridan, Brewer, Harris.     pdf

 

Improving communication of breast cancer recurrence risk. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 2012. Brewer, Richman, DeFrank, Carey.     pdf

 

Tables or bar graphs? Presenting test results in electronic medical records. Medical Decision Making, 2012. Brewer, Gilkey, Lillie, Sheridan.     pdf

 

Health literacy and cancer risk perception: Implications for genomic risk communication. Medical Decision Making, 2009. Brewer, Tzeng, Lillie, Edwards, Rimer.     pdf

 

Risk compensation and vaccination: Can getting vaccinated cause people to engage in risky behaviors? Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2007. Brewer, Weinstein, Herrington.     pdf

 

Meta-analysis of the relationship between risk perception and health behavior: The example of vaccination. Health Psychology, 2007. Brewer, Chapman, Weinstein.     pdf 

 

Subjective and objective risk as predictors of influenza vaccination during the vaccine shortage of 2004-2005. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 2006. Brewer, Hallman.     pdf

 

Risk perceptions and their relation to risk behavior. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2004. Brewer, Weinstein, Herrington.     pdf

 

Tobacco Control

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Articles on tobacco control are here. 

 

Other Medical Decision Making

Building better boxes for theories of health behavior: A comment on Williams and Rhodes. Health Psychology Review, 2016. Brewer.     pdf

 

Time preferences and HIV treatment outcomes. PLOS One, 2016. Thirumurthy, Hayashi, Brewer.     pdf

 

Forgone vaccination during childhood and adolescence: Findings of a statewide survey of parents. Preventive Medicine, 2013. Gilkey, McRee, Brewer.     pdf

 

Comparing theories of health behavior using data from longitudinal studies: A comment on Gerend and Shepherd. [peer-reviewed commentary]  Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2012. Brewer, Gilkey.     pdf

 

Standard definitions of adherence for infrequent yet repeated health behaviors. American Journal of Health Behavior, 2010. Gierisch, Reiter, Rimer, Brewer.     pdf

 

The interaction of posttraumatic growth and posttraumatic stress symptoms in predicting depressive symptoms and quality of life. Psycho-Oncology, 2008. Morrill, Brewer, O’Neill, Lillie, Rimer.     pdf   

 

The effects of accountability on bias in physician decision making: Going from bad to worse. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 2004. Schwartz, Brewer, Bergus.     pdf

 

The relation of Internet searching to club drug knowledge and attitudes. Psychology & Health, 2003. Brewer.     pdf

 

Cholesterol control, medication adherence and illness cognition. British Journal of Health Psychology, 2002. Brewer, Chapman, Leventhal.     pdf

 

Value for the future and preventive health behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 2001. Chapman, Brewer, Leventhal.     pdf

 

 

 

 

  Last updated September 15, 2016