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NOEL BREWER               Home          Media               RESEARCH               HPV          Download Articles          Health Cognition & Behavior Lab 

 

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Article Library

Categories

Frequently cited 

Anchoring & context effects

Cancer screening & decision making

False-positive testing

Genomic test results    
HPV vaccination 

Gulf War veterans & symptom reports 

Risk perception & vaccination decisions   Other medical decision making

 

Frequently cited

Brewer, N. T., & Fazekas, K. I. (2007).  Predictors of HPV vaccine acceptability: A theory-informed systematic review.  Preventive Medicine, 45(2):107-114. 

PMID: 17628649     Download pdf

 

Brewer, N. T., Weinstein, N. D., Cuite, C. L., & Herrington, J. (2004).  Risk perceptions and their relation to risk behavior. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 27(2):125-130. 

PMID: 15026296     Download pdf

 

Brewer, N. T., Chapman, G. B., Gibbons, F. X., Gerard, M., McCaul, K. D., & Weinstein, N. D.  (2007).  Meta-analysis of the relationship between risk perception and health behavior: The example of vaccination.  Health Psychology, 26(2):136-145.  PMID: 17385964     Download pdf

 

Brewer, N. T., Salz, T., Lillie, S. E.  (2007).  Systematic Review: The long-term effects of false-positive mammograms.  Annals of Internal Medicine, 146(7):502-510. 

PMID: 17404352     Download pdf

 

Chapman, G. B., Brewer, N. T., Coups, E. J, Brownlee, S., Leventhal, H., & Leventhal, E.A. (2001). Value for the future and preventive health behavior.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 7(3):235-250. 

PMID: 11676102     Download pdf

 

Brewer, N. T., Chapman, G. B., Brownlee, S., & Leventhal, E. (2002).  Cholesterol control, medication adherence and illness cognition.  British Journal of Health Psychology, 7(4):433-447. 

PMID: 12614495     Download pdf

 

Anchoring and context effects

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People’s risk perceptions can be strongly affected by context.  These studies examine different types of context effects, including anchoring.   

 

Oppenheimer, D. M., LeBoeuf, R. A., & Brewer, N. T. (2008).  Anchors aweigh: A demonstration of cross-modality anchoring and magnitude priming.  Cognition, 106(1):13-26. 

PMID: 17286970     Download pdf

 

Brewer, N. T., Chapman, G. B., Schwartz, J., & Bergus, G. R. (2007). The influence of irrelevant anchors on the judgments and choices of doctors and patients.  Medical Decision Making, 27(2):203-211. 

PMID: 17409369     Download pdf

 

Brewer, N. T., & Chapman, G. B. (2003).  Contrast effects in judgments of health hazards.  Journal of Social Psychology, 143(3):341-354. 

PMID: 12846517     Download pdf

 

Brewer, N. T., & Chapman, G.B. (2002).  The fragile basic anchoring effect.  Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 15:65-77.

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Cancer screening and decision making

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Gierisch, J. N., Reiter, P. L., Rimer, B. K., & Brewer, N. T. (2010). Standard definitions of adherence for infrequent yet repeated health behaviors.  American Journal of Health Behavior, 34(6):669-79.

PMID: 20604693     Download pdf

 

Salz, T., Weinberger, M., Ayanian, J. Z., Brewer, N. T., Earle, C. C., Elston Lafata, J., Fisher, D. A., Weiner, B. J., & Sandler, R. S. (2010). Variation in use of surveillance colonoscopy among colorectal cancer survivors in the United States. BMC Health Services Research, 10:256. 

PMID: 20809966    Download pdf

Gierisch, J. N., Earp, J. A., Brewer, N. T., & Rimer, B. K. (2010).  Longitudinal predictors of non-adherence to maintenance of mammography. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers, and Prevention, 19:1103-1111. 

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Salz, T., Brewer, N. T., Sandler, R. S., Weiner, B. J., Martin, C. F., & Weinberger, M. (2009).  Association of health beliefs and colonoscopy use among survivors of colorectal cancer.  Journal of Cancer Survivorship, 3(4):193-201. 

PMID: 19760152     Download pdf

 

Salz, T., & Brewer, N. T.  (2009). Offering chemotherapy and hospice jointly: One solution to hospice underuse among lung cancer patients.  Medical Decision Making, 29(4):521–531. 

PMID: 19571331     Download pdf

 

O’Neill, S. C., Bowling, M. J., Brewer, N. T., Lipkus, I. M., Skinner, C. S., Strigo, T. S., & Rimer, B. K. (2008).  Intentions to maintain adherence to mammography.  Journal of Women’s Health, 17(7): 1133-1141. 

PMID: 18657041     Download pdf   

 

 

False-positive testing

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We are conducting several studies of the effects of false positive tests, including breast and cervical cancer screening. 

 

Salz, T., DeFrank, J. T., & Brewer, N. T. (2011).  False positive mammograms in Europe: Do they affect reattendance? Breast Cancer Research & Treatment, 127(1):229-231. 

PMID: 21052828     Download pdf

 

DeFrank, J. T. & Brewer, N. T. (2010).  A model of the influence of false-positive test results on health behavior. Health Psychology Review, 4(2):112-127.  PMID: 21874132     Download pdf

 

Salz, T., Richman, A. R., & Brewer, N. T. (2010).  Meta-analyses of the effect of false-positive mammograms on generic and specific psychosocial outcomes.  Psycho-Oncology, 19(10):1026-34.  PMID: 20882572     Download pdf

 

Salz, T., Brewer, N. T., Smith, J. S., & Gottlieb, S. L. (2010).  The association between cervical abnormalities and attitudes toward cervical cancer prevention. Journal of Women’s Health, 19(11):2011-2016. 

PMID: 20846019     Download pdf

 

DeFrank, J. T. & Brewer, N. T. (2010).  The background review for the USPSTF recommendation on screening for breast cancer. [Peer-reviewed letter] Annals of Internal Medicine, 152(8):537-538. 

PMID: 20157111     Download pdf

 

Brewer, N. T. (2008).  Eliminate the false positive.  [Invited commentary]  Medical Imaging Technology. Download pdf

 

Brewer, N. T., Salz, T., & Lillie, S. E. (2007).  The long-term effects of false-positive mammograms. [Letter]  Annals of Internal Medicine, 147:739-740. Download pdf

 

Brewer, N. T., Salz, T., Lillie, S. E.  (2007). Systematic Review: The long-term effects of false-positive mammograms.  Annals of Internal Medicine, 146(7):502-510.

PMID: 17404352     Download pdf

 

Genomic test results

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With support of a five year grant from the American Cancer Society, I am examining how to communicate with women about new genomic tests that assess breast cancer recurrence risk.

 

Brewer, N. T., Richman, A. R., DeFrank, J. T., Reyna, V. F., Carey, L. A. (2012).  Improving communication of breast cancer recurrence risk. Breast Cancer Research & Treatment, 133(2):553-61. PMID: 21964579.     Download pdf

 

Salz, T. Brewer, N. T. (2011).  Direct-to-consumer genomewide profiling. New England Journal of Medicine, 364(21):2074-75. 

PMID: 21612492     Download pdf

 

Richman, A. R., Tzeng, J. P., Carey, L. A., Retel, V., & Brewer, N.T. (2011). Knowledge of genomic testing among early stage breast cancer patients.  Psycho-Oncology, 20(1):28-35. 

PMID: 20200857     Download pdf

 

Tzeng, J. P., Mayer, D., Richman, A. R., Lipkus, I., Han, P. K. J., Reitel, V., Valle, C., Carey, L. A., & Brewer, N. T. (2010).  Women’s experiences with genomic testing for breast cancer recurrence risk.  Cancer, 116(8):1992-2000. 

PMID: 20213682     Download pdf 

 

Brewer, N. T., Edwards, A., O’Neill, S. C., Tzeng, J. P., Peppercorn, J. M., & Rimer, B. K. (2009).  When genomic and standard test results diverge:  implications for breast cancer patients' preference for chemotherapy.  Breast Cancer Research & Treatment, 117(1):25-29.

PMID: 18785002     Download pdf

 

Brewer, N. T., Tzeng, J. P., Lillie, S. E., Edwards, A., Peppercorn, J. M., & Rimer, B. K. (2009).  Health literacy and cancer risk perception: Implications for genomic risk communication.  Medical Decision Making, 29(2):157-166. 

PMID: 19050227     Download pdf

 

Lillie, S. E., Brewer, N. T., Rimer, B. K., O’Neill, S. C., Morrill, E. F., Dees, E. C., & Carey, L. A.. (2007). Retention and use of breast cancer recurrence risk information from genomic tests: The role of health literacy.  Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, 16(2):249-255. 

PMID: 17267389     Download pdf

 

O’Neill, S. C., Brewer, N. T., Lillie, S. E., Morrill, E. F., Carey, L. A., Dees, E. C., & Rimer, B. K. (2007). Women’s interest in gene expression analysis for breast cancer recurrence risk.  Journal of Clinical Oncology, 25(29):4628-4634. 

PMID: 17925559     Download pdf

 

Gulf War veterans and symptom

reports

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Soldiers who served in the Gulf War of 1990-91 have many unexplained symptoms.  This research examines ways to understand these symptom reports.

 

Brewer, N. T., Kipen, H. M., & Hallman, W. K. (2008).  The symmetry rule: A seven-year study of symptoms and explanatory labels among Gulf War veterans.  Risk Analysis, 28(6): 1737-1748. 

PMID: 18795995     Download pdf

 

Brewer, N. T., Lillie, S.E., & Hallman, W. K.  (2006). Why people believe they were exposed to biological or chemical warfare: A survey of Gulf War veterans.  Risk Analysis, 26(2):337-345. 

PMID: 16573624     Download pdf

 

Fiedler, N., Ozakinci, G., Hallman, W. K., Wartenberg, D., Brewer, N. T., & Kipen, H. M. (2006).  Military deployment to the Gulf War as a risk factor for psychiatric illness among U.S. troops.  British Journal of Psychiatry, 188:453-459. 

PMID: 16648532     Download pdf

 

Brewer, N. T., Hallman, W. K., Kipen, H. M, & Fiedler, N. (2004). Why do people report better health by phone than by mail?  Medical Care, 42(9):875-883. 

PMID: 15319613     Download pdf

 

Boyd, K. C., Hallman, W. K., Wartenberg, D., Fiedler, N., Brewer, N. T., & Kipen, H. M. (2003).  Reported exposures, stressors, and life events among Gulf War registry veterans.  Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 45(12):1247-1256. 

PMID: 14665810     Download pdf 

 

 

HPV vaccination

Articles on HPV vaccination are here. 

 

Risk perception and
vaccination decisions

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I study vaccination decisions as an example of health-related decisions that require careful deliberation and planning.  These decisions are an ideal applied setting in which to study theories about risk perception. 

 

More articles on HPV vaccination are here. 

 

Reiter, P. L. & Brewer, N. T.  (2011).  Hepatitis B vaccination among a national sample of gay and bisexual men. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 38(3): 235-238. 

PMID: 20842072     Download pdf

 

Cates, J. R., Brewer, N. T., Fazekas, K. I., Mitchell, C. E., & Smith, J. S. (2009).  Racial differences in HPV knowledge, HPV vaccine acceptability, and related beliefs among rural, Southern women.  Journal of Rural Health, 25(1):93-97. 

PMID: 19166567     Download pdf

 

Fazekas, K. I., Brewer, N. T., & Smith, J. S. (2008).  HPV vaccine acceptability in a rural Southern area.  Journal of Women’s Health, 17(4):539-548. 

PMID: 18370586     Download pdf

 

Sperber, N.  R., Brewer, N.T., and Smith, J. S. (2008).  Influence of parent characteristics and disease outcome framing on HPV vaccine acceptability among rural, Southern women.  Cancer Causes & Control, 19(1):115-118. 

PMID: 17952620     Download pdf

 

Brewer, N. T., Cuite, C. L., Herrington, J., &Weinstein, N. D. (2007).  Risk compensation and vaccination: Can getting vaccinated cause people to engage in risky behaviors?  Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 34(1):95-99. 

PMID: 17688401     Download pdf 

 

Brewer, N. T., Chapman, G. B., Gibbons, F. X., Gerard, M., McCaul, K. D., & Weinstein, N. D.  (2007).  Meta-analysis of the relationship between risk perception and health behavior: The example of vaccination.  Health Psychology, 26(2):136-145.  PMID: 17385964     Download pdf

 

Brewer, N. T., & Fazekas, K. I. (2007).  Predictors of HPV vaccine acceptability: A theory-informed, systematic review. Preventive Medicine, 45(2-3):107-114. 

PMID: 17628649     Download pdf

 

Brewer, N. T., & Hallman, W. K.  (2006). Subjective and objective risk as predictors of influenza vaccination during the vaccine shortage of 2004-2005.  Clinical Infectious Diseases, 43(11):1379-1386. 

PMID: 17083008     Download pdf

 

Brewer, N. T., Weinstein, N. D., Cuite, C. L., & Herrington, J. (2004).  Risk perceptions and their relation to risk behavior. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 27(2):125-130. 

PMID: 15026296     Download pdf

 

Tobacco Control

 

Pepper, J. K. & Brewer, N. T. (in press).  Electronic nicotine delivery system (electronic cigarette) awareness, use, reactions, and beliefs: A systematic review.  Tobacco Control.

 

Pepper, J. K., Reiter, P. L., Cameron, L. D., McRee, A. L., Gilkey, M. B., Brewer, N. T.  (2013).  Adolescent males’ awareness of and willingness to try electronic cigarettes.  Journal of Adolescent Health, 52(2):144-50.. 

PMID: 23332477     Download pdf

 

Pepper, J. K., Cameron, L. D., Reiter, P. L., McRee, A. L., & Brewer, N. T. (2013).  Non-smoking male adolescents’ reactions to cigarette warnings. PLOS One, 8(8):e65533.

PMID: 23950861     Download pdf

 

Cameron, L. D., Pepper, J. K., & Brewer, N. T. (2013). Responses of young adults to graphic warning labels for cigarette packages.  Tobacco Control, 00:1-9. 

PMID: 23624558     Download pdf

 

Hall, M. G., Ribisl, K. M., & Brewer, N. T. (2013).  Smokers’ and non-smokers’ beliefs about harmful tobacco constituents: Implications for FDA communication efforts.  Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 

PMID: 24151139     Download pdf 

 

Other medical decision making

Morrill, E.F., Brewer, N. T., O’Neill, S. C., Lillie, S. E., Dees, E. C., Carey, L. A, & Rimer, B. K. (2008). The interaction of posttraumatic growth and posttraumatic stress symptoms in predicting depressive symptoms and quality of life. Psycho-Oncology, 17(9):948-953. 

PMID: 18213677     Download pdf   

 

Brewer, N. T. & Rimer, B. K. (2008).  Perspectives on theories of health behavior that focus on individuals. In K. Glanz, B. K. Rimer, & V. Viswanath (Eds.) Health Behavior and Health Education: Theory, Research and Practice. San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass.

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Brewer, N. T. (2005).  The impact of Internet use on health cognitions and behavior. In C. P. Haugtvedt, K. M. Machleit, & R. Yalch (Eds.) Online Consumer Psychology: Understanding and Influencing Consumer Behavior in the Virtual World.  Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

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Schwartz, J., Chapman, G. B., Brewer, N., & Bergus, G. R. (2004). The effects of accountability on bias in physician decision making: Going from bad to worse.  Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 11(1):173-178. 

PMID: 15117005     Download pdf

 

Brewer, N. T. (2003).  The relation of Internet searching to club drug knowledge and attitudes.  Psychology & Health, 18:387-401.

Download pdf

 

Brewer, N. T., Chapman, G. B., Brownlee, S., & Leventhal, E. (2002).  Cholesterol control, medication adherence and illness cognition.  British Journal of Health Psychology, 7:433-447. 

PMID: 12614495     Download pdf

 

Chapman, G. B., Brewer, N. T., Coups, E. J, Brownlee, S., Leventhal, H., & Leventhal, E.A. (2001). Value for the future and preventive health behavior.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 7(3):235-250. 

PMID: 11676102    Download pdf

 

 

 

 

  Last updated December 11, 2013