Exploratory Factor Analysis

A book manuscript by Ledyard Tucker
and Robert MacCallum

From 1987 until about 1993, Ledyard Tucker and I worked on writing a book on factor analysis. The project was not completed, and will not be completed. We did not complete planned material on confirmatory factor analysis and a variety of advanced topics. In addition, the manuscript is incomplete in that there is no index or list of references, and appendices that are mentioned in the text are not available. Nevertheless, the completed material does provide an extensive technical treatment of the factor analysis model as well as methods for conducting exploratory factor analysis.

We have decided to make the manuscript available free to anyone who wants it. You are welcome to download the entire manuscript or selected chapters as you prefer. The material is available in two forms: pdf format, which can be viewed and printed using Acrobat reader software, and postscript format, which can be viewed and printed using postscript software. If you don't have an appropriate reader, you should obtain one before you attempt to download these book chapters.

A caution: The full manuscript is approximately 500 pages.

All of this material is copyrighted.

Chapter  Title of Chapter  PDF format  Post Script format 
Chapter 1 General Concepts and Objectives of Factor Analysis Click here to download Click here to download
Chapter 2 Historical Perspective Not available Not available
Chapter 3 The Common Factor Model in the Population Click here to download Click here to download
Chapter 4 The Common Factor Model in the Sample Click here to download Click here to download
Chapter 5 Issues in Selecting Observations and Attributes Click here to download Click here to download
Chapter 6 Designing and Conducting Factor Analytic Studies Click here to download Click here to download
Chapter 7 Introduction to Exploratory Factor Analysis Click here to download Click here to download
Chapter 8 Factor Extraction by Matrix Factoring Techniques Click here to download Click here to download
Chapter 9 Factor Extraction Using Loss Functions Click here to download Click here to download
Chapter 10 Factor Transformations: Graphical Rotation Click here to download Click here to download
Chapter 11 Factor Transformations: Analytic Rotation Click here to download Click here to download
Chapter 12 Factor Transformations: Procrustes Rotation
and Factor Matching Techniques
Click here to download Click here to download

To download all the chapters (pdf format), click here.

To download all the chapters (Zipped postscript format), click here.

If you have questions or comments about this material, please feel free to contact me via .