The term "Gulf States" refers to the Arab states on the south side of "The Gulf" (known in Arabia as the Arabian Gulf, and elsewhere generally as the Persian Gulf or Gulf of Iran.) Northwest to southeast, the Gulf States are Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qater, and the United Arab Emirates. In the Lighthouse Directory, there are separate pages for the lighthouses of Kuwait, Bahrain and Qatar, and Saudi Arabia. This page includes lights of the United Arab Emirates.
The Emirates, as the country is often known, extend in an arc eastward from the base of the Qatar Peninsula, encompassing the southern coast of the Gulf. The nation is a federation of seven states: Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Ash-Shariqah, Ajman, Ras al-Khaimah, Umm al-Quwain, and Fujairah. Abu Dhabi includes more than half of the federation's coastline. The easternmost emirate, Fujairah, is outside the Gulf: its coastline faces east on the Gulf of Oman.
The Gulf is a major center of shipping today, but that was not true until well into the 20th century. As a result, no traditional Western-style masonry lighthouses were ever built in the area. However, included on this page are various sites of possible interest to lighthouse fans. Photos of navigational aids in the Gulf are particularly scarce on the Internet, so contributions from travelers to the area would be very welcome.
Offshore navigational aids in the Gulf are maintained by the Middle East Navigation Aids Service (MENAS), based in Bahrain. MENAS has the important task of guiding the continuous stream of supertankers in the Gulf. Harbor lights are maintained by the port authorities in the various states of the region.
The Arabic word for a lighthouse is mnarh or manara (منارة). Ra's is the word for a cape or headland, and jazirat is an island.
ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume D of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.
Yasat Ali Light, Abu Dhabi, 2012
photo contributed by Andrew Hawkins
Dubai Main Breakwater Light, Dubai
photo copyright Douglas Cameron; used by permission
Information available on lost lighthouses:
Notable faux lighthouses:
Adjoining pages: North: Iran | East: Oman | West: Bahrain and Qatar
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Posted February 20, 2006. Checked and revised March 23, 2013. Lighthouses: 10. Site copyright 2013 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.