Lighthouses of Austria
Before World War I the Austro-Hungarian Empire had a long coastline on
the Adriatic Sea in what is now Italy, Slovenia, and Croatia, and the
imperial government built many fine lighthouses on that coast. But since
the end of World War I Austria has been a land-locked country, extending
only from the Alps to the Danube. There is quite a bit of navigation on the Danube, and there is boating on many Alpine lakes. The largest of these lakes is the Bodensee, often called Lake Constance in English. The Bodensee is an international waterway: its northern shore
is in Germany, the southern shore is in Switzerland, and only the eastern
end of the lake is in Austria.
In German, a lighthouse is a Leuchtturm ("light
tower"), plural Leuchttürme.
ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights.
- General Sources
- Lighthouses in Austria
- Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia.
- World of Lighthouses - Austria
- Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
- Seezeichen der Alpenregion auf historischen Postkarten
- Historic postcard views posted by Klaus Huelse.
- * Bregenz Westmole
- 2009. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); continuous (?) white light; there is also a continuous (?) green light at a focal plane of about 7 m (23 ft). 30 m (98
ft) tower, with four square steel posts supporting a box-like lantern. Jan Olof Nygren's photo of this remarkable light is at right, Wikimedia has a photo by Friedrich Böhringer, and Google has a satellite view and a December 2014 photo sphere by Christian Rajek. The light was prefabricated and erected by a crane in a single day in May 2009. It is the signature piece in the reconstruction of the harbor. Bregenz is at the eastern end of the Bodensee (Lake Constance) and is the only Austrian town on the lake. Huelse has postcard views of an older and a second older pier light at Bregenz. There are additional lighthouses on the lake in Germany and Switzerland. Located at the end of the west mole of Bregenz. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed.
Westmole Light, Bregenz, August 2009
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Jan Olof Nygren
- * Bregenz Ostmole
- 2009. Active; focal plane about 26 m (85 ft); continuous (?) red light. Approx. 24 m (79
ft) tower, with four square steel posts supporting a box-like lantern. A photo of both mole lights is available, and Google has a satellite view and a December 2014 photo sphere by Christian Rajek. Located at the end of the east mole of Bregenz. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed.
- * Podersdorf-am-See
- 1998. Active; continuous white light; also a flashing orange is sometimes displayed as a storm warning. 11 m (36
ft) round metal tower with lantern. Lighthouse painted white with
three red horizontal bands; lantern painted with red and white vertical
stripes. Derzsi Elekes Andor's photo is at right, Zdeno Kudolani has a 2008 closeup photo,
a 2006 photo and a photo of the lighthouse in operation are available, Wikimedia has several photos, and Google has a satellite
view. This lighthouse stands on the eastern shore of the Neusiedlersee (Lake Neusiedl),
Austria's largest lake, near the Hungarian border at the eastern end
of the country. It is well known as a landmark and tourist attraction.
Located at the end of a short wooden pier in Podersdorf-am-See. Site
open, tower closed. ARLHS AUT-003.
Information available on lost lighthouses:
Wörth (1890-1945), on the south shore of the Wörthersee
west of Klagenfurt. ARLHS AUT-002.
- Praterspitz (early 1900s), at the junction of the Donaukanal and the Danube on the east side of Vienna. This is the entrance to Vienna's commercial harbor. Daniel Szávoszt-Vass has a historic photo (halfway down the page). The lighthouse has been replaced by a signal tower; Google has a satellite view.
Wolfgang (?-1961), on the north shore of the Wolfgangsee west of Bad
Ischl. ARLHS AUT-004.
Podersdorf-am-See Light, Podersdorf-am-See, August 2013
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by Derzsi Elekes Andor
Notable faux lighthouses:
- Breitenbrunn (date unknown), at the Breitenbrunn campground and marina at the north end of the Neuseidlersee. Google has a satellite view.
(date unknown), in the Donaupark on the north side of the Danube (Donau) in
Vienna. This striking tower was originally built for a theater production
in Bregenz, on the Bodensee (Lake Constance) at the extreme western end of
Austria. It was moved first to stand outside the Technical Museum in Vienna,
and then moved a second time to the Donaupark. It has never been an aid to
navigation. Google has a satellite view. ARLHS AUT-001.
Adjoining page: Northwest: Bodensee | Southwest: Switzerland
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Posted October 16, 2006. Checked and revised October 22, 2016.
Lighthouses: 3. Site copyright 2016 Russ Rowlett and the University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill.