Isla Aves (Bird Island) is a small, isolated scrap of land in the eastern Caribbean, about 110 km (70 mi) west of Dominica and 550 km (340 mi) north of Venezuela. Having no supply of fresh water other than rainfall, the island has never been inhabited. In the late 1800s it was occupied for a time by a U.S. company under the U.S. Guano Islands Act. Venezuela asserted its claim to the island in 1895 but took no action on the claim until 1950, when a Venezuelan naval force took physical possession of the island. In 1978, a permanent scientific station was established, staffed by scientists and protected by naval personnel.
Dominica, the closest nation of the Lesser Antilles, also claims the island, and that claim has been supported by the Caribbean Community.
ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume J of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 110.
Adjoining pages: East: Dominica | South: Venezuela Caribbean Islands
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Posted January 11, 2008. Checked and revised October 25, 2012. Lighthouses: 1. Site copyright 2012 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.