Bahrain is an island nation located just off the Saudi oil port of Ad Dammam on the south side of "The Gulf" (known in Arabia as the Arabian Gulf, and elsewhere generally as the Persian Gulf or Gulf of Iran). Bahrain consists of some 33 islands, the largest being Bahrain Island, 55 km long by 18 km wide (34 mi by 11 mi). The 25 km (15 mi) long King Fahd Causeway connects Bahrain to Saudi Arabia, and the proposed 40 km (25 mi) long Bahrain-Qatar Causeway would connect Bahrain to Qatar. The island has a population of about 1.2 million, half of whom have come there from other countries.
The Gulf is a major center of shipping today, but that was not true until well into the 20th century. As a result, no traditional Western-style masonry lighthouses were ever built in the area. However, included on this page are sites of possible interest to lighthouse fans. Photos of navigational aids in the Gulf are particularly scarce on the Internet, so contributions from travelers to the area would be very welcome.
Aids to navigation in Bahrain are the responsibility of the Ports and Maritime Department of the Ministry of Transportation. Offshore navigational aids in the Gulf are maintained by the Middle East Navigation Aids Service (MENAS), based in Bahrain. MENAS has the important task of guiding the continuous stream of supertankers in the Gulf.
The Arabic word for a lighthouse is mnarh or manara (منارة). Ra's is the word for a cape or headland, and jazirat is an island.
ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume D of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.
Kawkab Umm al Sawali Light, Al Hidd, April 2011
Panoramio photo copyright hiddport; permission requested
Information available on lost lighthouses:
Notable faux lighthouses:
Adjoining pages: North: Iran | East: Qatar | West: Eastern Saudi Arabia
Return to the Lighthouse Directory index | Ratings key
Posted April 4, 2012. Checked and revised May 18, 2017. Lighthouses: 3. Site copyright 2017 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.