Lighthouses of China: Central Guangdong

The Chinese province of Guangdong (formerly spelled Kwangtung) is located on the southern coast of the country, facing the South China Sea. The coastline is rugged and irregular, with many islands and reefs threatening unwary navigators. This page lists lighthouses of the central portion of the province, including the area of Guangzhou, the provincial capital and a major port.

Guangzhou is in the Pearl River Delta, connected to the sea by a broad estuary; Hong Kong is on the east side of the mouth of the estuary and Macau is on the west side.

Lighthouses in China are maintained by the PRC Maritime Safety Administration. The administration is organized in four regional administrations, with district offices in the major ports. The lights on this page are maintained by the Guangzhou and Zhanjiang MSA offices, which are included in the Guangzhou Region. The Chinese word for a lighthouse is dēngtǎ (灯塔). Jiao or chiao is a cape, dao, tao, yu, or hsu is an island, wan is a bay, and kang or gang is a harbor. Due to competing systems for transliterating Chinese into Latin characters, there are always several possible spellings for the names of places in China.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CN numbers are the serial numbers used by the Shanghai regional office of MSA. Admiralty numbers are from volume F of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Navigation Aids Search
The Shanghai MSA provides this access to its database of information on navigational aids: enter a range of CN numbers in the lower pair of boxes and click on the search box below. All information is in Chinese.
Lighthouse Photos
Photos of eight major lighthouses, posted by the Guangdong regional MSA office.
Leuchttürme Chinas auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard images posted by Klaus Huelse.
China AMS Topographic Maps
A fine collection of U.S. Army Map Service maps of China, in English, posted by the University of Texas Library.

Weijiadao Light
Weijiadao Light, Jiangmen
PRC MSA Guangdong Region photo

Pearl River Estuary Lighthouses

Note: The Pearl River (Zhujiang), China's third longest river, empties into the South China Sea through a complex estuary (not a true delta) between Hong Kong and Macau. The estuary leads to the port of Guangzhou (formerly called Canton), the capital of Guangdong Province.

Western Shenzhen City Lighthouses
Note: Shenzhen is the mainland city adjoining Hong Kong.
Lightfloat Mayou Shi
Date unknown. Active(?); focal plane unknown; white flash every 6 s. A large steel lightfloat, painted red; the light is displayed from a square pyramidal skeletal tower amidships. A photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. The Admiralty reported that the light had been withdrawn "temporarily" in 2012. Located on the east side of the estuary, about 5 km (3 mi) northwest of Lantau Island, Hong Kong. Accessible only by boat. Site and vessel closed. CN-4363.1; Admiralty F3521.4; NGA 19628.
Shekou New Channel Range Front
2008. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 13 m (43 ft) square cylindrical fiberglass tower, white with a red vertical stripe and an red triangle at the top. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located off the Shekou waterfront, across Shenzhen Bay from Hong Kong. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-4330.1; Admiralty F3457.4; NGA 19762.
* Shekou New Channel Range Rear
2008. Active; focal plane 18.5 m (60 ft); red light occulting once every 5 s. 18 m (59 ft) square cylindrical fiberglass tower, white with a red vertical stripe and an inverted red triangle at the top. A photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a yacht harbor on the Shekou waterfront, across Shenzhen Bay from Hong Kong. Accessible only by boat but quite close to shore. Site open, tower closed. CN-4330.11; Admiralty F3457.41; NGA 19762.1.
Chi Wan Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 39 m (128 ft); red light, 2 s on, 2 s off. Approx. 36 m (118 ft) square skeletal tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. The rear light is on a concrete post on a hillside 450 m (0.3 mi) north. Chi Wan is an industrial harbor just northwest of the Hong Kong border. Located on the Chi Wan waterfront. Site and tower closed. CN-4310; Admiralty F3458; NGA 19754.

Zhuhai City Lighthouses
Wenwei Zhou (Gap Rock, Cape Rock, Mosquito Island)
1892 (partially rebuilt in 1986). Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); one long white flash every 6 s. 17 m (56 ft) round stone tower with a domed top and a lantern and gallery above the dome. The lighthouse is unpainted gray stone; dome and lantern painted white. An MSA photo is at right; a page for the station has the same photo, a 2011 photo, a distant view and an aerial view are available; Lighthouse Explorer has a historic photo; Huelse has a historic postcard view; and Google has a satellite view. This lighthouse was built by British engineers for China at the urgent request of Hong Kong authorities to serve as a landfall light for the British colony. The lighthouse was restored in 1986, but it still appears to be in a dilapidated condition. Located on a small island in the South China Sea beyond the outer edge of the Pearl estuary, about 80 km (50 mi) south southwest of Hong Kong. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS PRC-082; CN-4285.1; Admiralty F3515; NGA 19590.
Zhuzhou (Zhu Zhou, Chu Chou, Bamboo Island ) (2)
Date unknown (2006?). Active; focal plane 185 m (607 ft); white flash every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse covered with white tile, lantern painted red. A blog has a photo (first lighthouse on the page, another blog has several photos (halfway down the page), and Google has a satellite view. The original lighthouse, a round stone tower, was 5 m (17 ft) tall. The light guides vessels through the Wanshan Islands, a group of islands in the entrance to the Zhujiang (Pearl River) estuary. Located atop a high island on the west side of the entrance channel. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-4285; Admiralty F3520; NGA 19594.
Wenwei Zhou Light
Wenwei Zhou (Gap Rock) Light, South China Sea
PRC MSA Guangdong Region photo
Xiaoputai (Little Po Toi Island)
1953. Active; focal plane 60 m (197 ft); white flash every 9 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse is white, lantern red. A photo (second lighthouse on the page) is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island in the entrance to the estuary about 16 km (10 mi) south southeast of Macau. Accessible only by boat. CN-4358.
Guishan (Guishan Dao, Laurel Mountain) (2)
1998 (station established 1961). Active; focal plane 57 m (187 ft); white flash every 5 s. 15 m (49 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, centered on a round 1-story concrete equipment room. Lighthouse covered with white ceramic tiles. An MSA photo is at right, there is a page for the lighthouse, a distant view is available (third photo on the page), the lighthouse appears on a postage stamp, and Google has a satellite view. Guishan is an island about 8 km (5 mi) southwest of Lantau Island, Hong Kong. It is the largest of the Wanshan Islands (Wanshan Qundao), which are scattered across the estuary between Hong Kong and Macau. Located on heights on the west side of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-4283; Admiralty F3521.2; NGA 19618.
Sichiyanjiao (Sichiyan Jiao)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Tower colored black with one red horizontal band. Located on a reef about 5 km (3 mi) west of Guishan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3521.18; NGA 19619.
Shilongjiao (Shilong Jiao)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 37 m (121 ft); one long (1.5 s) white flash every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the northwestern point of Guishan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-4282; Admiralty F3521.3; NGA 19622.
Rongshu Tou (Rongshutou, Yung Shu Tau)
1989. Active; focal plane 55 m (180 ft); white flash every 8 s. 7.5 m (25 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower rising from one end of a 2-story building. Entire lighthouse is white. A view from the sea is available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island just off the northern tip of Guishan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-4281.1; Admiralty F3521.35; NGA 19626.
Lightship Guishan Bei
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; one short and one long white flash every 6 s. Steel lightship, painted red. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the northeast side of Guishan, marking the passage between Guishan and Lantau Island, Hong Kong. Accessible only by boat. Site and vessel closed. Admiralty F3521.37; NGA 19627.
Guishan Light
Guishan Light, Zhuhai
PRC MSA Guangdong Region photo
Tonggujiao (Tonggu Jiao, Tangjiawan, Drum Head)
1953. Active; focal plane 55 m (180 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical stone tower with double gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. A photo (second lighthouse on the page) is available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory in Zhuhai, on the west bank of the estuary about 25 km (15 mi) north of Macau. Site status unknown. CN-4381; Admiralty F3452; NGA 19779.
Dongshuidao Range Front
2011. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); continuous red light. 26 m (85 ft) round cylindrical tower, colored with black and white horizontal bands and carrying a rectangular topmark, mounted on a square platform. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the west side of the estuary about 1.6 km (1 mi) west of Qingdao, an island north of Tonggujiao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-4391.12; Admiralty F3456.1.
Qingdao (Dongshuidao Range Rear)
2011. Active; focal plane 46 m (151 ft); continuous red light. Approx. 25 m (82 ft) round cylindrical tower, colored with black and white horizontal bands and carrying a rectangular topmark. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the east coast of Qingdao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-4391.14; Admiralty F3456.11.
Dawangjiao (Dawang Jiao)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. Approx. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Lighthouse painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the northeastern point of Qingdao, about 8 km (5 mi) northeast of Tongguijiao. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3456; NGA 19804.

Guangzhou City Lighthouses
Shanbanzhou (Shanban Zhou, Shan-pan Chou, Sampanchow, Sampan Island)
1915. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 18 m (59 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower attached to the seaward side of a 2-story keeper's house. Entire lighthouse painted white. An MSA photo is at right, there is a page for the lighthouse, a more distant view is available, and Google has a satellite view. This historic lighthouse is located on a small island in the upper (northern) end of the estuary, guiding vessels to the entrance of the Zhujiang (Pearl River) leading to Guangzhou. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-4378; Admiralty F3466; NGA 19812.
Jinsuopai (Chain Rock) (1)
1904 (rebuilt or restored in 1986). Inactive since 1997. 28 m (92 ft) concrete post light centered on a 3- or 4-story concrete keeper's house. Entire lighthouse is white. Google's satellite view shows how this historic lighthouse is dwarfed now by one of the main pylons of the Humen Pearl River Bridge, completed in 1997. The light can also been seen in the background of a photo taken from the north bank of the river. It is unlikely that the lighthouse is active, since it has no more navigational value. Located on a reef in the Humen channel of the Zhujiang (formerly called Boca Tigris), the main channel for ships bound to Guangdong. Site status unknown. ARLHS PRC-036.
Jinsuopai (2)
1997(?). Active; focal plane unknown; two white flashes every 6 s (?). Square pyramidal skeletal tower, mounted on a square concrete platform supported by four piles. A photo is available. The light characteristic shown is that of the original lighthouse; the current data is missing from the Shanghai MSA light list. Located beside the channel under Humen Pearl River Bridge, near the historic lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-4416.
Shanbanzhou Light
Shanbanzhou Light, Zhujiang Estuary, Guangzhou
PRC Maritime Safety Administration photo
Nizhoutou (Nizhou Tou) South Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); continuous red light. 16 m (52 ft) concrete tower, gray with a black vertical stripe. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the river bank about 600 m (3/8 mi) south of the rear light (next entry). Site status unknown. CN-4426; Admiralty F3473.9; NGA 19820.
Nizhoutou (Nizhou Tou) Range Common Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); continuous red light. 25 m (82 ft) concrete tower, gray with black vertical stripes facing the range lines. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. This large traffic control tower carries the rear lights for both upstream and downstream ranges. Located on the east side of the Shijiang, the branch of the river leading to downtown Guangzhou. Site status unknown. CN-4427; Admiralty F3474; NGA 19824.
Nizhoutou (Nizhou Tou) South Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); continuous red light. 16 m (52 ft) concrete tower, gray with a black vertical stripe. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the river bank about 400 m (1/4 mi) northwest of the rear light (next entry). Site status unknown. CN-4428; Admiralty F3474.1; NGA 19828.
Lightfloat Lianhua Shan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; one short and one long white flash every 6 s. Approx. 13 m (43 ft) square skeletal tower centered on a steel lightfloat. Entire vessel painted red. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. The Xiamen Elite Technology Co. refurbished the vessel and installed new monitoring equipment in 2011. Anchored over a shoal in mid-river. Accessible only by boat. Site open, vessel closed. CN-4431.15; Admiralty F3475.1.
Lianshan Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); red light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 14 m (46 ft) square white concrete skeletal tower. A view from the river is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the west side of the river in the Panyu district. Site status unknown. CN-4439; Admiralty F3476; NGA 19832.
Lianshan Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); red light occulting once every 6 s. 23 m (75 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower. A view from the river is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located about 400 m (1/4 mi) northwest of the front light. Site status unknown. CN-4440; Admiralty F3476.1; NGA 19836.
Huangpu Gang Range No. 1 Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); green light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 10 m (30 ft) round cylindrical brick tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Huangpu is the harbor district of Guangzhou. Located on the waterfront, on the north side of the river. Site status unknown. CN-4460; Admiralty F3483; NGA 19848.
Huangpu Gang Range No. 1 Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); continuous green light. 13 m (43 ft) round cylindrical brick tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located 180 m (600 ft) northwest of the front light. Site status unknown. CN-4461; Admiralty F3483.1; NGA 19852.
Huangpu Gang Range No. 2 Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); green light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 10 m (30 ft) round cylindrical brick tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. The rear light is descibed by NGA as a similar brick tower, but Google's satellite view shows that the rear light is now on a tall mast. Located on the waterfront about 400 m (1/4 mi) west of the Range No. 1 Front Light. Site status unknown. CN-4462; Admiralty F3483.2; NGA 19856.

South Coast Lighthouses

Jiangmen Prefecture Lighthouse
Xiaojin Dao (Hsiao-chin) (2?)
2013. Active; focal plane 84 m (276 ft); white flash every 6 s. 5 m (17 ft) hexagonal white concrete tower, height not listed. NGA listed a 3 m (10 ft hexagonal tower with a focal plane of 82 m (269 ft). It is likely, but not certain, that the Admiralty's 2013 announcement is of a new and larger tower. No photo available, and the light is too new to appear in Google's satellite view. Located on a small island off the mouth of Huangmao Bay. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-4575; Admiralty F3407; NGA 19980.
Weijiadao (Weijia Dao) (2)
2007 (station established 1954). Active; focal plane 172 m (564 ft); white flash every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse covered with white tile, lantern painted red. An MSA photo is at the top of this page, a page for the lighthouse has the same photo, additional photos (5th through 8th photos on the page) are available, and Google has a satellite view. Weijia is a small, uninhabited island off the southern tip of the much larger island of Shangchuan. Located at the highest point of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-4587; Admiralty F3406; NGA 19984.
Huangmaotou (Huangmao Tou) (2)
1997 (station established 1957). Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); three white flashes every 9 s. 10.5 m (34 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery. Lighthouse covered with white ceramic tiles. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory on the north side of the island of Shangchuan, about 25 km (15 mi) south of Guanghai. Site status unknown. CN-4582; Admiralty F3406.1.
Modou Zhou (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 37 m (121 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 9 m (30 ft) concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. NGA lists a "square concrete pile" only 2 m (7 ft) tall. Located on an island on the north side of the entrance to Shadi Wan, a protected harbor on the southwest coast of Shangchuan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-4589; Admiralty F3406.5; NGA 19984.5.
Xiashuanjiao
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); white flash every 3 s. 12 m (39 ft) square white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on a promontory on the northwest side of the island of Xiashuandao, located southwest of Shangchuan. Site status unknown. CN-4596.

Yangjiang Prefecture Lighthouses
Mangzhou (Mang Zhou) (2)
1995 (station established 1957). Active; focal plane 129 m (423 ft); white flash every 12 s. 18 m (56 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern, gallery, 4 flared ribs, and a 2-story control room structure. Lighthouse covered with gray ceramic tiles; lantern roof is red. An MSA photo is at right, another photo (second lighthouse on the page) is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the island of Mangzhou in the entrance to Zenhai Bay, about 50 km (30 mi) southeast of Yangjiang. Site status unknown. CN-4597; Admiralty F3405.7.
Mangzhou Light
Mangzhou Light
PRC Maritime Safety Administration photo
Nanpeng Dao (Nanpengdao)
1997. Active; focal plane 192 m (630 ft); white flash every 1.5 s. 11.5 m (38 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. A square observation room below the gallery is supported by two columns. Lighthouse covered with white ceramic tiles; lantern roof is red. An MSA photo is at right, a page for the lighthouse has the same photo, Willson Wong has a photo, a panoramic view by Guan Tin Hei and a closeup photo (halfway down the page) are available, and Google has a distant satellite view. Note: there is another Nanpengdao Light in Eastern Guangdong. Located on an island in the South China Sea about 55 km (35 mi) offshore south of Yangjiang. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-4645.3; Admiralty F3405.6; NGA 19986.
Huangchen Shan (Huangchengdao, Huang-Ching, Round Island) (3)
2010 (station established 1957). Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. Lighthouse painted white. No photo available, but Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Located on an islet about 7 km (4 mi) west of Nanpeng Dao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-4646; Admiralty F3405.5; NGA 19988.
Hailing Guishan
2012. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. 10 m (33 ft) "white pillar," probably a round cylindrical concrete tower. No photo available, and the light is too new to appear in Bing's satellite view. Not to be confused with the much better known Guishan lighthouse of the Pearl River estuary (see above). Located on a small island off the southeastern tip of the island of Hailing. Site status unknown. CN-4646.5; Admiralty F3405.47.
Hailingshan (Bailingshan) (2)
1997 (station established 1957). Active (?); focal plane 24 m (79 ft); white flash every 3 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery. Lighthouse covered with white ceramic tiles. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. NGA lists the light with a different descripton and a focal plane height of 44 m (144 ft). Located on a small island off the southwestern tip of the island of Hailing, about 25 km (15 mi) south southwest of Yangjiang. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3405; NGA 19992.
Shuangshandao (Shuangshan Dao)
2012. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. 10 m (33 ft) "white pillar," probably a round cylindrical concrete tower. No photo available, and the light is too new to appear in Bing's satellite view. Located on a small island about 3 km (2 mi) northeast of the Changhuan Zui lighthouse (next entry). Site status unknown. CN-4650.85; Admiralty F3404.96.
Nanpengdao Light
Nanpengdao Light, South China Sea, Yangjiang
PRC MSA Guangdong Region photo
Changhuan Zui
2007. Active; focal plane 70 m (230 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 13 m (43 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a promontory about 30 km (19 mi) south of Yangxi. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3404.9; NGA 19995.

Maoming Prefecture Lighthouse
Xiaojiao (Xi'ao Jiao)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 9 m (39 ft) round concrete (?) tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. The Admiralty describes this as a skeletal tower, but this seems inconsistent with the satellite view. Located on a dangerous shoal off the end of the Diancheng peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-4656.2; Admiralty F3404.3; NGA 19995.1.
Dafangji
1996 (station established 1956). Active; focal plane 138 m (453 ft); white flash every 6 s. 13 m (43 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse covered with red ceramic tiles. Guangzhou MSA's photo is at right, and Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the highest point of the island of Dafangji, about 18 km (11 mi) southwest of Diancheng and 80 km (50 mi) northeast of Zhanjiang. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS PRC-017; CN-4657; Admiralty F3404; NGA 19996.
Bohe Gang
2010. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); quick-flashing white light. 16 m (52 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower, covered with tiles colored in red and white horizontal bands. A view from the sea is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a jetty on the west side of the entrance to Bohe harbor at Bohezhen. Site status unknown. CN-4669.53; Admiralty F3404.4.
Maoming Gang
2010(?). Active; focal plane about 11 m (36 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on an island on the east side of the estuary leading to Maoming. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3403.6.
Dafangji Light
Dafangji Light, Maoming
PRC MSA Guangdong Region photo

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Eastern Guangdong | East: Hong Kong | Enclave: Macau | South: Southern Guangdong

Return to the Lighthouse Directory index | Ratings key

Posted December 17, 2008. Last checked and revised October 9, 2014. Lighthouses: 41; lightships: 3. Site copyright 2014 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.