Lighthouses of China: Léizhōu Peninsula, Guǎngdōng

The Chinese province of Guǎngdōng (formerly spelled Kwangtung) is located on the southern coast of the country, facing the South China Sea. The coastline is rugged and irregular, with many islands and reefs threatening unwary navigators.

This page lists lighthouses of the Léizhōu Peninsula at the southern end of Zhànjiāng Prefecture. The peninsula separates the South China Sea on the east from the Gulf of Tonkin on the west. The 30 km (19 mi) wide Qióngzhōu Strait separates the end of the peninsula from the island province of Hǎinán. The peninsula is the southernmost point of mainland China.

The seaport of Zhànjiāng was a French colony called Guǎngzhōuwān (officially Kouang-Tchéou-Wan and also spelled Kwangchowan) from 1898 until it was captured by Japanese troops in 1943. Kwangchowan was returned to Chinese control in 1946.

Lighthouses in China are maintained by the PRC Maritime Safety Administration. The administration is organized in four regional administrations, with district offices in the major ports. The lights on this page are maintained by the Zhànjiāng MSA office, which is included in the Guǎngzhōu Region.

The pinyin system for transliterating Chinese into Latin characters is now the international standard, but some locations continue to be known also under the spellings of older transliteration systems. The Chinese word for a lighthouse is dēngtǎ (灯塔). In pinyin jiāo (formerly chiao) is a reef or rock, jiǎo is a cape or headland, dǎo (tao) is an island; (tsu) is a small island, wān is a bay and gǎng (kang) is a harbor.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CN numbers are the serial numbers used by the Shanghai regional office of MSA. Admiralty numbers are from volume P of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Navigation Aids Search
The Shànghǎi MSA provides this access to its database of information on navigational aids: enter a range of CN numbers in the lower pair of boxes and click on the search box below. All information is in Chinese.
Lighthouse Photos
Photos of eight major lighthouses, posted by the Guǎngdōng regional MSA office.
Chinese English Pinyin Dictionary
A useful tool for juggling the representations of Chinese names.
Online List of Lights - China
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
Leuchttürme Chinas auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard images posted by Klaus Huelse.
China AMS Topographic Maps
A fine collection of U.S. Army Map Service maps of China, in English, posted by the University of Texas Library.

Luodou Sha Light
Luódòu Shā Light, Xúwén County
PRC MSA Guǎngdōng Region photo

Xúwén County Lighthouses

East Coast Lighthouses
Běilìdǎo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 11 m (36 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the beach on the west side of Běilì Island, just inside a passage called the North Běilì Gate. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty P3358.7.
Dōngsōngdǎo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 11 m (36 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located just off the south end of Dōngsōng Island. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty P3358.8.
Liùjídǎo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 11 m (36 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located just off the south end of Liùjí Island on the approach to Hé'ān. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty P3357.7.
Jǐnhè
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 11 m (36 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the beach at the fishing port of Jǐnhè, west of Wàiluózhèn. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty P3358.73.
Lightship Běishuǐdǎo
1992. Active; focal plane unknown; two white flashes every 7 s. Automated lightfloat; light tower with lantern and gallery amidships. Vessel painted red with white trim. Located off the eastern entrance to Qióngzhōu Strait about 50 km (30 mi) northeast of Luódòu Shā. Accessible only by boat. Site and vessel closed.
Báimáotáng
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); quick-flashing white light. 11 m (36 ft) white stone tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory about 3 km (2 mi) south of Wàiluózhèn. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3357.82; NGA 20121.3.
Dà Pái (Gāopái) (2)
1996 (station established 1961). Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 6 s. 16 m (52 ft) round concrete tower, mounted on a square foundation. Lighthouse painted white. No photo available; Google has a very distant satellite view of the location. Located on a rock off a point of land about 6 km (3.5 mi) north of Shāngǒuhǒu. Site status unknown. CN-4812; Admiralty P3357.9; 20121.6.
Shāngǒuhǒu (Peterson Point) (2)
1995 (station established 1962). Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery. Lighthouse covered with white ceramic tiles, except the first story is covered with red tiles. An MSA photo is at right, a page has a larger version of the photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory on the north side of the eastern entrance to Qióngzhōu Strait about 8 km (5 mi) east of Qianshan. Site status unknown. CN-4818; Admiralty P3358; NGA 20112.
* Luódòu Shā
1997. Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); white flash every 4 s. 42 m (138 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and a large, mushroom-shaped observation room. The lighthouse is white with a red vertical stripe; lantern roof painted red. An MSA photo is at the top of this page, a page has a larger version of the photo, and Google has a satellite view. Luódòu Shā (Sheldrake Island) is a narrow island in Qióngzhōu Strait about 8 km (5 mi) southeast of Shāngǒuhǒu. Located near the northeastern point of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower presumably open. Admiralty P3358.5; NGA 20110.
Shangouhou Light
Shāngǒuhǒu Light, Xúwén County
PRC MSA Guǎngdōng Region photo

South Coast (Qióngzhōu Strait) Lighthouses
* Hóngkǎn (2)
1992 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 47 m (154 ft); white flash every 8 s. 17 m (56 ft) round concrete tower with three ribs and double gallery, painted white. An MSA photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory about 20 km (13 mi) east of Hǎi'ān. Site probably open, tower closed. CN-4821; Admiralty P3336; NGA 20108.
* Páiwěijiǎo (2)
1992 (station established 1954). Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); white light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 11 m (36 ft) hexagonal concrete tower with gallery, painted white. There must be a spectacular view from this lighthouse. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. NGA lists this light with Admiralty number P3334; this is a typo. Located at the tip of a very sharp promontory pointing into the Qióngzhōu Strait about 8 km (5 mi) southeast of Hǎi'ān. Site very probably open, tower closed. CN-4822; Admiralty P3335.4; NGA 20116.
Hǎi'ān Gǎng Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); white flash every 4 s. 6 m (20 ft) round white concrete tower with gallery. Calvin Ngei has a distant view, and Google has a satellite view. This an approach range for the fishing port of Hǎi'ān, which is located at the end of a southeast-pointing peninsula. The range lights are on the mainland opposite the harbor facilities. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3335.2.
Hǎi'ān Gǎng Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower with gallery. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located about 400 m (1/4 mi) north northwest of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3335.21.
Hǎi'ān Xīngǎng (Hǎi'ān New Port)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); green flash every 4 s. 7 m (23 ft) round white concrete tower with gallery. A photo and a more distant view are available, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the end of a new pier on the west side of Hǎi'ān. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3334.8.
Sāntáng
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 20 m (66 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view of the station. Located on a promontory about 10 km (6 mi) south of Xúwén. Site status unknown. CN-4830.6; Admiralty P3333; NGA 20107.
Hongkan Light
Hongkan Light, Xúwén County
PRC MSA Guǎngdōng Region photo
Jiàowěi Wān (Toudun) (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 39 m (128 ft); red flash every 5 s. 35 m (115 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern, gallery, and a large round observation room. The lighthouse is white, lantern room red. A distant view is available, and Google has a satellite view. This lighthouse guides rail ferries crossing the Qióngzhōu Strait between the mainland and Hǎinán. Located on a tiny island, connected to the mainland by a breakwater, at the rail ferry terminal about 15 km (9 mi) southwest of Xúwén. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3332; NGA 20106.
** Jiàowěi Jiǎo (Dēnglóu Jiǎo, Cape Kami, Lighthouse Point) (3)
1980. Inactive since 1995. 16 m (52 ft) round concrete tower with gallery; lantern removed. Lighthouse painted white. A 2015 photo and a 2013 photo show both the old and new lighthouses, and Google has a satellite view. Located near the modern lighthouse.
** Jiàowěi Jiǎo (Dēnglóu Jiǎo, Cape Kami, Lighthouse Point) (4)
1995 (station established 1893). Active; focal plane 34 m (111 ft); white flash every 6 s. 32 m (105 ft) hexagonal cylindrical tower with lantern, a large watch room structure, and a lower observation gallery. Lighthouse covered with ceramic tiles, colored beige with narrow blue horizontal bands. An MSA photo is at right, a 2015 photo is available, another 2015 photo shows both the old and new lighthouses, and Google has a satellite view. This lighthouse stands on the southernmost point of mainland China, at the end of a long promontory about 35 km (22 mi) southwest of Xúwén. The first lighthouse, a cast iron tower, was destroyed in World War II. A second iron lighthouse was built in 1953, followed by the concrete tower in 1980. Site open; the tower may be open at least to the observation level. CN-4835; Admiralty P3328; NGA 20104.

West Coast Lighthouses
Shuǐwěijiǎo (Shuǐwěi Jiǎo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located in the surf off Shuǐwěijiǎo, marking the entrance to Liúshā Bay, about 25 km (15 mi) north of Jiàowěi Jiǎo on the west side of the peninsula. Site status unknown. CN-4836; Admiralty P3327.3.
Liúshā Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m; two white flashes every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located on the south side of Liúshā Bay about 8 km (5 mi) east of Shuǐwěi. Site status unknown. CN-4841; Admiralty P3327.6.
Jiaoweijiao Light
Jiàowěi Jiǎo (Cape Kami) Light, Xúwén
PRC MSA Guǎngdōng Region photo
Liúshā Range Rear (2)
1992 (station established 1967). Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 3 s. 12 m (39 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the south side of Liúshā Bay about 8 km (5 mi) east of Shuǐwěi. Site status unknown. CN-4842; Admiralty P3327.61.

Léizhōu Peninsula West Coast Lighthouses

Léizhōu City Lighthouses
Nǎ'ào
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 11 m (36 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located offshore at the entrance to Nǎ'ào harbor, about 8 km (5 mi) northwest of the Liúshā Bay entrance. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3327.25.
* Hǎikāng
2014. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. A photo is available, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the west end of the quay on the south side of the entrance to the harbor of Hǎikāng. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty P3327.193.
Qǐshuǐ B
Date unknown. Active; focal plane and light characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a low promontory south of the entrance to Qǐshuǐ. This light is paired with a shorter tower Qǐshuǐ A, seen in another satellite view; the lights are not listed as a range and their relationship is unclear. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3327.16.
Yànzáo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 11 m (36 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a low promontory at Yànzáo. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3327.1275.

Suìxī County Lighthouses
Gānlái
2012. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 20 m (66 ft) round "red and white" concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located on an embayment at the northwestern corner of the Léizhōu Peninsula. Site status unknown. CN-4863.51; Admiralty P3327.124.
Cǎotánjiǎo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 30 m (98 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) round cylindrical tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. We need information about this major lighthouse. Located on a low cape at the south side of the entrance to Liàn Bay. Site status unknown. Admiralty P3327.123.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Zhànjiāng | South: Hǎinán | West: Guǎngxī

Return to the Lighthouse Directory index | Ratings key

Posted December 17, 2008. Checked and revised December 10, 2017. Lighthouses: 26; lightships: 1. Site copyright 2017 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.