Lighthouses of China: Wēihǎi Area (Eastern Shāndōng)

Shāndōng (formerly spelled Shantung) is a province of northern China lying directly across the Yellow Sea from South Korea. The province includes the Shāndōng Peninsula (Shāndōng Bandǎo), which separates the Yellow Sea from the Bohai Gulf. This page includes lighthouses of the Wēihǎi prefecture, which occupies the eastern end of the peninsula.

Because of its strategic location and fine ports, the Shāndōng Peninsula was a target for foreign penetration during the colonial period. Wēihǎi was a British colony from 1898 to 1930, and Yāntái also had a large European presence. The entire province was occupied by Japan during World War II (1938-1945).

Lighthouses in China are maintained by the PRC Maritime Safety Administration. The administration is organized in four regional administrations; Shāndōng lighthouses fall under the Tiānjīn MSA and its district office at Yāntái.

The pīnyīn system for transliterating Chinese into Latin characters is now the international standard, but some locations continue to be known also under the spellings of older transliteration systems. The Chinese word for a lighthouse is dēngtǎ (灯塔). In pinyin jiāo (formerly chiao) is a reef or rock, jiǎo is a cape or headland, dǎo (tao) is an island; (tsu) is a small island, wān is a bay and gǎng (kang) is a harbor.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CN numbers are Chinese light list numbers. Admiralty numbers are from volume F of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Navigation Aids Search
The Shànghǎi MSA provides this access to its database of information on navigational aids: enter a range of CN numbers in the lower pair of boxes and click on the search box below. All information is in Chinese.
MSA Aids to Navigation - Lighthouse
Two pages of photos of prominent Chinese lighthouses.
Lighthouse Appreciation
Posted by the Wēnzhōu MSA office in Zhèjiāng Province, this portfolio of photos includes several Shāndōng lighthouses.
World of Lighthouses - China
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Chinese English Pinyin Dictionary
A useful tool for juggling the representations of Chinese names.
Lighthouses/Phares - China
Historic postcard images posted by Michel Forand.
Leuchttürme Chinas auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard images posted by Klaus Huelse.
China AMS Topographic Maps
A fine collection of U.S. Army Map Service maps of China, in English, posted by the University of Texas Library.

Jingzitou Light
Jìngzǐtóu Light, Wēihǎi
PRC Maritime Safety Administration photo

Wēihǎi City (Huáncuì District) Lighthouses
Note: Wēihǎi is a port near the eastern tip of the Shāndōng Peninsula. In 1898, after Russia occupied Lüshun (Port Arthur) on the other side of the Bohai Gulf, Britain secured a lease of the Wēihǎi area as a competing naval base. The British occupied the territory until 1930; the colony was known as Wei-hai-wei ( Wēihǎi Garrison) or sometimes as Port Edward.
Shuāngdǎo Gǎng
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) round stone tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the east side of the entrance to Shuāngdǎo harbor, on the west side of Wēihǎi city. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3877.
Jìngzǐtóu (Jingzi Tou, Ching-tsu t'ou) (2)
1975 (station established 1953). Active; focal plane 92 m (302 ft); white flash every 15 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Tower painted white, lantern black. An MSA photo is at the top of this page, and Google has a satellite view. Jìngzǐtóu is a sharp, narrow promontory projecting northward into the sea about 8 km (5 mi) north of Wēihǎi. Located at the tip of the peninsula. Site open, tower closed. CN-1513; Admiralty F3876; NGA 18600.
Yáshídǎo (Yáshí dǎo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green flash every 5 s. 5.5 m (16 ft) round stone tower, painted white. A distant view is available (light at upper right), and Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the end of a rocky reef on the west side of the entrance to Wēihǎi harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-1517; Admiralty F3874; NGA 18620.
Qígānzuǐ (Qigan Zui, Flagstaff Point) (3)
1976 (station established 1898). Active; focal plane 23.5 m (77 ft); white flash every 12 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, attached to a 1-story equipment building. Lighthouse painted white. A portfolio of photos is available, a photo with historical notes (top of the page) is also available, the light is seen in a panoramic view, and Google has a satellite view. This light replaced an 1890 lighthouse built nearby on Observatory Island; that light had been destroyed in the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95. The 1898 lighthouse, built by the British for the Chinese Maritime Customs Department, was a short wrought iron tower with a focal plane of 16 m (53 ft). It was destroyed by Japanese naval gunfire in 1945. A skeletal tower replaced it in 1951. It appears that the original keeper's houses of the station may survive; better information is needed. Located in an industrial area on a promontory at the south end of Wēihǎi harbor. Site status unknown. ARLHS PRC-052; CN-1531; Admiralty F3871; NGA 18624.
Liúgòngdǎo (Dahong East Entrance, Liugong)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); white flash every 5 s. 7 m (23 ft) round stone tower, painted with red and white horizontal bands. Google has a distant view (light at the right) and a satellite view. Located on a rocky shoal off the eastern end of Liúgòngdǎo, a large island that shelters the harbor of Wēihǎi. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3870; NGA 18612.
Liúgòngdǎo Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane and light characteristic unknown. Approx. 9 m (30 ft) round hourglass-shaped fiberglass tower, colored with red and white horizontal bands. A photo and a view looking toward Wēihǎi are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of a breakwater at the western end of Liúgòngdǎo. Site status unknown.
Rìdǎo (Rì dǎo)
1953. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 5 m (16 ft) round tower with gallery, painted white. A very distant view is available (click on the photo for magnification; the Liugong light can also be glimpsed on the left), and Google has a satellite view. Located atop a small island in the center of the entrance to Wēihǎi harbor, about 3 km (1.8 mi) south of the Liúgòngdǎo lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-1538; Admiralty F3869; NGA 18616.
Zhàoběizuǐ (Zhaobei Zui, Chaopeitsui, Wei-hai-wei)
1891 (British). Active; focal plane 29 m (95 ft); white flash every 8 s. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical cast iron tower with gallery and eight ribs, painted white. Lantern removed. This small lighthouse, prefabricated in France by Sauter, Lemonnier & Cie., was installed during the British occupation of Wēihǎi. The Wēihǎi News has a photo (also seen at right) with some historical information. Another photo (second photo on the page) comes from the same newspaper. Huelse has a historic postcard view and Forand has a second postcard view. Google's satellite view shows heavy construction of new port facilities in the area surrounding the lighthouse, but the lighthouse is protected from this development. It appears that the keeper's house shown in Huelse's view has been demolished. The lighthouse was dismantled during the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95 and then reassembled. Located at the tip of a promontory on the east side of Wēihǎi Bay, about 11 km (7 mi) east southeast of the city. Site status unknown. CN-1539; Admiralty F3868; NGA 18608.


Zhàoběizuǐ Light, Wēihǎi, March 2015
Wēihǎi News photo



Róngchéng City (Chéngshānjiǎo Area) Lighthouses
Jīmíngdǎo (Jīmíng dǎo, Chi-ming Tao) (2?)
1953. Active; focal plane 77 m (253 ft); white flash every 10. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical stone tower with gallery, adjacent or attached to a 1-story stone keeper's house. Tower painted with red and white horizontal bands. Next to the current lighthouse is a shorter stone tower that appears to be an older lighthouse. A very distant view is available, the light is just visible on the summit of the island in an even more distant view, and Google has a distant satellite view. Jīmíngdǎo (Cock-crow Island) is a small island about 3 km (2 mi) off the north coast of the Chéngshānjiǎo cape, about 20 km (13 mi) northwest of JiuRóngchéng. Located on the highest point of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-1540; Admiralty F3867; NGA 18634.
Hǎilǘdǎo (Hǎilǘ dǎo, Hai-lu Tao, Alceste Island) (3?)
1990 (station established 1953). Active; focal plane 71.5 m (235 ft); white flash every 5 s. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower, attached to a small 1-story concrete equipment shelter. Lighthouse painted white. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. The original light was on a skeletal tower, and NGA describes the 1976 round stone tower. Hǎilǘdǎo (Sea-donkey Island) is a small island about 5 km (3 mi) off the coast and and 8 km (5 mi) northwest of Chéngshānjiǎo. Located on the highest point of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-1541; Admiralty F3866; NGA 18636.
** Chéngshānjiǎo (Chengshantou, Shantung Promontory Northeast, Cape Shantung) (4)
1950 (station established 1821). Active; focal plane 60 m (198 ft); white light, 3 s on, 2.5 s off, 3 s on, 11.5 s off. 16 m (52 ft) round stone tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white, lantern red. An MSA photo is at right, a 2008 closeup and another photo are available, and Google has a satellite view of the station. Chéngshānjiǎo, the easternmost tip of the Shāndōng Peninsula, was often called "Cape Shantung" by Western navigators during the colonial period. The lighthouse here is a well-known tourist destination. The 1874 lighthouse, built by the British, replaced a 6 m (20 ft) tower built in 1864, but lights had been displayed from masts as early as 1821. The British lighthouse was destroyed during World War II. (Visitors should look for the 1864 tower, which may survive.) The clamshell Fresnel lens of the British lighthouse was stored during the war and is on display at the Qínhuángdǎo lighthouse in Héběi province. Forand has a historic postcard photo of the light station as it appeared in the early 20th century. Naturally, the site commands a wide view of the Yellow Sea (Huánghǎi). Accessible by road. Site open; the tower may also be open but we have no details on this. ARLHS PRC-015; CN-1542; Admiralty F3864; NGA 18640.
Cǎodǎo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 36 m (118 ft); white light, 2 s on, 2 s off. Listed as a 13 m (43 ft) square brick tower, painted white; it appears that the light is now shown from a tall mast atop the tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory in the entrance to a small harbor in northern Róngchéng, about 15 km (9 mi) southwest of Chéngshānjiǎo. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3863.5.
Chengshanjiao Light
Chéngshānjiǎo (Cape Shantung) Light, Róngchéng
(1874 lighthouse shown in inset)
PRC Maritime Safety Administration Yāntái Office photo
Jiāyè Pier
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 9 m (30 ft) steel post light with gallery, painted with black and red horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on an industrial quay at Lǐdǎo, in the lee of the Wàizhèdǎo promontory (next entry). Site status unknown. Admiralty F3863.3.
Wàizhèdǎo (Lǐdǎo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 49 m (161 ft); white flash every 8 s. 14 m (46 ft) round stone tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a wooded promontory at Lǐdǎo, about 25 km (15 mi) southwest of Chéngshānjiǎo. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3863; NGA 18644.
Mǎtājiǎo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 7 m (23 ft) round concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a sharp promontory about 7 km (4.5 mi) southeast of Wàizhèdǎo. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3862.1.
* Hǎimāozǐtóu (2)
1980 (station established 1963). Active; focal plane 75 m (246 ft); white flash every 12 s. 14 m (46 ft) round stone tower with lantern and gallery, adjacent or attached to a 1-story stone keeper's house. Lighthouse painted white, lantern black. The Wenzhou MSA Office has posted a good photo, and Google has a good satellite view. This lighthouse marks the northern entrance to Sanggou Wan, a partially sheltered bay at the eastern end of the Shāndōng Peninsula. Located at the tip of a promontory about 18 km (11 mi) east of Róngchéng. Site status unknown, but the lighthouse should be visible from nearby. ARLHS PRC-030; CN-1559; Admiralty F3862; NGA 18648.
Mòyédǎo (Mòye dǎo, Shantung Promontory Southeast) (3)
1956 (station established 1883). Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); white flash every 15 s. 27 m (89 ft) round stone tower with lantern and gallery, adjacent or attached to a 1-story stone keeper's house. Lighthouse covered with tiles in red and white horizontal bands; lantern painted black. This appears to be a staffed lighthouse. An MSA photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. The original lighthouse was a cast iron tower of very similar size and appearance; Klaus Huelse has a historic postcard view, and Forand has a 1935 photo and a postcard view from the sea. According to MSA, the lighthouse was destroyed during World War II. It was replaced with a temporary light until the present lighthouse was built. This light marks the southeastern corner of the blunt eastern end of the Shāndōng Peninsula. Located on an island, now joined to the mainland by fill and causeways, near the town of Dàzhuāng. Site status unknown; the lighthouse appears to be on the grounds of some kind of government institution. ARLHS PRC-042; CN-1561; Admiralty F3860; NGA 18652.
Dàyúdǎo
Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); continuous white light. 7 m (23 ft) square stone tower, painted white. A distant view is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at a small harbor about 15 km (9 mi) southwest of Mòyédǎo. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3859.5.
Zhǔkǒu
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 13 m (43 ft) round stone tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory south of Shídǎo. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3859.
Sūshāndǎo (Sūshān dǎo, Staunton Island) (2)
1982 (station established 1957). Active; focal plane 116 m (381 ft); white flash every 25 s. 10 m (33 ft) round stone tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white, lantern black. No photo available. Google has a distant view of Sūshāndǎo, an island about 2 km (1.25 mi) long and 500 m (0.4 mi) wide located about 8 km (5 mi) offshore and 11 km (7 mi) southeast of Jīnghǎiwēi. Located on the highest point of the island. ARLHS PRC-058; Admiralty F3858; NGA 18656.
Moyedao Light
Mòyédǎo Light, Wánglián District, Róngchéng
PRC Maritime Safety Administration Wēnzhōu Office photo
Fēnghuángwēi
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round stone tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island off Jīnghǎijiǎo, a sharp promontory about 30 km (19 mi) west of Mòyédǎo. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3857.8.

Wéndēng District Lighthouses
Wǔgùdùn
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round stone tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a sharp promontory about 14 km (9 mi) southeast of Zékùzhēn. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3857.6.
Niúxīndǎo (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. A distant view is available, and Google has a satellite view. The Admiralty lists a 4 m (13 ft) round stone tower, but the satellite view and photo strongly suggest a newer and taller tower. Located on a small island off Nánhǎi harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3857.4.

Rǔshān City Lighthouses
Nánhuángdǎo
Date unknown. Inactive. Round white concrete tower rising from a small building. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. NGA chart 94290 describes this light as extinguished, and it does not appear on the Admiralty list. Located at the south end of an island off Tǎdǎo at the southwestern corner of Wéndēng. Site status unknown.
Pǔdǎo (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 58 m (190 ft); white flash every 3 s. Approx. 7 m (23 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. The Admiralty lists a 4 m (13 ft) round stone tower, but the present light must be taller to be visible above the trees seen in the satellite view. Located on a small island just off the mainland about 8 km (5 mi) west of Nánhuángdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3856.75.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: Northwest: Yāntái Area | Southwest: Qīngdǎo Area

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Posted March 31, 2008. Checked and revised May 3, 2015. Lighthouses 25. Site copyright 2015 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.