Lighthouses of China: Jiāxīng and Níngbō, Zhèjiāng

The Chinese province of Zhèjiāng (formerly spelled Chekiang) occupies the central coast of the country, south of Shànghǎi and north of the Formosa Strait. The province faces east on the East China Sea. For the most part the coastline is hilly and irregular, with more than 3000 islands of all sizes offshore.

Hángzhōu Bay is a large funnel-shaped embayment at the northern end of the province. At its western end, it narrows to the estuary of the Qiántángjiāng (Qiántáng River), which leads to the city of Hángzhōu. On its southern edge, the Yǒngjiāng (Yǒng River) leads to the major port of Zhènhǎi and the city of Níngbō. This page describes lighthouses standing on or near the shores of the bay, both north and south. The Directory also has a series of four pages covering the numerous islands of the Zhōushān archipelago, which is spread across the mouth of the bay. North to south, these pages cover the Shèngsì and Qíqū Islands, the Dàishān Islands, the Zhōushān Island Area, and the Southeastern Zhōushān Islands. I am much indebted to Michel Forand for his research on all these areas.

Lighthouses in China are maintained by the PRC Maritime Safety Administration. The administration is organized in four regional administrations, with offices in the major ports. All the lights on this page are maintained by the Zhènhǎi MSA office.

The pinyin system for transliterating Chinese into Latin characters is now the international standard, but some locations continue to be known also under the spellings of older transliteration systems. The Chinese word for a lighthouse is dēngtǎ (灯塔). In pinyin jiāo (formerly chiao) is a reef or rock, jiǎo is a cape or headland, dǎo (tao) is an island; (tsu) is a small island, wān is a bay and gǎng (kang) is a harbor.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CN numbers are Chinese light list numbers. Admiralty numbers are from volume F of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Navigation Aids Search
The Shànghǎi MSA provides this access to its database of information on navigational aids: enter a range of CN numbers in the lower pair of boxes and click on the search box below. All information is in Chinese.
Lighthouse Appreciation
This portfolio of photos was posted by the Wēnzhōu MSA office in Zhèjiāng Province.
Chinese English Pinyin Dictionary
A useful tool for juggling the representations of Chinese names.
China AMS Topographic Maps
A fine collection of U.S. Army Map Service maps of China, in English, posted by the University of Texas Library.

Qili Light
1865 Qīlǐ Zhì (Square Island) Light, Zhènhǎi
Zhèjiāng Culture Ministry photo

Jiāxīng Prefecture (Northern Hángzhōu Bay) Lighthouses

Pínghú City Lighthouses
Jīnshān (Dàjīnshān, Dàjīnshāndǎo)
2009. Active; focal plane 105 m (344 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) round cylindrical tower with gallery, colored with red and white horizontal bands. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located atop a small but high island about 8 km (5 mi) off Jīnshān. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2263; Admiralty F3718.3; NGA 18886.
Wàipúshān
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12.5 m (41 ft); white flash every 4 s. 6 m (20 ft) round masonry tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on an island just off Jiǔlóngshān. The island is the site of a Buddhist temple and is connected to the mainland by a spectacular arched footbridge. Site status unknown. CN-2267.
Guāncáijiāo (Coffin Reef)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 13 m (43 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. A distant view is available (in the foreground is a copy of the famous Little Mermaid sculpture; the original by Edvard Eriksen is in Copenhagen harbor, Denmark). Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 600 m (0.4 mi) south of the Wàipúshān light. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-2267.1; Admiralty F3718.53; NGA 18887.
Báitǎshān
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 44.5 m (146 ft); white flash every 6 s. 14.5 m (48 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on an island about 3 km (2 mi) north of the Ménshān lighthouse (next entry). Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2271.915.
Ménshān (Mén Shān) (2?)
2007. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 3 s. 8 m (26 ft) round tower with lantern and gallery, painted with red and white horizontal bands. Shànghǎi MSA's photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. This light marks a sudden narrowing of the bay. Located on an island off a prominent cape about 10 km (6 mi) south of Haiyan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2271.92; Admiralty F3718.489.
Dàwūzishān
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 52.5 m (172 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 10 m (30 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located atop an island off a promontory near Ganpuzhen. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2272.
Menshan Light
Ménshān Light, Haiyan
PRC Maritime Safety Administration photo

Níngbō Prefecture Lighthouses

Cíxī City Lighthouses
Shàngyú Gǎng
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); continuous white light. 31 m (102 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. This is a leading light, seen only by ships approaching from the north northeast. Located at Shàngyú, about halfway between Hángzhōu and Zhènhǎi. Site status unknown. CN-2286.1; Admiralty F3716.695.
Wángpánshān (Wángpán Shān, Xiàpánshān)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round fiberglass tower, colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Wángpánshān is an islet near the western end of Hángzhōu Bay, about 16 km (10 mi) north of the Cíxī mainland, about 25 km (15 mi) south of Jīnshān, and 20 km (13 mi) east of the Hángzhōu Bay Bridge. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2289; Admiralty F3718.4.
Hǎihuángshān (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); flash every 6 s, white or red depending on direction. 6 m (20 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tiles colored in black and white horizontal bands. Bing has a satellite view. Located atop a hill (rare on this coast) about 35 km (22 mi) northwest of Zhènhǎi. Site status unknown. CN-2290; Admiralty F3716.63.
Qījiěbāmèi (Dàchángtán Shān, Tachangtan)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 39 m (128 ft); white flash every 3 s. 14 m (46 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower with gallery. An MSA photo is at right, Google has a good satellite view. This light marks the west end of a dangerous reef. Located atop the westernmost of the Chángtán islands, about 32 km (20 mi) north northwest of Zhènhǎi. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2293; Admiralty F3716.64.
Dōnghuòshān (Dōnghuò Shān, Tung-ho Shān)
2007. Active; focal plane 55 m (180 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round tower with lantern and gallery, painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. This light marks the eastern end of the same reef marked by the Qījiěbāmèi lighthouse. Sibling of the Ménshān Light (see photo above). Located at the eastern end of Dōnghuòshān, an island about 30 km (19 mi) north of Zhènhǎi. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2337.4; Admiralty F3716.66; NGA 18908.7.
Qizibamei Light
Qījiěbāmèi Light, Chángtán Islands, Cíxī, June 2003
PRC Maritime Safety Administration photo

Zhènhǎi District: Yǒngjiāng Estuary Lighthouses
Note: Zhènhǎi is the port district of Níngbō, a city of more than two million on the south side of Hángzhōu Bay. Zhènhǎi's port facilities lie along both sides of the Yǒngjiāng (Yong River) near its mouth; the center of Níngbō is about 25 km (15 mi) upstream. British forces seized Zhènhǎi during the First Opium War in 1841, and the port was opened to western trade by the Treaty of Nanjing the following year.
* Qīlǐ Zhì (Tse-li, Square Island) (1)
1865 (British). Inactive since 1997. 10 m (33 ft) octagonal stone tower with lantern and gallery, painted with red and white vertical stripes; lantern painted white with a black dome. A photo is at the top of this page, a 2012 photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Qīlǐ is a small island about 6 km (3.5 mi) northeast of the Yǒngjiāng and Zhènhǎi harbor entrance. When the new Qīlǐ lighthouse was built, its historic predecessor was taken down and rebuilt on Little Qīlǐ Island, just off the southwest tip of Qīlǐ and joined to it by a footbridge. Site open, tower closed.
Qīlǐ Zhì (Qīlǐ Yu, Square Island) (2)
1997 (station established 1865). Active; focal plane 51 m (167 ft); white flash every 5 s. 25.5 m (84 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and double gallery. Fog siren. Several 1-story keeper's houses. Lighthouse painted white, lantern red. An MSA photo is at right, another photo and a 2012 closeup are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the highest point of Qīlǐ. Accessible only by boat, but apparently transportation from Zhènhǎi is available. Site status unknown. ARLHS PRC-053; CN-2483; Admiralty F3716; NGA 18916.
Yǒngjiāng North Breakwater
Around 2009. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); quick-flashing green light. 11 m (36 ft) round hourglass-shaped fiberglass tower. Entire lighthouse is green. A distant view is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the north breakwater of the Yǒngjiāng estuary entrance in Zhènhǎi. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2485; Admiralty F3715.3; NGA 18929.
Yǒngjiāng Fifth Groin
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 6 m (20 ft); two yellow flashes every 6 s. 6 m (20 ft) round cylindrical white fiberglass tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a groin (usually submerged) just inside the Yǒngjiāng estuary entrance. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2486.
Hǔdūnshān (Hǔdūn Shān, Yǒngjiāng) Entrance Range Front (2)
2006 (station established 1985). Active; focal plane 38 m (125 ft); illuminated with neon lights showing red and yellow vertical stripes the entire length of the tower. 34 m (112 ft) square skeletal tower. The range lights can be seen in an aerial photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located in a waterfront area on the north side of the estuary entrance. Site status unknown. CN-2495; Admiralty F3715.2; NGA 18930.
New Qili Light
1997 Qīlǐ Zhì Light
PRC Maritime Safety Administration photo
Hǔdūnshān (Hǔdūn Shān, Yǒngjiāng) Entrance Range Rear (2)
2006 (station established 1985). Active; focal plane 51.5 m (169 ft); illuminated with neon lights showing red and yellow vertical stripes the entire length of the tower. 46 m (151 ft) square skeletal tower. The range lights can be seen in an aerial photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located in a waterfront area on the north side of the estuary entrance. Site status unknown. CN-2496; Admiralty F3715.21; NGA 18930.1.
* Zhènhǎi Dùkǒu (Zhènhǎi Ferry)
2006. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 10 s. 13 m (43 ft) round tower with lantern and gallery. Tower painted white with red trim, lantern and gallery painted red. The photo at right is from a former Shànghǎi MSA page on the construction of the lighthouse, a 2012 photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. This new light was built in traditional form to honor Zhènhǎi's maritime heritage. Located on the west bank of the Yǒngjiāng near the traditional ferry crossing in Zhènhǎi; the ferry remains in service although there is now a bridge about 2 km (1.2 mi) downstream. Site open, tower closed. CN-2503.5; Admiralty F3714.965; NGA 18930.3.
* Jiāngnándàotóu
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two red flashes every 4 s. 12 m (39 ft) round tower with lantern and gallery, mounted on a square concrete pier. Lighthouse painted with red and white horizontal bands. A photo and a second photo are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the east side of the Yǒngjiāng near a bend in the estuary and almost directly across from the Zhènhǎi Ferry lighthouse (see above). Site open, tower closed. CN-2504; Admiralty F3714.97.
Zhenhai Ferry Light
Zhènhǎi Ferry Light, Zhènhǎi, August 2006
PRC Maritime Safety Administration photo
Yǒngjiāng South Dyke Spur (2)
2006 (station established 1983). Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); quick-flashing red light. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted red. Shànghǎi MSA's photo is seen at right, and Google has a satellite view. The lighthouse replaced a red skeletal tower. Located at the end of breakwater dike on the southeast side of the Yǒngjiāng entrance. Site and tower closed. CN-2488; Admiralty F3714.9.
* Zhǎngtiàozuǐ (Changtiaozui) (2)
1993 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); four white flashes every 12 s. 16 m (52 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, rising from a square pyramidal concrete base. Lighthouse covered with ceramic times and colored with red and white vertical stripes. A view from the estuary is available, and Bing has a satellite view. The light from this tower must be obscured to a great extent by recent development of the waterfront. Located in an industrial zone on the east side of the entrance to the Yǒngjiāng and the harbor of Zhènhǎi. Accessible by road. Site probably open, tower closed. ARLHS PRC-012; CN-2484; Admiralty F3715; NGA 18928.

Zhènhǎi District: Huángmǎng Islands Lighthouses
Note: The Huángmǎng islands are located in the passage between the mainland and Jīntáng island (see Zhōushān Island Area), east of the Yǒngjiāng entrance.
Zhōngzhùshān (Zhōngzhù Shān)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 47 m (154 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower with gallery. A view from the sea is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on Zhōngzhùshān, the westernmost of the Huángmǎng Islands, about 1.5 km (1 mi) west of the Dàhuángmǎng lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2402.5; Admiralty F3714.6; NGA 18922.
Yongjiang South Dyke Light
Yǒngjiāng South Dyke Spur Light, Zhènhǎi
PRC Maritime Safety Administration photo
Ejiāo (Níngbō Gang)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 12.5 m (41 ft) robust square cylindrical skeletal tower with gallery, mounted on a square concrete pier. Lighthouse painted black with a broad red horizontal band. Zhènhǎi MSA has a photo, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 800 m (1/2 mi) north of Dàhuángmǎng island, about 7 km (4.5 mi) east of the Yǒngjiāng entrance and a similar distance east southeast of Qīlǐ. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-2401.4; Admiralty F3715.6; NGA 18919.
Dàhuángmǎng (Huángmǎng Shān) (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 80 m (262 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) square pyramidal white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the highest point of Dàhuángmǎng, about 7 km (4.5 mi) east of the Yǒngjiāng entrance. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2402; Admiralty F3715.4; NGA 18920.

Běilún District: Dàxièdǎo Lighthouses
Note: Dàxièdǎo is an island about 7 km (4.5 mi) in diameter, lying just off the mainland coast about 30 km (19 mi) east of Zhènhǎi. The island is connected to the mainland by a bridge and is being developed as a port to relieve pressure on Zhènhǎi and Níngbō. These lighthouses guide vessels in the passage, about 6 km (3.5 mi) wide, between Dàxièdǎo and Dàmāodǎo (see Zhōushān Island Area).
Túnízuǐ (Túníméndǎo, Túnímén Dǎo, Tuni Zui) (2)
1998 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); three white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. A 2007 photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island just off the northern tip of Dàxièdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2424; Admiralty F3714.28; NGA 18968.
Dàxièdǎo (Daxie Dǎo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); quick-flashing green light. 6 m (20 ft) round hourglass-shaped fiberglass tower, colored green, mounted on a round concrete pier. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located off a large oil terminal on the eastern point of Dàxièdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2433.1; Admiralty F3714.266; NGA 18976.
Xiǎobáiyājiāo (Xiǎobáiyā Jiāo, Yazhao Jiāo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 6 m (20 ft); white flash every 3 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower, painted black. Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef off Wàishēnmǎdǎo, a small island off the southeastern tip of Dàxièdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-2446; Admiralty F3714.265.

Běilún District: Zhitou Jiǎo (Cape Ketau) Area Lighthouses
Note: Zhǐtou Jiǎo (Cape Ketau, or literally "Finger Cape"), at the end of the Chuanshān Peninsula about 65 km (40 mi) east of Zhènhǎi, is the easternmost point of the mainland south of Hángzhōu Bay.
Yángxiǎomāodǎo (Yángxiǎomāo Dǎo) (2)
1991 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 49 m (160 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 11 m (36 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery. Lighthouse covered with white ceramic tiles. MSA's photo is at right, a view from the mainland and a distant view from the sea are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on Yángxiǎomāodǎo, a small island about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) off Zhǐtou Jiǎo. Accessible only by boat, and landing is difficult. Site and tower closed. CN-2473; Admiralty F3714.22; NGA 18956.
Yangxiaomaodao Light
Yangxiaomaodǎo Light, Zhitou Jiǎo
PRC Maritime Safety Administration photo

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Shànghǎi | East: Zhōushān Island Area | South: Xiangshān Area

Return to the Lighthouse Directory index | Ratings key

Posted May 12, 2008. Checked and revised May 31, 2015. Lighthouses: 28. Site copyright 2015 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.