Lighthouses of China: Southeastern Zhōushān Islands, Zhèjiāng

The Chinese province of Zhèjiāng (formerly spelled Chekiang) occupies the central coast of the country, south of Shànghǎi and north of the Formosa Strait. The province faces east on the East China Sea. For the most part the coastline is hilly and irregular, with more than 3000 islands of all sizes offshore.

Hángzhōu Bay is a large embayment at the northern end of the province. Spread across the mouth of Hángzhōu Bay, the Zhōushān Islands include well over 1000 islands, although only 103 are large enough to be inhabited. Lighting this maze of islands requires hundreds of beacons of all sizes. This page covers lighthouses of the southeastern Zhōushān Islands, which lie to the east and south of Zhōushān Island itself. All of this area lies within the Pǔtuó District of the prefectural city of Zhōushān.

Lighthouses in China are maintained by the PRC Maritime Safety Administration. The administration is organized in four regional administrations, with offices in the major ports. All the lights on this page are maintained by the Zhènhǎi MSA office.

The pinyin system for transliterating Chinese into Latin characters is now the international standard, but some locations continue to be known also under the spellings of older transliteration systems. The Chinese word for a lighthouse is dēngtǎ (灯塔). In pinyin jiāo (formerly chiao) is a reef or rock, jiǎo is a cape or headland, dǎo (tao) is an island; (tsu) is a small island, wān is a bay and gǎng (kang) is a harbor.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CN numbers are Chinese light list numbers. Admiralty numbers are from volume F of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Navigation Aids Search
The Shànghǎi MSA provides this access to its database of information on navigational aids: enter a range of CN numbers in the lower pair of boxes and click on the search box below. All information is in Chinese.
Lighthouse Appreciation
This portfolio of photos was posted by the Wēnzhōu MSA office in Zhèjiāng Province.
Chinese English Pinyin Dictionary
A useful tool for juggling the representations of Chinese names.
China AMS Topographic Maps
A fine collection of U.S. Army Map Service maps of China, in English, posted by the University of Texas Library.

Luojiashan Light
Luòjiāshān Light, Pǔtúoshān
Zhèjiāng Culture Ministry photo (no longer online)

Pǔtúoshān Area Lighthouses
Note: Pǔtúoshān is an island about 15 km (9 mi) in diameter located just east of Zhōushān Island. The island is one of the four sacred mountains of Chinese Buddhism and is famous for its Buddhist shrines.
Wàihuòyǔ (Waihuò Yǔ)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 57 m (187 ft); three white flashes, in a 2+1 pattern, every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with tiles colored in red and white vertical stripes. No photo available, and the islet is barely visible in Google's satellite view. Located on an islet about 8 km (5 mi) northeast of the northern point of Pǔtúoshān. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2382.1; Admiralty F3714.001.
Fēnshuǐjiāo (Fēnshuǐ Jiāo, Shenjia Men) (3)
2007 (station established 1952). Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); nine very quick white flashes every 10 s. 12 m (39 ft) slender round concrete tower with gallery and a narrow lantern. Lighthouse painted yellow with a black horizontal band. Shànghǎi MSA has a photo of the new lighthouse, and Google has a satellite view. This light warns ships away from the large square concrete pier that supports a tall skeletal tower carrying electric power lines across the narrow strait separating Zhōushān and Pǔtúoshān Islands. The lines cross the strait at its narrowest point, about 1200 m (3/4 mi) across. Located on the northwest corner of the pier, in the middle of the strait. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2388; Admiralty F3714.01.
* Pǔtúoshān (Pu-to Shan) (3)
Date unknown (station established 1952). Active; focal plane 74 m (243 ft); white flash every 4 s. 18 m (59 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. The lighthouse is covered with tiles in a deep gold color. The present lighthouse must have been built after 1999. An MSA photo is at right, Ning Zhang has a photo, a more distant view and a second view are also available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the southwestern tip of Pǔtúoshān. Accessible by hiking trail. Site open, tower closed. CN-2384; Admiralty F3714.148; NGA 18954.
Tóngpánshān (Tóngpán Shān) (2)
1988 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 73 m (240 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. The light is barely visible in an aerial view, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the southern tip of Pǔtúoshān. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2400; Admiralty F3714.145.
Gāngpánjiāo (Gāngpán Jiāo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a shoal off the southern tip of Pǔtúoshān. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-2385.4; Admiralty F3714.015; NGA 18955.5.
Putuoshan Light
Pǔtúoshān Light
PRC MSA Zhènhǎi Office photo

Zhūjiājiān Area Lighthouses
Note: Zhūjiājiān is a large island southeast of Zhōushān Island and south of Pǔtúoshān.
Luòjiāshān (Lo-chia Shan, Loka Island)
1890 (British). Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); three flashes every 9 s, white or red depending on direction. 7 m (23 ft) round stone tower, painted with red and white horizontal bands. A photo is at the top of this page, the Pǔtúoshān travel office has good photos, and Google has a satellite view of the station. In 2011 the light station was listed as a national historic site by the PRC Cultural Heritage Administration. Luòjiāshān is a small island off the northeastern tip of Zhūjiājiān. Located at the northeastern tip of the island. Accessible only by boat, although it appears that transportation from Pǔtúoshān is available. Site status unknown. ARLHS PRC-040; CN-2385; Admiralty F3714; NGA 18932.
Chuánjiāo (Chuán Jiāo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); four white flashes every 12 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a very distant satellite view. Located on a reef about 8 km (5 mi) east of Luòjiāshān. Accessible only by boat. CN 2382.2; Admiralty F3713.
Dōngtíngshān (Wàiyángāndǎo, Tung-ting Tao)
1907. Active; focal plane 55 m (180 ft); white flash every 10 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round cast iron tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Shànghǎi MSA's closeup photo is at right, the Zhènhǎi MSA office has a view from the sea and a distant aerial view of the island and lighthouse, and Google has a very distant satellite view of the island. Dōngtíngshān is a small island in the East China Sea about 25 km (15 mi) east southeast of Zhūjiājiān. Located on the highest point of the island. Accessible only by boat, and landing is difficult. Site and tower closed. ARLHS PRC-028; CN-2397; Admiralty F3712; NGA 18936.
Lǐyángāndǎo (Běitíngshān, Liyang'an Dǎo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 51 m (167 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 7 m (23 ft) white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a rocky islet halfway between Zhūjiājiān and Dōngtíngshān. Accessible only by boat. CN 2397.2; Admiralty F3711.
Shàngpánjiāo (Shàngpán Jiāo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 27 m (89 ft); two flashes every 6 s, white or red depending on direction. Approx. 7 m (23 ft) white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. The Admiralty is listing this light with a tower height of only 3 m (10 ft), which is inconsistent with the satellite view. It is possible that a new, shorter light was installed here. Located on a rocky islet about 3 km (2 mi) off the southeastern tip of Zhūjiājiān. Accessible only by boat. CN-2399; Admiralty F3710.
Dongtingshan Light
Dōngtíngshān Light, January 1999
PRC MSA Shànghǎi Region photo

Dēngbùdǎo Area Lighthouses
Note: Dēngbùdǎo is an inhabited island about 8 km (5 mi) long and 5 km (3 mi) wide located southwest of Zhūjiājiān and southeast of Zhōushān. The island was the scene of an important battle in October 1949, in which the People's Libration Army defeated Nationalist forces occupying the Zhōushān Islands.
Tóngqiánjiāo (Fúlìménshuǐ Dàonán, Fulimenshuidǎo, Fulimen Shuidǎo) (2)
1986 (station established 1964). Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 4 s. 12 m (39 ft) octagonal concrete tower, painted white according to current lists, although the MSA photo shows the upper half painted black with a yellow horizontal band. Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef in the center of the southern entrance to the passage between Zhūjiājiān and Dēngbùdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2398; Admiralty F3714.143; NGA 18937.
Diǎndēngshān (Diǎndēng Shān) (2)
1990 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, painted white. The lighthouse peeks above the trees in a view from the sea. Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island in the center of the sound northwest of Dēngbùdǎo and southeast of Zhōushān. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN 2478; Admiralty F3714.21; NGA 18953.5.
Dōngshǎndǎo (Dōngshǎn Dǎo, Dongxuan Shan) (3)
1994 (station established 1953). Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); white flash every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. Google has a satellite view. Located at the northeastern tip of an island in the passage between Putoshan and Dēngbùdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2396; Admiralty F3714.141.

Táohuādǎo Area Lighthouses
Note: Táohuādǎo is an inhabited island about 12 km (7.5 mi) long located about 8 km (5 mi) southeast of Cape Ketow, the easternmost point of the mainland south of Zhōushān. The name means "Peach Blossom Island."
Táohuādǎo (Táohuā Dǎo) (2)
1997 (station established 1969). Active; focal plane 111 m (364 ft); three white flashes every 12 s. 20 m (66 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted with black and white horizontal bands. No closeup photo available. A distant photo is available, Zhènhǎi MSA has the same photo (last photo on the page), and Google has a satellite view. The lighthouse is located on the southern tip of Táohuādǎo. Site status unknown. CN-2482; Admiralty F3714.14; NGA 18940.
Xiǎoshuāngshān (Xiǎoshuāng Shān) (2)
1997 (station established 1977). Active; focal plane 17.5 m (57 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 15.5 m (51 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, rising from a square pyramidal concrete base. Lighthouse covered with ceramic times and colored with red and white vertical stripes. Google has a satellite view. Located at the southeast end of the island of Xiaoshuongshan, off the southwest coast of Táohuādǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2480; Admiralty F3714.16; NGA 18944.
Xiàlánshān (Xiàlán Shān) (3)
1997 (station established 1954). Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 4 s. 15.5 m (51 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, rising from a square pyramidal concrete base. Lighthouse covered with ceramic times and colored with black and white vertical stripes. Lightphotos.net has a great photo by Knut Helge Schistad, 2008 photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the north end of the island of Xiàlánshān, off the southwest coast of Táohuādǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2479; Admiralty F3714.18; NGA 18948.
Liūwǎngzhòng (Liuwang Shan) (2)
1967 (station established 1952). Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 6 s. 14.5 m (47 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, painted white. The MSA photo is at right; the small tower in the photo is presumably the original light. Google has a satellite view. Located on an island off the northwestern tip of Táohuādǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2475; Admiralty F3714.2; NGA 18952.
Duìluǎnshān
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); green flash every 2 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with tiles colored with green and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the southwest side of Dàqiánméndǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2531.6.
Wàijiāobēidǎo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); white flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the south side of Dàqiánméndǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2531.65.
Liuwangshan
Liūwǎngzhòng Light, Táohuādǎo
PRC MSA Shànghǎi Region photo
Dàqiánméndǎo (Xībáiliánshān, Bailianshan West) (2)
2009 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); three green flashes every 10 s. 18 m (58 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Upper half of the lighthouse painted green, lower half white. Shànghǎi MSA has a photo, and Google has a satellite view of the location. This light marks an important channel junction between Táohuādǎo and Liùhéngdǎo. Located on a small island off the western tip of Dàqiánméndǎo, about 8 km (5 mi) west of Táohuādǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2472.1; Admiralty F3714.201.

Liùhéngdǎo Area Lighthouses
Note: Liùhéngdǎo (Liuheng Dǎo) is an inhabited island roughly 25 km (15 mi) long and 10 km (6 mi) wide, lying southwest of Táohuādǎo.
Wàimàoshí (2) (?)
2003 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 9 m (30 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. This lighthouse has probably been removed; it is not seen in Google's satellite view. Located on an islet off the northern coast of Liùhéngdǎo. Site status unknown. CN-2538; Admiralty F3693.4.
Dàtóngpándǎo (Dàtóngpán Dǎo) (2)
2003 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 31.5 m (103 ft); four white flashes every 10 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. A distant view is available, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located on an islet just off the eastern end of Liùhéngdǎo. Site status unknown. CN-2539; Admiralty F3693.45.
Duìmiànshān (Duìmiàn Shān)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 69 m (226 ft); white flash every 4 s. 6 m (20 ft) square stone tower, painted white. This little tower seems to be a rare survivor of lights common on the Chinese coast in the 1960s. The light is barely visible in Google's distant satellite view. Located on the highest point of Duìmiànshān, an island off the southeastern tip of Liùhéngdǎo. Site status unknown. CN-2541; Admiralty F3693.48.
Bǐjiàshān (Bǐjià Shān, Pi-chia Shan)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 117 m (384 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. Bǐjiàshān is a small but high island about 5 km (3 mi) southeast of the southeastern tip of Liùhéngdǎo. Google has a distant satellite view. Located on the heights at the southeastern end of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2542; Admiralty F3693.5.
Yāquèjiāo (Quèwèijiāo (Quèwèi Jiāo) (2)
1994 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. Google has a distant satellite view of the light. Located on a low, rocky island off the south coast of Liùhéngdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2537; Admiralty F3691.8; NGA 18979.
Shàngshuāngshì (2)
2001(?) (station established 1957). Active; focal plane 27 m (89 ft); red flash every 4 s. 11.5 m (38 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, covered with red ceramic tiles. The original lighthouse was a 5 m (17 ft) square pyramidal rubblestone tower, painted red. An MSA photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located atop an island in the Shangshu Channel, a narrow passage on the west side of Liùhéngdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2535; Admiralty F3692; NGA 18978.
Xiǎngshuǐjiāo (Xiǎngshuǐ Jiāo) (3)
2006(?) (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 9 m (30 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, mounted on a round stone base. The light is listed as having black and white horizontal bands, but the photo of the new lighthouse from Shànghǎi MSA (no longer online) showed the tower painted white, the lantern red, and the base unpainted gray stone. Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef obstructing access to a small port at the northwest end of Liùhéngdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2533; Admiralty F3693.
Shanghuangshi Light
Shàngshuāngshì Light
PRC MSA Shànghǎi Region photo
Fūrénshān (Làitóushān) (2)
2009 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 34 m (112 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 16 m (52 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted with red and white horizontal bands. Shànghǎi MSA has a photo of this new lighthouse, a view from the sea is available, and Google has a satellite view. The former light was on a 7 m (23 ft) post. Located on an islet off the northeast coast of Liùhéngdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2532.01; Admiralty F3714.208.

Fúdùdǎo (Fofodao) Area Lighthouses
Wēnzhōu Zhì
2006. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 2 s. 10 m (33 ft) hexagonal white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the southern end of Fúdùdǎo, an island just west of Liùhéngdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-2534.3; Admiralty F3691.7; NGA 18979.5.
Tīngzishān (Tingtsu Shan)
1991 (station established 1983). Active; focal plane 39 m (128 ft); white flash every 4 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. Google has a satellite view. Tīngzishān is a small island in the middle of the Tīngzi or Tingtsu Channel, the passage between Fúdùdǎo and Meishandǎo; this channel is used by ships following the mainland coast, inside the Zhōushān Islands, between Hángzhōu and Xiǎngshān Bays. Located at the southeastern point of Tīngzishān. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2534; Admiralty F3692.2.
Shānjiāotóudǎo (Shānjiāotóu Dǎo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 2 s. 10 m (33 ft) hexagonal white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a shoal in the Tingzi Channel, about 2 km (1.25 mi) northeast of the Tīngzishān lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-3533.03; Admiralty F3692.28; NGA 18976.1.

Waijiao Lighthouse
Wàijiāo (Outside Reef)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 15.5 m (51 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. This lighthouse marks the start of the passage around the north side of Liùhéngdǎo. An MSA photo is at right, and Google has an indistinct satellite view of the reef. Located on a low, rocky island off the eastern tip of Yuánshāndǎo, about 6 km (3.5 mi) east of the eastern tip of Liùhéngdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2540; Admiralty F3714.1.
Waijiao Light
Wàijiāo Light
PRC MSA Shànghǎi Region photo

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Zhōushān Island Area | South: Xiǎngshān Area

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Posted May 12, 2008. Checked and revised June 26, 2015. Lighthouses: 31. Site copyright 2015 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.