Lighthouses of China: Southeastern Zhoushan Islands, Zhejiang

The Chinese province of Zhejiang (formerly spelled Chekiang) occupies the central coast of the country, south of Shanghai and north of the Formosa Strait. The province faces east on the East China Sea. For the most part the coastline is hilly and irregular, with more than 3000 islands of all sizes offshore.

Hangzhou Bay is a large embayment at the northern end of the province. Spread across the mouth of Hangzhou Bay, the Zhoushan Islands include well over 1000 islands, although only 103 are large enough to be inhabited. Lighting this maze of islands requires hundreds of beacons of all sizes. This page covers lighthouses of the southeastern Zhoushan Islands, which lie to the east and south of Zhoushan Island itself. All of this area lies within the Putuo District of the prefectural city of Zhoushan.

Lighthouses in China are maintained by the PRC Maritime Safety Administration. The administration is organized in four regional administrations, with offices in the major ports. All the lights on this page are maintained by the Zhenhai MSA office. The Chinese word for a lighthouse is dēngtǎ (灯塔). Jiao or chiao is a cape, dao, tao, yu, or hsu is an island, wan is a bay, and kang or gang is a harbor. Due to competing systems for transliterating Chinese into Latin characters, there are always several possible spellings for the names of places in China.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CN numbers are Chinese light list numbers. Admiralty numbers are from volume F of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Lighthouse Appreciation
This portfolio of photos was posted by the Wenzhou MSA office in Zhejiang Province.
Region 9 NGA Nautical Charts
Charts 94180 and 94203 cover this area.
China AMS Topographic Maps
A fine collection of U.S. Army Map Service maps of China, in English, posted by the University of Texas Library.

Luojiashan Light
Luojiashan Light, Putuoshan
Zhejiang Culture Ministry photo

Putuoshan Area Lighthouses
Note: Putuoshan is an island about 15 km (9 mi) in diameter located just east of Zhoushan Island. The island is one of the four sacred mountains of Chinese Buddhism and is famous for its Buddhist shrines.
Waihuoyu (Waihuo Yu)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 57 m (187 ft); three white flashes, in a 2+1 pattern, every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with tiles colored in red and white vertical stripes. No photo available, and the islet is barely visible in Google's satellite view. Located on an islet about 8 km (5 mi) northeast of the northern point of Putuoshan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2382.1; Admiralty F3714.001.
Fenshuijiao (Fenshui Jiao, Shenjia Men) (3)
2007 (station established 1952). Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); nine very quick white flashes every 10 s. 12 m (39 ft) slender round concrete tower with gallery and a narrow lantern. Lighthouse painted yellow with a black horizontal band. Shanghai MSA has a photo of the new lighthouse, and Google has a satellite view. This light warns ships away from the large square concrete pier that supports a tall skeletal tower carrying electric power lines across the narrow strait separating Zhoushan and Putuoshan Islands. The lines cross the strait at its narrowest point, about 1200 m (3/4 mi) across. Located on the northwest corner of the pier, in the middle of the strait. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2388; Admiralty F3714.01.
* Putuoshan (Pu-to Shan) (3)
Date unknown (station established 1952). Active; focal plane 74 m (243 ft); white flash every 4 s. 18 m (59 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. The lighthouse is covered with tiles in a deep gold color. The present lighthouse must have been built after 1999. An MSA photo is at right, Ning Zhang has a photo, a more distant view and a second view are also available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the southwestern tip of Putuoshan. Accessible by hiking trail. Site open, tower closed. CN-2384; Admiralty F3714.148; NGA 18954.
Tongpanshan (Tongpan Shan) (2)
1988 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 73 m (240 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. The light is barely visible in an aerial view, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the southern tip of Putuoshan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN 2400; Admiralty F3714.145.
Gangpanjiao (Gangpan Jiao)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a shoal off the southern tip of Putuoshan. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F3714.015; NGA 18955.5.
Putuoshan Light
Putuoshan Light
PRC MSA Zhenhai Office photo

Zhujiajian Area Lighthouses
Note: Zhujiajian is a large island southeast of Zhoushan Island and south of Putuoshan.
Luojiashan (Lo-chia Shan, Loka Island)
1890 (British). Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); three flashes every 9 s, white or red depending on direction. 7 m (23 ft) round stone tower, painted with red and white horizontal bands. A photo is at the top of this page, the Putuoshan travel office has good photos, and Google has a satellite view of the station. In 2011 the light station was listed as a national historic site by the PRC Cultural Heritage Administration. Luojiashan is a small island off the northeastern tip of Zhujiajian. Located at the northeastern tip of the island. Accessible only by boat, although it appears that transportation from Putuoshan is available. Site status unknown. ARLHS PRC-040; CN-2385; Admiralty F3714; NGA 18932.
Chuanjiao (Chuan Jiao)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); four white flashes every 12 s. 8 m (26 ft) tower; no description or photo available. Google has a very distant satellite view. Located on a reef about 8 km (5 mi) east of Luojiashan. Accessible only by boat. CN 2382.2; Admiralty F3713.
Dongtingshan (Tung-ting Tao)
1907. Active; focal plane 55 m (180 ft); white flash every 10 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round cast iron tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Shanghai MSA's closeup photo is at right, the Zhenhai MSA office has a view from the sea and a distant aerial view of the island and lighthouse, and Google has a very distant satellite view of the island. Dongtingshan is a small island in the East China Sea about 25 km (15 mi) east southeast of Zhujiajian. Located on the highest point of the island. Accessible only by boat, and landing is difficult. Site and tower closed. ARLHS PRC-028; CN-2397; Admiralty F3712; NGA 18936.
Liyangandao (Liyang'an Dao)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 51 m (167 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 7 m (23 ft) white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a rocky islet halfway between Zhujiajian and Dongtingshan. Accessible only by boat. CN 2397.2; Admiralty F3711.
Shangpan Jiao
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 27 m (89 ft); two flashes every 6 s, white or red depending on direction. Approx. 7 m (23 ft) white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. The Admiralty is listing this light with a tower height of only 3 m (10 ft), which is inconsistent with the satellite view. It is possible that a new, shorter light was installed here. Located on a rocky islet about 3 km (2 mi) off the southeastern tip of Zhujiajian. Accessible only by boat. CN 2399; Admiralty F3710.
Dongtingshan Light
Dongtingshan Light, January 1999
PRC MSA Shanghai Region photo

Dengbudao Area Lighthouses
Note: Dengbudao is an inhabited island about 8 km (5 mi) long and 5 km (3 mi) wide located southwest of Zhujiajian and southeast of Zhoushan. The island was the scene of an important battle in October 1949, in which the People's Libration Army defeated Nationalist forces occupying the Zhoushan Islands.
Fulimenshuidao (Fulimen Shuidao) (2)
1986 (station established 1964). Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 4 s. 12 m (39 ft) octagonal concrete tower, painted white according to current lists, although the MSA photo shows the upper half painted black with a yellow horizontal band. Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef in the center of the southern entrance to the passage between Zhujiajian and Dengbudao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN 2398; Admiralty F3714.143; NGA 18937.
Diandengshan (Diandeng Shan) (2)
1990 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, painted white. The lighthouse peeks above the trees in a view from the sea. Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island in the center of the sound northwest of Dengbudao and southeast of Zhoushan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN 2478; Admiralty F3714.21; NGA 18953.5.
Dongshandao (Dongshan Dao, Dongxuan Shan) (3)
1994 (station established 1953). Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); white flash every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. Google has a satellite view. Located at the northeastern tip of an island in the passage between Putoshan and Dengbudao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN 2396; Admiralty F3714.141.

Taohuadao Area Lighthouses
Note: Taohuadao (Taohua Dao) is an inhabited island about 12 km (7.5 mi) long located about 8 km (5 mi) southeast of Cape Ketow, the easternmost point of the mainland south of Zhoushan. The name means "Peach Blossom Island."
Taohuadao (Taohua Dao) (2)
1997 (station established 1969). Active; focal plane 111 m (364 ft); three white flashes every 12 s. 20 m (66 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted with black and white horizontal bands. No closeup photo available. A distant photo is available, Zhenhai MSA has the same photo (last photo on the page), and Google has a satellite view. The lighthouse is located on the southern tip of Taohuadao. Site status unknown. CN-2482; Admiralty F3714.14; NGA 18940.
Xiaoshuongshan (Xiaoshuong Shan) (2)
1997 (station established 1977). Active; focal plane 17.5 m (57 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 15.5 m (51 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, rising from a square pyramidal concrete base. Lighthouse covered with ceramic times and colored with red and white vertical stripes. Google has a satellite view. Located at the southeast end of the island of Xiaoshuongshan, off the southwest coast of Taohuadao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2480; Admiralty F3714.16; NGA 18944.
Xialanshan (Xialan Shan) (3)
1997 (station established 1954). Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 4 s. 15.5 m (51 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, rising from a square pyramidal concrete base. Lighthouse covered with ceramic times and colored with black and white vertical stripes. Lightphotos.net has a great photo by Knut Helge Schistad, 2008 photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the north end of the island of Xialanshan, off the southwest coast of Taohuadao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2479; Admiralty F3714.18; NGA 18948.
Liuwangshan (Liuwang Shan) (2)
1967 (station established 1952). Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 6 s. 14.5 m (47 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, painted white. The MSA photo is at right; the small tower in the photo is presumably the original light. Google has a satellite view. Located on an island off the northwestern tip of Taohuadao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2475; Admiralty F3714.2; NGA 18952.
Bailianshan West (Bailian Shan, Xibailianshan, Daqianmendao) (2)
2009 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); three green flashes every 10 s. 18 m (58 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Upper half of the lighthouse painted green, lower half white. Shanghai MSA has a photo, and Google has a satellite view of the location. This light marks an important channel junction between Taohuadao and Liuhengdao. Located on a small island off the western tip of Daqianmendao, about 8 km (5 mi) west of Taohuadao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2472.1; Admiralty F3714.201.
Liuwangshan
Liuwangshan Light
PRC MSA Shanghai Region photo

Liuhengdao Area Lighthouses
Note: Liuhengdao (Liuheng Dao) is an inhabited island roughly 25 km (15 mi) long and 10 km (6 mi) wide, lying southwest of Taohuadao.
Xibailianshan (Xibailian Shan, Waijiaobei Dao)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); white flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a skerry in the entrance to Touyang Bay, the deep basin north of Liuhengdao. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F3714.2015.
Waimaoshi (2) (?)
2003 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 9 m (30 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. This lighthouse has probably been removed; it is not seen in Google's satellite view. Located on an islet off the northern coast of Liuhengdao. Site status unknown. CN-2538; Admiralty F3693.4.
Datongpandao (Datongpan Dao) (2)
2003 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 31.5 m (103 ft); four white flashes every 10 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. A distant view is available, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located on an islet just off the eastern end of Liuhengdao. Site status unknown. CN-2539; Admiralty F3693.45.
Diumianshan (Diumian Shan)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 69 m (226 ft); white flash every 4 s. 6 m (20 ft) square stone tower, painted white. This little tower seems to be a rare survivor of lights common on the Chinese coast in the 1960s. The light is barely visible in Google's distant satellite view. Located on the highest point of Diumianshan, an island off the southeastern tip of Liuhengdao. Site status unknown. CN-2541; Admiralty F3693.48.
Bijiashan (Bijia Shan, Pi-chia Shan)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 117 m (384 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. Bijiashan is a small but high island about 5 km (3 mi) southeast of the southeastern tip of Liuhengdao. Google has a distant satellite view. Located on the heights at the southeastern end of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2542; Admiralty F3693.5.
Queweijiao (Quewei Jiao) (2)
1994 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. Google has a distant satellite view of the light. Located on a low, rocky island off the south coast of Liuhengdao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2537; Admiralty F3691.8; NGA 18979.
Fenjshuijiao (Fenshui Jiao)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, and the tower is not seen in Google's distant satellite view. Located on a reef off the southwestern tip of Liuhengdao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown.Admiralty F3691.9.
Shangshuangshi (2)
2001(?) (station established 1957). Active; focal plane 27 m (89 ft); red flash every 4 s. 11.5 m (38 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, covered with red ceramic tiles. The original lighthouse was a 5 m (17 ft) square pyramidal rubblestone tower, painted red. An MSA photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located atop an island in the Shangshu Channel, a narrow passage on the west side of Liuhengdao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2535; Admiralty F3692; NGA 18978.
Shanghuangshi Light
Shanghuangshi Light
PRC MSA Shanghai Region photo
Xiangshuijiao (Xiangshui Jiao) (3)
2006(?) (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 9 m (30 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, mounted on a round stone base. The light is listed as having black and white horizontal bands, but the photo of the new lighthouse from Shanghai MSA (no longer online) showed the tower painted white, the lantern red, and the base unpainted gray stone. Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef obstructing access to a small port at the northwest end of Liuhengdao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2533; Admiralty F3693.
Laitoushan (2)
2009 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 34 m (112 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 16 m (52 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted with red and white horizontal bands. Shanghai MSA has a photo of this new lighthouse, and Google has a satellite view. The former light was on a 7 m (23 ft) post. Located on an islet off the northeast coast of Liuhengdao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2532.01; Admiralty F3714.208.

Fodudao Area Lighthouses
Wenzhou Zhi
2006. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 2 s. 10 m (33 ft) hexagonal white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Located on a small island off the southern end of Fodudao, an island just west of Liuhengdao. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F3691.7; NGA 18979.5.
Tingzishan (Tingtsu Shan)
1991 (station established 1983). Active; focal plane 39 m (128 ft); white flash every 4 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. Google has a satellite view. Tingzishan is a small island in the middle of the Tingzi or Tingtsu Channel, the passage between Fodudao and Meishandao; this channel is used by ships following the mainland coast, inside the Zhoushan Islands, between Hangzhou and Xiangshan Bays. Located at the southeastern point of Tingzishan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2534; Admiralty F3692.2.
Shanjiaotoudao (Shanjiaotou Dao)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 2 s. 10 m (33 ft) hexagonal white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a shoal in the Tingzi Channel, about 2 km (1.25 mi) northeast of the Tingzishan lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F3692.28; NGA 18976.1.

Waijiao Lighthouse
Waijiao (Outside Reef)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 15.5 m (51 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. This lighthouse marks the start of the passage around the north side of Liuhengdao. An MSA photo is at right, and Google has an indistinct satellite view of the reef. Located on a low, rocky island off the eastern tip of Motadao, about 6 km (3.5 mi) east of the eastern tip of Liuhengdao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2540; Admiralty F3714.1.
Waijiao Light
Waijiao Light
PRC MSA Shanghai Region photo

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Zhoushan Island Area | South: Xiangshan Area

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Posted May 12, 2008. Checked and revised June 16, 2014. Lighthouses: 31. Site copyright 2014 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.