Lighthouses of China: Central Zhèjiāng (Tàizhōu)

The Chinese province of Zhèjiāng (formerly spelled Chekiang) occupies the central coast of the country, south of Shànghǎi and north of the Formosa Strait. The province faces east on the East China Sea. The coastline is hilly and irregular, with more than 3000 islands of all sizes offshore.

This page lists lighthouses in central Zhèjiāng Province, including the Sānmén Bay area and the port of Jiāojiāng (formerly called Hiamen). This area, now part of the prefectural-level city of Tàizhōu, did not attract much foreign interest during the colonial period, and the European powers built very few lighthouses in the area. As a result, all the lights listed are of recent origin and modern design, like the Niútóujǐngshān lighthouse at right.

Lighthouses in China are maintained by the PRC Maritime Safety Administration. The administration is organized in four regional administrations, with district offices in the major ports. All the lights on this page are maintained by the Wēnzhōu MSA office, which is part of the Shànghǎi Region.

The pinyin system for transliterating Chinese into Latin characters is now the international standard, but some locations continue to be known also under the spellings of older transliteration systems. The Chinese word for a lighthouse is dēngtǎ (灯塔). In pinyin jiāo (formerly chiao) is a reef or rock, jiǎo is a cape or headland, dǎo (tao) is an island; (tsu) is a small island, wān is a bay and gǎng (kang) is a harbor.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CN numbers are the serial numbers used by the Shànghǎi regional office of MSA. Admiralty numbers are from volume F of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Navigation Aids Search
The Shànghǎi MSA provides this access to its database of information on navigational aids: enter a range of CN numbers in the lower pair of boxes and click on the search box below. All information is in Chinese.
Lighthouse Appreciation
This portfolio of photos was posted by the Wēnzhōu MSA office in Zhèjiāng Province.
Chinese English Pinyin Dictionary
A useful tool for juggling the representations of Chinese names.
China AMS Topographic Maps
A fine collection of U.S. Army Map Service maps of China, in English, posted by the University of Texas Library.


Niútóujǐngshān Light, Jiāojiāng (Hǎimén)
PRC MSA Shànghǎi Region photo

Sānmén Bay Area Lighthouses
Cháng Yǔ
1962. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) hexagonal brick tower, covered with white ceramic tiles. Google has a satellite view. This light and the next three were formerly maintained by the Tàizhōu Prefecture Port Authority; they were transferred to MSA control in 2001. Located on a small island in upper Sānmén Bay, about 7 km (4 mi) northeast of Sānmén. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2615.
Guǎfùjiāo (Guafa Jiao, Shuang Jiao, Widow Reef) (2)
2003. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. Google has a distant satellite view. Located on a mid-channel shoal in Lìyànggǎng (Lìyàng Harbor) at the extreme northwestern corner of Sānmén Bay. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2616; Admiralty F3682.45.
Tóujiāo (Tóu Jiāo, Head Reef) (2)
2003. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); red flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. Google has a distant satellite view. Located on a shoal in the upper end of Lìyànggǎng at the extreme northwestern corner of Sānmén Bay. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2617.
Sānmén Yángjiāo (2?)
Date unknown (station established 1962). Active; focal plane 8 m; white flash every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) square cylindrical white concrete tower. Bing has a satellite view. This light is described as hexagonal on the MSA page, so it is likely the tower has been rebuilt recently. Located on a reef in the southern entrance to Sānmén Bay. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2626; Admiralty F3682.4.
Píngjiāo (Píng Jiāo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); four white flashes every 10 s. 6 m (20 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower, covered with white ceramic tiles. A larger version of the Shànghǎi MSA photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef in the southern entrance to Sānmén Bay. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2625; Admiralty F3682.2.

Pǔbà Harbor Lighthouses
Dàdiézhuānshān (Pǔbà Gǎng)
2006(?). Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); white flash every 3 s. Approx. 7 m (23 ft) round (?) white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located atop a small island in the center of the entrance to Pǔbà Bay, an inlet about halfway between Sānmén and Tàizhōu Bays. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2635.3; Admiralty F3680.5.
Fànbìdǎo (Fànbì Dǎo) (2)
1997 (station established 1959). Active; focal plane 23 m (79 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) hexagonal brick tower, covered with white ceramic tiles. Recent light lists describe a smaller tower at this location, so the lighthouse may have been removed. A PRC photo is at right, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a small island southeast of the entrance to Pǔbà harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2638; Admiralty F3680.2.
Fanbidao Light
Fanbidao Light
PRC MSA Shànghǎi Region photo

Tàizhōu Bay and Jiāojiāng (Hǎimén) Lighthouses
Note: Tàizhōu (Taichow) Bay leads to the port of Jiāojiāng, formerly called Hǎimén. The city's name was changed in 1981 to avoid confusion with other Hǎiméns in Jiāngsū and Guǎngdōng Provinces. However, the city is still called Hǎimén in many contemporary sources, including MSA's web site. The Jī Islands are scattered across the mouth of Tàizhōu Bay.
Shuǐniútóujǐngdǎo (Shuǐniútóujǐng Dǎo, Kinmendao, Kinmen Tao) (2)
1959 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 57 m (187 ft); white flash every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) hexagonal stone tower with lantern and gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. Bing has a satellite view. Located on an islet off the northeastern tip of Shuǐniútóujǐngdǎo (Kinmendao), the northernmost of the Jī Islands, about 50 km (30 mi) east northeast of Jiāojiāng. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2639; Admiralty F3680.4.
Dōngjīdǎo (Dōngjī Dǎo, Tung-chi Tao) (2)
1959 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 91 m (299 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round stone tower with lantern and gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. MSA's photo is at right, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the eastern tip of Dōngjīdǎo, the easternmost of the Jī Islands, about 50 km (30 mi) east of Jiāojiāng. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2640; Admiralty F3681; NGA 18983.
Làitóu Yǔ
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 24.5 m (80 ft); white flash every 3 s. 8 m (26 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the north coast of Dōngjīdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2640.5.
Wǔpéng Yǔ
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 41 m (135 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 6 m (20 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island about 6 km (4 mi) south southwest of Dōngjīdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2641.1; Admiralty F3680.7.
Xiàjiéshān (Xiàjié Shān, Toumenshan, Toumen Shan) (3)
1994 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) round stone tower with lantern and gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. Bing has a satellite view. Located at the northeastern tip of Xiàjiéshān (Toumenshan), the southwesternmost island of the Jī group. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2642; Admiralty F3680.3.
Xiǎozhúshān (Xiǎozhú Shān, Ta-chu) (3)
1990 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 42 m (138 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical stone tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tiles, colored white with black horizontal bands at the top and bottom. The lens and electrical equipment had to be replaced after being struck by lightning in July 1996. Google has a satellite view. Located on an islet off the northwestern coast of Xiàjiéshān (Toumenshan). Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2643; Admiralty F3680.
Yángjiāo (Tàizhōu Wān) (3)
1994 (station established 1954). Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); three quick white flashes every 10 s. 12.5 m (41 ft) hexagonal cylindrical stone tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tiles, colored black with a yellow horizontal band. Google has a satellite view. Located on a dangerous reef about 5 km (3 mi) northwest of Xiàjiéshān (Toumenshan). Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2644; Admiralty F3680.25; NGA 18982.5.
Dongjidao Light
Dōngjīdǎo Light
PRC MSA Shànghǎi Region photo
Bǎijiāshān (Bǎijiā Shān)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); white flash every 3 s. 8 m (26 ft) round white concrete tower, colored white with red horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a skerry at the southeastern end of the Jī Islands. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2641.11; Admiralty F3679.5.
Dàcháhuā (Dajahua, Ta-cha-hua) (2)
1994 (station established 1988). Active; focal plane 41 m (135 ft); white flash every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) hexagonal stone tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. Google has a satellite view. Located on an islet in the entrance to Tàizhōu Bay, about 30 km (19 mi) east of Jiāojiāng. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2644.1; Admiralty F3679.
Chēngjiāodǎo (Chēngjiāo Dǎo, Chengji Shan) (2)
1993. (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 26 m (89 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round stone tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. Google has a satellite view. Located on an islet in the entrance to Tàizhōu Bay, about 25 km (15 mi) east southeast of Jiāojiāng. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2645; Admiralty F3678.
* Niútóujǐngshān (Niútóujǐng Shān, Dongshanjiao) (3)
1978 (station established 1954). Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 13 m (43 ft) round concrete tower with double gallery, covered with red ceramic tiles. MSA's photo is at the top of this page, and Bing has a satellite view. This seems to be Tàizhōu's best known lighthouse. Located on a wooded ridge that interrupts the quays of Jiāojiāng (Hǎimén) harbor, on the south side of the Lingjiang estuary. Site appears open, tower closed. CN-2650; Admiralty F3677.5.
Chángshùnbà No. 1
2000. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); four yellow flashes in a short-long-long-short pattern every 12 s. 9 m (30 ft) round strongly conical concrete tower, mounted on four concrete piles. Lighthouse painted orange; the tower also carries an X-shaped daymark. Bing has a satellite view. This light, which marks a shoal parallel to the main channel in Jiāojiāng's harbor, was built by the Tàizhōu Prefecture Port Authority and transferred to MSA in 2001. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2650.1; Admiralty F3677.

Tàizhōu Islands Lighthouses
Note: The Tàizhōu Islands lie about 40 km (25 mi) southeast of the Tàizhōu harbor entrance. The principal islands are Shangdachen and Xiadachen.
Shéshāndǎo (Shéshān Dǎo, Snake Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); white flash every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on the small island of Shéshāndǎo, the northernmost of the Tàizhōu Islands. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2668; Admiralty F3676.5.
Xiǎojiāotóujiāo (Xiǎojiāotóu Jiāo, Xiǎojiāotóu) (3)
1999 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) hexagonal concrete tower, faced with brick, with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white. MSA's photo is at right, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on an islet north of Xiadachen Dao in the Tàizhōu Islands, about 50 km (30 mi) southeast of Jiāojiāng. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2669; Admiralty F3675.5; NGA 18984.
Tàizhōu Gāngpándǎo (2)
1994 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); red flash every 3 s. 7.5 m (25 ft) round concrete tower, covered with white tiles. Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef off the south side of Shàngdàchén island, in the South China Sea about 100 km (60 mi) southeast of Jiāojiāng. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2670; Admiralty F3676; NGA 18992.
Zhú Yǔ (Chu Hsu) (2)
1959 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 63 m (207 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, colored white. Bing has a distant satellite view. Located atop an islet about 1.5 km (1 mi) west of the western tip of Xiàdàchén Dao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2672; Admiralty F3674; NGA 18996.
Xià Yǔ
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 153.5 m (504 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on the island at the southeastern end of the Tàizhōu Islands. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2674.5; Admiralty F3675.
Liánzǐjiāo (Liánzǐ Jiāo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on a reef off the southwestern end of the Tàizhōu Islands. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2674; Admiralty F3674.5.
Xiaojiaotoujiao Light
Xiaojiaotoujiao Light
PRC MSA Shànghǎi Region photo

Sōngmén Peninsula Area Lighthouses
Note: The blunt Sōngmén Peninsula projects southward, sheltering the northern end of Aiwān Bay.
Lǐyú Běijiāo (2) (?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower painted with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. The original light had a focal plane of 8 m (26 ft). the light has disappeared from the MSA listing. Located on a reef in the approach to Jinqing harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2675; Admiralty F3672.3.
Báijiāo (Bái Jiāo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 31.5 m (103 ft); white flash every 5 s. 11.5 m (37 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located atop a small island off the southeast end of the Sōngmén Peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2682.6.
Niúshāndǎo (Niúshān Dǎo) (3)
1996 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 48 m (157 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) hexagonal concrete tower with gallery, covered with white tiles. Bing has a satellite view. Located on a steep ridge at the northwestern corner of Niushandao, an island off the southeast end of the Sōngmén Peninsula. Site status unknown. CN-2683; Admiralty F3669.7.
Luò Yǔ (Lo Hsu) (3)
1993 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 79 m (259 ft); white flash every 3 s. 9 m (30 ft) hexagonal cylindrical stone tower with gallery, covered with tiles colored with red and white vertical stripes. Bing has a satellite view. This light is an important navigational aid for ships approaching Wēnzhōu from the north. Located atop a small island about 10 km (6 mi) off the end of the Sōngmén Peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2684; Admiralty F3670; NGA 19000.
Wūyǔ (Wū Yǔ, E Yu) (3)
1995 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 55 m (180 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 12 m (39 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. A view from the sea is available, and Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located on an islet about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) off the end of the Sōngmén Peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2685; Admiralty F3669.6.
Yīsuàndǎo (Yīsuàn Dǎo, Isuan Dao) (2)
1965 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 82 m (269 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. MSA's photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the outermost islet of the Sānsuàn group, about 8 km (5 mi) southeast of the Sōngmén Peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2686; Admiralty F3669; NGA 19004.
Gǒuējiāo (Gǒuē Jiāo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13.5 m (44 m); two white flashes every 5 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted black with a red horizontal band. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a skerry off the harbor of Shítángzhèn, a port at the tip of the Sōngmén Peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2686.2; Admiralty F3668.3.
Wàilóngyǎn (4)
1979 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 4 s. 13 m (43 ft) round stone tower mounted on a round cylindrical stone base, all painted white. An external stairway winds around the stone base. Bing has an indistinct satellite view. The second light at this exposed location was damaged by a typhoon in 1969 and destroyed by another typhoon in 1973. The present light was repaired after being damaged by yet another typhoon in 1998. Located on a reef about 6 km (4 mi) southwest of the extreme tip of the Sōngmén Peninsula, in the entrance to Aiwān (Yevan) Bay. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2687; Admiralty F3668; NGA 19008.
Yisuandao Light
Yīsuàndǎo Light, Shítángzhèn
PRC Maritime Safety Administration Shànghǎi Region photo

Yùhuán Area Lighthouses
Note: Yùhuán is a former island, now connected to the mainland by dikes and reclaimed land. The island/peninsula is the southernmost county of Tàizhōu and separates the East China Sea from Yuèqīng Bay to the west.
Dàdòngjīngdǎo (Dàdòngjīng Dǎo, Tongzhenshan)
2001 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 83 m (272 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tiles colored white with red trim. Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located on an island about 8 km (5 mi) northwest of the Pīshān Islands at the south end of Aiwān Bay. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2689; Admiralty F3667; NGA 19010.
Xiàlàngdāngdǎo (Xiàlàngdāng Dǎo, Langtang Hsu) (2)
1963 (station established 1956). Active; focal plane 60 m (197 ft); three white flashes every 20 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) octagonal cylindrical stone tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tiles colored with red and white vertical stripes. Bing has a distant satellite view. This modest lighthouse serves as a landfall light for Wēnzhōu. Located on a small island about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) southeast of the Pīshān Islands and 70 km (45 mi) east of Wēnzhōu city. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2693; Admiralty F3665; NGA 19012.
Qiánshān (Chien Shan) (2)
1988 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round stone tower, painted white. Bing has a satellite view. Located on an island about 12 km (7.5 mi) southeast of the Pīshān Islands. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2691; Admiralty F3664.5; NGA 19016.
Chōngdān Yǔ
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); white flash every 4 s. 12 m (39 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, painted white. A distant view is available, and Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on a small island in the entrance to the inner basin of Xuánmén Bay, which has been closed off by a dike and presumably will be reclaimed. Site status unknown. CN-2692; Admiralty F3666.3.
Dàyántóu (Ganlu Zui) (3)
1999 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 71 m (233 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white tiles. Google has a satellite view. Located at the southern tip of Yùhuán. Site status unknown. CN-2700; Admiralty F3660.82.
Jiānzuǐjiāo (Jiānzuǐ Jiāo, Zhihu Jiao, Pipefish Reef) (2)
2002 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, mounted on a square concrete pier. Lighthouse painted with red and black horizontal bands. Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef off the southwest coast of Yùhuán. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2700.1; Admiralty F3661.2; NGA 19070.
Liányǔ (Lián Yǔ) (2)
2009 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 11 m (36 ft) round white concrete tower with gallery. No photo of the new light is available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island at the northwestern corner of Yùhuán. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2712.1; Admiralty F3662.21.
Dayantou Light
Dàyántóu Light, December 1999
PRC MSA Shànghǎi Region photo

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Xiàngshān Area | South: Southern Zhèjiāng

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Posted June 9, 2008. Checked and revised July 10, 2015. Lighthouses: 40. Site copyright 2015 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.