Lighthouses of China: Níngdé, Fújiàn

The Chinese province of Fújiàn (formerly spelled Fukien or Fuchien) is located on the southeastern coast of the country, facing Taiwan across the Formosa (Taiwan) Strait. The coastline is rugged and irregular, with many islands and reefs threatening unwary navigators. This page includes lighthouses of the prefectural level city of Níngdé, in the northern part of the province adjacent to Zhèjiāng.

The coastline of Níngdé is particularly intricate, with numerous islands and bays cutting deeply into the mainland. Sānshā Bay is the largest of these embayments.

Lighthouses in China are maintained by the PRC Maritime Safety Administration. The administration is organized in four regional administrations, with district offices in the major ports. All the lights on this page are maintained by the Fúzhōu MSA office, which is part of the Shànghǎi Region.

The pinyin system for transliterating Chinese into Latin characters is now the international standard, but some locations continue to be known also under the spellings of older transliteration systems. The Chinese word for a lighthouse is dēngtǎ (灯塔). In pinyin jiāo (formerly chiao) is a reef or rock, jiǎo is a cape or headland, dǎo (tao) is an island; (tsu) is a small island, wān is a bay and gǎng (kang) is a harbor.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CN numbers are the serial numbers used by the Shànghǎi regional office of MSA. Admiralty numbers are from volume F of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Navigation Aids Search
The Shànghǎi MSA provides this access to its database of information on navigational aids: enter a range of CN numbers in the lower pair of boxes and click on the search box below. All information is in Chinese.
Lighthouse Appreciation
This portfolio of photos was posted by the Wēnzhōu MSA office in Zhèjiāng Province.
Chinese English Pinyin Dictionary
A useful tool for juggling the representations of Chinese names.
China AMS Topographic Maps
A fine collection of U.S. Army Map Service maps of China, in English, posted by the University of Texas Library.

Xitaishan Light
Xītáishān Light, Táishān Islands, Fúdǐng County
PRC MSA Shànghǎi Region photo

Fúdǐng County Lighthouses

Táishān Islands Lighthouse
Xītáishān (West Táishān Island) (2)
1992 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 144 m (472 ft); white flash every 4 s. 24.5 m (80 ft) tower with lantern, six sweeping buttresses, and a circular observation room under the lantern. Lighthouse covered with white ceramic tile; lantern roof painted red. The China MSA Museum's photo is above, another photo is available (halfway down the page), there's a distant view, and Google has a satellite view. The Táishān Islands are located about 30 km (19 mi) off the mainland precisely on the border between Zhèjiāng and Fújiàn provinces. Prior to 1950 the islands were part of Zhèjiāng, but recent maps show that they are now in Fújiàn. Located at the highest point of Xītáishān (West Táishān). Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS PRC-068; CN-2861; Admiralty F3648; NGA 19087.

Shāchéng Bay Area Lighthouses
Fújiàn Tóu (Fújiàn Head) (2)
1996. Active; focal plane 48 m (157 ft); four white flashes every 12 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. The stump of the older beacon survives next to the lighthouse. Bing has a satellite view. Named for the province, this light marks the northernmost point of the Fújiàn coastline. Located on a promontory at the south side of the entrance to Shāchéng harbor. Site status unknown. CN-2835; Admiralty F3648.13.
Liánhuā Yǔ (2)
2003 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 16.5 m (54 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 10.5 m (34 ft) round fiberglass tower, colored in red and white horizontal bands. (MSA's page apparently depicts the original lighthouse, a white masonry tower.) 2-story keeper's house with a tile roof. Bing has a good satellite view. This interesting and probably historic light station is located on a tiny islet in the center of the Shāchéng estuary, about 7 km (4.5 mi) northwest of the Fújiàn Head light. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2838; Admiralty F3648.1.
Wúwěigǎngjiǎo (Guānyīnqí, Wúwěigǎng Jiǎo)
2007. Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tile colored with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on a steep promontory on the south side of the entrance to Shāchéng Bay. Site status unknown. CN-2833.33; Admiralty F3648.125.

Huángqí Peninsula Lighthouses
Dōngguāyǔ (Dōngguā Yǔ)
2007. Active; focal plane 58 m (190 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. The lighthouse is just barely visible on the nose of the ridge in a view from the sea, but the lighthouse is not seen in Google's satellite view. Dōngguā is a steep-sided island that extends the ridge of the Huángqí Peninsula. Located at the extreme northeastern tip of the ridge. Site status unknown. CN-2833.5; Admiralty F3648.12.
Huángqí (3)
1995 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 68 m (223 ft); white flash every 3 s. 14 m (46 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. A photo is at right, Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the tip of a promontory about 12 km (7.5 mi) north of Dayushan. Land access to this rugged location may be difficult. Site status unknown. CN-2834; Admiralty F3645.
Lǎoyǔ (Lǎo Yǔ)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 7 m (23 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal concrete tower colored with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located at the southern tip of an island off the south coast of the Huángqí Peninsula. Site status unknown. CN-2834.5; Admiralty F3646.
Rìyǔ (Rì Yǔ)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 65 m (213 ft); white flash every 6 s. 13 m (43 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower, painted with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located atop a small island about 8 km (5 mi) south of the Huángqí lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2861.3; Admiralty F3644.8.

Huángqí Light, Fúdǐng County
PRC Maritime Safety Administration Shànghǎi Region photo

Xīngdǎo Islands Lighthouse
Xīxīngdǎo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 48 m (157 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 12 m (39 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower, painted with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located atop a small island in the Xīngdǎo group about 13 km (8 mi) east northeast of Dàyúshān Island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2861.5; Admiralty F3644.5.

Fuyao Islands Lighthouses
Yuānyāngdǎojiǎo (Yuānyāngdǎo Jiǎo)
2012. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, and the lighthouse is too new to appear in Google's satellite view. Located on a cape on an island off the northeast coast of Dàyúshān Island. Site status unknown. CN-2861.9; Admiralty F3643.02.
Xiǎoyánggǔwěi
2012. Active; focal plane 39 m (128 ft); white flash every 4 s.12 m (39 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower, colored with red and white horizontal bands. A view from the sea is available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the east end of Niǎodǎo (Bird Island), a steep-sided island off the east end of Dàyúshān Island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2861.92; Admiralty F3643.015.
Gēshāndōng
1985. Active; focal plane 37 m (121 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) square pyramidal concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. Bing has a satellite view. Located at the east end of a small island about 5 km (3 mi) northeast of Sānshā. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2864; Admiralty F3643.2.
Xiǎoyúshān (2)
1985 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 79 m (259 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. A photo is at right, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the western tip of the island of Xiǎoyúshān, about 8 km (5 mi) east of Sānshā, marking the northern entrance to the Qùpí Pass, a narrow passage around the end of the Sānshā peninsula. Site status unknown. CN-2862; Admiralty F3643.1.
Dàjīlóng (Dàjīlóng Dǎo)
2007. Active; focal plane 16 m (49 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 8 m (26 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the southeastern entrance to the Qùpí Pass. Site status unknown. CN-2862.5; Admiralty F3643.05.
Chūbìménzhúpái (2)
1991 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 4 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef at the southern entrance to the Qùpí Pass. Site status unknown. CN-2863; Admiralty F3643.
Yuánjiāoyǔ (Yuánjiāo Yǔ)
2007. Active; focal plane 12 m (49 ft); white flash every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located about 500 m (0.3 mi) southwest of the Chubimenzhupai light. Site status unknown. CN-2866.1; Admiralty F3642.9.

Xiǎoyúshān Light, Sānshā Peninsula
PRC Maritime Safety Administration Shànghǎi Region photo
Huánghuājiāo (Huánghuā Jiāo, Yellow Reef)
2007. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); four white flashes every 15 s. 8 m (26 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located about 500 m (0.4 mi) west southwest of the Yuanjiaoyu light. Site status unknown. CN-2866.2; Admiralty F3642.85.
Xiàlúdǎo (Xialú Dǎo)
2008. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower, colored with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the south coast of the Huángqí Peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2868.4; Admiralty F3643.5.

Xiápǔ County Lighthouses

Dōngchōng Peninsula Lighthouses
Jiàbēi (2)
1998 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 54 m (177 ft); white flash every 5 s. 12.5 m (41 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. MSA's photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the northeast shoulder of the Dōngchōng peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2869; Admiralty F3642.5.
Lǘtóuwěi
2007. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a sharp promontory on the southeast side of the Dōngchōng peninsula. Site status unknown. CN-2869.3; Admiralty F3642.4; NGA 19090.9.
Chángcǎoyǔ (Chángcǎo Yǔ)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 27 m (89 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) square concrete tower with gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located on a small island off the south coast of the Dōngchōng peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2869.5; Admiralty F3642.3; NGA 19090.7.
Qīngtánjiāo (Qīngtán Jiāo)
2008. Active; focal plane 7 m (23 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal concrete tower colored with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, and the tower is not seen in Bing's satellite view. Located on a reef off the southern coast of the Dōngchōng Peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2869.7; Admiralty F3641.91.

Jiàbēi
Light, Dōngchōng, August 1998
PRC MSA Shànghǎi Region photo
Niújiǎozhi (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft) (?); two green flashes every 6 s. 5 m (17 ft) (?) square pyramidal concrete tower. A photo and a distant view are available, and Google has a satellite view. This light marks the east side of the entrance to Sānshā Bay; in the photo it appears taller than the listed height. Located at the tip of a sharp promontory at the southwestern tip of the Dōngchōng Peninsula. Site status unknown. CN-2873; Admiralty F3641.62.

Fúyīng and Xīyáng Islands Lighthouses
Note: These islands lie off the southeast coast of the Dōngchōng Peninsula.
Liù'ěr (2)
1986 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) hexagonal concrete tower with gallery, painted white. Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on an isolated rocky pinnacle in the channel off the southwestern tip of Fúyīngdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2870; Admiralty F3642; NGA 19090.5.
Mǎcìdǎo (Mǎcì Dǎo)
2008. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal concrete tower colored with black and white horizontal bands. A photo is available, and the tower is not seen in Google's indistinct satellite view. Located at the southwestern tip of Mǎcìdǎo, an island south of Fúyīngdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2870.07; Admiralty F3641.94.
Kuíshāndǎo (Kuíshān Dǎo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 76.5 m (251 ft); white flash every 4 s. 11.5 m (38 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white tile. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island at the southeast corner of the Xīyáng group. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2870.1; Admiralty F3641.95; NGA 19091.
Wúcǎoyǔ (Wúcǎo Yǔ)
2008. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); two white flashes every 4 s. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal concrete tower colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. The name means "No Grass Islet." Located on an islet off the northern tip of Xīyángdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2870.05; Admiralty F3641.935.
Èrjiānyán (Èrjiān Yán)
2008. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) hexagonal concrete tower colored with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located on an islet off the southwestern tip of Xīyángdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2871.9; Admiralty F3641.88.
Mǎ'ānzǐdǎo (Mǎ'ānzǐ Dǎo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) square white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef off the western tip of Mǎ'ānzǐdǎo, about 4 km (2.5 mi) northwest of Xīyángdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2871.5; Admiralty F3641.93; NGA 19091.3.
Wūyǔ (Wū Yǔ, Isthmus Island) (3)
1996 (station established 1954). Active; focal plane 98 m (322 ft); white flash every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with double gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. The Shànghǎi MSA photo is at right, and Google has a very distant satellite view. Located on a small island between Xīyángdǎo and the Dōngchōng peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2871; Admiralty F3641.9.
Wuyu Light
Wūyǔ Light, Xīyáng Islands, March 1997
PRC MSA Shànghǎi Region photo
Sìtuǐyǔ (Sìtuǐ Yǔ) (2)
1984 (station established 1954). Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 13 m (43 ft) hexagonal concrete tower, painted white. Google has a satellite view. The name means "Four-legged Islet." Located on an islet about 7 km (4.5 mi) west of Xīyángdǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2872; Admiralty F3641.8.

Sānshā Bay Lighthouses

Note: Sānshā Bay is a complex system of inlets and waterways protected by the Dōngchōng Peninsula. Níngdé City, the capital of the prefecture, is located on one of the western arms of the bay.
Xiápǔ County Lighthouse
Lóngbíchuānjiǎo (Lóngbíchuān Jiǎo)
2012(?). Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the tip of a promontory in the northeastern section of Sānshā Bay. Site status unknown. CN-2893.7; Admiralty F3641.709.

Fú'ān City Lighthouses
Qīngyǔzǐ
2012(?). Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) round white concrete tower. A distant view shows the light at the far right, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located on an islet off the promontory at the east side of the the entrance to Báimǎ Harbor in upper Sānshā Bay. Site status unknown. CN-2899.7; Admiralty F3641.695.
Táijiǎo (Tái Jiǎo)
2012(?). Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) round white concrete tower. A distant view shows the light at the far right, but the lighthouse is too new to appear in Google's satellite view. Located on a promontory at the west side of the entrance to Báimǎ Harbor in upper Sānshā Bay. Site status unknown. CN-2899.8; Admiralty F3641.693.
Fúyǔ (Fú Yǔ)
2012(?). Active; focal plane 8 m (26 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the tip of a promontory on upper Sānshā Bay, about 3 km (2 mi) north of the Niǎoyǔ lighthouse. Site status unknown. CN-2910.5; Admiralty F3641.707.

Jiāochéng District Lighthouses
Note: The Jiāochéng District occupies the west and southwest side of Sānshā Bay, including downtown Níngdé.
Hóulóngqíjiǎo (Niǎoyǔ, Hóulóngqí Jiǎo)
2012(?). Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the eastern tip of Niǎoyǔ (Bird Island), an island about 13 km (8 mi) northeast of Níngdé. Site status unknown. CN-2909.7; Admiralty F3641.706.
Chángqiāowěi (Sāndōudǎo, Sandu Dao, Chángqiāo Wěi)
2012(?). Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower, covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, and the lighthouse is too new to appear in Google's satellite view. Located at the eastern end of Sāndōudǎo, a large island in the center of Sānshā Bay. Site status unknown. CN-2898; Admiralty F3641.685.
Xiàngbítóu (Xiàngbí Tóu, Qīngshāndǎo)
2012(?). Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower, covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located at eastern end of Qīngshāndǎo, an island in Sānshā Bay. Site status unknown. CN-2889.5; Admiralty F3641.67.
Jīwěijiǎo (Jīgōngshān, Jīwěi Jiǎo)
2012(?). Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower, covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the tip of a promontory on the northeastern tip of Jīgōngshān, an island in the entrance to Sānshā Bay. Site status unknown. CN-2875.1; Admiralty F3641.635.
Jīgōngshān West
2012(?). Active; focal plane 8 m (26 ft); white flash every 4 s. 7 m (23 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the western tip of Jīgōngshān. Site status unknown. CN-2875.2; Admiralty F3641.63.
Hǔwěijiǎo (Hǔwěi Jiǎo)
2012(?). Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower, covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the tip of a promontory on the west side of the entrance to Sānshā Bay. Site status unknown. CN-2874.1; Admiralty F3641.625.

Adjoining pages: North: Southern Zhèjiāng | South: Fúzhōu

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Posted July 7, 2008. Checked and revised July 25, 2015. Lighthouses: 41. Site copyright 2015 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.