Lighthouses of China: Ningde, Fujian

The Chinese province of Fujian (formerly spelled Fukien or Fuchien) is located on the southeastern coast of the country, facing Taiwan across the Formosa (Taiwan) Strait. The coastline is rugged and irregular, with many islands and reefs threatening unwary navigators. This page includes lighthouses of the prefectural level city of Ningde, in the northern part of the province adjacent to Zhejiang.

The coastline of Ningde is particularly intricate, with numerous islands and bays cutting deeply into the mainland. Sansha Bay is the largest of these embayments.

Lighthouses in China are maintained by the PRC Maritime Safety Administration. The administration is organized in four regional administrations, with district offices in the major ports. All the lights on this page are maintained by the Fuzhou MSA office, which is part of the Shanghai Region. The Chinese word for a lighthouse is dēngtǎ (灯塔). Jiao or chiao is a cape, dao, tao, yu, or hsu is an island, wan is a bay, and kang or gang is a harbor. Due to competing systems for transliterating Chinese into Latin characters, there are always several possible spellings for the names of places in China.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CN numbers are the serial numbers used by the Shanghai regional office of MSA. Admiralty numbers are from volume F of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
MSA Aids to Navigation - Lighthouse
Two pages of photos of prominent Chinese lighthouses.
Lighthouse Appreciation
This portfolio of photos was posted by the Wenzhou MSA office in Zhejiang Province.
Region 9 NGA Nautical Charts
Chart 94160 covers this area.
China AMS Topographic Maps
A fine collection of U.S. Army Map Service maps of China, in English, posted by the University of Texas Library.

Xitaishan Light
Xitaishan Light, Taishan Islands, Fuding County
PRC MSA Shanghai Region photo

Fuding County Lighthouses

Taishan Islands Lighthouse
Xitaishan (West Taishan Island) (2)
1992 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 144 m (472 ft); white flash every 4 s. 24.5 m (80 ft) tower with lantern, six sweeping buttresses, and a circular observation room under the lantern. Lighthouse covered with white ceramic tile; lantern roof painted red. The China MSA Museum's photo is above, another photo is available (halfway down the page), there's a distant view, and Bing has a satellite view. The Taishan Islands are located about 30 km (19 mi) off the mainland precisely on the border between Zhejiang and Fujian provinces. Prior to 1950 the islands were part of Zhejiang, but recent maps show that they are now in Fujian. Located at the highest point of Xitaishan (West Taishan). Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS PRC-068; CN-2861; Admiralty F3648; NGA 19087.

Kuanjiang Bay Area Lighthouses
Fujian Tou (Fujian Head) (2)
1996. Active; focal plane 48 m (157 ft); four white flashes every 12 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. The stump of the older beacon survives next to the lighthouse. Bing has a satellite view. Named for the province, this light marks the northernmost point of the Fujian coastline. Located on a promontory at the south side of the entrance to the Kuanjiang estuary. Site status unknown. CN-2835; Admiralty F3648.13.
Lianhua Yu (2)
2003 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 16.5 m (54 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 10.5 m (34 ft) round fiberglass tower, colored in red and white horizontal bands. (MSA's page apparently depicts the original lighthouse, a white masonry tower.) 2-story keeper's house with a tile roof. Bing has a good satellite view. This interesting and probably historic light station is located on a tiny islet in the center of the Kuanjiang estuary, about 7 km (4.5 mi) northwest of the Fujian Head light. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2838; Admiralty F3648.1.
Wuweigang Jiao (Wuweigangjiao)
2007. Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tile colored with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on a steep promontory on the south side of the entrance to Shacheng Bay. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3648.125.

Huangqi Peninsula Lighthouses
Dongguayu (Donggua Yu)
2007. Active; focal plane 58 m (190 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. The lighthouse is just barely visible on the nose of the ridge in a view from the sea, but the lighthouse is not seen in Google's satellite view. Donggua is a steep-sided island that extends the ridge of the Huangqi Peninsula. Located at the extreme northeastern tip of the ridge. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3648.12.
Huangqi (3)
1995 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 68 m (223 ft); white flash every 3 s. 14 m (46 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. A photo is at right, Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the tip of a promontory about 12 km (7.5 mi) north of Dayushan. Land access to this rugged location may be difficult. Site status unknown. CN-2834; Admiralty F3645.
Laoyu (Lao Yu)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 7 m (23 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal concrete tower colored with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located at the southern tip of an island off the south coast of the Huangqi Peninsula. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3646.
Riyu (Ri Yu)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 65 m (213 ft); white flash every 6 s. 13 m (43 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower, painted with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located atop a small island about 8 km (5 mi) south of the Huangqi lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2861.3; Admiralty F3644.8.

Huangqi Light, Fuding County
PRC Maritime Safety Administration Shanghai Region photo

Xingdao Islands Lighthouse
Xixingdao
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 48 m (157 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 12 m (39 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower, painted with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located atop a small island in the Xingdao group about 13 km (8 mi) east northeast of Yuanyang Island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2861.5; Admiralty F3644.5.

Fuyao Islands Lighthouses
Yuanyangdaojiao (Yuanyangdao Jiao)
2012. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, and the lighthouse is too new to appear in Google's satellite view. Located on a cape on an island off the northeast coast of Dayushan Island. Site status unknown. CN-2861.9; Admiralty F3643.02.
Xiaoyanggu Wei
2012. Active; focal plane 39 m (128 ft); white flash every 4 s.12 m (39 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower, colored with red and white horizontal bands. A view from the sea is available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the east end of Niaodao, a steep-sided island off the east end of Dayushan Island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2861.92; Admiralty F3643.015.
Geshandong
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 37 m (121 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) square pyramidal concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. Bing has a satellite view. Located at the east end of a small island about 5 km (3 mi) northeast of Sansha. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2864; Admiralty F3643.2.
Xiaoyushan (2)
1985 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 79 m (259 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. A photo is at right, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the western tip of the island of Qupidao, about 8 km (5 mi) east of Sansha, marking the northern entrance to the Qupi Pass, a narrow passage around the end of the Sansha peninsula. Site status unknown. CN-2862; Admiralty F3643.1.
Dajilongdao (Dajilong Dao)
2007. Active; focal plane 16 m (49 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 8 m (26 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the southeastern entrance to the Qupi Pass. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3643.05.
Chubimenzhupai (Chubimenzupai) (2)
1991 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 4 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef at the southern entrance to the Qupi Pass. Site status unknown. CN-2863; Admiralty F3643.
Yuanjiaoyu (Yuanjiao Yu)
2007. Active; focal plane 12 m (49 ft); white flash every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located about 500 m (0.3 mi) southwest of the Chubimenzhupai light. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3642.9.

Xiaoyushan Light, Sansha Peninsula
PRC Maritime Safety Administration Shanghai Region photo
Huanghuajiao (Huanghua Jiao)
2007. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); four white flashes every 15 s. 8 m (26 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located about 500 m (0.4 mi) west southwest of the Yuanjiaoyu light. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3642.85.
Xialudao (Xialu Dao)
2008. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower, colored with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the south coast of the Huangqi Peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3643.5.

Xiapu County Lighthouses

Fuying and Xiyang Islands Lighthouses
Liu'er (2)
1986 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) hexagonal concrete tower with gallery, painted white. Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located on an isolated rocky pinnacle in the Hsiaoan channel off the southwestern tip of Fuyingdao. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2870; Admiralty F3642; NGA 19090.5.
Macidao (Maci Dao)
2008. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal concrete tower colored with black and white horizontal bands. A photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the southwestern tip of Macidao, an island south of Fuyingdao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3641.94.
Kuishandao
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 76.5 m (251 ft); white flash every 4 s. 11.5 m (38 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white tile. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island at the southeast corner of the Xiyang group. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2870.1; Admiralty F3641.95; NGA 19091.
Wucaoyu (Wucao Yu)
2008. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); two white flashes every 4 s. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal concrete tower colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but the shadow of the tower is seen in Bing's satellite view. Located on an islet off the northern tip of Xiyangdao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3641.935.
Erjian Wan
2008. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) hexagonal concrete tower colored with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located on an islet off the southwestern tip of Xiyangdao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3641.88.
Maanzidao (Ma'anzi Dao)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) square white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef off the western tip of Maanzidao, about 4 km (2.5 mi) northwest of Xiyangdao. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3641.93; NGA 19091.3.
Wuyu (Isthmus Island) (3)
1996 (station established 1954). Active; focal plane 98 m (322 ft); white flash every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with double gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. The Shanghai MSA photo is at right, and Google has a very distant satellite view. Located on a small island between Xiyangdao and the Dongchong peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2871; Admiralty F3641.9.
Wuyu Light
Wuyu Light, Xiyang Islands, March 1997
PRC MSA Shanghai Region photo
Situiyu (2)
1984 (station established 1954). Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 13 m (43 ft) hexagonal concrete tower, painted white. Google has a satellite view. Located on an islet about 7 km (4.5 mi) west of Xiyangdao. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2872; Admiralty F3641.8.

Zheyang Peninsula Lighthouses
Jiabei (2)
1998 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 54 m (177 ft); white flash every 5 s. 12.5 m (41 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the northeast shoulder of the Zheyang peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2869; Admiralty F3642.5.
Lutou Wei
2007. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, and the light is not seen in Bing's satellite view. Located on a sharp promontory on the southeast side of the Zheyang peninsula. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3642.4; NGA 19090.9.
Zhangcaoyu (Changcao Yu)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 27 m (89 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) square concrete tower with gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the south coast of Dongandao. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2869.5; Admiralty F3642.3; NGA 19090.7.
Qingtanjiao (Qingtang Jiao)
2008. Active; focal plane 7 m (23 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal concrete tower colored with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, and the tower is not seen in Bing's satellite view. Located on a reef off the southern coast of the Zheyang Peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F3641.91.
Niujiaozhi (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft) (?); two green flashes every 6 s. 5 m (17 ft) (?) square pyramidal concrete tower. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. This light marks the east side of the entrance to Sansha Bay; in the photo it appears taller than the listed height. Located at the tip of a sharp promontory at the southwestern tip of the Zheyang Peninsula. Site status unknown. CN-2873; Admiralty F3641.62.

Sansha Bay Lighthouses

Note: Sansha Bay is a complex system of inlets and waterways protected by the Zheyang Peninsula. Ningde City, the capital of the prefecture, is located on one of the western arms of the bay.
Xiapu County Lighthouse
Longbichuanjiao (Longbichuan Jiao)
2012(?). Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the tip of a promontory in the northeastern section of Sansha Bay. Site status unknown. CN-2893.7; Admiralty F3641.709.

Fu'an City Lighthouses
Qingyuzi
2012(?). Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, and the lighthouse is too new to appear in Bing's satellite view. Located on a promontory at east side of the the entrance to Baima Harbor in upper Sansha Bay. Site status unknown. CN-2899.7; Admiralty F3641.695.
Taijiao
2012(?). Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) round white concrete tower. A distant view shows the light at the far right, but the lighthouse is too new to appear in Google's satellite view. Located on a promontory at the west side of the entrance to Baima Harbor in upper Sansha Bay. Site status unknown. CN-2899.8; Admiralty F3641.693.
Fuyu (Fu Yu)
2012(?). Active; focal plane 8 m (26 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the tip of a promontory on upper Sansha Bay, about 3 km (2 mi) north of the Niaoyu lighthouse. Site status unknown. CN-2910.5; Admiralty F3641.707.

Jiaocheng District Lighthouses
Niaoyu (Niao Yu, Houlongqi Jiao)
2012(?). Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the eastern tip of Niaoyu, an island about 13 km (8 mi) northeast of Ningde. Site status unknown. CN-2909.7; Admiralty F3641.706.
Sandudao (Sandu Dao, Changqiao Wei)
2012(?). Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower, covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, and the lighthouse is too new to appear in Bing's satellite view. Located at the eastern end of Sandudao, a large island in the center of Sansha Bay. Site status unknown. CN-2898; Admiralty F3641.685.
Qingshandao (Qingshan Dao, Xiangbi Tou)
2012(?). Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower, covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, and the lighthouse is too new to appear in Bing's satellite view. Located at eastern end of Qingshandao, an island in Sansha Bay. Site status unknown. CN-2889.5; Admiralty F3641.67.
Jigongshan (Jigong Shan, Jiwei Jiao)
2012(?). Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower, covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the tip of a promontory on the northeastern tip of Jigongshan, an island in the entrance to Sansha Bay. Site status unknown. CN-2875.1; Admiralty F3641.635.
Jigongshan (Jigong Shan) West
2012(?). Active; focal plane 8 m (26 ft); white flash every 4 s. 7 m (23 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the western tip of Jigongshan. Site status unknown. CN-2875.2; Admiralty F3641.63.
Huweijiao (Huwei Jiao)
2012(?). Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower, covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the tip of a promontory on the west side of the entrance to Sansha Bay. Site status unknown. CN-2874.1; Admiralty F3641.625.

Adjoining pages: North: Southern Zhejiang | South: Fuzhou

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Posted July 7, 2008. Checked and revised July 19, 2014. Lighthouses: 41. Site copyright 2014 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.