Lighthouses of China: Píngtán Area, Fújiàn

The Chinese province of Fújiàn (formerly spelled Fukien or Fuchien) is located on the southeastern coast of the country, facing Taiwan across the Formosa (Taiwan) Strait. The coastline is rugged and irregular, with many islands and reefs threatening unwary navigators. This page includes lighthouses of Píngtán County and Fúqīng City, in the southern part of the prefectural level city of Fúzhōu. Píngtán County includes the large island of Hǎitándǎo (also called Píngtán Island) and many smaller islands off the Fújiàn coast.

Note: The Matsu (Mǎzǔ) Islands, which lie in the Formosa Strait off the entrance to Fúzhōu, have been under the administration of the Republic of China government on Taiwan since 1949. The two historic lighthouses of Matsu are described on the Matsu and Kinmen page.

Lighthouses in China are maintained by the PRC Maritime Safety Administration. The administration is organized in four regional administrations, with district offices in the major ports. All the lights on this page are maintained by the Fúzhōu MSA office, which is part of the Shànghǎi Region.

The pinyin system for transliterating Chinese into Latin characters is now the international standard, but some locations continue to be known also under the spellings of older transliteration systems. The Chinese word for a lighthouse is dēngtǎ (灯塔). In pinyin jiāo (formerly chiao) is a reef or rock, jiǎo is a cape or headland, dǎo (tao) is an island; (tsu) is a small island, wān is a bay and gǎng (kang) is a harbor.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CN numbers are the serial numbers used by the Shànghǎi regional office of MSA. Admiralty numbers are from volume P of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Navigation Aids Search
The Shànghǎi MSA provides this access to its database of information on navigational aids: enter a range of CN numbers in the lower pair of boxes and click on the search box below. All information is in Chinese.
Lighthouse Appreciation
This portfolio of photos was posted by the Wēnzhōu MSA office in Zhèjiāng Province.
Chinese English Pinyin Dictionary
A useful tool for juggling the representations of Chinese names.
China AMS Topographic Maps
A fine collection of U.S. Army Map Service maps of China, in English, posted by the University of Texas Library.

Niushandao Light
Niúshāndǎo Light, Píngtán County
Píngtán County government photo

Píngtán County East Side (Formosa Strait) Lighthouses
Báitóudǎo (Báitóu Dǎo, Bald Island, Waif Rock)
2009. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower, colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located on a small island about 8 km (5 mi) off the northernmost peninsula of Hǎitándǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2985.3; Admiralty P3633.315.
Jùnshāndǎo (Jùnshān Dǎo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 41 m (135 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower, colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island about 1 km (0.6 mi) off the northernmost peninsula of Hǎitándǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2987.1; Admiralty P3633.31.
Xiángjiǎo (Xiáng Jiǎo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 63 m (207 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) hexagonal concrete tower colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the northern tip of Hǎitándǎo. Site status unknown. CN-2986.5; Admiralty P3633.305.
Dōngxiángdǎo (Dōngxiáng Dǎo, Tung-hsiang Tao)
1989 (heightened in 1998). Active; focal plane 49 m (161 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 17 m (56 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tile in black and white horizontal bands. A good photo and a view from the sea are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the northeastern tip of Dōngxiáng Dǎo, an inhabited island off the east coast of Hǎitándǎo. Site status unknown, possibly accessible. CN-2988; Admiralty P3632.5; NGA 19134.
Xiǎoxiàlǐjiāo (Xiǎoxiàlǐ Jiāo)
2012. Active; focal plane 8 m (26 ft); white flash every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, covered with white ceramic tile. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a shoal between Dongxiangdao and the east coast of Hǎitándǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2988.01; Admiralty P3632.6.
Xiǎoshāyǔ (Xiǎoshā Yǔ)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower, colored with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a small island just off the southeastern tip of Hǎitándǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2989.5; Admiralty P3632.3; NGA 19135.
Niúshāndǎo (Niúshān Dǎo, Turnabout Island) (4?)
1987 (station established 1873). Active; focal plane 90 m (295 ft); two white flashes every 12 s. 23.5 m (77 ft) octagonal cylindrical stone tower with lantern and gallery. The tower is covered with ceramic tile, described as white in the light lists, but in the photo at the top of this page the tower is light brown and the gallery white. Lantern dome painted red. The county government has a page for the lighthouse, and Bing has a satellite view of the station. The original lighthouse was destroyed in the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95. The second (1899) lighthouse, described as a "circular black tower," was destroyed during World War II. It's not clear if a temporary light was installed after the war; perhaps not, given the tension in the Formosa Strait area. In any case, a lighthouse was constructed or reactivated in December 1982, five years before the current lighthouse was built. Historically, this light station has been an important guide for ships passing through the Formosa Strait, marking the west side of the northern entrance to the strait. Located on an island about 10 km (6 mi) southeast of Hǎitándǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2989; Admiralty P3632; NGA 19136.
Báijiāngdǎo (Báijiāng Dǎo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) round concrete tower, colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, and the tower is not seen in Bing's satellite view of the island. Located on a small island about 8 km (5 mi) northeast of the southern tip of Hǎitándǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-2991.1; Admiralty P3632.9.
* Hǎitánjiǎo Xīnán (Hǎitánjiǎo Southwest)
1989. Active; focal plane 36 m (118 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 10.5 m (35 ft) square stone tower with gallery. Lighthouse covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. MSA's photo is at right, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the southern tip of Hǎitándǎo. This location is probably accessible by road. Site may be open, tower closed. CN-2992; Admiralty P3633.
Dàizhōngjiāoyǔ (Dàizhōngjiāo Yǔ)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) square concrete tower colored with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on an islet off the southern tip of Hǎitándǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-2992.5; Admiralty P3633.02.
Haitanjiaoxinan Light
Hǎitánjiǎo Xīnán Lighc
PRC MSA Shànghǎi Region photo

Píngtán County West Side (Hǎitán Strait) Lighthouses
Note: Hǎitán is about 30 km (19 mi) long north to south and roughly 15 km (9 mi) wide, It is separated from the mainland by the Hǎitán Strait (Hǎitánxiá), an irregular waterway 6-10 km (4-6 mi) wide.
Gǔyǔ (Gǔ Yǔ, Ku Hsu, Drum Island) (2)
1995 (station established 1954). Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); two white flashes every 4 s. 12.5 m (41 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island at the northern end of the Hǎitán Strait. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2996; Admiralty P3633.4; NGA 19133.6.
Qījiěmèijiāo (Qījiěmèi Jiāo, Seven Sisters Reef) (2)
1995 (station established 1954). Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); four white flashes every 10 s. 15 m (49 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with red ceramic tile. No photo available, and the light is not seen in Bing's satellite view. Located on a dangerous reef in the northern Hǎitán Strait, about 3 km (2 mi) east of the island of Yǔtóudǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-2997; Admiralty P3633.38.
Dàliàndǎo Dōng (Dalian Dao East)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) concrete tower painted with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on the southeastern tip of Dàliàndǎo. Site status unknown. CN-3002.3; Admiralty P3633.395.
Zhōngyǔ (Zhōng Yǔ, Bell Island) (2)
1998 (station established 1958). Active; focal plane 27.5 m (90 ft); red flash every 4 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. An MSA photo is at right, and Google has a good satellite view. Located on an island in the narrow channel between the islands of Dàliàndǎo and Hǎitándǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-3003.
Lǎoniújiāo (Lǎoniú Jiāo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 7 m (23 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) hexagonal concrete tower painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, and the light is not seen in Bing's satellite view. Located on a reef about 3 km (2 mi) southwest of Dàliàndǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-3004.7; Admiralty P3633.392.
Dàliàndǎo Xījiāo (Dàliàndǎo West Reef, Dinggai Jiao)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) square concrete tower painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 1.6 km (1 mi) west of Dàliàndǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-2998; Admiralty P3633.39.
Shíbēicǎoyǔ (Shíbēicǎo Yǔ, Shipaicao Yu, Standing Stone Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) concrete tower painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, and the tower is apparently too new to be found in Google's satellite view. This reef is famous for a large stone that stands upright; a photo is available. Located on a reef about 800 m (1/2 mi) off the northwestern corner of Hǎitándǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3005.5; Admiralty P3633.399.
Tǎyán Xījiāo (Chijiao Yu) (2)
1998 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 3 s. 15 m (49 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. No photo available, and the light is not seen in Bing's satellite view. Located on a reef in the middle of the Hǎitán Strait, about 8 km (5 mi) southwest of Dàliàndǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-3005; Admiralty P3633.391.

Zhōngyǔ Light, November 1998
PRC MSA Shànghǎi Region photo
Cuìyán (Panyang Jiao) (2)
1993 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); three white flashes every 6 s. 12.5 m (41 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with red ceramic tile. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef in the middle of the Hǎitán Strait, about 8 km (5 mi) off the west coast of Hǎitándǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-3006; Admiralty P3633.397.
Luóhòubíyǔ (Luóhòubí Yǔ)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 31.5 m (103 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower covered with tile colored in black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, and the tower is apparently too new to be found in Google's satellite view. Located on an islet off the southwest coast of Hǎitándǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-3005.5.
Chánglàngchuán (2)
1993 (station established 1954). Active; focal plane 7 m (23 ft); nine quick white flashes every 10 s. 12.5 m (41 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, painted with yellow and black horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 2 km (1.2 mi) off the southwest coast of Hǎitándǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-3016; Admiralty P3633.284.
Hǎitán Hóuyǔ (Hóu Yǔ)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); white flash every 5 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the west side of an island off the southwest coast of Hǎitándǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3016.5; Admiralty P3633.283.
Wūtáiyǔ (Wūtái Yǔ) (2)
2001 (station established 1956). Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tile colored white with red trim. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. The original lighthouse was an 8 m (26 ft) pyramidal tower. Located on a reef about 1 km (0.6 mi) southeast of the Changlangchuan lighthouse and west of the Houyu lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-3017; Admiralty P3633.282.
Fēnliúwěi (2)
2002 (station established 1956). Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); white flash every 4 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. The MSA photo is at right, the light is seen in the background of a photo of the bridge being built to connect Hǎitándǎo with the mainland (the bridge was competed in 2010). Google has an indistinct satellite view. The original lighthouse was an 8 m (26 ft) tower. Located on an islet in the center of the Hǎitán Strait about 3 km (2 mi) south of the Wūtáiyǔ Light. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-3018; Admiralty P3633.28.
Dāojiàyǔ (Dāojià Yǔ)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); white flash every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal concrete tower colored with red and white horizontal bands. An MSA photo is available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a rock off the southwest coast of Hǎitándǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-3019.5; Admiralty P3632.85.
Gāoyǔ (Gāo Yǔ, High Island) (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower, colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the northwest end of an island at the south end of the Hǎitán Strait. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-3020.4; Admiralty P3633.19.
Fenliuwei Light
Fēnliúwěi Light, Píngtán, December 2002
PRC MSA Shànghǎi Region photo
Cǎoyǔ (Cǎo Yǔ, Grass Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 48 m (158 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. 14 m (46 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a headland at the eastern tip of Cǎoyǔ island. Site status unknown. CN-3020.43.

Fúqīng City (Xīnghuà Bay Area) Lighthouses
Xiǎoshāndōng (Xiaoshan East)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 8 m (26 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. 7 m (23 ft) concrete tower colored with red and white horizontal bands. A view from the land and a view from the sea are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of a pier at Xiǎoshān, on the Hǎitán Strait just south of the new bridge to Hǎitándǎo. Site status unknown. CN-3018.05; Admiralty P3633.275.
Jīnxúnjiāo (Jīnxún Jiāo, Wángjǐngjiāo) (3)
1992 (station established 1956). Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 12 m (39 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef in the southern narrows of the Hǎitán Strait, about 5 km (3 mi) northeast of Daqiu. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-3019; Admiralty P3632.7.
Dōngjìndǎo (Dōngjìn Dǎo) (2)
1996 (station established 1956). Active; focal plane 23 m (85 ft); two white flashes every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island on the west side of the southern entrance to the Hǎitán Strait. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-3020; Admiralty P3633.27.
Dōngjiànyǔ (Dōngjiàn Yǔ)
2011. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower. Lighthouse covered with ceramic tile colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a skerry on the north side of the entrance to the Xīnghuà Channel, which leads into Xīnghuà Bay. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3020.51; Admiralty P3633.14.
Fǎngchējiāo (Fǎngchē Jiāo, Fangshejiao)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); white flash every 4 s. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal concrete tower colored with black and white horizontal bands. An MSA photo (last photo in first column) is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef off the southeastern corner of the Xīnghuà Peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3020.5; Admiralty P3633.13.
Běiguānyǔ (Běiguān Yǔ)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal concrete tower colored with black and white horizontal bands. An MSA photo (last photo in second column) is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the northern point of an island off the northwest side of Tángyǔ. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3020.6; Admiralty P3633.12.
Nánlùsī (2)
1998 (station established 1956). Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 14.5 m (48 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tile. MSA's photo is at right, but the islet is barely visible in Google's satellite view. Located on an islet off the west coast of the island of Tángyǔ, at the southern entrance to the Hǎitán Strait. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-3021; Admiralty P3633.1.
Nánhéngdǎo (Nánhéng Dǎo, Southern Cross Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 4 s. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal concrete tower colored with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on an islet about 6 km (3.5 mi) southeast of Tángyǔ. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3022.02; Admiralty P3633.03.
Nanlusi Light
Nánlùsī Light, Fúqīng, November 1998
PRC MSA Shànghǎi Region photo
Xiǎojiǎdǎo (Xiǎojiǎ Dǎo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) square concrete tower colored with black and white horizontal bands. The tower is apparently too new to appear in Google's satellite view. Located on an islet about 8 km (5 mi) east of the southern tip of Tángyǔ. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3022.05; Admiralty P3633.025; NGA 19136.7.
Liánlǐng
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); white flash every 3 s. 6 m (20 ft) round stone tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the southwestern tip of the Xīnghuà Peninsula. Site status unknown. CN-3030; Admiralty P3633.18.
Báiyǔ (Bái Yǔ, Báifú) (2)
1990 (station established 1956). Active; focal plane 36 m (118 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) round concrete tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island on the north side of the Xīnghuà Channel. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3031; Admiralty P3633.15; NGA 19136.4.
Chìshānyǔ (Chìshān Yǔ)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal concrete tower colored with black and white horizontal bands. Google's satellite view may show an older and smaller light. Located on a reef about halfway between Shanyu and Muyu. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3034.5; Admiralty P3633.172.
Báijiāoyǔ (Báijiāo Yǔ)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal concrete tower colored white. Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 1.2 km (3/4 mi) west of Chishanyu. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3034.505; Admiralty P3633.171.
Xīnghuà Wān Zhōngyǔ (Zhong Yǔ, Jīdàn Dǎo) (3)
1996 (station established 1954). Active; focal plane 34.5 m (113 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. An external stairway winds around the tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island on the south side of the Xīnghuà Channel. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3032; Admiralty P3633.16.
Lùyǔ Nánjiāo (Lù Yǔ South Reef, Lùdǎo South Reef)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); white flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tiles colored in red and white horizontal bands. An MSA photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a rocky reef on the south side of the island of Mùyǔ, about 2 km (1.25 mi) northwest of the Xīnghuà Wān Zhōngyǔ light. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3033; Admiralty P3633.17; NGA 19136.5.
Tuǐyǔ (Tuǐ Yǔ)
2010(?). Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 8 m (26 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island about 1 km (0.6 mi) northwest of Mùyǔ. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3034.705; Admiralty P3633.1735.
Niú'ěryǔ (Niú'ěr Yǔ)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) hexagonal concrete tower colored with black and white horizontal bands. The light may be too new to appear in Google's satellite view. Located on a reef about 1.2 km (3/4 mi) north of the Tuiyu light. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3034.7; Admiralty P3633.174.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:


Lùyǔ Nánjiāo Light, Fúqīng
PRC MSA Shànghǎi Region photo

Adjoining pages: North: Fúzhōu | East: Matsu and Kinmen | South: Central Fújiàn

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Posted July 7, 2008. Checked and revised August 6, 2016. Lighthouses: 44. Site copyright 2016 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.