Lighthouses of China: Xiamen

The Chinese province of Fujian (formerly spelled Fukien or Fuchien) is located on the southeastern coast of the country, facing Taiwan across the Taiwan (Formosa) Strait. The coastline is rugged and irregular, with many islands and reefs threatening unwary navigators. This page covers the subprovincial city of Xiamen and the neighboring city of Longhai, which is part of the prefecture of Zhangzhou. With a population of about 3.5 million, Xiamen (formerly called Amoy) is the most important seaport between Shanghai and Hong Kong.

The Chinmen (Kinmen, Quemoy) Islands off the entrance to Xiamen have been under the administration of the Republic of China government on Taiwan since 1949. The lighthouses of Chinmen and Wuqiu are described on the Matsu and Kinmen page.

Lighthouses in China are maintained by the PRC Maritime Safety Administration. The administration is organized in four regional administrations, with district offices in the major ports. All the lights on this page are maintained by the Xiamen MSA office, which is part of the Shanghai Region. The Chinese word for a lighthouse is dēngtǎ (灯塔). Jiao or chiao is a cape, dao, tao, yu, or hsu is an island, wan is a bay, and kang or gang is a harbor. Due to competing systems for transliterating Chinese into Latin characters, there are always several possible spellings for the names of places in China.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CN numbers are the serial numbers used by the Shanghai regional office of MSA. Admiralty numbers are from volume F of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Navigation Aids Search
The Shanghai MSA provides this access to its database of information on navigational aids: enter a range of CN numbers in the lower pair of boxes and click on the search box below. All information is in Chinese.
Lighthouse Information
Pages for 10 major lighthouses posted by the Xiamen Office of the MSA.
MSA Aids to Navigation - Lighthouse
Two pages of photos of prominent Chinese lighthouses.
Lighthouse Appreciation
This portfolio of photos was posted by the Wenzhou MSA office in Zhejiang Province.
Region 9 NGA Nautical Charts
Chart 94060 covers this area.
China AMS Topographic Maps
A fine collection of U.S. Army Map Service maps of China, in English, posted by the University of Texas Library.

Nanpaotai Light
Nanpaotai Light, Longhai, December 2009
Panoramio photo copyright zCaiac; permission requested

Xiamen City Lighthouses

Wuyuan Bay (Xiamen Island East Coast) Lighthouses
* Wutong (Wutongdao, Wuyuan Wan)
2010. Active; focal plane 80 m (262 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 69 m (225 ft) round concrete tower with double gallery, unpainted with red trim. A photo is at right, another photo is available, Louis Zhu has a more distant photo, and Google has a satellite view. This new major lighthouse is located at the northeastern corner of Xiamen Island (Xiamendao) overlooking Wuyuan Bay. The light tower also carries the ventilation shaft for the south end of the Xiang'an Tunnel connecting Xiamen Island to Xiang'an on the mainland. A 13.2 hectare (32.6 acre) park surrounds the lighthouse. Site open, tower closed. CN-3135.1; Admiralty F3618.385; NGA 19175.
Chinuojiao (Chinuo Jiao, Chi'na Jiao)
2009. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with tiles colored white with narrow red horizontal bands. A very distant view is available (click on the photo for enlargement), and Google has a satellite view. Located on a shoal about 500 m (0.4 mi) off the eastern point of Xiamendao. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-3137.01; Admiralty F3612.16.
Tuyu (Tu Yu)
2009. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); white flash every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with tiles colored white with narrow red horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a shoal about 1.5 km (1 mi) off the southeastern coast of Xiamendao. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-3138.01; Admiralty F3612.17.

Xiamen Harbor Lighthouses
[Huangjiao]
1973. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 3 m (10 ft) octagonal concrete tower, painted bright red. This tiny lighthouse stands atop a giant boulder, and a wood stairway, painted white, climbs improbably to the light. Yuxuan Wang has a 2007 photo, another good photo is available, and Bing has an indistinct satellite view. This light marks the southern entrance to the narrow channel between the island of Gulangyu and the Xiamen waterfront. Located on a tiny islet at the southeast end of Xiamen harbor. Accessible only by boat, but the photos show visitors climbing the rock to the light. Site open, tower closed. CN-3169; Admiralty F3613; NGA 19152.
Wutong Light
Wutong Light, Xiamen, July 2010
Panoramio Creative Commons photo by 克鲁塞德
Zhangyujiao (Zhangyu Jiao)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 7.5 m (25 ft); red flash every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) octagonal pyramidal concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. This tower is on the right in Justin Yau's photo, another photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef in the channel between the island of Gulangyu and the Xiamen waterfront. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-3165; Admiralty F3613.5.
Jiangxinjiao (Jiangxin Jiao)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 7.5 m (25 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) octagonal pyramidal concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. This tower is on the left in Justin Yau's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef in the channel between the island of Gulangyu and the Xiamen waterfront, about 300 m (330 yd) northwest of the Zhangyujiao light. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-3164; Admiralty F3614.
Niaoqijiao (Niaoqi Jiao)
2006. Active; focal plane 7 m (23 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower, mounted on a square concrete pier. Lighthouse colored with green and white horizontal bands. A distant view is available, but Google has a satellite view. Located about 500 m (0.3 mi) off the Xiamen waterfront, east of Dayu. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3162.15; Admiralty F3614.5; NGA 19163.
Dayu (2)
1984 (station established 1982). Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); white flash every 4 s. 13 m (43 ft) hexagonal cylindrical stone tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tiles colored in red and white vertical stripes. In a photo of the island, the light is on the slope of the hill on the left (click on the photo for magnification). Google has a satellite view. Dayu is a forested island on the southwest side of Xiamen harbor. Located on the southeastern side of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown, but the lighthouse is certainly visible from many places in Xiamen. CN-3162; Admiralty F3615.5; NGA 19164.
Houyu (Xiamen) (4)
2001 (station established 1954). Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); white flash every 6 s. 20 m (66 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted with red and white horizontal bands. The Xiamen MSA Office photo is at right, a photo (first lighthouse on the page) is available, Shanghai MSA also has a page for the lighthouse, another photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Houyu (Monkey Island) is a small island in the center of Xiamen harbor. This lighthouse resembles the 1999 Wusungkou Lighthouse in Shanghai harbor. Located on the island; accessible only by boat. Site status unknown, but the lighthouse is certainly visible from many places in Xiamen. CN-3157; Admiralty F3615; NGA 19168.

Houyu (Monkey Island) Light, Xiamen
PRC Maritime Safety Administration Xiamen Office photo
Manyujiao (Manwei Jiao) (3)
2009 (station established 1963). Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 4 s. 21 m (62 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, mounted on a hexagonal concrete pier. Lighthouse is white, lantern dome red. A photo from Xiamen MSA is at right, a photo (last lighthouse on the page) is available, and Google has a satellite view. Shanghai MSA has a photo of the 1992 lighthouse. The new lighthouse was inaugurated in July 2009. Located on a dangerous shoal in the middle of Xiamen harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed, but the light should be visible from the waterfront in downtown Xiamen. CN-3156; Admiralty F3616; NGA 19172.
Huoshaoyu Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17.5 m (57 ft); continuous white light. 12 m (39 ft) square concrete tower, colored with red and white vertical stripes. No closeup photo available, but Google has a satellite view. This is a northbound range. Located at the south end of an island in the center of Xiamen harbor. Site status unknown. CN-3153.2; Admiralty F3616.5.
Huoshaoyu Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); continuous white light. 12 m (39 ft) square concrete tower, colored with red and white vertical stripes. Google has a satellite view. Located about 300 m (0.2 mi) north of the front light. Site status unknown. CN-3153.3; Admiralty F3616.51.
Xiaojingtaijiao (Xiaojingtai Jiao)
2006. Active; focal plane 7 m (23 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 10 m round (?) tower with gallery. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a shoal in the northeastern part of Xiamen harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-3151; Admiralty F3616.6.
#Muqianjiao
1993. Apparently removed, although it is listed as active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 13 m (43 ft) round hourglass-shaped fiberglass tower, painted with red and black horizontal bands, centered on a round concrete pier. Sibling to the Xiaoqingjiao light. The light is not seen in Google's satellite view, and it appears to have been removed due to expansion of the harbor facilities. NGA's spelling "Muquian Jiao" is a mistake. Located on a reef at the southwest end of Xiamen harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-3174; Admiralty F3612.5; NGA 19162.
Manyujiao Light
Manyujiao Light, Xiamen
PRC Maritime Safety Administration Xiamen Office photo

Zhangzhou Prefecture Lighthouses

Note: Lighthouses of Zhangpu and Dongshan Counties, which are also part of Zhangzhou Prefecture, are described on the Southern Fujian page.
Longhai City Lighthouses
Xiaoqingjiao (Qing Jiao) (?)
1992. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 18 m (59 ft) round hourglass-shaped fiberglass tower, painted with red and white horizontal bands, centered on a round concrete pier. No photo available, and the tower is not seen in Google's satellite view; it is possible it has been removed. Located on a reef at the southwest end of Xiamen harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-3188.1; Admiralty F3612.3; NGA 19151.6.
Shikengyuzi (Tudao, Tu Dao)
1992. Active; focal plane 22.5 m (74 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 10.5 m (34 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, covered with tiles colored in black and white horizontal bands. The light is at the lower left in a photo of the Nanpaotai lighthouse, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory of the mainland opposite the southwestern tip of Xiaendao. Site status unknown. CN-3188.2; Admiralty F3612.2; NGA 19150.8.
* Nanpaotai
2010. Active; focal plane 70.5 m (231 ft); white flash every 10 s. 52 m (171 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery and several decorative rings, unpainted except for a red horizontal band and red trim; the lantern dome is also red. The lighthouse rises from a 3-story semicircular building whose nature is not known. The photo at the top of this page was taken several months before the lighthouse was placed in service, a page for the lighthouse is available, another photo shows the lighthouse rising from the historic Nanpaotai fortress, and a third photo shows the Shikengyuzi light in the distance. Google's satellite view shows the lighthouse under construction. Located on a promontory of the mainland opposite the southwestern tip of Xiamendao. Site status unknown. CN-3188.3; Admiralty F3612.195.
Qingyu (Blue Island, Lantau, Xiamen, Amoy)
1875. Active; focal plane 41 m (135 ft); four white flashes every 20 s. 10 m (33 ft) (?) octagonal stone tower with lantern and gallery. Although listed at 10 m, the tower appears shorter in photos. In 1998 the tower was restored and covered with ceramic tiles colored in red and white vertical stripes. Lantern painted white; the lantern dome is gray with a narrow red band. The Xiamen MSA Office photo is at right, the Shanghai MSA also has a page for the lighthouse, and Bing has a satellite view. This historic lighthouse was the traditional landfall light for Xiamen, or Amoy as it was called during the colonial period. Located on a small island in Xiamen Bay about 12 km (7.5 mi) southeast of the city. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3190; Admiralty F3610; NGA 19184.
Tajiao (2)
2002 (station established 1969). Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. Approx. 16 m (52 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. Bing has a satellite view. The main channel to Xiamen passes between this light and the Qingyu lighthouse. Located on a rocky reef just off a promontory of the mainland, about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) southwest of Qingyu. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3191; Admiralty F3609.3; NGA 19186.3.
Baiyu (2)
2010 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 20.5 m (67 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, covered with tile colored in red and white horizontal bands. There's a photo of a warship passing the lighthouse, and Google has a satellite view. Located atop a small island about 4 km (2.5 mi) southeast of Qingyu. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3191.1; Admiralty F3609.25.
Qingyu Light
Qingyu Light, Longhai; Kinmen (Quemoy) Island at upper right
PRC Maritime Safety Administration Xiamen Office photo
Guijiao (2)
2002 (station established 1965). Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef close to the mainland about 3 km (2 mi) south of Qingyu. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3192; Admiralty F3609.2; NGA 19186.2.
Qingjiao (Qingjiaoyu) (3)
1996 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 22.5 m (74 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 8 m (26 ft) hexagonal brick tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tiles colored in red and white horizontal bands. Google has a satellite view. Located on an islet about 1.5 km (1 mi) south of the Guijiao light. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3193; Admiralty F3608.5.
Daomei Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); continuous red light. 18 m (59 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, painted white with a vertical red stripe on the upper half of the tower. A distant view is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the breakwater at Daomei. Site status unknown. CN-3192.1; Admiralty F3608.4.
Daomei Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); continuous red light. 26 m (85 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, painted white with a vertical red stripe on the upper half of the tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the base of the breakwater at Daomei, 600 m (0.4 mi) northwest of the front light. Site status unknown. CN-3192.2; Admiralty F3608.41.
Jiuzhejiao
1992. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 14 m (46 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, covered with ceramic tiles colored in red and white horizontal bands. Google has a satellite view. Located on an islet off the east side of the island of Wuyu. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3193.1; Admiralty F3609; NGA 19186.
Wuyu (Xiamen Wuyu) (2)
1988 (station established 1976). Active; focal plane 57 m (187 ft); white flash every 4 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, painted with red and white horizontal bands. A photo (second lighthouse on the page) is available, and Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a promontory at the southern tip of the island of Wuyu. Site status unknown. CN-3194; Admiralty F3608.
Dongjiao (Baiwangjiao) (4)
1998 (station established 1958). Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 15 m (49 ft) octagonal concrete tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tiles colored in black and white horizontal bands. Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef off the entrance to the small mainland port of Xiaoao, about 2 km (1.25 mi) south of Wuyu. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3195; Admiralty F3607.5.
* Zhenhaijiao (Cape Chenhai)
1989. Active; focal plane 110 m (361 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 22.5 m (74 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and a large hexagonal control room. Lighthouse covered with white ceramic tile; lantern painted red. 3-story administration building, crew quarters and other buildings. The Xiamen MSA Office photo is at right, a page for the station is available, Shanghai MSA also has a page for the lighthouse, and Google has a satellite view. This large, modern light station serves as the new landfall light for Xiamen and also guards the southern end of the Taiwan (Formosa) Strait. Located on Zhenhaijiao (Cape Chenhai), a prominent cape about 40 km (25 mi) southeast of Xiamen and the same distance southwest of Chinmen (Quemoy) Island. Site accessible by road, tower closed. CN-3195.1; Admiralty F3607; NGA 19197.

Zhenhaijiao Light, Longhai
PRC Maritime Safety Administration Xiamen Office photo
Zhenhaijiao Range Rear
1980. Active; focal plane 29 m (95 ft); white flash every 1.5 s. 15 m (49 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white tile; the gallery rail is red. Google has a satellite view. Located on Cape Zhenhai about 1 km (0.6 mi) northeast of the front light (next entry). Site status unknown. CN-3197; Admiralty F3606.51.
Zhenhaijiao Range Front (2)
1980 (station established 1954). Active; focal plane 29 m (95 ft); white flash every 1.5 s. 15 m (49 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white tile; the gallery rail is red. Google has a satellite view. Located on the point of Cape Zhenhai. Site status unknown. CN-3196; Admiralty F3606.5.
Dingtaitou (Table Head) (3)
1986 (station established 1970). Active; focal plane 49 m (161 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10.5 m (34 ft) round cylindrical stone tower with gallery, covered in ceramic tiles colored in red and white horizontal bands. Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of a long promontory projecting into Dingtai Wan about 6 km (3.5 mi) southwest of Zhenhaijiao. Site status unknown. CN-3198; Admiralty F3606.2.
Biziyu (Bizi Yu)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 4 s. 6.5 m (21 ft) round concrete tower covered with white tile. No photo available, and the tower is probably too new to appear in Google's satellite view. Located on an island off the west coast of the Liuao peninsula. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3224.51; Admiralty F3600.95.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Central Fujian | East: Matsu and Kinmen | South: Southern Fujian

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Posted July 28, 2008. Checked and revised August 8, 2013. Lighthouses: 33. Site copyright 2013 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.