Lighthouses of China: Xiàmén, Fújiàn

The Chinese province of Fújiàn (formerly spelled Fukien or Fuchien) is located on the southeastern coast of the country, facing Taiwan across the Taiwan (Formosa) Strait. The coastline is rugged and irregular, with many islands and reefs threatening unwary navigators. This page covers the subprovincial city of Xiàmén and the neighboring city of Lónghǎi, which is part of the prefecture of Zhāngzhōu. With a population of about 3.5 million, Xiàmén (formerly called Amoy) is the most important seaport between Shànghǎi and Hong Kong.

The Jīnmén (Kinmen, Quemoy) Islands off the entrance to Xiàmén have been under the administration of the Republic of China government on Taiwan since 1949. The lighthouses of Jīnmén and Wūqiū are described on the Matsu and Kinmen page.

Lighthouses in China are maintained by the PRC Maritime Safety Administration. The administration is organized in four regional administrations, with district offices in the major ports. All the lights on this page are maintained by the Xiàmén MSA office, which is part of the Shànghǎi Region.

The pinyin system for transliterating Chinese into Latin characters is now the international standard, but some locations continue to be known also under the spellings of older transliteration systems. The Chinese word for a lighthouse is dēngtǎ (灯塔). In pinyin jiāo (formerly chiao) is a reef or rock, jiǎo is a cape or headland, dǎo (tao) is an island; (tsu) is a small island, wān is a bay and gǎng (kang) is a harbor.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. CN numbers are the serial numbers used by the Shànghǎi regional office of MSA. Admiralty numbers are from volume F of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Navigation Aids Search
The Shànghǎi MSA provides this access to its database of information on navigational aids: enter a range of CN numbers in the lower pair of boxes and click on the search box below. All information is in Chinese.
Lighthouse Appreciation
This portfolio of photos was posted by the Wēnzhōu MSA office in Zhèjiāng Province.
Chinese English Pinyin Dictionary
A useful tool for juggling the representations of Chinese names.
China AMS Topographic Maps
A fine collection of U.S. Army Map Service maps of China, in English, posted by the University of Texas Library.

Nanpaotai Light
Nánpàotái Light, Lónghǎi, December 2009
Panoramio photo copyright zCaiac; permission requested

Xiàmén City Lighthouses

Wǔyuán Bay (Xiàmén Island East Coast) Lighthouses
* Wǔtōng (Wǔtōngdǎo, Wǔyuán Wān)
2010. Active; focal plane 80 m (262 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 69 m (225 ft) round concrete tower with double gallery, unpainted with red trim. A photo by Louis Zhu is at right, a closeup and another photo are available, Zhu has a more distant photo, and Google has a satellite view. This new major lighthouse is located at the northeastern corner of Xiàmén Island (Xiàméndǎo) overlooking Wǔyuán Bay. The light tower also carries the ventilation shaft for the south end of the Xiáng'ān Tunnel connecting Xiàmén Island to Xiáng'ān on the mainland. A 13.2 hectare (32.6 acre) park surrounds the lighthouse. Site open, tower closed. CN-3135.1; Admiralty F3618.385; NGA 19175.
Chìnàjiāo (Chinuojiao, Chinuo Jiao, Chi'na Jiao)
2009. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with tiles colored white with narrow red horizontal bands. A very distant view is available (click on the photo for enlargement), and Google has a satellite view. Located on a shoal about 500 m (0.4 mi) off the eastern point of Xiàméndǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-3137.01; Admiralty F3612.16.
Tǔyǔ (Tǔ Yǔ)
2009. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); white flash every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, covered with tiles colored white with narrow red horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a shoal about 1.5 km (1 mi) off the southeastern coast of Xiàméndǎo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-3138.01; Admiralty F3612.17.

Xiàmén Harbor Lighthouses
[Huángjiāo, Yellow Reef]
1973. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 3 m (10 ft) octagonal concrete tower, painted bright red. This tiny lighthouse stands atop a giant boulder, and a wood stairway, painted white, climbs improbably to the light. Yuxuan Wang has a 2007 photo, Sara Yeomans has another good photo, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. This light marks the southern entrance to the narrow channel between the island of Gùlàngyǔ and the Xiàmén waterfront. Located on a tiny islet at the southeast end of Xiàmén harbor. Accessible only by boat, but the photos show visitors climbing the rock to the light. Site open, tower closed. CN-3169; Admiralty F3613; NGA 19152.
Wutong Light
Wutong Light, Xiàmén, July 2010
Panoramio Creative Commons photo by 克鲁塞德 (Louis Zhu)
Zhāngyújiāo (Zhāngyú Jiāo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 7.5 m (25 ft); red flash every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) octagonal pyramidal concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. This tower is on the right in Justin Yau's photo, another photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef in the channel between the island of Gùlàngyǔ and the Xiàmén waterfront. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-3165; Admiralty F3613.5.
Jiāngxīnjiāo (Jiāngxīn Jiāo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 7.5 m (25 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) octagonal pyramidal concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. This tower is on the left in Justin Yau's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef in the channel between the island of Gùlàngyǔ and the Xiàmén waterfront, about 300 m (330 yd) northwest of the Zhangyujiao light. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-3164; Admiralty F3614.
Guāncháijiāo (Guānchái Jiāo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 5.5 m (18 ft) (?); two white flashes every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) octagonal pyramidal concrete tower painted black with a red horizontal band. This tower is on the left in a distant view, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef in the channel off the northern tip of Gùlàngyǔ. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-3163.
Niǎoqíjiāo (Niǎoqí Jiāo)
2006. Active; focal plane 7 m (23 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower, mounted on a square concrete pier. Lighthouse colored with green and white horizontal bands. A distant view is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located about 500 m (0.3 mi) off the Xiàmén waterfront, east of Dàyǔ. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3162.15; Admiralty F3614.5; NGA 19163.
Dàyǔ (2)
1984 (station established 1982). Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); white flash every 4 s. 13 m (43 ft) hexagonal cylindrical stone tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tiles colored in red and white vertical stripes. In a photo of the island, the light is on the slope of the hill on the left (click on the photo for magnification). Google has a satellite view. Dàyǔ is a forested island on the southwest side of Xiàmén harbor. Located on the southeastern side of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown, but the lighthouse is certainly visible from many places in Xiàmén. CN-3162; Admiralty F3615.5; NGA 19164.
Hóuyǔ (Xiàmén, Monkey Island) (4)
2001 (station established 1954). Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); white flash every 6 s. 20 m (66 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted with red and white horizontal bands. A Xiàmén MSA Office photo is at right, a photo (first lighthouse on the page) is available, another photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Hóuyǔ (Monkey Island) is a small island in the center of Xiàmén harbor. This lighthouse resembles the 1999 Wúsōngkǒu Lighthouse in Shànghǎi harbor. Located on the island; accessible only by boat. Site status unknown, but the lighthouse is certainly visible from many places in Xiàmén. CN-3157; Admiralty F3615; NGA 19168.

Hóuyǔ (Monkey Island) Light, Xiàmén
PRC Maritime Safety Administration Xiàmén Office photo
Mánwěijiāo (Manyujiao, Eel Tail Reef) (3)
2009 (station established 1963). Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 4 s. 21 m (62 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, mounted on a hexagonal concrete pier. Lighthouse is white, lantern dome red. A photo from Xiàmén MSA is at right, a press account of the installation of the lighthouse has two photos, another photo (last lighthouse on the page) is available, and Google has a satellite view. Shànghǎi MSA has a photo of the 1992 lighthouse. The new lighthouse was inaugurated in July 2009. Located on a dangerous shoal in the middle of Xiàmén harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed, but the light should be visible from the waterfront in downtown Xiàmén. CN-3156; Admiralty F3616; NGA 19172.
Huǒshāoyǔ Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17.5 m (57 ft); continuous white light. 12 m (39 ft) square concrete tower, colored with red and white vertical stripes. No closeup photo available, but Google has a satellite view. This is a northbound range. Located at the south end of an island in the center of Xiàmén harbor. Site status unknown. CN-3153.2; Admiralty F3616.5.
Huǒshāoyǔ Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); continuous white light. 12 m (39 ft) square concrete tower, colored with red and white vertical stripes. Google has a satellite view. Located about 300 m (0.2 mi) north of the front light. Site status unknown. CN-3153.3; Admiralty F3616.51.
Xiǎojìngtáijiāo (Xiǎojìngtái Jiāo, Little Mirror Reef)
2006. Active; focal plane 7 m (23 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 10 m round (?) tower with gallery. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a shoal in the northeastern part of Xiàmén harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. CN-3151; Admiralty F3616.6.
#Mùqiánjiāo
1993. Apparently removed, although it is listed as active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 13 m (43 ft) round hourglass-shaped fiberglass tower, painted with red and black horizontal bands, centered on a round concrete pier. Sibling to the Xiǎoqīngjiāo light. The light is not seen in Google's satellite view, and it appears to have been removed due to expansion of the harbor facilities. NGA's spelling "Muquian Jiao" is a mistake. Located on a reef at the southwest end of Xiàmén harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-3174; Admiralty F3612.5; NGA 19162.
Manyujiao Light
Mánwěijiāo Light, Xiàmén
PRC Maritime Safety Administration Xiàmén Office photo

Zhāngzhōu Prefecture Lighthouses

Note: Lighthouses of Zhāngpǔ and Dōngshān Counties, which are also part of Zhāngzhōu Prefecture, are described on the Southern Fújiàn page.
Lónghǎi City Lighthouses
Note: Lónghǎi is located across the Jiǔlóng River from Xiàmén.
Xiǎoqīngjiāo (Qīng Jiāo) (?)
1992. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 18 m (59 ft) round hourglass-shaped fiberglass tower, painted with red and white horizontal bands, centered on a round concrete pier. No photo available, and the tower is not seen in Google's satellite view; it is possible it has been removed. Located on a reef at the southwest end of Xiàmén harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. CN-3188.1; Admiralty F3612.3; NGA 19151.6.
Shíkēngyǔzǐ (Tudao, Tu Dao)
1992. Active; focal plane 22.5 m (74 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 10.5 m (34 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, covered with tiles colored in black and white horizontal bands. The light is at the lower left in a photo of the Nánpàotái lighthouse, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory of the mainland opposite the southwestern tip of Xiàméndǎo. Site status unknown. CN-3188.2; Admiralty F3612.2; NGA 19150.8.
* Nánpàotái (South Fort)
2010. Active; focal plane 70.5 m (231 ft); white flash every 10 s. 52 m (171 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery and several decorative rings, unpainted except for a red horizontal band and red trim; the lantern dome is also red. The lighthouse rises from a 3-story semicircular building whose nature is not known. The photo at the top of this page was taken several months before the lighthouse was placed in service, a page for the lighthouse is available, another photo shows the lighthouse rising from the historic Nánpàotái fortress, and a third photo shows the Shíkēngyǔzǐ light in the distance. Google's satellite view shows the lighthouse under construction. Located on a promontory of the mainland opposite the southwestern tip of Xiàméndǎo. Site status unknown. CN-3188.3; Admiralty F3612.195.
Qīngyǔ (Blue Island, Lantau, Xiàmén, Amoy)
1875. Active; focal plane 41 m (135 ft); four white flashes every 20 s. 10 m (33 ft) (?) octagonal stone tower with lantern and gallery. Although listed at 10 m, the tower appears shorter in photos. In 1998 the tower was restored and covered with ceramic tiles colored in red and white vertical stripes. Lantern painted white; the lantern dome is gray with a narrow red band. The Xiàmén MSA Office photo is at right, and Google has a distant satellite view. This historic lighthouse was the traditional landfall light for Xiàmén, or Amoy as it was called during the colonial period. Located on a small island in the entrance to Xiàmén Bay about 12 km (7.5 mi) southeast of the city. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3190; Admiralty F3610; NGA 19184.
Tǎjiǎo (2)
2002 (station established 1969). Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. Approx. 16 m (52 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. Bing has a satellite view. The main channel to Xiàmén passes between this light and the Qīngyǔ lighthouse. Located on a rocky reef just off a promontory of the mainland, about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) southwest of Qīngyǔ. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3191; Admiralty F3609.3; NGA 19186.3.
Báiyǔ (White Island) (2)
2010 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 20.5 m (67 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, covered with tile colored in red and white horizontal bands. There's a photo of a warship passing the lighthouse, and Google has a satellite view. Located atop a small island about 4 km (2.5 mi) southeast of Qīngyǔ. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3191.1; Admiralty F3609.25.
Qingyu Light
Qīngyǔ Light, Lónghǎi; Jīnmén (Quemoy) Island at upper right
PRC Maritime Safety Administration Xiàmén Office photo
Guījiāo (Turtle Reef) (2)
2002 (station established 1965). Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white ceramic tiles. Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef close to the mainland about 3 km (2 mi) south of Qīngyǔ. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3192; Admiralty F3609.2; NGA 19186.2.
Qīngjiāo (Qīngjiāoyǔ) (Green Island Reef) (3)
1996 (station established 1955). Active; focal plane 22.5 m (74 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 8 m (26 ft) hexagonal brick tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tiles colored in red and white horizontal bands. Google has a satellite view. Located on an islet about 1.5 km (1 mi) south of the Guījiāo light. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3193; Admiralty F3608.5.
Dǎoměi Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); continuous red light. 18 m (59 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, painted white with a vertical red stripe on the upper half of the tower. A distant view is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the breakwater at Dǎoměi. Site status unknown. CN-3192.1; Admiralty F3608.4.
Dǎoměi Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); continuous red light. 26 m (85 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, painted white with a vertical red stripe on the upper half of the tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the base of the breakwater at Dǎoměi, 600 m (0.4 mi) northwest of the front light. Site status unknown. CN-3192.2; Admiralty F3608.41.
Jiǔzhéjiāo (Jiǔzhé Jiāo)
1992. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 14 m (46 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, covered with ceramic tiles colored in red and white horizontal bands. Google has a satellite view. Located on an islet off the east side of the island of Wúyǔ. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3193.1; Admiralty F3609; NGA 19186.
Wúyǔ (Xiàmén Wúyǔ) (2)
1988 (station established 1976). Active; focal plane 57 m (187 ft); white flash every 4 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, painted with red and white horizontal bands. A photo (second lighthouse on the page) is available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a promontory at the southern tip of the island of Wúyǔ. Site status unknown. CN-3194; Admiralty F3608.
Dōngjiāo (Baiwangjiao) (4)
1998 (station established 1958). Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 15 m (49 ft) octagonal concrete tower with gallery, covered with ceramic tiles colored in black and white horizontal bands. Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef off the entrance to the Hòushí power plant, about 2 km (1.25 mi) south of Wúyǔ. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. CN-3195; Admiralty F3607.5.
* Zhènhǎijiǎo (Cape Chenhai)
1989. Active; focal plane 110 m (361 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 22.5 m (74 ft) hexagonal cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and a large hexagonal control room. Lighthouse covered with white ceramic tile; lantern painted red. 3-story administration building, crew quarters and other buildings. The Xiàmén MSA Office photo is at right, a page for the station is available, Longhai's city government has several photos, and Google has a satellite view. This large, modern light station serves as the new landfall light for Xiàmén and also guards the southern end of the Taiwan (Formosa) Strait. Located on Zhènhǎijiǎo (Cape Chenhai), a prominent cape about 40 km (25 mi) southeast of Xiàmén and the same distance southwest of Jīnmén (Quemoy) Island. Site accessible by road, tower closed. CN-3195.1; Admiralty F3607; NGA 19197.

Zhènhǎijiǎo Light, Lónghǎi
PRC Maritime Safety Administration Xiàmén Office photo
Zhènhǎijiǎo Range Rear
1980. Active; focal plane 47.5 m (156 ft); white flash every 1.5 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white tile; the gallery rail is red. Google has a satellite view. Located on Cape Zhenhai about 1 km (0.6 mi) northeast of the front light (next entry). Site status unknown. CN-3197; Admiralty F3606.51.
Zhènhǎijiǎo Range Front (2)
1980 (station established 1954). Active; focal plane 29 m (95 ft); white flash every 1.5 s. 15 m (49 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, covered with white tile; the gallery rail is red. Google has a satellite view. Located on the point of Cape Zhenhai. Site status unknown. CN-3196; Admiralty F3606.5.
Dìngtáitóu (Table Head) (3)
1986 (station established 1970). Active; focal plane 49 m (161 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10.5 m (34 ft) round cylindrical stone tower with gallery, covered in ceramic tiles colored in red and white horizontal bands. Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of a long promontory projecting into Dìngtái Bay about 6 km (3.5 mi) southwest of Zhènhǎijiǎo. Site status unknown. CN-3198; Admiralty F3606.2.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Quanzhou | East: Matsu and Kinmen | South: Southern Fújiàn

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Posted July 28, 2008. Checked and revised August 28, 2015. Lighthouses: 33. Site copyright 2015 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.