Lighthouses of Russia: Crimea (Krym)

Crimea is a peninsula on the north side of the Black Sea, attached to the mainland by a narrow isthmus. The territory has a long and complicated history. It was annexed to the Russian Empire in 1783. In the Soviet Union it was at first an autonomous republic and later an oblast (province) within the Russian Federation. In 1954 Crimea was transferred from the Russian Federation to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991 Crimea became part of the newly-independent nation of Ukraine. However, Russia continued to occupy several important military bases in the territory, including the home port of the Black Sea Fleet in Sevastopol'.

In March 2014 Russia annexed Crimea, leaving the Ukrainian coast in two sections: the Bight of Odessa in the west and the northwestern side of the Sea of Azov in the east. The annexation of Crimea has not been accepted by Ukraine or recognized internationally. Important note: The Lighthouse Directory takes no position on any international dispute; our task is to describe lighthouses, not comment on politics. Our descriptions are of the actual situation, whatever it may be.

Crimea was annexed to the Russian Federation as the Republic of Crimea, except that Sevastopol' was admitted as a federal city: the same status held by Moscow and by St. Petersburg.

Most of the lighthouses of Crimea were destroyed or heavily damaged during World War II (or the Great Patriotic War, as it is called in Russia). German troops invaded in 1941 and captured all of the peninsula except for some of the highest mountains; Sevastopol' surrendered in July 1942 after a bitter nine-month siege. Soviet troops drove the Germans out in equally heavy fighting in 1944.

Russian lighthouses are owned and operated by the Russian Navy, although some of them have civilian keepers. The Russian word for a lighthouse is mayak (маяк); mys (мыс) is a cape and ostrov (остров) is an island.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume N of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 113.

Sarych Light
Sarych Light, Foros, July 2008
unattributed photo from Geocaching.su

General Sources
Derzhhidrohrafiyu - Lighthouses
Photos and historical information on the Ukrainian State Hydrography web site. (Ukraine continues to consider the Crimean lighthouses as Ukrainian, and there is no comparable Russian reference.)
Online List of Lights - Ukraine
Photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas. (As of July 2016 Trabas retains Crimean lights in this category.)
Lighthouses in Ukraine
The ARLHS Ukraine listing; photos contributed by Ukrainian amateur radio operators are available for many of the lighthouses. (As of July 2016 ARLHS maintains the Crimean lighthouses with the UKR designation.)
Lighthouses in Crimea
Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia. (Wikimedia files photos of Crimean lighthouses under both Ukraine and Russia.)
World of Lighthouses - Crimea
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Mir Mayakov - Photos
Assorted photos of Ukrainian lighthouses. This is the first of three pages; click in the fourth group of links on the right for the others.
Russische Leuchttürme auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard images posted by Klaus Huelse (Crimean lighthouses are in a separate group a little more than halfway down the page).
Lighthouses/Phares - Crimea
Historic postcard images posted by Michel Forand.

Mys Chauda Light, Cornomorske, April 2009
Panoramio Creative Commons photo by mail.cr

Republic of Crimea: Kerch Strait Lighthouses (see also Russia: Eastern Black Sea and Sea of Azov)

Kerch Municipality Lighthouses
Note: The Strait of Kerch is the narrow passage connecting the Sea of Azov to the Black Sea. From 1991 to 2014, the strait formed part of the border between Ukraine and Russia, but following Russia's annexation of Crimea it is entirely a Russian-controlled waterway. The strait is about 65 km (40 mi) long and narrows to about 4500 m (2.8 mi) wide at its narrowest point. Russia is building the Kerch Strait Bridge to connect Crimea to the Russian mainland; the bridge is scheduled for completion by the end of 2018.
* Yenikal'skiy (Cape Fonar) (2)
1861 (station established 1820). Active; focal plane 123 m (404 ft); flash every 12 s, white or red depending on direction. 27 m (89 ft) round white tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. 1-story keeper's house and other light station buildings. A photo is at right, a 2010 photo and another photo are available, Lightphotos.net has a view from the sea, and Google has a satellite view. Cape Fonar is the easternmost point of the Crimean peninsula, and it forms the west side of the northern entrance to the Kerch Strait from the Sea of Azov. The name fonar means "lantern" in Russian. Located high above the strait in the city of Krym. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS UKR-009; Admiralty N5422; NGA 18560.
Port Kerch Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; red flash every 2 s. Approx. 9 m (30 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower, painted black. The tower carries a slatted daymark painted white with a red vertical stripe. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of one of the main piers of Port Kerch. Site and tower closed. ARLHS UKR-115; Admiralty N5374.4; NGA 18499.1.
Port Kerch Range Middle
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; continuous red light. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower, painted black. The tower carries a slatted daymark painted white with a red vertical stripe. No photo available, and the tower is hard to find in Google's satellite view. Located near the base of the same pier that carries the front light. Site and tower closed. ARLHS UKR-116; Admiralty N5374.4; NGA 18499.2.
Port Kerch Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; continuous red light. Approx. 26 m (85 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower, painted black. The tower carries a slatted daymark painted white with a red vertical stripe. No photo available, and the tower is hard to find in Google's satellite view. Located in a residential neighborhood of Port Kerch about 1.5 km (1 mi) northwest of the front and middle lights. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty N5374.42; NGA 18499.3.
Verkhni Pavlovskiy (Pavlovsky Range Rear) (2)
1907 (station established 1883). Active; focal plane 105 m (344 ft); continuous red light. 15 m (49 ft) round cylindrical metal tower with hexagonal gallery, painted black. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. The range, which guides ships northbound through the strait, initially supplemented a single lighthouse built in 1863. The first rear light was on a wood tower. Located 640 m (0.4 mi) north of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty E5370.1; NGA 18452.
Yenikal'skiy Light
Yenikal'skiy Light, Krym, August 2007
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by Solundir
Nijni Pavlovskiy (Pavlovsky Range Front) (2)
1909 (station established 1863). Active; focal plane 65 m (213 ft); continuous red light. 17 m (56 ft) octagonal stone tower, painted white with a red vertical stripe on the range line. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. This light replaced the original lighthouse, which had a focal plane of 22 m (72 ft). Located about 500 m (0.3 mi) from the waterfront in Arsyncevo, about 6 km (3.5 mi) south of Kerch city. Site status unknown. ARLHS UKR-025; Admiralty N5370; NGA 18448.
* Kamysh-Burunskiy (Range Front)
Date unknown (station established 1909). Active; focal plane 52 m (171 ft); continuous red light. 32 m (105 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) southwest of Arsyncevo. Site apparently open, tower closed. ARLHS UKR-021; Admiralty N5374; NGA 18492.

Lenine District Lighthouses
Churbashskiy (Kamysh-Burunskiy Range Rear) (1)
1909. Inactive since 1988. Approx. 13 m (43 ft) octagonal cylindrical stone tower, rising from a keeper's house. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view of the station. The lighthouse was replaced by a taller tower (next entry). Located about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) southwest of Arsyncevo. Site status unknown. ARLHS UKR-110.
Churbashskiy (Kamysh-Burunskiy Range Rear) (2)
1988 (station established 1909). Active; focal plane 126 m (413 ft); continuous white light. 31 m (102 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower. The tower carries a large slatted daymark painted black with a white vertical stripe on the range line (NGA says black with a red stripe). Google has a satellite view. There is a large group of buildings adjoining the lighthouse, but we don't know the nature of the installation. Southbound ships follow this range west southwest before turning southwest on the Bukhta Kamysh-Burunskiy Range. Located about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) southwest of Arsyncevo. Site status unknown. ARLHS UKR-110; Admiralty N5374.1; NGA 18496.
* Burunsky (Bukhta Kamysh-Burunskiy) Range Front
1909. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); continuous green light,visible only on the range line to the northeast. 16 m (52 ft) 4-story octagonal cylindrical stone tower with gallery; it appears that the light was shown through a window on the top floor, but it is mounted now on the gallery rail. Lighthouse painted white. A photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. The two Burunsky lighthouses were substantially rebuilt in 1954 to repair the heavy damage of World War II. The range guides southbound ships through a narrow passage in the strait. Located about 1.5 km (1 mi) northeast of the rear light on the north side of Heroevskoe. Site apparently open, tower closed. ARLHS UKR-006; Admiralty N5372; NGA 18476.
* Burunsky (Bukhta Kamysh-Burunskiy) Range Rear
1909. Active; focal plane 53 m (174 ft); continuous light, green on the range line to the northeast and red on a second line to the southeast. 11 m (36 ft) 3-story octagonal cylindrical stone tower with gallery; it appears that the lights were shown through different windows on the top floor, but at least one may be mounted now on the gallery rail. Lighthouse painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. The range guides southbound ships through a narrow passage in the strait. Located about 1.5 km (1 mi) southwest of the front light and 2 km (1.25 mi) west of Heroevskoe. Site apparently open, tower closed. ARLHS UKR-007; Admiralty N5372.1; NGA 18480.
Takil (Mys Takil, Takilskiy)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 101 m (331 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) square cylindrical steel skeletal tower, painted black. Mys Takil is the cape on the west side of the southern entrance to Kerch Strait. ARLHS has a photo, and Anton Nadolny has a distant view, and Google has a satellite view of the station. Located on a bluff above the point of the cape. Site status unknown. ARLHS UKR-083; Admiralty E5361; NGA 18412.
Burunsky Range Front Light
Burunsky Range Front Light, Heroevskoe
Derzhhidrohrafiyu photo

Republic of Crimea: South Coast Lighthouses

Lenine District Lighthouses
Note: The Lenine District includes the eastern peninsula of Crimea, bordering the Sea of Azov to the north, the Kerch Strait to the east, and the Black Sea to the south.
* Kyz-Aul (Mys Kyz-Aul, Kyz-Aulskiy)
1876. Active; focal plane 62 m (204 ft); flash every 6 s, white, red, or green depending on direction. 28 m (92 ft) octagonal masonry tower with lantern and gallery. Tower painted with black and white vertical stripes; lantern painted white. 1-story masonry keeper's house and other light station buildings. A photo is at right, Alexandr Dyachenko has a lovely view, a 2012 photo is available, Huelse has a historic postcard view, and Google has a very good satellite view. This lighthouse helps guide ships to the entrance of the Kerch Strait, which is about 8 km (5 mi) to the northeast; it also helps them avoid a dangerous reef offshore. The lighthouse was deactivated during World War II, but two courageous Soviet officers lit fires on the bluff to guide Soviet ships operating nearby. The lighthouse was restored after World War II and again in the late 1960s. Located on the point of the cape, about 4 km (2.5 mi) southeast of Jakovenkove. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS UKR-013; Admiralty N5358; NGA 18408.
Chauda (Mys Chauda, Chaudinskiy)
1888. Active; focal plane 37 m (121 ft); white light, 6 s on, 18 s off. 12 m (36 ft) octagonal cylindrical masonry tower with lantern and gallery, rsing from the front of a 1-story masonry keeper's house. Lighthouse painted white. A 2009 photo is at the top of this page, Confluence.org has a photo (second photo on the page), and Bing has a satellite view of the station. War damage at the lighthouse was repaired in 1956, and the station was restored in 1978. Cape Chauda is the eastern extremity of Feodosiya Gulf, a bight on the southeastern coast of Crimea. Located on the point of the cape, about 12 km (7.5 mi) southwest of Cornomorske. Site and tower closed (restricted area), but the lighthouse can be seen from a distance. ARLHS UKR-008; Admiralty N5352; NGA 18404.

Feodosiya Municipality Lighthouses
Feodosiyskiy (Feodosiya) (Range Front)
Date unknown (station established 1895). Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); continuous red light. 17 m (56 ft) post mounted on the roof of a 3-story tower attached to a 2-story building. Building painted white. The building appears to be an abandoned harbor control tower, but a tall mast carries signal lights. Anna Negatina has a photo, another photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Huelse has a historic postcard view of the original lighthouse, a tourelle of French design, and Forand has a second postcard view. This lighthouse stood until the 1970s. Located at the (north) end of the main breakwater of Feodosiya. Site status unknown. Admiralty N5342.

Kyz-Aul Light, Zavitne
Derzhhidrohrafiyu photo
* Il'inskiy (Mys Il'inskiy, Alekseevskiy) (3)
1953 (station established 1899). Active; focal plane 66 m (217 ft); white light, 3 s on, 3 s off, 3 s on, 6 s off. 15 m (49 ft) round robust brick tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Maksim Zhubr has a 2008 closeup, Sergei Zheleznyak also has a closeup, Aleksandr Kuzyn has a 2011 photo, Lightphotos.net has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. The original lighthouse, a wood tower, was funded by a noblewoman in thanks to the town of Feodosiya, where her son recuperated from an illness. A more substantial tower was built in 1912. In World War II, German troops installed artillery at the lighthouse, which was then largely destroyed by Soviet naval shelling. This is the landfall light for Feodosiya, located on Mys Il'inskiy, about 4 km (2.5 mi) southeast of the city. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS UKR-010; Admiralty N5340; NGA 18384.

Sudak Municipality Lighthouses
* Meganom (Meganomskiy, Mys Meganom)
1895. Active; focal plane 99 m (325 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 12.5 m (41 ft) octagonal masonry tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. A photo is at right, ARLHS has a photo, Lightphotos.net has a photo, Wikimedia has another photo, another closeup photo is available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view of the station. The lighthouse was damaged during World War II and repaired after the war. Cape Meganom is a very prominent cape on the southeast coast of Crimea; it is well known as the site of an astronomical observatory and important archaeological sites. Located about 10 km (6 mi) southeast of Sudak. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS UKR-014; Admiralty N5330; NGA 18368.
Sudakskiy
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); red light, 1.5 s on, 3.5 s off. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower, painted red. The tower carries a large slatted daymark painted black with a white vertical stripe. A 2012 photo is available, the light can be seen near the left edge of a photo of Sudak's central beach area, and the light is centered in a Google satellite view. Located near the ferris wheel in Sudak, a very popular beach resort. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty N5329; NGA 18364.

Alushta Region Lighthouse
* Rybacy (Rybachiy)
1968. Active; focal plane 130 m (427 ft); one long (1.5 s ) white flash every 7.5 s. 21 m (69 ft) round masonry tower mounted on a round masonry base. The lantern has been replaced by several communications towers. Tower painted white with one red horizontal band; the base is unpainted. A fine closeup is available, Nikita Nechaev has a photo, ARLHS also has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. The lighthouse was refurbished in 1985. Located on a steep bluff about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) southwest of Rybacy. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS UKR-027; Admiralty N5328; NGA 18360.
Meganom Light
Meganom Light, Sudak, June 2010
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by Q-lieb-in

Yalta Municipality
Lighthouses
Artek
1977. Reactivated (inactive 1994-2006); focal plane 139 m (456 ft); three white flashes every 7.5 s. 12 m (39 ft) skeletal mast atop a round tower, painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Founded in 1925, Artek became the largest youth camp in the Soviet Union; it was redeveloped by Ukraine as a summer camp for disadvantaged, handicapped, or gifted children. Its current status is unknown. The light was restored and reactivated in 2006. Located on the heights above the camp's 7000-seat sports stadium, about 25 km (15 mi) northeast of Yalta. Site status unknown. Admiralty N5323; NGA 18350.
* Yalta Breakwater (Yaltinskiy) (2)
1957 (station established 1891). Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red light, 3 s on, 4.5 s off. 12 m (39 ft) octagonal cylindrical stone tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. The nearby 9 m (30 ft) post light appears to be active as well. A 1-story masonry keeper's house is set into the pierhead. Vyacheslav Argenberg's photo is at right, a closeup is available, Wikimedia has a photo by Andrew Butko, Trabas has a photo, and Google has a satellite view and a distant street view from shore. Huelse has a postcard view of the earlier lighthouse and Forand has a second postcard view; that lighthouse, a cast iron tourelle of typical French design, actually survived World War II but in increasingly dilapidated condition. This is one of the best-known lighthouses of Crimea, and its occupation by Ukrainian personnel in January 2006 precipitated a lighthouse crisis between Ukraine and Russia. Located at the end of the Yalta breakwater, which extends southwestward parallel to the shoreline. Site open, tower closed; the lighthouse can also be seen easily from anywhere on the waterfront. ARLHS UKR-034; Admiralty N5320; NGA 18344.
* Ay-Todorskiy (Mys Aytodor, Ajtodor, Ai-Todor) (3)
1944 (station established 1835). Active; focal plane 87 m (285 ft); two green flashes every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) octagonal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. A photo is available, Huelse has a historic postcard view, Forand has a second postcard view, and Google has a good satellite view. The Russian article says the lighthouse is built on or near the foundation of a Roman signal tower. The present lighthouse is a copy of the 1876 lighthouse, which was destroyed in World War II. This was one of several light stations occupied by Russian Navy personnel during Ukraine's administration of Crimea. The precipitous cliffs of Cape Aytodor are a spectacular sight. Located on the cape about 6 km (4.5 mi) south of Yalta. Site normally open in the past; tower closed. ARLHS UKR-001; Admiralty N5316; NGA 18340.
Yalta Light
Yalta Breakwater Light, Yalta, September 2005
Flickr Creative Commons photo copyright Vyacheslav Argenberg

City of Sevastopol' Lighthouses

South Coast Lighthouses
Sarych (Mys Sarych)
1911. Active; focal plane 38 m (125 ft); white light, 3 s on, 3 s off. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) round tapered cast iron tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. 1-1/2 story keeper's house painted white with a green roof. A photo appears at the top of this page, Sergey Kosenko has a closeup photo, Lightphotos.net has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. The height of the tower is listed as 10.5 m (35 ft) by NGA, but clearly the lighthouse is taller than that. Located at the southernmost point of the Crimean peninsula, the lighthouse was abandoned during the early Soviet period (1920s) because of its remote location. Its remoteness was an asset during World War II, when German troops never occupied the area. Located on Mys (Cape) Sarych, about 40 km (25 mi) southeast of Sevastopol'. Site and tower closed; this was one of several light stations occupied by Russian Navy personnel during Ukraine's administration of Crimea. ARLHS UKR-015; Admiralty N5314; NGA 18336.
Balaklavskiy Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; continuous red light. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower, painted black. The tower carries a slatted daymark painted white with a black vertical stripe. Vadim Anokhim has a distant view, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. The front light is on a much shorter skeletal tower. Located atop a steep ridge inside the entrance to Balaklava Bay, a fjord about 15 km (9 mi) due south of Sevastopol'. Site status unknown. ARLHS UKR-061; Admiralty N5312.1.
Kayabash (Kayabashi)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 301 m (988 ft); white flash every 4 s. 11 m (36 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower, painted black. The tower carries a slatted daymark painted white with a black vertical stripe. Pavlo Turkot has a photo (the apparent lean in the tower is a perspective effect), a 2011 photo is available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located atop a spectacular cliff about 5 km (3 mi) east of Mys Fiolent. Site status unknown. ARLHS UKR-067; Admiralty N5310; NGA 18326.
Mys Fiolent (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 168 m (551 ft); red flash every 3 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical tower with gallery and a double cone daymark surrounding the upper part of the tower. Lighthouse painted white with a black vertical stripe on the cones. A 2008 sunset photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. NGA lists the earlier light, a small skeletal tower. Located on a high promontory about 15 km (9 mi) southeast of Mys Khersonesskiy. Site status unknown. ARLHS UKR-062; Admiralty N5309; NGA 18324.
** Khersonesskiy (Mys Khersonesskiy, Chersones, Sevastopol') (4)
1951 (station established 1816). Active; focal plane 34 m (112 ft); white light, 3 s on, 3 s off, 3 s on, 3 s off, 3 s on, 6 s off, 3 s on, 3 s off, 6 s on, 3 s off, 6 s on, 18 s off. 36 m (118 ft) round stone tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. A 4th (?) order Fresnel lens is in use. Dmitriy Metelkin's photo is at right, Vitaly Stronov has a photo, ARLHS has a photo, Wikimedia has Stas Klevtsov's distant view, Huelse has a historic postcard view, Forand has a second postcard view, and Google has a good satellite view. This historic lighthouse stands on the southwest corner of the Crimean peninsula. The original lighthouse was a conical stone tower. It was replaced in 1929 by a lighthouse built from the same plans as the Tarkhankut Light (see below). Almost completely destroyed during World War II, it was replaced by a wood tripod tower until a copy of the 1929 lighthouse could be built. The tower is greatly endangered by rising sea level, and a stone berm and semicircular sea wall have been built to protect it. The unusual flash pattern, the Morse code "SW" for Sevastopol', is a traditional welcome-home for Russian sailors. In August 2008, a diplomatic spat arose after Ukrainian officials tried to seize equipment at the lighthouse and were instead detained by Russian Navy staff. Located at the tip of the peninsula about 15 km (9 mi) west of Sevastopol'. Site open, tower apparently open for climbing but no schedule is available. ARLHS UKR-022; Admiralty N5308; NGA 18320.
Khersonesskiy Light
Khersonesskiy Light, Sevastopol', August 2010
Panoramio photo copyright Dimitriy Metelkin; used by permission

Sevastopol' Harbor Lighthouses
Note: Sevastopol' Bay is an estuary at the mouth of the Chorna River. The estuary is about 8 km (5 mi) long, providing a beautiful protected harbor that is the traditional home of Russia's Black Sea Fleet. There are additional harbor basins in shorter estuaries along the north coast of the Khersonesskiy Peninsula, southwest of the main harbor. The city itself has a population of about 375,000.
Kamyshovaya Bay (Sevastopol' Fishing Harbor) Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; red light, 2 s on, 2 s off. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white with a vertical stripe on the range line, lantern and gallery painted black. A closeup is available, this light is on the right in Alex Mirage's photo of the two range lights, and Google has a good satellite view. Kamyshovaya Bay is a harbor about 4 km (2.5 mi) west of Cape Khersonesskiy. Located at the south end of the harbor. Site status unknown. ARLHS UKR-064; Admiralty N5304.7; NGA 18280.
Kamyshovaya Bay (Sevastopol' Fishing Harbor) Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; red light, 2 s on, 2 s off. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white with a vertical stripe on the range line, lantern and gallery painted black. Lightphotos.net has a photo, the light is on the left in Alex Mirage's photo of the two range lights, and Google has a good satellite view. Located about 250 m (800 ft) south southeast of the front light. Site status unknown. ARLHS UKR-065; Admiralty N5304.71; NGA 18281.
* Kruglaya Bay East
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); yellow flash every 3 s. 6 m (20 ft) square cylindrical concrete tower painted white with a red horizontal band. Lightphotos.net has a photo, Andrey Vorob'yev has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the east side of the entrance to Kruglaya Bay. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS UKR-072; Admiralty N5304.6.
* Streletskiy Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane and light pattern unknown. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower, painted red. The tower also carries a large slatted daymark. A photo and a wider view are available, but the tower is hard to find in Google's satellite view. This range guides vessels entering Strelets Bay, a narrow harbor west of Sevastopol'. Located on the west side of the harbor, near the south end. Site status unknown, but the lighthouse can be seen from a nearby street. ARLHS UKR-081.
* Lukul'skiy (Pukupp'skiy) Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; continuous red light. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower, painted black. Google has a photo, a street view by Yuriy Filatov, and a satellite view. This light stands close to St. Vladimir's Cathedral, built in honor of the Kievan prince Vladimir who converted to Christianity here in 988 CE. Located on a headland about 1 km (0.6 mi) southwest of the entrance to Sevastopol' Bay. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS UKR-073; Admiralty N5303.
* Inkermanskiy (Sevastopol' South) Range Front (2)
1946 (station established 1821). Active; focal plane 91 m (299 ft); continuous red light. 10 m (33 ft) square cylindrical stone tower with lantern and gallery, centered on a square stone keeper's house. Lighthouse painted white. Lightphotos.net has a closeup photo, a distant view is available, and Google has a satellite view. This range shines a powerful pair of lights, white above red, down the full length of Sevastopol' Bay. The original lighthouse was repaired after being damaged during the Crimean War (1853-56), but it was completely destroyed during World War II. Inkerman is a city at the east end of Sevastopol' Bay; it was the site of a major battle of the Crimean War in November 1854. Located on the heights on the north side of Sevastopol' Bay, northwest of the city. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS UKR-063; Admiralty N5302; NGA 18272.
Inkermanskiy (Sevastopol' South) Range Rear (2)
1946 (station established 1821). Active; focal plane 196 m (643 ft); continuous white light. 10 m (33 ft) square stone building, painted white. A photo is at right, Lightphotos.net has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. The entire staff of this lighthouse, 28 men, were killed by a direct hit in a German air raid during World War II. The present lighthouse is a copy of the original. Located on a mountaintop behind the city of Sevastopol' Bay, about 3 km (1.8 mi) east of the front light. Site status unknown. ARLHS UKR-031; Admiralty N5302.1; NGA 18273.


Inkermanskiy Range Rear Light, Sevastopol'
anonymous Wikimapia Creative Commons photo

Sevastopol' Severnovo Mola (North Mole) (2?)
Date unknown (station established 1914). Active; focal plane unknown; quick-flashing red light. Round cylindrical tower with gallery, mounted on an octagonal base. Lighthouse painted white with one narrow red horizontal band. Trabas has the closeup by Douglas Cameron seen at right, a 2006 photo is available, Wayne Hopkins has a 2008 closeup, Sergey Naskidaeff has a view from the sea, and the tower can be seen in a Google satellite view. The entrance to the harbor of Sevastopol' is flanked by two breakwater moles, but only the north mole has a light. This light is at the end of the north mole, which extends from the Konstantinovskiy fort on the north shore (a photo shows this fort behind the lighthouse). Site and tower closed. ARLHS UKR-079; Admiralty N5302.7.

West Coast Lighthouses
Lyubimovka
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white flash every 5 s. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower with gallery, painted black. The tower carries a slatted daymark painted white with a black vertical stripe. Oleksa Haiworonski has a photo, and Google has a satellite view . Located on a steep bluff about 8 km (5 mi) north of the Sevastopol' entrance. Site status unknown. ARLHS UKR-075; Admiralty N5300; NGA 18270.
Mys Marhupolo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; red flash every 3 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) triangular skeletal tower mounted atop a drum-shaped round tower. Dmitry Palamarchuk has a closeup photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a steep bluff about 15 km (9 mi) north of the Sevastopol' entrance. Site status unknown. Admiralty N5293; NGA 18269.
Sevastopol North Mole Light
Sevastopol' North Mole Light, Sevastopol'
photo copyright Douglas Cameron; used by permission
* Lukull (Mys Lukull, Lukullskiy)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 41 m (135 ft); white flash every 3 s. 16 m (52 ft) skeletal tower, mounted on a concrete base. Lighthouse painted red. The seaward side carries a large slatted daymark, painted white with a black vertical stripe. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on Mys (Cape) Lukull, a promontory about 3 km (2 mi) northwest of Adriivka and 25 km (15 mi) north of Sevastopol'. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS UKR-135; Admiralty N5288; NGA 18268.

Republic of Crimea: West Coast Lighthouses

Saky District (Yevpatoria Area) Lighthouses
Solodunova
1986. Active; focal plane 27 m (89 ft); two red flashes every 12 s. 22 m (72 ft) round cylindrical tower with gallery, painted with red and white horizontal bands. Radio operator US4LGW has a photo, Oleg Zadvorniy has a photo, a wider view is available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. This new lighthouse was named for Rear Admiral Alexander Viktorovich Solodunov, the chief of the hydrology section of the Black Sea Fleet from 1940 to 1952; he was responsible for rebuilding Crimea's lighthouses after the war. Located on a barrier beach about 5 km (3 mi) west of Saky and 12 km (7.5 mi) east of Yevpatoriya. Site status unknown. ARLHS UKR-051; UA-1522; Admiralty N5285; NGA 18258.
* Mys Karantinnyy (2)
1967 (station established 1897). Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); red light, 0.8 s on, 0.8 s off. 21 m (69 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower with gallery, painted red. The upper 2/3 of the tower carries a slatted daymark painted white with a black vertical stripe. Sergey Gezlev has a photo, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. The name of the lighthouse means "Cape Quarantine." Forand has a historic postcard view of the original tower, which was destroyed in World War II. Located on the beach at a promontory in downtown Yevpatoriya. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS UKR-066; Admiralty N5284; NGA 18255.
* Yevpatoriya (Mys Yevpatoriyskiy) (3)
1970 (station established 1861). Active; focal plane 53 m (174 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 52 m (171 ft) octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Tower painted with red and white horizontal bands; lantern is gray metallic. 1-story keeper's house or administration building. A photo is at right, ARLHS has a photo, a 2010 photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. This major lighthouse, the tallest lighthouse on the Black Sea, is similar in design to lighthouses at Berdyansk on the Ukrainian Sea of Azov and at Gelendzhik on the Russian Eastern Black Sea. The original lighthouse was a cast iron skeletal tower prefabricated in London. Despite many complaints about its height and the difficulty of maintaining it in the winter, it survived until World War II. It was replaced in 1955 by a 21 m (69 ft) octagonal brick tower. Located on a prominent point of land about 9 km (5.5 mi) southwest of the small seaport of Yevpatoriya. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS UKR-017; Admiralty N5282; NGA 18252.
* Vitino (Nitino)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); white flash every 4 s. 16 m (52 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower, painted black. ARLHS has a photo, a 2008 photo and a distant view are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located near Nitino, about 10 km (6 mi) northwest of Cape Yevpatoriya. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS UKR-117; Admiralty N5281; NGA 18250.
* Popovka
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); white light, 2 s on, 4 s off. 14 m (46 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with gallery, mounted on a square 1-story equipment building. Tower painted black, equipment building white. The tower also carries a horizontally slatted daymark painted white with a black vertical stripe. A good 2007 photo is available, Sanja Byelkin also has a photo, ARLHS has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located just off the beach near Mirnyy, about 25 km (15 mi) west of Yevpatoriya. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS UKR-132; Admiralty N5280; NGA 18248.
Yevpatoriya Light
Yevpatoriya Light, Yevpatoriya, January 2005
Panoramio photo copyright Protsko; used by permission
* Ozero Donuzlav South Entrance
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 17 m (56 ft); red light, 1 s on, 1 s off. Approx. 18 m (59 ft) rectangular concrete tower rising from a 1-story building and carrying a harbor control room and two galleries. Igor Artasevych has a photo, Vlad Petin has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Ozero Donuslav (Donuslav Bay) is an estuary on the border between the Chornomorske and the Saky Districts. The entrance to the lagoon is a narrow pass through a sandy barrier. Located on the south side of the entrance to Donuslav Bay. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS UKR-136; Admiralty N5279.8.
Ozero Donuslav Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white light occulting once every 5 s. Approx. 27 m (89 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower with gallery, painted black. The upper portion of the tower carries a slatted daymark painted black with awhite vertical stripe. Salech Hcelas has a photo, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. The range guides vessels through the entrance to Donuslav Bay. Located on the south side of Donuslav Bay about 4 km (2.5 mi) southeast of Novoozerne. Site status unknown. ARLHS UKR-142; Admiralty N5279.5; NGA 18249.

Chornomorske District (Cape Tarkhankut Area) Lighthouses
Ozero Donuslav Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white light occulting once every 5 s. Approx. 27 m (89 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower with gallery, painted black. The front of the tower carries a slatted daymark painted orange. Rosti Torth has a 2012 photo, and Google has a satellite view. A 2004 view from the bay and a longer view from across the bay by Salech Hcelas both show a smaller daymark. Located on the north side of Donuslav Bay opposite the industrial town of Novoozerne. Site status unknown. ARLHS UKR-141; Admiralty N5279.51; NGA 18249.1.
Mys Uret
Date unknown. Active (?). Approx. 12 m (39 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower, painted black. The tower carries a dilapidated slatted daymark painted white with a black vertical stripe. Rosti Torth has a 2012 photo, Pavel Dulub has a distant view, and Google has a satellite view. We need information on this light. Located on a promontory on the south side of the Tarkhankut Peninsula, about 16 km (10 mi) east of the Tarkhankut lighthouse. Site open, tower closed.
* Tarkhankut (Mys Tarkhankut)
Date unknown (station established 1817). Active; focal plane 36 m (118 ft); two long (1.5 s) white flashes every 7.5 s. 33 m (108 ft) round masonry tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white, lantern red. Nearby buildings may be a coast guard or coastal defense station. A photo is at right, Andrey Okonetchnikov has a photo, a 2005 photo and a good closeup are available, and Google has a closeup photo and a satellite view. This lighthouse stands at the western corner of the diamond-shaped Crimean peninsula, a dangerous headland that sailors called Chortovim Misom (Devil's Cape). The light is built from the same plans as the Khersonesskiy Light in Sevastopol' (see above). Due to its remote location it escaped major damage during World War II. Located on the southern point of Mys (Cape) Tarkhankut, about 5 km (3 mi) southwest of Olenivka. Site status unknown, but clearly the lighthouse can be seen from nearby. ARLHS UKR-016; Admiralty N5278; NGA 18244.
* Tarkhankut North
Date unknown. Inactive and abandoned. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round tower, painted black with one white horizontal band. Yuri Adrov has a photo, a second photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a bluff on the northern point of Cape Tarkhankut, about 5 km (3 mi) northwest of Olenivka. Site open, tower closed.
* Chornomorske West
Date unknown. Inactive and abandoned. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical tower with gallery, painted white with two narrow black horizontal bands. Aleksandr Dygas has a photo, a closeup is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a bluff about 4 km (2.5 mi) southwest of the Chornomorske lighthouse. Site open, tower closed.
* Novosel'skov Range Front (Chornomorske)
Date unknown. Active (?); focal plane unknown; red flash every 1.5 s. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) lantern mounted on a 2-story harbor control building. The lighthouse certainly looks abandoned in a 2013 closeup photo. Another photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. The building appears to be unpainted concrete; lantern painted black. Located on a promontory on the west side of the entrance to Chornomorske, the district capital. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty N5274.
Tarkhankut Light
Tarkhankut Light, Olenivka, August 2009
Wikimedia public domain photo by Kosun
Ozero Panskoye Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); one long red flash every 6 s. 13 m (43 ft) post light with gallery. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Ozero Panskoye is an elliptical lagoon about 10 km (6 mi) northeast of Chornomorske. The lagoon has been put into service as a harbor of refuge and staging area for offshore oil drilling in the Black Sea. The range guides vessels through the narrow entrance to the lagoon. Located beside a highway about 300 m (1000 ft) south of the shore of the lagoon. Site status unknown, but it should be easy to see the light from the highway. Admiralty N5273.5.
Ozero Panskoye Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 27 m (89 ft); one long red flash every 6 s. 18 m (59 ft) square skeletal tower. The lighthouse carries a slatted daymark, painted white with a black vertical stripe, as well as a white hexagonal topmark. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located in a farm field about 700 m (2300 ft) south of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty N5273.51.
* Mys Chernyy (Mizhvodne)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white flash every 6 s. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical tower with gallery and a double cone daymark surrounding the upper part of the tower. Lighthouse painted white; the light is on a short mast painted red. Rosti Torth has a 2012 closeup, Grigoriy Kazimirovich has a similar photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory on the north side of the entrance to the bay of Mizhvodne. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS UKR-134; Admiralty N5273.

Rozdolne District Lighthouse
Mys Peschanyy (Bakalskoe Spit)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white flash every 5 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted black. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. The Bakalskoe Spit projects northward into the Karkinyts'ka Bay west of Avrora. Located near the end of the spit. Probably accessible by 4WD. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty N5270.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Ukraine: Sea of Azov and Dnipro Waterway | East: Russia: Eastern Black Sea and Sea of Azov

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Posted February 19, 2007. Checked and revised July 4, 2016. Lighthouses: 55. Site copyright 2015 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.