Lighthouses of the Republic of Cyprus
Cyprus, the third largest island of the Mediterranean
Sea, is located south of Turkey. The island was conquered by the Ottoman
(Turkish) Empire in 1571 and remained under Ottoman rule for three centuries.
In 1878, The Ottoman sultan agreed to cede Cyprus to Britain in return
for British support for Turkey in its war with Russia. After 82 years of
British rule, the island became an independent republic in 1960 under
a constitution drafted in an effort to balance the interests
of Greek and Turkish Cypriots. Britain retained sovereignty over two
large military bases, Akrotiri and Dhekelia, on the south coast. Unfortunately,
the political compromise dissolved into violence in 1974. Turkish troops
intervened and occupied the northern third of Cyprus, establishing
the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. United Nations troops administer
the Green Line, a narrow zone separating the Greek and Turkish sections
of the island. The Turkish Republic is not recognized diplomatically
by any country except Turkey.
Lighthouses in the (Greek) Republic of Cyprus are maintained by the
Cyprus Ports Authority. The Greek word for a lighthouse
is pharos or faros.
ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS
World List of Lights. Admiralty
numbers are from volume E of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog
Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 113.
- General Sources
- Cyprus Ports Authority - Lighthouses
- A description of the history of Cyprus lighthouses, illustrated with several small photos.
- Pages for three of the lighthouses, posted by Claudia & Mike Hovorka.
- Online List of Lights
- Photos by various photographers posted by Alex Trabas.
- Lighthouses in Cyprus
- Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia.
- World of Lighthouses - Cyprus
- Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
- Europäische Leuchttürme auf historischen Postkarten
- Historic postcard views posted by Klaus Huelse.
Paphos Light, Paphos, March 2010
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Marko Forsten
- Cavo Greco (Cape Greco)
- 1892. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); one long (1.5 s) white flash every
15 s. 15 m (49 ft) round masonry tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse
painted white. Trabas has a photo,
the Hovorkas have a distant photo,
a nice view from the sea is available, and Google has a satellite
view. Cape Greco, the southeastern tip of Cyprus, is at the end of a long,
slender peninsula. Located about 8 km (5 mi) southeast of Ayia Napa. Site
and tower closed, but it is possible to view the light station from a distance.
ARLHS CYP-003; Admiralty E5888; NGA 20940.
- * Cavo
Kiti (Cape Kiti, Larnaca) (2)
- Date unknown (station established by the Ottoman government in 1864). Active;
focal plane 20 m (66 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal
stone tower with lantern and gallery, attached to one corner of a 1-story
masonry keeper's house. The tower is unpainted; lantern painted white. A photo is at right, Varnavas
Artemiou has a 2008 photo,
Marcel Berendsen has another closeup,
and a Google has
view. The Hovorkas found the lighthouse under renovation in 2005. The original light was shown on a mast atop a white house, and that light was still listed in 1909. Located on a promontory at Kiti, about 12 km (7.5 mi) south of Larnaca.
Site open, tower closed. ARLHS CYP-004; Admiralty E5882; NGA 20904.
- Cavo Gata (Cape Gata, Akrotiri)
- 1864 (Ottoman). Active (?); focal plane 58 m (190 ft); white flash
every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal cylindrical masonry tower with lantern
and gallery, attached to a 1-story masonry keeper's house. The lighthouse
was originally painted white. A closeup photo and a second closeup show the lighthouse in very poor condition, a photo page describes the lighthouse as abandoned, Joni McFarland-Johnston
has a distant view from the sea, and Google has a satellite
view. We need more information on the status of this historic
and endangered lighthouse. The lighthouse
stands on the southernmost tip of Cyprus. Although it is within the
British military base of Akrotiri, it is operated by the Cyprus Port
Authority. Located on the point of the cape, about 8 km (5 mi) southeast
of Akrotiri and 20 km (13 mi) south of the city of Limassol. Site
status unknown. ARLHS CYP-002; Admiralty E5876; NGA 20856.
- * Paphos
- 1888. Active; focal plane 36 m (118 ft); one long (1.5 s) white
flash every 15 s. 20 m (66 ft) round stone tower with lantern and
gallery. Entire lighthouse painted white. The lighthouse stands next
to a second century Roman amphitheater, part of which is seen a 2004
Marko Forsten's photo is at the top of this page, Dave Gunn has a photo, the Hovorkas have photos,
a 2009 photo
are available, Trabas has a photo
by Rainer Arndt, Huelse has a historic postcard
view, and a Google satellite
view is available. This handsome British Imperial tower is the
best known and most visited lighthouse of Cyprus. Paphos is at the
southwestern corner of the island, where the lighthouse served as
the landfall light for ships arriving from Britain. Located on a promontory
projecting into the Mediterranean at Paphos. Site open, tower closed.
ARLHS CYP-005; Admiralty E5908; NGA 20836.
Cape Kiti Light, Larnaca, September 2008
Panoramio Creative Commons photo by Charing1
- Cavo Akamas (Cape Akamas)
- 1989. Active; focal plane 211 m (692 ft); two white flashes every
15 s. 4.5 m (15 ft) light mounted at one corner of a 1-story stone building
(a former British Army observation post). ARLHS has a photo, qsl.net has a portfolio of photos by amateur radio operator 5B8AP, and Google
has a satellite
view. Located atop the bluff at the westernmost tip of Cyprus, about
80 km (50 mi) north northwest of Paphos. Accessible by a long hike or a rough ride by 4x4 vehicle.
Site open, building closed. ARLHS CYP-001; Admiralty E5910; NGA 20986.
Information available on lost lighthouses:
Notable faux lighthouses:
Adjoining page: North: Northern Cyprus
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Posted May 14, 2007. Checked and revised December 24, 2013.
Lighthouses: 5. Site copyright 2013 Russ Rowlett and the University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill.