Lighthouses of Northern Cyprus
Cyprus, the third largest island of the Mediterranean
Sea, is located south of Turkey. The island was conquered by the Ottoman
(Turkish) Empire in 1571 and remained under Ottoman rule for four centuries.
In 1878, The Ottoman sultan agreed to cede Cyprus to Britain in return
for British support for Turkey in a war with Russia. After 82 years of
British rule, the island became an independent republic in 1960, under
a constitution carefully drafted in an effort to balance the interests
of Greek and Turkish Cypriots. Britain retained sovereignty over two
large military bases, Akrotiri and Dhekelia, on the south coast. Unfortunately,
the political compromise dissolved into violence in 1974. Turkish troops
intervened and occupied the northern third of Cyprus, establishing
the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. United Nations troops administer
the Green Line, a narrow zone separating the Greek and Turkish sections
of the island. The Turkish Republic is not recognized diplomatically
by any country except Turkey.
Lighthouses in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus are maintained by the Turkish
Cyprus Coastal Safety and Salvage Directorate. The Turkish phrase for a lighthouse is fener (plural fenerler)
or deniz feneri ("sea lantern"). Burnu is
a cape or headland, ada or adası is an island, and limani is a harbor.
ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS
World List of Lights. KTGK numbers are from the list provided by the coastal safely directorate. Admiralty
numbers are from volume E of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog
Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 113.
- General Sources
- Deniz Feneri
- Official light list for Northern Cyprus.
- Online List of Lights
- Photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
- World of Lighthouses - Northern Cyprus
- Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
- Europäische Leuchttürme auf historischen Postkarten
- Historic postcard views posted by Klaus Huelse.
Canbulat Light, Famagusta
photo copyright Dmitry Rostopshin;
used by permission
- * Denizli (Xeros) Pier
- Date unknown. Inactive. 7 m (23 ft) square skeletal tower mounted on the roof of a waterfront building. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. The seafront is dilapidated, and the pier is collapsing and useless. Although the light still appears on international lists, it is not on the official Northern Cyprus list. Located on the waterfront of Denizli (historically known as Xeros), a village in northwestern Cyprus, not far from the western end of the Green Line. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty E5906; NGA 20980.
- Kormacit (Koruçam Burnu, Cape Kormakiti, Cape Komakitis, Cape Koruçam)
- 1991 (station established 1940s). Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); two
white flashes every 20 s. 20 m (66 ft) square pyramidal steel skeletal tower,
painted white. Sergey Kuzmin has a photo,
a 2010 photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Cape Koruçam
is a sharp promontory on the northwest coast of Cyprus. Located on the point
of the cape, about 25 km (15 mi) west of Lapta (Lapithos). Accessible by 4WD
vehicles. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS CYP-007; KTGK 33250; Admiralty E5904; NGA 20976.
- * Girne
(Kyrenia) West Mole (1)
- 1907. Inactive since 1963. 7 m (23 ft) round strongly conical stone
tower. The tower is unpainted. Rita Willaert's photo is at right, Craig Wiggins has a photo, a closeup photo is available, Hulki Okan Tabak also has a closeup,
Huelse has a historic postcard
view, and Bing has a satellite
view. Also seen in Huelse's photo is an unlit stone beacon on
the east mole. A 2007 photo shows that the east mole beacon also survives, but we have no evidence
that it was ever a lighthouse. The old harbor of Kyrenia, used now
as a yacht and small boat marina, has been extended by constructing
a long breakwater attached to the west mole. Located at the end of
the old west mole, now an elbow of the extended mole. Site open, tower closed.
- * [Girne
(Kyrenia) West Mole (2)]
- 1963(?). Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); green flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white. The tower appears rusty in a 2006 photo of the pier. Lisa Solonynko has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the extended breakwater of the yacht and small boat marina. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. KTGK 33230; Admiralty E5902; NGA 20972.
- * Girne Ana (Kyrenia Main)
- 1994. Active; focal plane 19 m (58 ft); three white flashes every
20 s. 7 m (23 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower with gallery,
mounted atop a 1-story building. Skeletal tower colored with red and
white horizontal bands. Bing's satellite view does not reveal the tower. Girne
(Kyrenia) is the principal port on the north coast of Cyprus; ferries
arrive here from Alanya and Mersin on the south coast of Turkey. This
light guides vessels into the ferry and commercial harbor, which is
a short distance east of the old harbor. Located on a building facing the ferry harbor. Site open, tower closed. KTGK 33226; Admiralty E5901.6;
1907 West Mole Light, Girne (Kyrenia), November 2005
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Rita Willaert
- * Girne (Kyrenia) (1)
- 1886. Inactive. 24 m (79 ft) round stone tower, the northwest bastion of the Kyrenia fortress. The Jenkins 1904 light list describes the light as "shone from a mast over a small white hut" atop the tower. A photo of the tower is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the Kyrenia waterfront. Site and tower open.
- Girne (Kyrenia) North Breakwater (2)
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); green flash every 3 s. 8 m (26 ft) round hourglass-shaped tower, painted white. Bing has a satellite view. Located at the end of the north breakwater of the ferry harbor. Site status unknown. KTGK 33236; Admiralty E5902.6;
- [Girne (Kyrenia) South Breakwater]
- Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 3 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, painted white. A photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the end of the south (really east) breakwater of the ferry harbor. Site status unknown. KTGK 33234; Admiralty E5902.4;
- Zafer Burnu (Cape Andreas, Klidhes Islands) (2)
- 1991 (station established 1913). Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft);
four white flashes every 20 s. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped
steel tower, painted white. Trabas has a photo
by Capt. Peter Mosselberger, and Bing has a satellite view. This lighthouse is similar to many lights
installed in Turkey around the same time. Zafer Burnu (Cape Andreas)
is the tip of a long, sharp-pointed peninsula that projects from the
northeast corner of Cyprus. The lighthouse is located
on a small island off the end of the peninsula, one of several representing
summits of an underwater ridge. Accessible only by boat. Site status
unknown. ARLHS CYP-010; KTGK 33210; Admiralty E5900; NGA 20968.
- Elea (Zeytinlik Burnu, Cape Elea) (2)
- 2002(?) (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane
31 m (102 ft); white flash every 10 s. 11 m (36 ft) octagonal pyramidal
concrete tower with ribs at each edge. Lighthouse painted white; the ribs are painted black, so at a distance the lighthouse appears white with narrow black vertical stripes. There is an enclosure in the base of the tower, but access to
the light is by an external ladder. Chris and Angela Pye have a 2008 photo, and Google
has a satellite
view. There is a news
item from 2002 (3/4 of the way down the page) stating that the
lighthouse "will be demolished and in its place a new one will
be built." No evidence of this has been found. Located on a promontory on the south side of the Zafer
Burnu (Cape Andreas) peninsula, which projects from the northeast
corner of Cyprus. Site status unknown. ARLHS CYP-006; KTGK 33110; Admiralty E5890;
- * Karakol (Famagusta Northwest)
- Date unknown (station established 1906). Active; focal plane 18
m (59 ft); flash every 7 s, white or red depending on direction. 11
m (36 ft) square pyramidal concrete tower, painted with black and
white vertical stripes. A photo is at right, and Bing has a satellite view. This lighthouse guides
vessels approaching the harbor of Mağusa (Famagusta). Located on the northwest side of the city in an area that appears to be occupied by government buildings. Site open, tower closed.
ARLHS CYP-008; KTGK 33140; Admiralty E5893; NGA 20948.
- * Canbulat (Mağusa, Gazimağusa, Famagusta Southeast Bastion) (3?)
- 1972 (station established 1888). Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); two white
flashes every 15 s. 11 m (36 ft) 2-stage round cylindrical tower with lantern
and double gallery; the lower stage is stone and the upper stage is metal.
It seems likely that the lower stage is the original 1906 lighthouse. Entire
lighthouse painted white. Dmitry Rostopshin's photo is at the top of this
page, Trabas has a good photo,
Wayne Hopkins has a 2011 photo, Alexandr Zheleznyak has a photo,
and Google has a satellite
view. The Coastal Safety Directorate has a photo showing some work in progress on the tower. This is the landfall light for Mağusa (Famagusta), the principal
port on the east coast of Cyprus. During medieval times, the city was one
of the richest in the Middle East. Venice, which controlled the city from
1489 to 1571, fortified it with high stone walls. The lighthouse is built
on the walled city's southeast bastion (the Djamboulat Bastion), adjacent
to the base of the harbor. The first light was on a mast; it was replaced by a stone tower in 1906. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS CYP-009; KTGK 33130; Admiralty
E5892; NGA 20944.
Coastal Safety Directorate photo
Information available on lost lighthouses:
Notable faux lighthouses:
Adjoining pages: North: Southern Turkey | South: Republic of Cyprus
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Posted May 14, 2007. Checked and revised June 13, 2014. Lighthouses:
10. Site copyright 2014 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina
at Chapel Hill.