Lighthouses of Southwest Finland

Finland has coastlines facing south on the Gulf of Finland and west on the Gulf of Bothnia, both arms of the Baltic Sea. Finland also administers the Åland Islands (Ahvenanmaa), an archipelago at the junction of the two gulfs. After centuries of rule by Sweden, Finland was conquered by Russia in 1809 and made an autonomous grand duchy within the Russian Empire. The country declared its independence from Russia in 1917, at the start of the Russian Revolution.

This page includes the lighthouses of the Southwest Finland (Varsinais-Suomen) Region, located at the southwestern tip of Finland. Because it is the original home of the Finnish people, this area is sometimes called "Finland Proper." Much of the region faces the Archipelago Sea (Skärgardshavet in Swedish, Saaristomeri in Finnish): the islands-strewn sea between the mainland and the Åland Islands.

Lighthouses in Finland are maintained by the Waterways Section of the Finnish Transport Agency (Liikennevirasto). The Finnish word for a lighthouse is majakka (plural majakat). Saari is an island, niemi is a cape or headland, and satama is a port or harbor. Swedish is a second official language in Finland, and some of the lighthouses are commonly known by their Swedish names.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume C of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 116.

General Sources
Online List of Lights - Finland
Photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
Finnish Lighthouses
Excellent photos of the some of the better known lighthouses, posted to Flickr by Mikko Rauhala.
Latarnie Morskie - Bałtyk
This Polish langauge site by Gola Burkhard has photos of lighthouses in southwestern Finland and the Åland Islands.
Lighthouses in Finland
Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia.
World of Lighthouses - Finland
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Lighthouses in Finland
Aerial photos posted by Marinas.com.
Weitere Europäische Leuchttürme auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard images posted by Klaus Huelse.
Finnish Lighthouse Society
The national lighthouse preservation association.


Bengtskär Light, Gulf of Finland, July 2009
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo
by Pöllö

Pargas Area Lighthouses
Note:
Svartholm
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 6 m (20 ft); light characteristic unknown. 6 m (20 ft) concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white and mounted on an octagonal concrete pier. Trabas has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located off the east side of Svartholmen. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4833.
Kärrholm
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 6 m (20 ft); light characteristic unknown. 6 m (20 ft) concrete tower with lantern and gallery, mounted on an octagonal concrete pier. Tower painted red, lantern white with a red roof. Trabas has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located off the south side of Stora Bässholmen. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4830.

Baltic Sea Lighthouse
Suomen Leijona (2)
1987. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two white flashes every 12 s. 13 m (43 ft) steel post painted white with an orange horizontal band. A very distant view is available (bottom of the page). This is Finland's southernmost lighthouse; its name means "Lion of Finland." A small photo of the original, difficult-to-describe 20 m (66 ft) lighthouse is available. In 1992 the foundation of the lighthouse was undermined, causing severe damage when the tower began to list. Repairs changed the appearance of the tower somewhat. Following ice damage in the winters of 2003 and 2004, the lighthouse had to be demolished and replaced by the present tower. Located on a shoal about 26 km (16 mi) east southeast of Bogskär and a similar distance south of Kökar, the nearest part of Åland. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS ALA-018; Admiralty C4487; NGA 16094.

Bengtskär Lighthouse
**** Bengtskär
1906 (Florentin Granholm). Active; focal plane 51 m (167 ft); three white flashes every 20 s. 46 m (151 ft) round granite tower with lantern and gallery, attached to one end of a 3-1/2 story granite keeper's house. The lighthouse is unpainted; lantern dome is greenish metallic. Clamshell Fresnel lens in use. A photo appears at the top of this page, Trabas has an excellent photo by Klaus Kern, Wikimedia has a large portfolio of photos, Rauhala also has a good photo, Olli Hassinen has an aerial photo, Finnish Wikipedia has a page with a photo and historical information, and Google has a satellite view. This lighthouse, the tallest of all Nordic lighthouses and one of Finland's best known lighthouses, was built after the steamship Helsingfors wrecked nearby in 1905. The light marks the north side of the entrance to the Gulf of Finland from the Baltic Sea. It is also marks the southernmost inhabited land in Finland. The lighthouse was shelled by German ships during World War I but was not badly damaged. In World War II, Soviet troops attempted to storm the island on 26 July 1941, but they were driven off after a fierce battle. Soviet air raids damaged the keeper's house but spared the tower. After repairs, the lighthouse was reactivated in 1950. Automated in 1968, the lighthouse gradually deteriorated, and it was in poor condition by 1985, when it was leased to the Pro Bengtskär Association. When the Association failed to raise sufficient funds for a restoration, the lease was transferred to the Centre of Extension Studies of the University of Turku. Restored in the early 1990s, the lighthouse now includes overnight accommodations, a lecture hall, conference rooms, a café, museum, and post office. Located on a small island about 25 km (15 mi) west southwest of Hanko. Passenger ferry service to the lighthouse is available from Kasnäs in the Åland Islands. Site open, lighthouse and tower open daily June 1 through August 31. Site manager: University of Turku. ARLHS FIN-001; Admiralty C4906; NGA 15268.

Utö Lighthouses
* Utö (2)
1814 (station established 1753). Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); two white flashes every 12 s. 24 m (79 ft) square granite tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted with red and white vertical stripes; lantern painted red; lantern dome is greenish metallic. Maija Erkolahti's photo is at right, Rauhala has a good photo, Trabas has Klaus Kern's photo, Wikimedia has a portfolio of photos, Finnish Wikipedia has a page with a photo and historical information, Markus Kartano has a street view, and Google has a satellite view. Utö is a small island about 60 km (37.5 mi) southwest of Turku; it is the southernmost island in what is known in Finland as the Archipelago Sea (Saaristomeri), a maze of islands between the mainland and the Åland Islands. The first lighthouse on the island was destroyed during the Russian-Swedish War in 1808. As the most substantial building on the island, the present lighthouse served as a church and town hall for the islanders during the mid nineteenth century. Like Bengtskär, the lighthouse was shelled by German ships during World War I but not badly damaged. A Soviet raid on the island was repulsed during the Winter War of 1939. Located on the highest point of the island. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS FIN-090; Admiralty C4736; NGA 15800.
Utö Sector
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); quick-flashing light, white, red, green or yellow depending on direction. 6 m (20 ft) lantern on a platform supported by piles. Next to this light is a square skeletal tower carrying a quick-flashing yellow range light. Lightphotos.net has a photo, and M. Viitasalo has a distant view, but Google has only a fuzzy satellite view. Located on the western tip of Utö. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4734; NGA 15808.
Bokullankivi
Date unknown (station established 1958). Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); flash every 5 s, white, red or green depending on direction. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white with one black horizontal band. Trabas has Klaus Kern's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a shoal about 8 km (5 mi) north northeast of Utö. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4743.2; NGA 15860.

Turku Southern Approach Lighthouses
Note: Lights in this group guide vessels approaching Turku on a channel from the south that begins near Utö.
Norparskärssten
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 10 m (33 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (82 ft) tower painted with black and white horizontal bands and mounted on a round concrete pier. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located about 30 km (19 mi) northeast of Utö. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4765.2.
Utö Light
Utö Light, Utö, July 2007
Flickr Creative Commons photo
by Maija Erkolahti
Flatö Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane and light characteristic unknown. Approx. 25 m (82 ft) square skeletal mast carrying a large rectangular daymark colored red with a yellow vertical stripe. Trabas has Klaus Kern's photo, but the tower is not seen in Google's satellite view. Located on the northeastern corner of the island of Flatö. Site status unknown. Admiralty C4766.48.
Nötö Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane and light characteristic unknown. Approx. 25 m (82 ft) square skeletal mast carrying a large rectangular daymark colored red with a yellow vertical stripe. Trabas has Klaus Kern's photo, but the tower is not seen in Google's satellite view. Located on the northwest coast of the island of Nötö. Site status unknown. Admiralty C4765.61.
Bondsten
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 7 m (23 ft); white, red or green light depending on direction, occulting twice every 6 s. 6 m (20 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery painted with black and white horizontal bands. Trabas has Klaus Kern's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a skerry on the east side of the ship channel about 5 km (3 mi) northwest of Nötö. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4766.6.
Lång Ljusskär
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 7 m (23 ft); flashing light, red or green depending on direction. 5 m (17 ft) square concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Tower painted black, lantern white. Trabas has Klaus Kern's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a skerry on the east side of the ship channel about 4 km (2.5 mi) north of the Bondsten lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4767.3.
Kalvholm
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 7 m (23 ft); white, red or green light depending on direction, occulting twice every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) square concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Tower painted orange, lantern white. Trabas has Klaus Kern's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on an island on the west side of the ship channel south of Lohm. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4767.7.
Fagerholm (Range Front)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 7 m (23 ft); quick-flashing light, white, red or green depending on direction. 6 m (20 ft) square concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse painted white. A daymark panel colored yellow with an orange vertical stripe stands next to the lighthouse. Trabas has Klaus Kern's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on an island on the east side of the ship channel off the east end of Ängsö. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4768.
Tärngrund (Range Front)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 6 m (20 ft); quick-flashing light, white, red or green depending on direction. 6 m (20 ft) square concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse painted white. A view from the sea is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a skerry off the northwest corner of Killingholm, about 1.6 km (1 mi) west of the Fagerholm lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4770.
Holstasnäs
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 8 m (26 ft); flash every 3 s, white, red or green depending on direction. 5 m (17 ft) square concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse painted white. A daymark panel colored yellow with an orange vertical stripe stands next to the lighthouse. Trabas has Klaus Kern's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a headland on the southeast side of Korpo. Site status unknown. Admiralty C4773.
Lydarudd Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 25 m (82 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 25 m (82 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a large rectangular daymark colored red with a yellow vertical stripe. Trabas has Klaus Kern's photo, and Google has a satellite view. The range guides southbound vessels. Located at the water's edge on the west side of Storlandet. Site status unknown. Admiralty C4777.41.
Vandrock Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 33 m (108 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a large rectangular daymark colored red with a yellow vertical stripe. Trabas has Klaus Kern's photo, and Google has a satellite view. The range guides northbound vessels. Located at the water's edge on the west side of Vandrock. Site status unknown. Admiralty C4777.2.
Vandrock Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane and light characteristic unknown. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower carrying a radar antenna and a large rectangular daymark colored red with a yellow vertical stripe. Trabas has Klaus Kern's photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on Vandrock about 500 m (0.3 mi) north northeast of the front light. Site status unknown. Admiralty C4777.21.

Turku Approach Lighthouses
Note: Turku (formerly called Åbo under Swedish rule) is an important seaport and the capital of the Southwest Finland region. Ferry steamers arrive here from Stockholm in Sweden. The city has a metropolitan population of about 200,000.
Petäis
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 7 m (23 ft); light characteristic unknown. 5 m (17 ft) square concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse painted white. Trabas has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the west end of Västra Petisholmen, on the south side of the ship channel. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4781.6.
Haapaluoto Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane and light characteristic unknown. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal mast carrying a large rectangular daymark colored red with a white vertical stripe. Trabas has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a skerry on the north side of the ship channel opposite the Petäis lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4783.
Kaskisgrundet Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane and light characteristic unknown. Approx. 25 m (82 ft) square skeletal mast carrying a large rectangular daymark colored red with a yellow vertical stripe. Trabas has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located a skerry on the south side of the ship channel east of Innamo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4778.81.
Rönngrund
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 9 m (30 ft); light characteristic unknown. 5 m (17 ft) square concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse painted white. Trabas has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a skerry north of Innamo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4785.
Seilinriutta
1909. Active; focal plane about 8 m (26 ft); light characteristic unknown. 6 m (20 ft) square tower with lantern and gallery mounted on a square concrete pier. Entire lighthouse painted white. Trabas has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the south side of the ship channel northwest of Själlö. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4788.
Orhisaari
1903. Active; focal plane about 25 m (82 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 22 m (72 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Trabas has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. This light marks a pronounced bend in the passage to Turku. Its height was doubled, apparently in 1938. Located on a skerry south of Kramppi. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4794.
Skogholm
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 6 m (20 ft); light characteristic unknown. 5 m (17 ft) square concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse painted white. Trabas has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a skerry on the east side of the ship channel, due east of Orhisaari. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty C4796.
Rajakari
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white with one red horizontal band. A tall skeletal tower next to lighthouse carries a radar antenna. Trabas has a photo, another photo and a third photo are available, and Google has a satellite view. This light marks a fork in the channels and the entry to the Turku harbor area. Located on a skerry about 15 km (9 mi) southwest of Turku. Accessible only by boat.Site status unknown. Admiralty C4798.
Ruissalo Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane and light characteristic unknown. Approx. 35 m (115 ft) triangular skeletal tower, painted with orange and white horizontal bands and carrying a radar antenna and a large rectangular daymark colored red with a yellow vertical stripe. Trabas has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. This is the approach range for Turku's main harbor. Located at the water's edge on the south side of Ruissalo. Site status unknown. Admiralty C4804.1.
* Turku (Forum Marinum)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 12 m (39 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 6 m (20 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white with one red horizontal band. Trabas has a closeup photo, Tero Kaiponen has a photo, Kalervo Pohjanen has a 2014 photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. This lighthouse is an exhibit of the Forum Marinum, Turku's maritime museum. Presumably it was relocated here. Located on the grounds of the museum, on the north side of the Aura River in downtown Turku. Site open, tower closed. Site manager: Forum Marinum. Admiralty C4808.

Uusikaupunki Area Lighthouses
Note: The Uusikaupunki municipality is in the northwestern corner of the Southwest Finland region, facing the Bothnian Sea.
Keskikallio
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); four flashes every 6 s, white, red or green depending on direction. 16 m (52 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Upper half of the tower painted black, lower half white; lantern painted yellow. Grigory Schmerling's view from the sea is at left, another photo is available (lower right of the four lighthouses depicted), and Google has a satellite view. Located on Keskikallio (Central Rock) an islet about 3 km (2 mi) southeast of Isokari. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS FIN-079; Admiralty C4453; NGA 16972.
Keskikallio Light
Keskikallio Light, Uusi, 2012
Panoramio Creative Commons photo by Grigory Schmerling
*** Isokari (Kustavi) (2)
1833 (Gustaf Brodd). Active; focal plane 29 m (161 ft); continuous white light with a long (2.3 s), more intense flash every 20 s. 37 m (121 ft) round old-style masonry tower with lantern and gallery. Fresnel lens in use. Lighthouse painted with red and white horizontal bands. Keeper's house and other light station buildings are preserved, and the pilot station for Uusikaupunki is nearby. Grigory Schmerling's photo is at right, Mikko Rauhala has a photo, another closeup is available, Marinas.com has aerial photos, Finnish Wikipedia has an article with a good photo, and Google has a satellite view. This historic lighthouse is the one of oldest of the Gulf of Bothnia. It has a classic Russian Imperial design and is said to have been patterned after the well-known Tolbukhin lighthouse on the approach to St. Petersburg (although the two lighthouses differ in many details). Isokari is an island about 20 km (13 mi) west of Uusikaupunki and is accessible by ferry from that port. Located on the highest point of the island, accessible by a short hike from the ferry terminal. Site open, and apparently the tower is also open during the summer season. ARLHS FIN-010; Admiralty C4450; NGA 16968.
Sandbäck
1963. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern, double gallery, and a helipad on top. Lighthouse painted orange with a white horizontal band. Located on a shoal about 13 km (8 mi) northwest of Isokari island. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS FIN-054; Admiralty C4450.4; NGA 16952.
Hylkkari
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 8 m (26 ft); two quick flashes every 6 s, white, red or green depending on direction. 6 m (20 ft) round concrete tower, painted red with a white horizontal band. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on an island about 7 km (4.5 mi) west northwest of Kammela. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty C4445; NGA 17248.
Kajakulma (Range Front)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); flash every 2 s, white, red or green depending on direction. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower, painted white with a red band at the top. No photo available, but the tower is seen in Google's satellite view. In addition, the tower formerly carried the rear light of the Kajaniemi range together with a daymark panel painted red with a yellow vertical stripe, but both the Kajakulma and Kajaniemi ranges have been discontinued. Located on a reef off the north coast of Kajakulma, an island about 4 km (2.5 mi) north of Hyllkari. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty C4440; NGA 17252.

Isokari Light, Uusi, 2012
Panoramio Creative Commons photo by Grigory Schmerling

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Western Finland | East: Uusimaa | West: Åland Islands

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Posted August 14, 2017. Lighthouses: 34. Lightships: 1. Site copyright 2017 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.