The name Micronesia is often used in a broad geographical sense, meaning all the small islands of the central and northwestern Pacific Ocean. Here it refers specifically to the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). There are separate pages for lighthouses in other island countries in the region, including Palau, the Northern Marianas, Kiribati, and the U.S. Minor Pacific Islands.
The FSM is remarkable in having had four colonial administrations. The islands (then called the Caroline Islands) were controlled by Spain until the Spanish-American War of 1898. Following that war, Spain transferred the islands to Germany. Japan seized the islands from Germany in 1915, during World War I, and moved quickly to make several of them major naval bases. Japan also built three lighthouses in the territory. The U.S. took the islands from Japan in very hard fighting during World War II.
After the war, the U.S. administered the islands as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. The Federation, linking the states of Kosrae, Pohnpei, Chuuk, and Yap, was formed in 1979 and became independent in 1986. The new country signed a compact of free association with the United States; this agreement provides for U.S. economic subsidies and continues various U. S. domestic services to Palau's citizens.
The capital of the Federation is Palikir, Pohnpei.
ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 111.
Information available on lost lighthouses:
Notable faux lighthouses:
Adjoining pages: North: Guam | East: Kiribati | South: Papua New Guinea | West: Palau
Return to the Lighthouse Directory index | Ratings key
Posted August 28, 2005. Checked and revised September 12, 2012. Lighthouses: 6. Site copyright 2012 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.