Lighthouses of Indonesia: Eastern Java and Madura

Indonesia has been independent since 1945, after having been the Dutch East Indies for more than 350 years. It is a huge country, stretching along both sides of the Equator for more than 46 degrees of longitude (roughly 5100 km or 3200 miles). Comprised of some 17,000 islands (more than 6000 inhabited islands), it has hundreds of major aids to navigation. Unfortunately, we have no idea how many of these aids can be considered lighthouses. Information about them is scarce, and photos are even scarcer. Official light lists contain dozens of entries for "framework towers" and "white beacons," providing little guidance for the lighthouse fan.

The island of Java (Jawa in Indonesian) is the heart of the country and home to 62% of the population. In fact, with more than 130 million residents it is the world's most populous island.

This page includes lighthouses of East Java (Jawa Timur) Province. In addition to the east end of Java, the province also includes the island of Madura and a number of nearby smaller islands.

The Indonesian word for a lighthouse is mercusuar or (in two words) mercu suar. The phrase menara suar, which includes the Arabic word menara, is sometimes used instead. Tanjung and ujung are words for capes, pulau is an island, selat is a strait, karang is a reef, and teluk is a harbor.

The original Dutch names of historic lighthouses, if known, are shown in curly brackets {}.

Aids to navigation in Indonesia are operated and maintained by the Indonesian Directorate of Marine Navigation (Indomarinav).

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volumes F and K of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Historical Lighthouses
From Indomarinav, information on four surviving Dutch lighthouses.
Leuchttürme in Indonesien
Photos posted by Andreas Köhler.
Lighthouses in Indonesia
Wikimedia photos, including a collection of historic photos from the collection of the Tropenmuseum in Amsterdam.
World of Lighthouses - Indonesia
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Indonesian Lighthouses
Historic postcard views from the collection of Michel Forand.
Leuchttürme Asiens, Australiens, und Ozeaniens auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard views posted by Klaus Huelse.
Pulau Sapudi Light
Pulau Sapudi Light, Sapudi Islands, April 2011
photo copyright Futuristic Sumenep; permission requested

Java North Coast Lighthouses

Tuban Regency Lighthouses
* Tambakbojo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); white flash every 3 s. 28 m (95 ft) round concrete cement silo. Wignyo Hery Susanto has a closeup photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located at Socorejo, about 30 km (19 mi) northwest of Tuban. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1145.5; NGA 23586.
Tanjung Awarawar
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 70 m (230 ft); white flash every 10 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white; lantern painted red. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located in an oil refinery on a prominent cape at Mentoso near the western boundary of East Java Province. Site and tower closed. Admiralty K1145; NGA 23574.

Lamongan Regency Lighthouse
* Brondong (Van der Wijck Monument)
1938. Inactive for many years. 8 m (26 ft) square masonry tower, currently painted beige. This tower was built by Dutch authorities to recognize the heroism of the fishermen of Brondong, who saved most of the passengers and crew of the steamship Van der Wijck when it wrecked nearby in October 1936. The tower was active as a lighthouse for only a few years. The Lamongan tourism office also has a page for the tower and a photo gallery, but it has not been found in Google's satellite view of the port. Located at the fish market in Brondong. Site open, tower may also be open.

Gresik Regency Lighthouses
Tanjung Mentigi (Pulau Bawean)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 83 m (272 ft); white flash every 7 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Both the Admiralty and NGA misspell the name as Mantigi, and NGA lists the focal plane as 8 m rather than 83 m. Pulau Bawean is a roughly circular island, about 15 km (9 mi) in diameter, in the Java Sea 150 km (93 mi) north of Surabaya. Located on the north point of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1153; NGA 23591.
Sangkapoera
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 5 s. 18 m (59 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the waterfront of Sangapoera, the main town of Pulau Bawean, on the south coast of the island. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1150; NGA 23588.
Ujung Pangkah
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square tapered skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located at the tip of swampy point on the west side of the northern entrance to Madura Strait. Probably accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1157; NGA 23608.

Bangkalan Regency (Western Madura) Lighthouses

Note: Madura is a large island off the northeastern coast of Java. The island, roughly 130 km (80 mi) long east to west and up to 35 km (22 mi) wide, is separated from Java by the Madura Strait. At its western end, the strait is quite narrow and is crossed by the 5.4 km (3.4 mi) long Suramadu Bridge. On the south side of Madura, however, the strait is a broad sound up to 80 km (50 mi) wide. Madura has a population of roughly 4 million.
*** Sembilangan (Ujung Slempit) (Range Rear) (2)
1882. Active; focal plane 53 m (174 ft: two white flashes every 10 s. 50 m (164 ft) 12(?)-sided cast iron tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse painted white. Lawrence Eka's photo is at right, Haryono Cokro has a 2008 photo, another photo is available, Fadli Mohammed has a photo, the Tropenmusuem has a historic photo, and Google has a good satellite view. A portfolio of 2010 photos shows evidence of recent restoration work. Located on Semibilangan island off the extreme western tip of Madura, this is both a landfall light and the rear light of a range guiding ships into the channel between Madura and Java to approach the port of Surabaya. Accessible by road from Bangkalan, Madura. Site open, tower open although we do not know the schedule. ARLHS IDO-079; Admiralty K1158.2; NGA 23624.
Tanjung Piring (Range Middle)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 3 s. 14 m (46 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. The listed focal plane seems to be too low. Located on the low cape on the east side of the northern entrance to Madura Strait. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1158.1; NGA 23620.
Madura Entrance Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 3 s. 14 m (46 ft) square concrete tower mounted on a square concrete platform. Lighthouse painted with red and white horizontal bands. The Sembilangan lighthouse is the rear light of this range. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located 5.1 km (3.2 mi) north northeast of Tanjung Piring. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1158; NGA 23616.
Pulau Karang Djamuang (Jamuang)
1971. Active; focal plane 41 m (135 ft); white flash every 4 s. 40 m (131 ft) square tapered skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. A 2011 photo is available, the lighthouse is at the left of panoramic view, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island at the northeastern entrance to the Madura Strait about 13 km (8 mi) north of Bangkalan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-065; Admiralty K1162; NGA 23612.
Sembilangan Light
Sembilangan Light, Pernajuh, June 2011
Panoramio photo copyright Lawrence Eka; used by permission

Sumenep Regency Lighthouses

Note: The Sumenep Regency includes the eastern end of Madura and a large group of smaller islands lying to the northeast and east.
Northeast Madura Lighthouse
Batu Putih (Batuputih)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 53 m (174 ft); two white flashes every 15 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white, lantern red. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. This lighthouse is on the northeastern "shoulder" of Madura, helping to guide ships around the east end of the island. Located about 4 km (2.5 mi) east of the village of Batuputih. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-092; Admiralty K1243; NGA 23750.

Masalembu Islands Lighthouses
Masalembu (Masalembo) Besar
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 200 m (656 ft); three white flashes every 21.5 s. 40 m (131 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. A very distant view is available (click on the photo for enlargement), but Google has only a very distant satellite view of the island. Located atop the largest and southernmost of the Masalembu Islands, a small group in the middle of the Java Sea about 160 km (100 mi) northeast of Madura. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-011; Admiralty K1424; NGA 23592.
Masalembu (Masalembo) Besar Southwest
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 6 s. 14 m (46 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted red and mounted on a square platform suported by four massive concrete piles. A photo by Said Masalboys is at right, but Google has only a very distant satellite view of the location. Located in an embayment on the southwest side of Pulau Masalembu. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1424.5; NGA 23593.
Masalembu Besar Southwest Light
Masalembu Besar Southwest Light, Masalembu Islands, September 2010
Panoramio Creative Commons photo by Said Masalboys

Sapudi Islands Lighthouses
Pulau Sapudi (Trebung, Tribung) {Pulau Sapoedi}
1887. Active; focal plane 59 m (194 ft); white flash every 5 s. 58 m (190 ft) octagonal skeletal cast iron tower with lantern, gallery, enclosed watch room, and central cylinder. Entire lighthouse painted white. A photo is at the top of this page, and a distant 2008 photo is available; the Tropenmuseum has historic photos, and Google has a good satellite view of the lighthouse. Located at the west point of Sapudi, an island lying to the east of Madura, marking the passage between the two islands. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-091; Admiralty K1240; NGA 23744.
Pulau Kamudi (Kemudi)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 5 s. 17 m (56 ft) white concrete tower with gallery. A small view from the sea is available, James Arjuna has a very distant view, and Bing has a satellite view of the station. NGA lists the light as "Punta Kamudi." Located on a reef at the extreme eastern end of the Sapudi Islands. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-093; Admiralty K1244; NGA 23752.

Kangean Islands Lighthouses
Pulau Mamburit
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 42 m (138 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. A photo is at right, and additional photos are available (lower half of page), but Google has only a distant satellite view of the island. Located on a small island off the east end of Pulau Saubi, the largest of the Kangean Islands, northeast of Bali. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1244.9; NGA 23762.
Pulau Sakala
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 46 m (151 ft); three white flashes every 20 s. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and Bing has only a very distant satellite view. Pulau Sakala is the easternmost of the Kangean Islands and the easternmost territory of East Java Province. The island has a population of about 2500. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-094; Admiralty K1247; NGA 23764.
Pulau Sepanjang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); white flash every 4 s. Described by NGA only as a "white structure"; a substantial tower would be needed at this location. No photo available, and Google has only a very distant satellite view of the location. Located at the southeastern tip of Pulau Sepanjang, the second largest of the Kangean Islands. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-095; Admiralty K1246.5; NGA 23768.
Pulau Sesiil (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft) (?); two white flashes every 8 s. Approx. 16 m (52 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower mounted on a platform supported by piles. Ahmad Mawardi has a photo, and Bing has a satellite view. The focal plane listed is too low. Located just off a reef at the northeastern tip of Pulau Sepanjang, marking a narrow passage through the Kangean Islands. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1248.5; NGA 23770.
Pulau Mamburit Light
Pulau Mamburit Light, Kangean Islands, October 2010
Panoramio photo by onatali; permission requested
Pulau Saibus
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft; white flash every 6 s. Listed as a "white beacon," this is probably a skeletal tower approx. 16 m (52 ft) tall. No photo available, and the light is probably too new to appear in Bing's satellite view. Pulau Saibus is northeast of Pulau Sepanjang, on the other side of the narrow passage through the Kangean Islands. Located near the east end of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1246.3; NGA 23771.

Southeast Madura Lighthouses
* Tanjung Madura (Tanjung Saronggi) (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 3 s. 13 m (43 ft) white concrete tower. A photo is available (second photo on the page), and Google has a satellite view. NGA lists a skeletal tower at this location. More information is needed about this station; according to research by Michel Forand, the station was established by 1917 but the light has always been described as a skeletal tower. Located at the southeastern tip of Madura. Accessible by road. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS IDO-162; Admiralty K1232; NGA 23724.
Gili Raja
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 42 m (138 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 35 m (115 ft) square tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Pulau Gili Raja is an inhabited island in the Madura Strait off the southeastern coast of Madura. Located at the east end of the island. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-090; Admiralty K1228; NGA 23718.

Madura Strait Lighthouses

Pamekasan Regency (Southern Madura) Lighthouses
Gili Dua
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 3 s. 20 m (66 ft) "white beacon." No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view that may show the location. Located on a reef about 15 km (9 mi) west of Gili Raja and the same distance off the south coast of Madura. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1226; NGA 23716.
* Camplong
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); four white flashes every 20 s. 19 m (62 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, covered by white metal panels. Detta Priyandikawardhana's photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located near an oil terminal at Camplong, on the central south coast of Madura. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS IDO-089; Admiralty K1225; NGA 23714.

Koko Reef Lighthouse
Karang Koko (Madura Strait, Zwaantjes Reef) {Zwaantjes Droogte} (2)
Date unknown (station established 1871). Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); three white flashes every 13 s. 16 m (52 ft) iron tower, mounted on a round pier. Lighthouse painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Forand has a historic photo of the original Dutch lighthouse; a Java Post article from April 2012 has additional photos and information about the lighthouses of this unusual class. Located on a dangerous reef in the Madura Strait about 25 km (15 mi) northeast of Pasuruan. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS IDO-145; Admiralty K1200; NGA 23676.
Camplong Light
Camplong Light, July 2010
Panoramio photo copyright Detta Priyandikawardhana; permission requested

Probolinggo Regency Lighthouses
* Probolinggo West Mole (Tanjung Tembaga)
Date unknown (station established 1903). Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); green flash every 5 s. 14 m (46 ft) round hourglass-shaped tower, painted green. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the west mole at Probolinggo, on the southwest side of Madura Strait. Accessible by walking then mole. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS IDO-188; Admiralty K1212; NGA 23692.
* Probolinggo East Mole
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 6 s. 14 m (46 ft) round hourglass-shaped tower, painted red and mounted on a square platform supported by piles. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located just off the end of the east mole at Probolinggo. Accessible only by boat but easily seen from the mole. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1212.2; NGA 23696.

Situbondo Regency Lighthouses
* Panarukan {Panaroekan} (2)
Date unknown (station established 1880). Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 3 s. 14 m (46 ft) hexagonal skeletal tower with lantern; the front face of the tower carries a slatted daymark painted with black and white horizontal bands. A photo (1/3 the way down the page) and a second photo (fourth photo on the page) are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located in Panarukan, a fishing port about 10 km (6 mi) west of Situbondo. Site status unknown, probably open. ARLHS IDO-184; Admiralty K1220; NGA 23708.
* Jangkar
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 21 m (69 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 18 m (59 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. A photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the waterfront at Jangkar, a town about 25 km (15 mi) west of Situbondo. Site open, tower closed. No yet listed by the Admiralty or NGA.
Tanjung Pecinan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. NGA misspells the name as Tanjung Paciman. Located on a low, swampy cape that extends into the Madura Strait about 16 km (10 mi) northeast of Situbondo. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-088; Admiralty K1222; NGA 23710.
Karang Mas (Gosong Karangmas, Meinderts Reef) {Meindertsdroogte} (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); white flash every 5 s. 16 m (52 ft) tower, painted black with one red horizontal band, mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. It is possible that the present light stands on the base of the original, which apparently survived until the 1950s at least. Located about 15 km (9 mi) offshore at the southern entrance to Madura Strait. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS IDO-366; Admiralty K1223; NGA 23712.
Tanjung Candiban
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 60 m (197 ft); white flash every 3 s. This lighthouse is described by NGA only as a "white beacon." No photo available, but a Google satellite view reveals what is probably a square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery roughly 30 m (98 ft) in height. Located at the northeastern tip of Java, overlooking the Bali Sea. Accessible by road. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-096; Admiralty K1224; NGA 23773.
Jangkar Light
Jangkar Light, Jangkar, June 2008
Panoramio photo copyright arifngh; permission requested

Banyuwangi Regency Lighthouses

Bali Strait Lighthouses
Note: The Bali Strait separates Java from the smaller island of Bali to the east, connecting the Indian Ocean to the Bali Sea. The strait narrows northward to a width of only 2.4 km (1.5 mi) at its northern end. A bridge over the strait has been proposed but has not been approved.
Pulau Tabuan {Duiven Eiland} (2)
Date unknown (station established 1871). Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) round hourglass-shaped white fiberglass tower. Joe Sata Pradana has a view from the sea, and Google has a satellite view. The original lighthouse was a skeletal tower with lantern and gallery. Located on a small island marking the west side of the northern entrance to the Bali Strait, at the eastern end of Java. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1249; NGA 23774.
Tanjung Bansering Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); white flash every 4 s. 20 m (66 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. The tower carries a white triangular daymark, point down. This range guides vessels northbound through the narrowest passage of the Bali Strait. No photo available, but Bing has a good satellite view. Located in the village of Bengkak, at the northern end of the strait. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1250.1; NGA 23780.
Tanjung Bansering Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 3 s. 13 m (43 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. The tower carries a white triangular daymark, point up. No photo available, but Bing has a good satellite view. Located on the shore of the strait, 500 m (0.3 mi) south of the rear light. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1250; NGA 23776.
Tanjung Sambulungan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); white flash every 3 s. Described by NGA as a "white beacon"; a Bing satellite view reveals an approx. 14 m (46 ft) white concrete post with gallery, probably rising from a square equipment shelter. Located near the end of a long, north-pointing, densely-forested peninsula that shelters the Java coast in the southern portion of the Bali Strait. Probably accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1261; NGA 23806.
Tanjung Slokah
2011. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); white flash every 6 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and the tower is too new to appear in Google's satellite view. Tanjung Slokah is the extreme southeastern tip of Java; it's surprising that there has never been a lighthouse on this important cape until now. Located near the end of land. Probably accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1261.2.

Java South Coast Lighthouses

Jember Regency Lighthouses
Bedadung (Watangan)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 42 m (138 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 35 m (115 ft) tapered square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. 1-story keeper's house. NGA provides no description of this lighthouse, but a closeup photo is at right, and Google has a good satellite view. Located near the beach at Puger, about 40 km (25 mi) southwest of Jember. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1261.5; NGA 23821.
Pulau Barung
2007. Active; focal plane 145 m (476 ft); two white flashes every 12 s. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and the tower is too new to appear in Bing's satellite view of the island. Located on a heavily forested island about 20 km (13 mi) southeast of the Bedadung light station. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1261.8.

Malang Regency Lighthouse
Sempu
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) white concrete post with gallery. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a promontory at the entrance to a bay protected by Pulau Sempu. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1262; NGA 23821.2.

Trenggalek Regency Lighthouses
Ujung Siklapa (Teluk Segoro Wegi)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 51 m (167 ft); white flash every 3 s. NGA provides no description of this lighthouse, but a Bing satellite view reveals a round white concrete tower of unknown height. Located on a promontory about 30 km (19 mi) south of Durenan. May be accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1262.5; NGA 23821.3.
Pulau Panehan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 150 m (492 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located atop a small island about 13 km (8 mi) southwest of Munjungan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1262.7.
Bedadung Light
Bedadung Light, August 2006
Panoramio photo copyright beebeoreo; permission requested

Pacitan Regency Lighthouses
Teluk Pacitan (Tanjung Ngamber) {Patjitan}
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); white flash every 5 s. This lighthouse is described by NGA only as a "white beacon," but a Bing satellite view reveals a square skeletal tower roughly 30 m (98 ft) in height. No closeup photo available; the tower is barely visible at upper right in a view across the bay. Located on a promontory on the east side of the entrance to the circular harbor of Pacitan. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1262.8; NGA 23821.5.
* Pacitan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 22 m (72 ft); light characterictic unknown. Approx. 19 m (62 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. A distant view is available, Benito Anu has a similar distant view, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on the beach at the west end of Pacitan. Site open, tower closed. This light is not listed by the Admiralty or by NGA.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Kalimantan (Borneo) | East: Bali | West: Central Java

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Posted April 13, 2006. Checked and revised January 18, 2014. Lighthouses: 44. Site copyright 2014 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.