Lighthouses of Indonesia: Eastern Java

Indonesia has been independent since 1945, after having been the Dutch East Indies for more than 350 years. It is a huge country, stretching along both sides of the Equator for more than 46 degrees of longitude (roughly 5100 km or 3200 miles). Comprised of some 17,000 islands (more than 6000 inhabited islands), it has hundreds of major aids to navigation. Unfortunately, we have no idea how many of these aids can be considered lighthouses. Information about them is scarce, and photos are even scarcer. Official light lists contain dozens of entries for "framework towers" and "white beacons," providing little guidance for the lighthouse fan.

The island of Java (Jawa in Indonesian) is the heart of the country and home to 62% of the population. In fact, with more than 130 million residents it is the world's most populous island.

This page includes lighthouses of the mainland regencies of East Java (Jawa Timur) Province. In addition to the east end of Java, East Java Province also includes the island of Madura and a number of nearby smaller islands.

The Indonesian word for a lighthouse is mercusuar or (in two words) mercu suar. The phrase menara suar, which includes the Arabic word menara, is sometimes used instead. Tanjung and ujung are words for capes, pulau is an island, selat is a strait, karang is a reef, and teluk is a harbor.

The original Dutch names of historic lighthouses, if known, are shown in curly brackets {}.

Aids to navigation in Indonesia are operated and maintained by the Directorate General of Sea Navigation.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume Q of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Leuchttürme in Indonesien
Photos posted by Andreas Köhler.
Lighthouses in Indonesia
Wikimedia photos, including a collection of historic photos from the collection of the Tropenmuseum in Amsterdam.
World of Lighthouses - Indonesia
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Online List of Lights - Indonesia
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
Indonesian Lighthouses
Historic postcard views from the collection of Michel Forand.
Leuchttürme Asiens, Australiens, und Ozeaniens auf historischen Postkarten
Historic postcard views posted by Klaus Huelse.

Tanjung Awarawar Light, Tuban, January 2015
Google Maps street view

North Coast (Java Sea) Lighthouses

Tuban Regency Lighthouses
* Tambakbojo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); white flash every 3 s. 28 m (95 ft) round concrete cement silo. Wignyo Hery Susanto has a closeup photo, Nanang Pudjo Bintoro also has a photo, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at Socorejo, about 30 km (19 mi) northwest of Tuban. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1145.5; NGA 23586.
Tanjung Awarawar Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square white skeletal tower on a platform supported by piles. Lukman Edi Purnomo has a distant view, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the west side of the pier at the Tambakbojo cement plant. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1145.25.
Tanjung Awarawar
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 70 m (230 ft); white flash every 10 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white; lantern painted red. Google has a street view (also seen above) and a satellite view. Located in an oil refinery on a prominent cape at Mentoso near the western boundary of East Java Province. Site and tower closed. Admiralty Q1145; NGA 23574.

Lamongan Regency Lighthouse
* Brondong (Van der Wijck Monument)
1938. Inactive for many years. 8 m (26 ft) square masonry tower, currently painted beige. This tower was built by Dutch authorities to recognize the heroism of the fishermen of Brondong, who saved most of the passengers and crew of the steamship Van der Wijck when it wrecked nearby in October 1936. The tower was active as a lighthouse for only a few years. The Lamongan tourism office also has a page for the tower and a photo gallery, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on the east side of the harbor entrance in Brondong. Site open, tower may also be open.
Tanjung Kodok
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 40 m (131 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 35 m (115 ft) tapered square skeletal tower painted white. Google has a satellite view and the top of the tower is seen in a distant street view. Located on the waterfront at Tanjung Kodok, about 15 km (9 mi) east of Brondong. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1148.

Gresik Regency Lighthouses
Tanjung Mentigi (Pulau Bawean)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 83 m (272 ft); white flash every 7 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Both the Admiralty and NGA misspell the name as Mantigi, and NGA lists the focal plane as 8 m rather than 83 m. Pulau Bawean is a roughly circular island, about 15 km (9 mi) in diameter, in the Java Sea 150 km (93 mi) north of Surabaya. Located on the north point of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1153; NGA 23591.
Sangkapoera
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 5 s. 18 m (59 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the waterfront of Sangapoera, the main town of Pulau Bawean, on the south coast of the island. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1150; NGA 23588.
Ujung Pangkah
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square tapered skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located at the tip of swampy point on the west side of the northern entrance to Madura Strait. Probably accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1157; NGA 23608.

East Coast Lighthouses

Probolinggo City Lighthouses
* Probolinggo West Mole (Tanjung Tembaga)
Date unknown (station established 1903). Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); green flash every 5 s. 14 m (46 ft) round hourglass-shaped tower, painted green. Yazid Hsn has a distant street view, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the west mole at Probolinggo, on the southwest side of Madura Strait. Accessible by walking then mole. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS IDO-188; Admiralty Q1212; NGA 23692.
* Probolinggo East Mole
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 6 s. 14 m (46 ft) round hourglass-shaped tower, painted red and mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Yazid Hsn has a distant street view, and Google has a satellite view. Located just off the end of the east mole at Probolinggo. Accessible only by boat but easily seen from the mole. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1212.2; NGA 23696.
* Probolinggo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); white flash every 7 s. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower. The tower has not been found in Google's satellite view of the port. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1210; NGA 23688.

Situbondo Regency Lighthouses
* Besuki (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white light, 1.5 s on, 2.5 s off. 14 m (46 ft) hexagonal white metal tower with lantern. Google has a closeup street view and a satellite view. NGA describes this light as a skeletal tower. Located at the foot of the main pier at Besuki. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1214; NGA 23704.
* Panarukan {Panaroekan} (2)
Date unknown (station established 1880). Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 3 s. 14 m (46 ft) hexagonal skeletal tower with lantern; the front face of the tower carries a slatted daymark painted with black and white horizontal bands. A photo (1/3 the way down the page) and a second photo (fourth photo on the page) are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located in Panarukan, a fishing port about 10 km (6 mi) west of Situbondo. Site status unknown, probably open. ARLHS IDO-184; Admiralty Q1220; NGA 23708.
* Jangkar
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); white flash every 3 s. 21 m (69 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. A photo is at right, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on the waterfront at Jangkar, a town about 25 km (15 mi) west of Situbondo. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1222.5.
Tanjung Pecinan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view and a very distant street view. NGA misspells the name as Tanjung Paciman. Located on a low, swampy cape that extends into the Madura Strait about 16 km (10 mi) northeast of Situbondo. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-088; Admiralty Q1222; NGA 23710.
Karang Mas (Gosong Karangmas, Meinderts Reef) {Meindertsdroogte} (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); white flash every 5 s. 16 m (52 ft) tower, painted black with one red horizontal band, mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. It is possible that the present light stands on the base of the original, which apparently survived until the 1950s at least. Located about 15 km (9 mi) offshore at the southern entrance to Madura Strait. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS IDO-366; Admiralty Q1223; NGA 23712.
Tanjung Candiban
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 60 m (197 ft); white flash every 3 s. This lighthouse is described by NGA only as a "white beacon." No photo available, but a Google satellite view reveals what is probably a square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery roughly 30 m (98 ft) in height. Located at the northeastern tip of Java, overlooking the Bali Sea. Accessible by road. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-096; Admiralty Q1224; NGA 23773.
Jangkar Light
Jangkar Light, Jangkar, June 2008
Panoramio photo copyright arifngh; permission requested

Banyuwangi Regency (Bali Strait) Lighthouses
Note: The Bali Strait separates Java from the smaller island of Bali to the east, connecting the Indian Ocean to the Bali Sea. The strait narrows northward to a width of only 2.4 km (1.5 mi) at its northern end. A bridge over the strait has been proposed but has not been approved.
Pulau Tabuan {Duiven Eiland} (2)
Date unknown (station established 1871). Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) round hourglass-shaped white fiberglass tower. Long Priyono has a view from the sea, and Google has a satellite view. The original lighthouse was a skeletal tower with lantern and gallery. Located on a small island marking the west side of the northern entrance to the Bali Strait, at the eastern end of Java. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1249; NGA 23774.
* Tanjung Bansering Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); white flash every 4 s. 20 m (66 ft) octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Google has a closeup street view (a portion is seen at right), and a satellite view. This range guides vessels northbound through the narrowest passage of the Bali Strait. Accessible by road. Located in the village of Bengkak, at the northern end of the strait. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1250.1; NGA 23780.
Tanjung Bansering Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 3 s. 13 m (43 ft) octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a good satellite view. Located on the shore of the strait, 500 m (0.3 mi) south of the rear light. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1250; NGA 23776.
Semen Bosowa Banyuwangi
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 18 m (59 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square cylindrical white skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the Semen Bosawa LNG terminal south of Banyuwangi. Site and tower closed. Admiralty Q1258.14.
Tanjung Sembulungan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); white flash every 3 s. Described by NGA as a "white beacon"; a Bing satellite view reveals an approx. 14 m (46 ft) white concrete post with gallery, probably rising from a square equipment shelter. Located near the end of a long, north-pointing, densely-forested peninsula that shelters the Java coast in the southern portion of the Bali Strait. Probably accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1261; NGA 23806.
Tanjung Slokah
2011. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); white flash every 6 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a very indistinct satellite view. Tanjung Slokah is the extreme southeastern tip of Java; it's surprising that there has never been a lighthouse on this important cape until now. Located near the end of land. Probably accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1261.2.

Tanjung Bansering Range Rear Light, Banyuwangi, May 2015
Google Maps street view

South Coast (Indian Ocean) Lighthouses

Jember Regency Lighthouses
Bedadung (Watangan, Pantai Pancer) (1)
Date unknown. Inactive since 2014. Approx. 35 m (115 ft) tapered square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. 1-story keeper's house. Google's May 2015 street view (also seen at right) shows this tower standing beside the newer one (next entry). Located near the beach at Puger, about 40 km (25 mi) southwest of Jember. Site status unknown.
Bedadung (Watangan, Pantai Pancer) (2)
2014. Active; focal plane 42 m (138 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 35 m (115 ft) octagonal tower with lantern and two galleries. Lighthouse painted white. Google has a street view (also seen at right) and a satellite view. Located in front of the earlier lighthouse. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1261.5; NGA 23821.
Pulau Barung
2007. Active; focal plane 145 m (476 ft); two white flashes every 12 s. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white, rising from a 2-story station building. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view of the station. Located on a heavily forested island about 20 km (13 mi) southeast of the Bedadung light station. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1261.8.

Malang Regency Lighthouse
Sempu
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) white concrete post with gallery. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a promontory at the entrance to a bay protected by Pulau Sempu. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1262; NGA 23821.2.

Trenggalek Regency Lighthouses
Ujung Siklapa (Teluk Segoro Wegi)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 51 m (167 ft); white flash every 3 s. NGA provides no description of this lighthouse, but a Bing satellite view reveals a round white concrete tower of unknown height. Located on a promontory about 30 km (19 mi) south of Durenan. May be accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1262.5; NGA 23821.3.
Pulau Sekel
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) square white skeletal tower. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a rocky reef about 20 km (13 mi) south of Munjungan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1262.5.

Old (left) and new Bedadung Lights, May 2015
Google Maps street view
Pulau Panehan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 150 m (492 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located atop a small island about 13 km (8 mi) southwest of Munjungan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1262.7.

Pacitan Regency Lighthouses
Teluk Pacitan (Tanjung Ngamber) {Patjitan}
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a promontory on the east side of the entrance to the circular harbor of Pacitan. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1262.8; NGA 23821.5.
* Pacitan Harbor
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); white flash every 10 s. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Google has a street view and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the beach at the west end of Pacitan. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1262.85.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Kalimantan (Borneo) | Northeast : Madura | East: Bali | West: Central Java

Return to the Lighthouse Directory index | Ratings key

Posted April 13, 2006. Checked and revised March 30, 2018. Lighthouses: 32. Site copyright 2018 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.