Lighthouses of Indonesia: Lombok and Sumbawa

Indonesia has been independent since 1945, after having been the Dutch East Indies for more than 350 years. It is a huge country, stretching along both sides of the Equator for more than 46 degrees of longitude (roughly 5100 km or 3200 miles). Comprised of some 17,000 islands (more than 6000 inhabited islands), it has hundreds of major aids to navigation.

The arc of the Sunda Islands begins in the west with the major islands of Sumatra and Java, and continues eastward through a chain of smaller islands known in English as the Lesser Sunda Islands and in Indonesian as the Nusa Tenggara ("Southeastern Islands"). This page includes lighthouses of Lombok and Sumbawa, two islands united as West Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Barat) Province.

The Indonesian word for a lighthouse is mercusuar or (in two words) mercu suar. The phrase menara suar, which includes the Arabic word menara, is sometimes used instead. Tanjung and ujung are words for capes, gili or pulau is an island, selat is a strait, karang is a reef, and teluk is a harbor.

Aids to navigation in Indonesia are operated and maintained by the Indonesian Directorate of Marine Navigation (Indomarinav).

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volumes F and K of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
KITLV Beeldbank
Historic photos from the collection of the Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies.
Tanjung Pakijongan Light
Tanjung Batu Besar Light, Sumbawa
photo copyright Rob Hurvitz; used by permission

Lombok Lighthouses

Note: Lombok is a roughly circular island, with a tail extending to the southwest. On the west it is separated from Bali by the Lombok Strait, and on the east it is separated from Sumbawa by the narrow Alas Strait. The northern half of the island is dominated by the Rinjani volcano, the second tallest of Indonesia's many volcanos. The population of Lombok is more than 3 million.
West Lombok Regency (Lembar Area) Lighthouses
Shopialousia
2007 (?). Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 15 m (49 ft) "white beacon." No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a rocky reef about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) off a promontory on the west side of Belongas Bay, on the southwest coast of Lombok. Accessible only by boat. Admiralty K1299.2.
Tanjung Batu Gendang (2?)
2010 (?). Active; focal plane 65 m (213 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) white skeletal tower. No photo available, and Google's satellite view does not show the light. NGA lists a light (as Tanjung Pandanan South) with a focal plane of 30 m (98 ft). Located on the southwestern tip of Lombok, marking the southeastern entrance to the Lombok Strait. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1299; NGA 25570.
Tanjung Pandanan
2008 (?). Active; focal plane 108 m (354 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) white skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a good satellite view. Located at the northern tip of Lombok's southwestern peninsula, marking the entrance to Lembar Bay. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1298.9.
Gili Poh (Pulau Gilipoh)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two quick white flashes every 5 s. Approx. 14 m (43 ft) skeletal tower or post light with gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the north side of a small island about 15 km (9 mi) west of Lembar. Accessible only by boat. Admiralty K1297.6; NGA 25571.
Lembar Harbor (Tanjung Bunutan)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 64 m (210 ft); white flash every 5 s. 12 m (39 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower covered with white panels. A distant view and a second view are available, and Google has a satellite view. Lembar, near the southwestern corner of Lombok, is the terminal for ferries to and from Padangbai, Bali. Located on a steep promontory on the west side of the entrance to Lembar. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1298; NGA 25560.
Kramat
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); red flash every 3 s. 16 m (52 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Tower painted red. Triyono Raharjo has a closeup photo, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a shoal in the entrance to the inner harbor of Lembar. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1298.4; NGA 25564.
Kramat East Port
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 4 s. 13 m (43 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Tower painted red. This light is behind the previous light in a photo of the harbor entrance, and Bing has a satellite view. Located about 300 m (0.2 mi) northeast of the Kramat light. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1298.35; NGA 25565.5.
Kramat East Starboard
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green flash every 3 s. 13 m (43 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Tower painted green. This light is near the right edge of a photo of the harbor entrance, and Bing has a satellite view. Located about 500 m (0.3 mi) east northeast of the Kramat light. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1298.3; NGA 25565.

Mataram City Lighthouses
* Ampenan (2)
Date unknown (station established 1897). Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); three white flashes, separated by 9 s, every 45 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Best Soebianto has a photo, and Bing has a distant satellite view. The original light, also a skeletal tower, had a focal plane of only 12.5 m (41 ft). Located at Ampenan, a seaside neighborhood of Mataram, the capital of West Nusa Tenggara Province. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS IDO-099; Admiralty K1296; NGA 25552.

North Lombok Regency Lighthouses
* Trawangan (Trewangan, Gili Trawangan)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. A photo is at right, Alex Kolm has a good photo, Marco Mazzei has a distant view, and Bing has a satellite view. This lighthouse and the Gili Selang Light on Bali frame the northern entrance to the Lombok Strait. Trawangan is a small, tourist-oriented island off the northwestern coast of Lombok. Located on the west side of the island. Accessible only by boat, but transportation is available. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1295; NGA 25554.
Tanjung Agaragar
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); white flash every 5.5 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square tapered skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located near the northernmost point of Lombok. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1294.5; NGA 25551.

Trawangan Light, November 2007
Panoramio photo copyright GerlingenDH; used by permission

East Lombok Regency (Alas Strait West Side) Lighthouses
Gili Petagan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 3 s. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, mounted on a square platform. Lighthouse painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. This lighthouse warns vessels away from a group of reefs and islets off the northeastern coast of Lombok. Located a short distance southeast of the Petagan reef, the largest of the reefs, about 13 km (8 mi) northeast of the port of Labuhan Lombok. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1301; NGA 25576.
Teluk Lombok
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 3 s. 13 m (43 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, mounted on a square 1-story concrete equipment shelter. Entire lighthouse painted white. Hermit Parwoto's photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory sheltering the harbor of Labuhan Lombok, the only protected harbor on the northeastern coast of Lombok and the terminal for ferries across the Alas Strait to Sumbawa. Site status unknown, probably open. Admiralty K1300.1; NGA 25573.5.
#Tanjung Ringgit (1)
Date unknown. Reported "destroyed"; focal plane 110 m (361 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Several keeper's houses and other station buildings. Akbar Kautsar has a photo, another photo and a distant view are available, and Google has a good satellite view. Kautsar describes the lighthouse as "Dutch era." In 2013 the Admiralty reported the lighthouse destroyed and replaced by a temporary beacon; probably a new lighthouse is to be built. Located on a promontory at the southeastern tip of Lombok, marking the southern entrance to the Alas Strait. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-326; Admiralty K1300; NGA 25572.
Teluk Lombok Light
Teluk Lombok Light, Pringgabaya, May 2010
Panoramio photo copyright Hermit S. Parwoto; used by permission

South Coast (Central Lombok Regency) Lighthouse
Tanjung Bungkulan (Ekas Bay)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 95 m (312 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Note: There is another Tanjung Bungkulan lighthouse in Bali. Located on a sharp promontory on the west side of the entrance to Teluk Awang (Ekas Bay), about 35 km (22 mi) west of Tanjung Ringgit. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1299.3; NGA 25571.5.

Sumbawa Lighthouses

Note: Sumbawa is about 240 km (150 mi) long and very mountainous in terrain and irregular in shape. It is separated from Lombok to the west by the Alas Strait. Teluk Saleh, a large embayment on the north coast, nearly cuts the island in half. On the east, the Sape Strait separates Sumbawa from the smaller island of Komodo (famous for its giant lizards) and the much larger island of Flores. The population of Sumbawa is about 1.3 million.
West Sumbawa Regency (Alas Strait East Side) Lighthouses
Tanjung Mangkun
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 29 m (95 ft); white flash every 5 s. Listed only as a white beacon, probably a skeletal tower. No photo available, and the light is not hidden in shadow in Google's satellite view. Located at the tip of the very steep promontory at the extreme southwestern tip of Sumbawa. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1299.5; NGA 25569.
Tanjung Maloh (Benete Point)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 126 m (413 ft); white flash every 7 s. Pyramidal skeletal tower, probably at least 25 m (82 ft) tall. Lighthouse painted white. Several station buildings. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a high promontory near the southwestern tip of Sumbawa, marking the southern entrance to the Alas Strait. Site status unknown; there is an unpaved road to the station. Admiralty K1299.56; NGA 25572.7.
Pulau Ular
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 49 m (161 ft); two quick white flashes every 5 s. Approx. 13 m (43 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery. Rob Hurvitz has a photo showing the lighthouse enclosed by a daymark painted with black, white and red horizontal bands, but this daymark had been removed prior to James Arjuna's 2010 photo at right. The lighthouse is also seen in the left background of a photo of Tanjung Tano (next entry), and Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the northwestern coast of Sumbawa, marking the northern entrance to the Alas Strait. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown, but there's a good view from ferries crossing the strait. ARLHS IDO-358; Admiralty K1305; NGA 25574.
Tanjung Tano
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green flash every 3 s. 13 m (43 ft) round tower rising from a square 1-story equipment room. Tower painted green, equipment room white. A photo is available, there's a 2009 distant view, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a sharp promontory on the northwestern coast of Sumbawa. Site status unknown, but there's a good view from ferries crossing the strait. Admiralty K1306; NGA 25574.4.

Pulau Ular Light, Alas Strait, June 2010
Panoramio photo copyright Simon Potter; used by permission

Sumbawa Regency North Coast Lighthouses
Gosong Sakunci
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 4 s. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available. Located on a reef about 65 km (40 mi) north of Utan. Accessible only by boat. Admiralty K1303; NGA 25580.
Badas
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 2 s. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white, mounted on a triangular platform supported by piles. A photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located in the estuary at Badas, a seaport in Sumbawa Bay about 3 km (2 mi) west of the traditional island capital of Sumbawa Besar. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1307.5; NGA 25605.
Badas Entrance
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green flash every 3 s. 13 m (43 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white, mounted on a square platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef on the east side of the entrance to Badas. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1308.1; NGA 25603.
Tanjung Menangis
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 45 m (148 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 22 m (72 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Harri Daryanto has the photo at right and a second photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a sharp promontory about 16 km (10 mi) north of Sumbawa Besar. Site status unknown. Not listed by the Admiralty or by NGA.
Pulau Medang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); white flash every 5 s. 30 m (98 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a good satellite view. Pulau Medang is an island off the north coast of Sumbawa and northwest of Pulau Mojo, about 40 km (25 mi) north of the port of Sumbawa Besar. Located on the north coast of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-222; Admiralty K1304; NGA 25584.
Tanjung Menangis Light
Tanjung Menangis Light, August 2011
Panoramio photo copyright Harri Daryanto; used by permission

Western Bima Regency (North Coast) Lighthouses
Tanjung Pakijongan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 32 m (105 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the northernmost point of Sumbawa and at the foot of Mount Tambora, a giant and dangerous volcano that exploded in 1815 in the largest volcanic eruption of modern history. Accessible only by boat, most likely. Site and tower closed. ARLHS IDO-361; Admiralty K1308.4; NGA 25602.
Tanjung Batu Besar (Batubesar)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); white flash every 10 s. Approx. 21 m (69 ft) octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse painted white. Robert Hurvitz took the photo at the top of this page, and Google has a good satellite view. Located on a promontory on the north coast of Sumbawa, about 50 km (30 mi) northwest of Raba. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1308.5; NGA 25606.

Bima City Lighthouses
Note: Bima, the largest city of Sumbawa, has a population of about 150,000. The city is built on the east side of Bima Bay, a fjord-like inlet about 30 km (19 mi) long .
* Lawata (Wadumbolo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); four white flashes every 8 s. 10 m (33 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white, mounted on a square concrete pier. No photo available, but Google has a good satellite view. Located just off the beach at Lawata, a town on Bima Bay about 3 km (2 mi) south of Bima (see next entry). Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1309.5; NGA 25610.
* Bima (2)
2008. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 29 m (95 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Ari Sumantri has a photo, a more distant view is available, and Google has a satellite view. NGA lists an older tower with a focal plane of 14 m (46 ft). Located on the main quay at Bima. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1310; NGA 25608.
Tanjung Lampa Sapee
2008. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 6 s. 15 m (49 ft) skeletal tower, probably mounted on a platform supported by piles. Entire lighthouse is red. No photo available, and the light is too new to appear in Google's satellite view. Located just off a promontory on the east side of lower Bima Bay, marking a narrow passage through the bay. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1309.

Eastern Bima Regency (Sape Strait) Lighthouses
Pulau Sangeang (Sangeang Api) (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane unknown; white flash every 10 s. Octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Mike Gregory's photo is at right, Thomas Philipp has an excellent photo, P. Koeber has a view from the sea, another distant view is available, and Google has a good satellite view. NGA lists this light as a "white beacon" with a focal plane of 21 m (69 ft). From the photos, it's clear that the focal plane of the present lighthouse is much higher and the tower itself is at least 25 m (82 ft) tall. Pulau Sangeang is a circular volcanic island about 15 km (9 mi) in diameter and about 10 km (6 mi) off the northeastern tip of Sumbawa. Located on the northern tip of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1310.7; NGA 25613.
Tanjung Naru
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); two white flashes every 15 s. 40 m (131 ft) skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Several keeper's houses and other station buildings. No photo available, but Google has a good satellite view. Located on the northeastern tip of Sumbawa. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1310.8; NGA 25614.
Nisa Sanai
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 4 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round fiberglass (?) tower mounted on a square base. Entire lighthouse is red. Located on a small island off the north end of Nisa Sanai, an island sheltering the bay of Bajo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1311.2; NGA 25617.
Toronaganuri
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 60 m (197 ft); white flash every 3 s. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a good satellite view. This lighthouse guides vessels into Bajo, Sumbawa's principal port on the Sape Strait at the eastern end of the island. Located on a promontory about 5 km (3 mi) north of Bajo. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1311; NGA 25616.
Pulau Sangeang Light
Pulau Sangeang Light, October 2007
Flickr photo copyright Mike P. Gregory; used by permission
* Bajo (Badjo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped white fiberglass tower. Aganto Seno has a photo, and Bing has a fuzzy satellite view. Located at the ferry terminal on the main quay of Bajo. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K1311.5; NGA 25618.
Pulau Kelapa Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 149 m (489 ft); white flash every 11 s. 20 m (66 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. Several station buildings. No photo available; Google has a fuzzy satellite view. Pulau Kelapa is an island in the Sape Strait off the southeastern tip of Sumbawa; the range guides vessels southbound through the strait. Located near the highest point of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1312.1; NGA 25624.
Tanjung Toro Jampang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 95 m (312 ft); two white flashes every 15 s. NGA provides no description of this light. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a prominent cape on the southeast coast of Sumbawa, about 35 km (22 mi) south of Bajo. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1314; NGA 25628.

Dompu Regency South Coast Lighthouse
Tanjung Toro Doro
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 90 m (295 ft); two white flashes every 12 s. 40 m (131 ft) white tower. No photo available, and Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the cape. Located on a prominent cape on the central south coast of Sumbawa, about 25 km (15 mi) south of Madawa. Site status unknown. Admiralty K1314.5.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Southern Sulawesi | East: Eastern Sundas | West: Bali

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Posted January 10, 2009. Checked and revised February 1, 2014. Lighthouses: 36. Site copyright 2014 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.