Lighthouses of Indonesia: West Papua

Indonesia has been independent since 1945, after having been the Dutch East Indies for more than 350 years. It is a huge country, stretching along both sides of the Equator for more than 46 degrees of longitude (roughly 5100 km or 3200 miles). Comprised of some 17,000 islands (more than 6000 inhabited islands), it has hundreds of major aids to navigation.

The lighthouses on this page are in Indonesian Papua (western New Guinea). The Dutch extended their claim to western New Guinea, the world's second-largest island, in 1828, but they established no major settlements until nearly 1900. The western half of the island remained under Dutch control until 1963, when it was ceded to Indonesia. Most of the Indonesian half of the island is included in Papua Province. West Papua Province includes the oddly-shaped Doberai or Bird's Head (Vogelkop) Peninsula at the northwestern corner of New Guinea. This page includes the lighthouses of West Papua Province, and there is a separate page for Papua Province.

The Indonesian word for a lighthouse is mercusuar. The phrase menara suar, which includes the Arabic word menara, is sometimes used instead. Tanjung and ujung are words for capes, pulau is an island, selat is a strait, karang is a reef, and teluk is a gulf, bay, or harbor.

Aids to navigation in Indonesia are operated and maintained by the Directorate General of Sea Navigation.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volumes F and K of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publications 111 and 112.

General Sources
World of Lighthouses - Indonesia
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Online List of Lights - Indonesia - Vol. F and Vol. K
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
 
Pulau Kofiau Light
Pulau Kofiau Light, Raja Ampat Islands, January 2010
Panoramio photo copyright muhajir3012; used by permission
Kaimana Regency (Kamrau Gulf) Lighthouses
Note: Kamrau Gulf (Teluk Kamrau) is a wedge-shaped bay located under the "wattle" of the Doberai (Bird's Head) Peninsula. Kaimana, the regency capital, is a small port on the east side of the Kamrau Gulf.
Pulau Nusurumi
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 57 m (187 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) concrete post with gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the north end of Nusurumi, the largest of an archipelago of limestone islands in the center of the Triton Bay in southernmost West Papua. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty K3345.4; NGA 25910.
Bitsyaru
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 75 m (246 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 15 m (49 ft) iron skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and Google has only a very distant satellite view of the area. Located on a promontory at Bitsyaru on the Kamrau Gulf. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-113; Admiralty K3345.3; NGA 25916.
* Teluk Kaimana (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 25 m (82 ft); flashing white light (?). Approx. 23 m (75 ft) square skeletal tower painted white. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. NGA lists a much smaller tower for this location. Located on the waterfront in Kaimana. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K3345; NGA 25917.
Pulau Sarlota (Serotte Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); two red flashes every 10 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. Untung Pamuji's view from the sea is at right, but Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the area. Located on an island in the upper Kamrau Gulf. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty K3344.5; NGA 25918.
Pulau Keliwala
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 3 s. Approx. 13 m (43 ft) "white beacon," presumably a skeletal tower. No photo available, and the tower has not been found in Google's satellite view. Located at the west end of a small island about 25 km (15 mi) north of Pulau Adi. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty K3343.5; NGA 25914.
Pulau Adi
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. "White structure," according to NGA. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. This light marks the west side of the entrance to the large Kamrau Gulf on the southwest coast of Papua. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty K3345.5; NGA 25912.

Pulau Sarlota Light, Kaimana Regency, July 2012
Panoramio photo copyright Untung Pamuji; permission requested

Fakfak Regency Lighthouses
Note: Fakfak is one of the oldest towns in Papua, established as a trading outpost of the Sultanate of Ternate. The Dutch placed one of their first garrisons in Papua here in 1898. The Fakfak Regency occupies the Bomberai Peninsula.
Pulau Panjang (Tanjung Wamarusa) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1904). Active; focal plane 34 m (112 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 13 m (43 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. This light marks the entrance to a sheltered bay and the small port of Fakfak. Located on Tanjung Wamarusa at the eastern end of Pulau Panjang. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-232; Admiralty K3346; NGA 25920.
Pulau Ega (Ekka)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. Listed only as a "white beacon," this is almost certainly a skeletal tower. No photo available, and Google has only a very fuzzy satellite view of the island. Located at the west end of Pulau Ega, about 40 km (25 mi) west of Fakfak. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty K3347.6; NGA 25922.
Batu Putih
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 55 m (164 ft); white flashes every 5 s. Listed only as a "white beacon," but Google has a satellite view that appears to show a tall white concrete tower. Located at the west end of Pulau Batu Putih, about 55 km (35 mi) west of Fakfak. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty K3347.7; NGA 25925.
Pulau Sabuda
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 100 m (328 ft); two white flashes every 18 s. 17 m (56 ft) iron skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Sabuda is an island about 25 km (15 mi) long off the entrance to the Bintuni Gulf, a large embayment under the "chin" of the Bird's Head. Located at the eastern end of the island. Accessible only by boat; the island is reported to be privately owned. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-245; Admiralty K3348.4; NGA 25940.
* Teluk Kokas (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 22 m (72 ft); flashing white light (?). Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower painted white. A photo is at right, but Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the town. NGA lists a 12 m (39 ft) tower for this location. Located on the pier in Kokas, a village on the north side of the Bomberai Peninsula. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K3350; NGA 25936.

Teluk Kokas Light, Fakfak Regency, September 2015
Papuansphoto photo by Frank L.

Teluk Bintuni (Bintuni Gulf) Regency Lighthouses
Tanjung Karakra
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 3 s. Approx. 13 m (43 ft) "white beacon." No photo available, and Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the point. Located on or just off a low promontory on the north side of the Bintuni Gulf, a large embayment under the "chin" of the Bird's Head. Site status unknown. Admiralty K3352; NGA 25930.

Sorong Selatan (South Sorong) Regency Lighthouse
Tanjung Sabra (2)
2008 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 36 m (118 ft); white flash every 5 s. 30 m (98 ft) robust steel pole with three galleries, painted white, mounted on a triangular concrete platform supported by piles. A 2012 closeup photo is available, but Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the point. Located just off a low promontory on the north side of the entrance to the Bintuni Gulf. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-327; Admiralty K3349; NGA 25928.

Sorong Regency Southside Lighthouse
Pulau Yefyus (Yef Yus, Jef Joes)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); white flash every 7.5 s. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available. Located on a small island about 40 km (25 ft) south of the "beak" of the Bird's Head. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-136; Admiralty K3358; NGA 25944.

Raja Ampat Regency Lighthouses
Note: The Raja Ampat Islands are a loose group of islands, large and small, lying off the western tip of Papua. The name means "Four Kings," and there are four large islands: Misool in the south, Salawati and Batanta in the center just off the Papuan coast, and Weigeo to the north.
Pulau Nampale
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 46 m (151 ft); three white flashes every 20 s. No description available, but a tall skeletal tower is likely. Google has only a very distant satellite view of the island. Located on an island off the west end of Misool. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty K3357.5; NGA 25948.5.
Pulau Boo Besar
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 34 m (112 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 30 m (98 ft) octagonal white concrete tower with gallery; lantern removed. A photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. The Royal Australian Navy has an article mentioning that its ships Hawkesbury and Cape Leeuwin established (or re-established) this light in July 1945 to reopen the shipping lane through the East Indies. Boo Besar is a small island at the extreme western end of the Boo Islands, a group about 65 km (40 mi) north of Pulau Misool. Located in the Halmahera Sea about 160 km (100 mi) northeast of Obi and about 200 km (125 mi) west of the western tip of Papua (New Guinea). Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-193; Admiralty K1603.5; NGA 25948.7.
Pulau Kofiau (Tanjung Soos)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 46 m (151 ft); white flash every 5 s. 45 m (148 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white; lantern painted red. A photo is at the top of this page, but the tower is not conspicuous in Google's satellite view of the station. Located at the eastern end of Pulau Kofiau, which is also the eastern end of the Boo Islands. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty K3361; NGA 25949.
Pulau Ifmun (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft) (?); white flash every 7.5 s. Approx. 18 m (59 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white and mounted on a square platform suported by piles. A photo is available, but the light is not seen in Google's satellite view of the location. The tower appears to have replaced a similar tower placed at the edge of the land. Until 2014 NGA listed a light at or near this location as "Kepulauan Kabu, Ifmoen," but that listing has been dropped. Located at the west end of a small island just off the westernmost tip of Pulau Salawati. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K3361.5; ex-NGA 26018.
Pulau Boo Besar Light
Pulau Boo Besar Light, Raja Ampat Islands, July 2009
Panoramio photo copyright muhajir3012; used by permission
Pulau Agusta
Date unknown. Active (?); focal plane 22.5 m (74 ft); white flash every 5 s. 23 m (75 ft) octagonal white concrete tower with gallery. A 2015 photo and a distant view are available, and Google has a satellite view. This light appears to be abandoned. Located just off the east coast of a small island at the western end of the strait separating Weigeo from Batanta. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-189; Admiralty K3362.5; NGA 26021.
Saonek Besar
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 62 m (203 ft); white flash every 7.5 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal communications tower with gallery, painted white. Staffed station. A view from the sea is available, Richard Monny has a photo of the station, and Google has a satellite view. Saonek Besar is a small but densely populated island about 5 km (3 mi) southwest of Sapokreng, a port on the south coast of Waigeo. The island is known as a base for scuba diving expeditions. Located atop a bluff on the southern tip of Saonek Besar. Site status unknown. Admiralty K3363; NGA 26022.
Selat Sagawin (Sagawin Strait)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 115 m (377 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white, rising from a square station building. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the south side of Pulau Batanta, marking the western entrance to the Sagawin Strait separating Salawati and Batanta. Accessible only by boat. Admiralty K3363.5; NGA 26020.
Tanjung Warangket (2)
2007 (station establishment date unknown). Active; focal plane 74 m (243 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. Square skeletal tower with gallery, height unknown but at least 20 m (66 ft). A photo is at right, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory on the north coast of Pulau Salawati, marking the narrowest passage of the Sagawin Strait separating Salawati and Batanta. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty K3364.
Tanjung Warangket Light
Tanjung Warangket Light, Pulau Salawati, January 2010
Panoramio photo copyright muhajir3012; used by permission

Sorong Regency: Asia and Ayu Islands Lighthouses
Pulau Fani
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. "White beacon"; the tower height is unknown but as the island is quite flat the tower is probably about 15 m (49 ft) in height. Ruyatna Uyat has a photo of a square wood skeletal tower that presumably carries the light, and Google has an indistinct satellite view of this beacon. This light marks the northern end of the Asia islands (Kepulauan Asia), about 120 km (75 mi) north of Waigeo. NGA has placed the light erroneously under Palau in Publication 111. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2112; NGA 111-10933.
Pulau Budd
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. Described only as a "white beacon," this is probably a tall skeletal tower. No photo available, and Google has only a distant satellite view of the island. The Ayu Islands are about halfway between the Asia Islands and Weigeo. Located on a small island west of the main Ayu group. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F2113.

Sorong Regency and City: Sele Strait and Sorong Harbor Lighthouses
Note: The narrow Sele Strait separates the mainland from Pulau Sulawati to the west. Sorong is a city of about 125,000 people located at the tip of the Doberai (Bird's Head) Peninsula and on the east side of the strait; its broad harbor, sheltered by Pulau Sulawati, makes it one of the best ports of West Papua.
Pulau Balbili (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); two white flashes every 12.5 s. Approx. 16 m (52 ft) square skeletal tower painted white and mounted on a platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. NGA lists a 5 m (16 ft) tower at this location. Located just off the northeast point of Pulau Balbili, on the west side of Sele Strait. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K3379; NGA 25992.
Arar Terminal
2009. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); white flash every 3 s. 22 m (72 ft) triangular skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located just offshore at a liquid natural gas terminal about 25 km (15 mi) south of Sorong harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty K3378.5.
Pulau Dofior (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 16 m (52 ft); red flash every 2 s. Approx. 14 m (46 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted red. Richard Monny's photo is at right, but the tower is hard to see in Google's satellite view. A tall monument stands behind the lighthouse. This light replaced a much smaller light seen in Ryan Sanjaya's 2008 photo. NGA misspells the name of the islet as Dopior. Located on an islet in the entrance to Sorong harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K3366; NGA 25968.
Pulau Buaya (Pulau Ram)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 86 m (282 ft); four white flashes every 25 s. 20 m (66 ft) "white beacon," according to NGA. No photo available; Google has a satellite view that doesn't clarify whether the tower is concrete or skeletal. The light guides vessels entering the Sele Strait, which leads to the port of Sorong at the western tip of Papua. Located on the western tip of the island, about 10 km (6 mi) northwest of Sorong. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty K3373.3; NGA 25956.
Pulau Dofior Light
Pulau Dofior Light, Sorong, March 2014
Panoramio photo copyright Richard Monny; used by permission

Tambrouw Regency Lighthouses
* Sausapor
2015 (?). Active; focal plane 34 m (112 ft); white flash every 10 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower painted white. Bram Mambrasar has a photo, and a view from the sea is available, but the tower is too new to appear in Google's satellite view. Located at the base of the pier at Sausapor, a small town on the "brow" of the Bird's Head peninsula. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K3375.
Mios Su (Amsterdam Island) (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft) (?); white flash every 3 s. 16.5 m (54 ft) (?) square iron skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. This light marks the eastern entrance to the Dampier Strait, which separates the Doberai Peninsula of Papua from the island of Waigeo. In the satellite view the tower appears to be much taller than its listed height. Located on the western tip of a small island off the "eyebrow" of the Bird's Head. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-170; Admiralty K3376; NGA 26024.

Manokwari Regency Lighthouses
Tanjung Saukorem (Saoekorem)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 30 m (98 ft) iron skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and Google has a satellite view of the station. Located on a low promontory on the top of the Bird's Head, about 125 km (75 mi) north northwest of Manokwari. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-269; Admiralty K3376.5; NGA 26028.
Tanjung Memori (Tanjung Bakaro) (1)
Date unknown. Inactive. 17 m (56 ft) round cylindrical tower with a flared top. Entire lighthouse is white. Two keeper's houses. David Worabay's view is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Tanjung Memori is a promontory sheltering the harbor of Manokwari, the capital of West Papua province. Located at the tip of the cape, about 8 km (5 mi) east of Manokwari. Accessible by road. Site status unknown.
Tanjung Memori (Tanjung Bakaro) (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 33 m (108 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the tip of the cape, about 8 km (5 mi) east of Manokwari. Accessible by road. Site status unknown. Admiralty K3389; NGA 26032.

Manokwari Selatan (South Manokwari) Regency Lighthouse
Tanjung Oransbari
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); white light occulting once every 4 s. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory at the back of the Bird's Head, marking the west side of the entrance to the Cenderawasih Gulf. Site status unknown. Admiralty K3395.1; NGA 26080.
Tanjung Memori Light
Tanjung Memori Light, Manokwari, January 2011
Panoramio photo copyright David Worabay; used by permission

Teluk Wondama (Wondama Bay) Regency Lighthouse
Teluk Wasior (Wandamen, Wandammen) (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane about 30 m (98 ft); white light, 2 s on, 8 s off. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery painted white. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located near the port area in Wasior, on the east side of Wondama Bay. Site status unknown. Admiralty K3395.55; NGA 26107.7.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: East: Papua | South: Maluku | Northwest: North Maluku

Return to the Lighthouse Directory index | Ratings key

Posted December 31, 2008. Checked and revised March 31, 2017. Lighthouses: 35. Site copyright 2017 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.