Lighthouses of Indonesia: Riau Islands

Indonesia has been independent since 1945, after having been the Dutch East Indies for more than 350 years. It is a huge country, stretching along both sides of the Equator for more than 46 degrees of longitude (roughly 5100 km or 3200 miles). Comprised of some 17,000 islands (more than 6000 inhabited islands), it has hundreds of major aids to navigation. Unfortunately, we have no idea how many of these aids can be considered lighthouses. Information about them is scarce, and photos are even scarcer. Official light lists contain dozens of entries for "framework towers" and "white beacons," providing little guidance for the lighthouse fan. We need more more information and photos; if you know about lighthouses in Indonesia, please share that knowledge.

Indonesia's Riau Islands Province includes four groups of small islands located between Sumatra and Kalimantan (Borneo). The Riau group is south of Singapore and off the east coast of Sumatra; the Lingga group is farther south, straddling the Equator in the Karimata Strait; the Anambas group is in the South China Sea off the east coast of West Malaysia; and the Natuna group is also in the South China Sea northwest of Sarawak in East Malaysia. In all there are more than 3000 islands in the province.

The Indonesian word for a lighthouse is mercusuar. The phrase menara suar, which includes the Arabic word menara, is sometimes used instead. Tanjung and ujung are words for capes, pulau is an island, selat is a strait, and teluk is a harbor.

Aids to navigation in Indonesia are operated and maintained by the Directorate General of Sea Navigation.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume F of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Garis Depan Nusantara - Kepulauan Riau
This site, no longer online, was the source for several of the photos on this page. The Indonesian name means "frontier archipelago," and the site concentrated on remote islands where Indonesian sovereignty might be in question.
World of Lighthouses - Indonesia
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Indonesian Lighthouses
Historic postcard views from the collection of Michel Forand.
Tokong Nanas Light
Pulau Tokong Nanas Light, Anambas Islands, June 2013
Panoramio photo copyright Taufik Hidayatullah; used by permission
Singapore Strait Lighthouses (see also Singapore)
Note: Across the Singapore Strait from Singapore, the Riau Islands proper are a loose group lying off the east coast of Sumatra. These islands form the core of the Riau Islands Province, which also includes the Lingga, Anambas, and Natuna Islands. The majority of the population of the province lives in the Riau group. These islands, along with Singapore, were ruled historically by the Sultan of Johor in Malaya; the current international frontier dates from a treaty between Britain and The Netherlands in 1824.
Pulau Iyu Kecil (The Brothers) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1906). Active; focal plane 41 m (135 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 13 m (43 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white. Deny Ruly has a photo, a view from the sea is available, and Bing has a satellite view. NGA lists a skeletal tower at this location. Vessels eastbound in the Malacca Strait pass between this important light and Malaysia's Tanjung Piai Light shortly before turning into the Singapore Strait. Located on an island at the western entrance to the Singapore Strait, about 8 km (5 mi) north of the northern tip of Pulau Karimun. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-072; Admiralty F1674; NGA 22584.
Pulau Karimun Kecil (Little Karimun Island)
2007. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 5 s. 15 m (49 ft) square pyramidal white skeletal tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the northern tip of Little Karimun, about 5 km (3 mi) southeast of The Brothers. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1674.05; NGA 22581.
Pulau Cula
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 16 m (52 ft) round tower with gallery, mounted on a round concrete pier. Lighthouse painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 13 km (8 mi) west of Singapore's Raffles Lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F1693.9; NGA 21495.
Pulau Nipah (Nipa Reef) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1912). Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 3 s. 16 m (52 ft) round tower with gallery, mounted on an octagonal concrete pier. Lighthouse painted white. Feybe Lumanauw has a closeup photo, there's an aerial view of the island, and Bing has a satellite view. The original light had a focal plane of 11 m (36 ft). In the Straits traffic separation scheme, westbound vessels pass just to the north of this light. Located on a dangerous reef about 10 km (6 mi) west of Singapore's famous Raffles Lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F1692; NGA 21492.
Pulau Pelampong
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (56 ft); white flash every 4 s. 15 m (49 ft) "white beacon." No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located at the north end of a reef about 5 km (3 mi) east southeast of Nipa Reef. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F1693.95; NGA 21487.
Takong Kecil (Pulau Takong Kecil) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1910). Active; focal plane 48 m (157 ft); two flashes every 10 s, white or red depending on direction. 30 m (98 ft) tapered octagonal aluminum tower. Entire lighthouse is white. Jürgen Klinksiek's photo is at right, a 2012 view is available, Wikipedia has a distant view, and Bing has a satellite view. The present lighthouse was apparently built sometime shortly after World War II. It was rebuilt in 1998 and its height may have been increased at that time. Eastbound vessels in the strait pass just to the south of the lighthouse. Located on a small island in the strait about 7 km (4.5 mi) southwest of Singapore's famous Raffles Lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. Admiralty F1694; NGA 21480.
Takong Kecil Light
Takong Kecil Light, Singapore Strait, July 1999
photo copyright Jürgen Klinksiek; used by permission
Helen Mar Reef
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 6 s. 16 m (52 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower mounted on a square concrete pier. Upper half of the tower painted black, lower half yellow. Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) northwest of Pemping Besar. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F1694.7; NGA 21476.
Buffalo Reef
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); quick-flashing white light. 16 m (52 ft) concrete tower with gallery. Upper half of the tower painted black, lower half yellow. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 12 km (7.5 mi) northeast of Pulau Takong Kecil. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F1695.6; NGA 21464.
Pulau Nongsa
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); white flash every 8 s. Approx. 37 m (121 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Ade Freeman Syah has a photo, but the tower is hidden among trees in Bing's satellite view. Pulau Nongsa is an islet on the south side of the Singapore Strait about 30 km (19 mi) southeast of Singapore city. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. ARLHS IDO-049; Admiralty F1697.99; NGA 21462.
Batu Berhanti
Date unknown (station established 1910). Active; focal plane 16.5 m (54 ft);white flash every 8 s. 16.5 m (54 ft) round concrete tower with four wings, mounted on a square concrete pier. Jürgen Klinksiek's photo is at right, Lightphotos.net has a good photo, a view from the sea is available, and Google has a satellite view. The original light had a focal plane of 12 m (39 ft). Located on a shoal in the center of Singapore Strait, about 10 km (6 mi) south of downtown Singapore. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. Admiralty F1696; NGA 21400.

Pulau Bintan Area Lighthouses
Note: Pulau Bintan (Bintan Island), the largest of the Riau Islands, lies southeast of Singapore at the eastern entrance to Singapore Strait.
Tanjung Berakit
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 68 m (223 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 30 m (98 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. A photo is available, but the tower is not seen in Google's distant satellite view. This lighthouse marks the south side of the eastern entrance to Singapore Strait from the South China Sea. Located on the northern tip of Pulau Bintan, near the village of Berakit. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1812; NGA 21176.

Batu Berhanti Light, Singapore Strait, 2002
photo copyright Jürgen Klinksiek; used by permission
Merapas
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 121 m (397 ft); three white flashes every 5 s. 40 m (131 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has only a distant satellite view of the island. Located on an isolated island in the South China Sea about 25 km (15 mi) east of Pulau Bintan and 55 km (35 mi) southeast of Tanjung Berakit. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-168; Admiralty F1809; NGA 22694.
Pulau Mantang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 62 m (203 ft); white flash every 3 s. 20 m (66 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and Google has only a distant satellite view of the location. Located at the southwestern tip of Pulau Mantang, a smaller island off the south coast of Pulau Bintan. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-219; Admiralty F1806; NGA 22672.
Pulau Terkulai
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); white light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 20 m (66 ft) triangular pyramidal white skeletal tower. Several station buildings. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a small island off the west coast of Pulau Bintan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1786; NGA 22652.
Pulau Loban
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); white, red or green light depending on direction, 4 s on, 4 s off. 15 m (49 ft) skeletal tower, described as black by NGA, but Google's satellite view shows a white tower. Located on a small island west of Pulau Bintan, guiding vessels in the passage between Bintan and Batam Islands. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1776; NGA 22640.

Pulau Batam Lighthouses
Note: Batam is a large island west of Pulau Bintan and directly opposite Singapore city. The Riau Strait separates Batam and Bintan. Batam has a population of more than one million; it is by far the largest city of the Riau Islands Province.
* Kabil Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); white light, 2 s on, 2 s off. Approx. 27 m (89 ft) square cylindrical white skeletal tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. The range guides vessels to an oil terminal on the east coast of Batam. Located behind the port area at Kabil. Site appears open, tower closed. Admiralty F1772.31; NGA 22620.6.
Kabil South Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); white light, 2 s on, 1 s off. 23 m (75 ft) square cylindrical white skeletal tower mounted on a square concrete pier supported by piles. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. The range guides southbound vessels in the Riau Strait. Located just off the east coast of Batam about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) south of Kabil. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F1772.41; NGA 22621.5.

Durian Strait and Pulau Kundur Lighthouses
Note: The Durian Strait (Selat Durian) is a north-south passage through the Riau Islands beginning at the western end of the Singapore Strait. Pulau Kundur is a large island on the west side of the Durian Strait, separated from the mainland of Sumatra by another strait.
Jangkat
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 37 m (121 ft); white flash every 5 s. 30 m (98 ft) "white pyramidal tower," according to NGA. This might describe a tower similar to the Takong Kecil Light. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on an islet about 25 km (15 mi) east of Tanjung Rambut. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1694.6; NGA 22592.
Tanjung Rambut
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 41 m (135 ft); three white flashes every 22 s. 40 m (131 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. This lighthouse is located near the city of Tanjungbalai on Great Karimun, an island at the southwestern end of Singapore Strait. Located on the southeastern tip of the island; there should be a good view from fast ferries connecting Tanjungbalai with Singapore. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-323; Admiralty F1417.5; NGA 22588.
Tanjung Lubuk
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); white flash every 8 s. Listed as a "white beacon," this is probably a white skeletal tower at least 30 m (98 ft) tall. Photos (near the bottom of the page) are available, although the caption bekas mercusuar means "former lighthouse." and Bing has only a distant satellite view of the location. NGA misspells the name as Tanjung Lubuh. Located on the southwestern tip of Pulau Kundur. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1417.2; NGA 22602.
Rukan Utara (North Brother)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); white flash every 4 s. White skeletal tower, probably at least 20 m (66 ft) tall. No photo available, and Google has only a distant satellite view of the location. Located on an islet about 10 km (6 mi) north of the better-known South Brother Island lighthouse (next entry). Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1426; NGA 22610.
Rukan Selatan (South Brother Island)
1911. Active; focal plane 70 m (230 ft); white flash every 5 s. 22 m (72 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No current photo available, and the island is only a blur in Google's satellite view. Forand has a historic postcard view. This light guides vessels northbound toward Singapore as they approach the Riau Islands. Located on a small island at the southern edge of the Riau group, about 20 km (13 mi) east of Tanjungkilang. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-266; Admiralty F1428; NGA 22612.

Lingga Islands Lighthouse
Note: The Lingga Islands straddle the Equator south of the Riau group and east of Riau and Jambi Provinces of Sumatra.
Pulau Kentar (2)
Date unknown (station established 1919). Active; focal plane 122 m (400 ft); two long (2 s) white flashes every 10 s. 32 m (105 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and Google's satellite view has no detail in this area. This light stands only 3.5 km (2.2 mi) north of the Equator. Located on a small island on the eastern edge of the Linga group, in the Karimata Strait. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-207; Admiralty F1438; NGA 22696.
Pulau Lingga
1897. Active; focal plane 56 m (184 ft); white flash every 19 s. 10 m (33 ft) iron skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on Tanjung Djang, the southeastern tip of Pulau Lingga, the largest island of the group. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-215; Admiralty K0954; NGA 22708.
* Dabo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 3 s. 12 m (39 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower with gallery, mounted on a concrete platform supported by piles. Lighthouse painted white. A photo is at right, but Google's satellite view has no detail in the town. Dabo is the principal port of Pulau Singkep, the second largest island of the Lingga group. Located adjacent to the jetty at Dabo, on the east coast of Singkep. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty K0958; NGA 22712.
Pulau Muci (Mutji)
Date unknown (station established 1914). Active; focal plane 67 m (220 m); continuous white light. 21 m (69 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and the island is only a blur in Google's satellite view. Located on a small island about 10 km (6 mi) west of Tanjung Sebayur on the west coast of Singkep. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty K0980; NGA 22724.
Dabo Light
Dabo Light, Dabo, October 2012
Panoramio photo copyright dewindry.wisnu; used by permission

Anambas Islands Lighthouses
Note: The Anambas Islands are an archipelago in the South China Sea about 250-350 km (160-220 mi) northeast of the Malayan coast.The largest islands in the group are Jemaja in the southwest and a group of islands in the north that includes Mubur, Matak, and Siantan.
Malang Biru (Tokong Malangbiru)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 4 s. The original (?) lighthouse here is a tapered octagonal cancrete or masonry tower with gallery. The upper half was painted white and the lower half black. A photo, a more distant view, and another view from the sea are available. In the photos, the lighthouse appears abandoned, but there is no sign of a more recent light. NGA describes the current light only as a "white beacon." Malang Biru is an isolated rock about 65 km (40 mi) south southwest of the main Anambas group and 175 km (110 mi) northeast of Singapore Strait. Scuba diving tours to the island are available from Singapore. Located on the highest point of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1831; NGA 21097.5.
Pulau Mangkai
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 196 m (343 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 40 m (131 ft) iron skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view of the station. Pulau Mangkai is the westernmost island of the Anambas group and is an important landmark for vessels bound to or from Singapore. However, there have been reports of pirate activity in the vicinity. The mountainous island is about 6 km (3.5 mi) in length. Located on the highest point of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1832; NGA 21096.
Pulau Serak
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); four white flashes every 20 s. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the west side of a small island about halfway between the major islands of Jemaja and Airabu. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F1830.6; NGA 21097.7.
Pulau Nunsa
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); four white flashes every 20 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the south end of a small island at the southeastern end of an archipelago stretching southeastward from the major island of Siantan. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F1834; NGA 21097.8.
Pulau Tokong Nanas
2006. Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, mounted on a square concrete equipment shelter. Lighthouse painted white. Taufik Hidayatullah's photo is at the top of this page, but the islet is only a blur in Google's satellite view. Located on a rocky reef about 25 km (15 mi) northwest of Tanjung Pedas. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F1835.5.
Terempa Light
Terempa Light, Terempa, June 2013
Panoramio photo copyright Taufik Hidayatullah; used by permission
Tanjung Pedas
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 82 m (269 ft); white flash every 4 s. 40 m (131 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and Google has only a very distant satellite view of the cape. This lighthouse guides vessels to Terempa, the principal town of the islands. Located at the northwestern tip of Siantan, one of the major islands of the Anambas group. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1835; NGA 21117.
* Terempa
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); continuous red light (?). 13 m (43 ft) round white concrete tower, flared at the top and bottom, mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Taufik Hidayatullah's photo is above right, F. den Boer has a view from the water, and another view from the water is available, but Google's satellite view has no detail in the area. In the photo the tower appears to have a white light. Located on the waterfront of Terempa, the principal town of the islands. Located on he north side of Siantan. Site open, tower closed. NGA 21120.
Pulau Tokong Belayer
2006. Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, mounted on a square concrete equipment shelter. Lighthouse painted white. A photo is at right, Taufik Hidayatullah has a photo, and a 2009 photo is available, but the lighthouse is not seen clearly in Google's satellite view. Located on a rocky reef at the northern tip of the Anambas archipelago. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F1835.8.
Pulau Tokong Belayer Light
Pulau Tokong Belayer Light, Anambas Islands
anonymous Creative Commons photo
posted by Garis Depan Nusantara

Natuna Islands Lighthouses
Note: The Natuna Islands are located in the South China Sea about 325 km (200 mi) off the coast of Borneo. Natuna Besar (Great Natuna Island) is by far the largest island of the group. The islands have a population of about 70,000.
Sekatung (Sekatoeng)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 98 m (322 ft); white light occulting once every 3 s. 30 m (98 ft) skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Several 1-story keeper's houses or other station buildings. A photo is at right, and another 2008 photo is available, but Google has only a distant satellite view of the island. This light marks the northernmost point of the Natuna group; it is Indonesia's northernmost light in the South China Sea. Located on a small island about 120 km (75 mi) north of Natuna Besar (Great Natuna). Site status unknown. Admiralty F1836.5; NGA 21112.
Semium
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 160 m (525 ft); white flash every 5 s. Described by NGA as a "white lighthouse"; no other information available. The light has not been found in Google's satellite view of the island. Located atop a small high island about 80 km (50 mi) northwest of the northern point of Natuna Besar. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1836.6; NGA 21114.
Pulau Sebetul
2006. Active; focal plane 34 m (112 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, mounted on a square concrete equipment shelter. Lighthouse painted white. Dedi Yudia has a photo, and a distant view is available, but the islet is only a faint blur in Google's satellite view. Located on a rocky reef off the southwestern tip of Pulau Laut. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F1836.55.
Pulau Tokong Boro (Tokongboro)
2006. Active; focal plane 34 m (112 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, mounted on a square concrete equipment shelter. Lighthouse painted white. A photo is below right. Located on a rocky reef about 55 km (35 mi) west of Natuna Besar. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F1836.9.
Sekatung Light
Sekatung Light, Natuna Islands, September 2008
Creative Commons photo by Deni Sambas posted by Garis Depan Nusantara
Pulau Seluan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 38 m (125 ft); four white flashes every 15 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the south end of Seluan, an island about 18 km (11 mi) west of Natuna Besar. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1836.8; NGA 21101.
Pulau Senua (Senoa)
2006. Active; focal plane about 46 m (151 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white, rising from a large square station building. Opin Latuputty has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on an island about 7 km (4 mi) north northeast of Tanjung Senubing, off the east coast of Natuna Besar. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1836.65.
Tanjung Senubing (Senoebing)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 106 m (348 ft); white flash every 10 s. 20 m (66 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, although Bayuseta Jati has a view from the gallery, and the tower has not been found in Google's satellite view. Located on the easternmost point of Natuna Besar. Site open, and apparently the tower can be climbed. Admiralty F1836.7; NGA 21108.
Selat Lampa (Lampa Strait)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); green flash every 9 s. 30 m (98 ft) skeletal tower, painted green. No photo available, and the tower is not seen in Google's satellite view of the area. Lampa, at the southern end of Natuna Besar (Great Natuna), is the principal port of the Natuna Islands. Located on the west side of the harbor entrance. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1837.75; NGA 21104.7.
Pulau Midai
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 158 m (518 ft); white flash every 20 s. 30 m (98 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view of the station. Pulau Midai is an isolated high island in the South Natuna group about 130 km (80 mi) southwest of Natuna Besar. Located on the highest point of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1838; NGA 21100.
Karang Jackson
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 5 s. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower mounted on a square platform supported by piles. Lighthouse painted red, not white as listed by NGA. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located just off the southeastern tip of Pulau Midai. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F1838.35; NGA 21100.1.
Pulau Subi Kecil (Subi-kechil)
Date unknown (station established 1910). Active; focal plane 83 m (272 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 22 m (72 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. A photo of the base of the tower is available, and Google has a satellite view of the station. Pulau Subi Kecil is a small island in the South Natuna group, just north of Sub Besar and about 130 km (80 mi) southeast of Natuna Besar. Located on the highest point of the island. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-182; Admiralty F1844; NGA 25108.
Tokong Boro Light
Tokong Boro Light, Natuna Islands, September 2008
anonymous Creative Commons photo
posted by Garis Depan Nusantara
Pulau Kepala
2006. Active; focal plane 51 m (167 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, mounted on a 2-story concrete keeper's house. Entire lighthouse painted white. The station is staffed by 3 keepers. The tower is not seen in Google's satellite view of the island. Located on Pulau Kepala (Coconut Island), a small island in the South Natuna group, about 160 km (100 mi) southeast of Natuna Besar. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1846.
Pulau Merundung
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 37 m (121 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 30 m (98 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and the light is not visible in Google's distant satellite view. Located on a small island about 30 km (19 mi) northwest of the Kalimantan coast and about 60 km (38 mi) west of Tanjung Datu, Sarawak. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-012; Admiralty F1850; NGA 25100.
Pulau Murih (Muri Island)
Date unknown (station established 1901). Active; focal plane 102 m (335 ft); white flash every 6 s. 20 m (66 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and the island shows only as a blur in Google's satellite view. Located on the westernmost of two small islands about 70 km (45 mi) northwest of the Kalimantan coast and about 50 km (30 mi) southwest of Pulau Merundung. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-228; Admiralty F1854; NGA 25096.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Singapore | East: Kalimantan (Borneo) | South: Bangka-Belitung Islands | West: Eastern Sumatra

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Posted April 13, 2006. Checked and revised November 21, 2014. Lighthouses: 48. Site copyright 2014 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.