Lighthouses of Indonesia: Southeast Sulawesi (Celebes)

Indonesia has been independent since 1945, after having been the Dutch East Indies for more than 350 years. It is a huge country, stretching along both sides of the Equator for more than 46 degrees of longitude (roughly 5100 km or 3200 miles). Comprised of some 17,000 islands (more than 6000 inhabited islands), it has hundreds of major aids to navigation. This page includes the lighthouses of the southern half of Sulawesi (Celebes), a major island in the northern part of the country.

Shaped like an artistically drawn letter K, Sulawesi consists mostly of four narrow peninsulas. The Makassar Strait separates Sulawesi from Kalimantan (Borneo) to the west. The Celebes Sea is north of the island, the Banda Sea is to the east and southeast, and the Flores Sea is on the south. Makassar, also called Ujung Pandang, is the major port. This page covers the lighthouses of Southeast Sulawesi Province, which includes the blunt southeastern peninsula of the island and large number of islands offshore.

The Indonesian word for a lighthouse is mercusuar. The phrase menara suar, which includes the Arabic word menara, is sometimes used instead. Pulau is an island and karang is a reef.

Aids to navigation in Indonesia are operated and maintained by the Directorate General of Sea Navigation.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volumes F and Q of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Online List of Lights - Indonesia - Vol. Q
Coming soon: photos by various photographers posted by Alexander Trabas.
Indonesian Lighthouses
Historic postcard views from the collection of Michel Forand.
World of Lighthouses - Indonesia
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Tanjung Kanolanatumbi Light
Tanjung Kanolanatumbi Light, Pulau Buton
Wordpress photo copyright musafirtimur; used by permission
Konawe Utara (North Konawe) Regency Lighthouses
Note: The North Konawe Regency includes the Manui Islands, a ragged chain extending east southeast into the Banda Sea.
Karang Samaringa
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 5 s. 13 m (43 ft) square skeletal mast with gallery painted red and mounted on a square platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef northwest of Pulau Samaringa, a small island at the western end of the Manui Islands. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1559.95; NGA 25278.
Pulau Manui
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) square white skeletal tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. This major lighthouse marks the eastern end of the Manui Islands. Located on heights above the southeastern point of Pulau Manui, a 12 km (7.5 mi) long high island about 80 km (50 mi) northeast of Kendari. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1559.8; NGA 25279.
Pulau Dehaan (Pulau Labengki Kecil)
2007. Active; focal plane 55 m (180 ft); four white flashes every 10 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) white concrete tower. A view from the sea by Muhammed Idris is at right, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island about 65 km (40 mi) north of Kendari. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1559.97; NGA 25278.5.

Konawe Regency Lighthouse
Konawe
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. A view from the sea is available, and Google has a street view and an indistinct satellite view. Located at a small harbor about 15 km (9 mi) north of Kendari. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1562.5.
Pulau Dehaan Light
Pulau Dehaan (Labengki Kecil) Light, Banda Sea, May 2012
Panoramio photo copyright Muhammad Idris; permission requested

Kendari City Lighthouses
Note: Kendari is a port city on the east coast and the capital of Southeast Sulawesi province. It is the fourth largest city of Sulawesi, with a population of about 320,000.
Teluk Kendari No. 1 (Range Front)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); white light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 10 m (33 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Jl. R. E. Martadinata has a street view, and Google has a satellite view. Located off the ferry terminal at Kendari. Accessible only by boat, but easily seen from shore or from ferries. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1560.3; NGA 25290.
Teluk Kendari No. 2 (Range Rear)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); white light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Jl. R. E. Martadinata has a street view, and Google has a satellite view. Located 130 m (430 ft) west of the front light. Accessible only by boat, but easily seen from shore or from ferries. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1560.31; NGA 25290.2.
Tanjung Kendari No. 3 (Range Front)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a street view and a satellite view. This is a downstream range guiding vessels leaving Kendari. Located on the south side of the Kendari estuary. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1560.4.
Tanjung Kendari No. 4 (Range Rear)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 16 m (52 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located a short distance southeast of the front light. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1560.41.
Tanjung Kendari No. 5 (Range Front)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on the south side of the Kendari estuary. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1560.5.
Tanjung Kendari No. 6 (Range Rear)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 16 m (52 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Moch Said S. Sirate's photo is at right, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located about 130 m (430 ft) southwest of the front light, adjacent to a bridge on the south side of the Kendari estuary. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1560.51.

Kendari No. 6 Light, Kendari, October 2013
Panoramio Creative Commons photo by Moch Said S. Sirate

Kabupaten Konawe (Konawe Islands) Regency Lighthouses
Note: This regency is essentially coincident with Pulau Wawonii (also spelled Wowoni), a roughly heart-shaped island about 30 km (20 mi) in diameter located off to the southeast of Kendari.
Pulau Wowoni (Tanjung Pamali)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); four white flashes every 20 s. Approx. 38 m (125 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery. Tower painted white. Coast guard station with staff quarters and other buildings. No closeup photo available, but the lighthouse is visible in a very distant view from the sea, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the northern tip of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1559.7; NGA 25288.
Tanjung Watutembatu
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 65 m (213 ft); four white flashes every 10 s. 40 m (131 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a fuzzy satellite view. This light stands on a promontory at the easternmost tip of the island of Wowoni, southeast of Kendari. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-334; Admiralty Q1559.9; NGA 25289.

Konawe Selatan (South Konawe) Regency: East Coast Lighthouse
Campada South
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); red flash every 4 s. 17 m (56 ft) square skeletal tower, painted red, mounted on a square platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the south end of a reef on the west side of the strait separating Wowoni from the mainland. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1558.7; NGA 25310.

Buton Utara (North Buton) Regency Lighthouses
Note: This regency occupies the northern half of Pulau Buton (formerly Butong), a large island located off the southeastern tip of Sulawesi. Pulau Buton is a substantial island about 120 km (75 mi) long; it is separated from Pulau Muna to the west by the Buton Strait, a narrow north-south channel.
Pulau Lebutan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. 15 m (49 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. Zubair Alhawari has a photo, and Google has a satellite view of the tower peeking through trees. Located on an island in the channel on the west side of Buton. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-154; Admiralty Q1551.5; NGA 25328.
Tanjung Loba
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 32 m (108 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. Approx. 28 m (92 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Google has a distant street view and a satellite view. Located on a prominent point of land on the northwest coast of Pulau Buton. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1550.5; NGA 25317.
Tanjung Buton
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 60 m (197 ft); white flash every 3 s. Described only as a "beacon." No photo available, but Google's satellite view reveals a white tower of unknown height. Located in a heavily forested area at the northern tip of Pulau Buton. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1558.4; NGA 25311.

Buton Regency Lighthouses
Tanjung Kanolanatumbi
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); white flash every 10 s. 30 m (98 ft) white concrete tower with lantern and gallery. A photo is at the top of this page, and Google has a satellite view. This light stands on the eastern point of Pulau Buton. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-302; Admiralty Q1555.8; NGA 25346.
Tanjung Kordoa (Kondowa)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a promontory on the southeast coast of Pulau Buton. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1555; NGA 25344.
Tanjung Batu Toro (Batutoro)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); white flash every 10 s. Approx. 35 m (115 ft) octagonal white concrete tower with lantern and gallery. A photo by Muhammad Aris is at right, but Google has a good satellite view. This major lighthouse seems to be very poorly known. Located at the southeastern tip of Pulau Buton. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1554.4; NGA 25342.
Pulau Batuata (Batuatas, Batu Atas)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 144 m (472 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. Described only as a white beacon. No photo available, and the lighthouse has not been found in Google's satellite view. Located on an isolated (but inhabited) high island about 32 km (20 mi) south of the southern tip of Pulau Buton. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1553.2; NGA 25352.5.

Tanjung Batutoro Light, Pulau Buton, April 2017
Google Plus photo by Muhammad Aris
Tanjung Masige (Tanjung Masiga, Pulau Siumpu)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 5 s. 19 m (62 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef off the southwestern tip of Pulau Siumpu, an island off the southwestern tip of Butan. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-280; Admiralty Q1553; NGA 25352.

Bau-Bau City Lighthouses
Note: Located at the southwestern end of Pulau Buton, Bau-Bau is the principal city of the island; it has a population of about 140,000.
* Bau-Bau
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 4 s. Approx. 11 m (36 ft) round barbell-shaped white fiberglass tower mounted on a square base. Bernard Tan has a photo, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Bau-Bau is the largest city of Pulau Buton, with a population of about 140,000. Located on the side of a quay at Bau-Bau. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1552; NGA 25332.
Tanjung Batu Sori (Batusori)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 25 m (82 ft); white flash every 3 s. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the west coast of Buton at the narrowest point of the Buton Strait. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1551.8; NGA 25330.

Wakatobi Regency Lighthouses
Note: This regency comprises the Wakatobi Islands, a chain of rather small islands extending southeast from Pulau Buton. The major islands are well inhabited, with a total population of more than 90,000.
Pulau Wangiwangi
Date unknown (station established 1904). Active; focal plane 150 m (492 ft); two white flashes every 12 s. 21 m (69 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. Savitri Kusuma has the photo at right, Baizul Zaman has a closeup photo, Waode NaniKurnia has on Twitter a photo taken on the gallery of the lighthouse, and Google has a satellite view of the station. Pulau Wangiwangi is an island in the Wakatobi group, east of Buton. Located on the northern tip of the island, 35 km (22 mi) east of Tanjung Kanolanatumbi. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS IDO-259; Admiralty Q1558; NGA 25348.
Pulau Tengah (Teluk Wanji, Kapota)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 3 s. Approx. 16 m (52 ft) square skeletal tower painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. NGA lists the light as "Midden." Located at the east end of Pulau Tengah ("Central Island") across from the waterfront of Wanji, a port on the west coast of Pulau Wangiwangi. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1558.2; NGA 25348.5.
Pulau Kaledupa
2017. Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); light characteristic unknown. Approx. 20 m (66 ft) square skeletal tower mounted on a square concrete platform supported by piles. Irsyad Muhammad has a photo, but the lighthouse is too new to appear in Google's satellite view. An aerial photo shows the platform but not the tower. Located at the northwestern tip of Pulau Kaledupa, about 13 km (8 mi) southeast of Pulau Wangiwangi. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1558.27.
Pulau Binongko (Tadunna)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); white flash every 10 s. "White beacon," according to NGA. A tall tower would be expected here to guide vessels rounding the southeastern tip of Sulawesi and its associated islands. A travel site has a photo, the lighthouse appears in a YouTube video, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the southern tip of Pulau Binongko, the southernmost major island of the Wakatobi group. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1558.34; NGA 25350.4.
Pulau Wangi-Wangi Light
Pulau Wangiwangi Light, Banda Sea, October 2011
Panoramio photo copyright Savitri Kusuma; used by permission
Pulau Moromaho
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); four white flashes every 10 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) octagonal white concrete tower with lantern and gallery. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view of the station. Located on a small island at the extreme end of the Wakatobi Islands and at the junction of the Banda and Flores Seas. The island is a well known scuba diving site. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS IDO-225; Admiralty Q1558.33; NGA 25351.

Muna Regency Lighthouses
Note: Pulau Muna lies just to the wesy of Pulau Buton, separated from it by the narrow Buton Strait. The island is about 75 km (47 mi) long and as much as 40 km (25 mi) wide; it has a population of about 270,000.
* Tampo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 3 s. 10 m (33 ft) square white skeletal tower. Fadjar Barakati's photo is at right, and Google has a street view, but the tower is hard to distinguish in Google's satellite view. Located near the foot of the pier at Tampo, on the northeastern end of Pulau Muna. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1550; NGA 25318.
* Raha Pierhead
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); yellow flash every 3 s. 18 m (59 ft) square white skeletal tower. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located beside the pierhead at Raha, the regency capital and largest town of Pulau Muna, on the northeast side of the island. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1551.2; NGA 25324.
* Tondasi
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white light, flash interval unknown. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) square skeletal tower painted white. Google has a street view and a distant satellite view. Located on the waterfront in Tondasi, on the northwestern coast of Pulau Muna. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1549.17.

Konawe Selatan (South Konawe) Regency: South Coast (Tioro Strait) Lighthouses
Note: The Tioro Strait resembles a gulf more than a strait; except for a very narrow passage around the northern tip of Pulau Muna at its northeastern end it is a broad bay that separates the Southeast Sulawesi peninsula from Pulau Muna.
* Torobulu
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 3 s. Approx. 11 m (36 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white. Baitul Isamu has a distant view, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. NGA misspells the name as Turubulu. Located at the base of the ferry pier at Torobulu, a small port on the north side of Tioro Strait. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1549.4; NGA 25317.2.

Tampo Light, Pulau Muna, December 2017
Google Plus photo by Fadjar Barakati

Bombana Regency: Pulau Kabaena Lighthouses
Note: Pulau Kabaena is a substantial island, about 40 km (25 mi) long by 25 km (16 mi) wide, lying west of Pulau Muna off the south coast of Sulawesi. The island is thinly populated with about 25,000 residents.
* Sikeli (Tanjung Malate)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 3 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) square white skeletal tower. A photo (second photo on the page) is available, but the tower is not seen in Google's satellite view. Located on the waterfront at Sikeli, the principal port of Pulau Kabaena, on the central west coast of the island. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1554.2; NGA 25353.5.
Tanjung Pising
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. Approx. 12 m (39 ft) white concrete column with gallery. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on the northern tip of Pulau Kabaena. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1554; NGA 25353.
Telaga Besar
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 42 m (138 ft); two white flashes every 15 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white. Coast guard station with several station buildings. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view of the station. This light marks the eastern entrance to the Gulf of Boni from the Flores Sea. Located at the west end of Telaga Besar, a small island off the south end of the much larger Pulau Kabaena. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1553.5; NGA 25374.

Bombana Regency: Mainland Lighthouse
* Buapinang (Boeapinang)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 3 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) square white skeletal tower. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located midway on the long pier at Buapinang, a town at the southwestern tip of Sulawesi's southeastern peninsula. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty Q1549; NGA 25373.

Kolaka Regency (Gulf of Boni) Lighthouses
Note: The Gulf of Boni separates the Southeast and South Sulawesi peninsulas. Kolaka is the principal town on the east side of the gulf and the west side of the Southeast Sulawesi peninsula; ferries cross the gulf from Kolaka to Watampone in South Sulawesi.
* [Kolaka Pier (2)]
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); yellow flash every 3 s. 15 m (49 ft) white concrete post. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on the east pier at Kolaka. Site status unknown, but there must be good views from the waterfront. Admiralty Q1547.9; NGA 25360.
Lambacina (Lambasina) Besar
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 5 s. 12.5 m (41 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white and mounted on a square platform supported by piles. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef off the northern tip of Pulau Lambacina, about 25 km (15 mi) west of Kolaka. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1548.7; NGA 25372.
Lambacina (Lambasina) Kecil
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 60 m (197 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. 30 m (98 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a good satellite view. Located on a small island in the Gulf of Boni off the west end of Pulau Lambacina, about 30 km (19 mi) west of Kolaka. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty Q1548.6; NGA 25370.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Northern Sulawesi | East: North Maluku | Southeast: Central Maluku | South: Lombok and Sumbawa | West: Western Sulawesi

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Posted December 18, 2008. Checked and revised March 18, 2018. Lighthouses: 39. Site copyright 2018 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.