Lighthouses of Indonesia: Northern Sumatra

Indonesia has been independent since 1945, after having been the Dutch East Indies for more than 350 years. It is a huge country, stretching along both sides of the Equator for more than 46 degrees of longitude (roughly 5100 km or 3200 miles). Comprised of some 17,000 islands (more than 6000 inhabited islands), it has hundreds of major aids to navigation. Unfortunately, it's difficult to know how many of these aids can be considered lighthouses. Information about them is scarce, and photos are even scarcer. Official light lists contain dozens of entries for "framework towers" and "white beacons," providing little guidance for the lighthouse fan.

Sumatra (or, as Indonesians prefer, Sumatera) is the world's sixth largest island and the westernmost of the major islands of Indonesia. It is separated from Malaysia to the north by the Malacca Strait, from Borneo to the northeast by the broad Karimata Strait, and from Java to the southeast by the Sunda Strait. Its south coast faces the open Indian Ocean. This page includes lighthouses of North Sumatra province and Aceh territory, located at the northwestern end of the island.

This page is probably not complete. Listed here are towers at locations known to be historic Dutch light stations, plus some additional sites at which there is some evidence for a lighthouse. Added to this is an appeal for more information and photos; if you know about lighthouses in Indonesia, please share that knowledge.

The Indonesian word for a lighthouse is mercusuar. The phrase menara suar, which includes the Arabic word menara, is sometimes used instead. Tanjung and ujung are words for capes, pulau is an island, selat is a strait, and teluk is a harbor.

Aids to navigation in Indonesia are operated and maintained by the Indonesian Directorate of Marine Navigation (Indomarinav).

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volumes F and K of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Historical Lighthouses
From Indomarinav, information on four surviving Dutch lighthouses.
KITLV Beeldbank
Historic photos from the collection of the Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies.
Lighthouses in Indonesia
Photos available from Wikimedia; most of the photos are historic.
World of Lighthouses - Indonesia
Photos available from Lightphotos.net.
Brueh Light
Breueh Light, Aceh, May 2010
photo copyright Douglas Cameron; used by permission

North Sumatra Province West Coast Lighthouses

Batu Islands Area Lighthouses
Note: The Batu (Stone) Islands are located in the Indian Ocean 50-200 km (30-125 mi) southwest of the North Sumatran coast. There are three principal islands: Tanahbala and Tanahmasa in the south, separated by a narrow channel, and Pini in the north. The Equator passes just to the south of Pini.
Pulau Bojo (Bodjo)
1883. Active; focal plane 119 m (390 ft); white flash every 4 s. 60 m (197 ft) round cast iron tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Adjoining keeper's houses are occupied by resident keepers. One of Dietrich Lange's photos is at right, and Google has a good satellite view. The purpose of this landfall light is to mark the passage between the Batu Islands and the island of Siberut, leading to the port of Padang. Located on an island just off the south tip of Pulau Tanahbala, the southernmost of the major Batu Islands, about 200 km (125 mi) west northwest of Padang. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower open by arrangement with the keepers. ARLHS IDO-070; Admiralty K0842; NGA 23192.
Pulau Sigata
1913. Active; focal plane 116 m (381 ft); four very quick white flashes every 3 s. 35 m (115 ft) cast iron skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google's satellite view proves that the historic lighthouse survives. Located on a small island of the Batu group, northwest of Tanahmasa. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-076; Admiralty K0838; NGA 23204.
Pulau Pini
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 42 m (138 ft); white flash every 8 s. 30 m (98 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and Google's distant satellite view does not show the station. Pulau Pini is a substantial island, about 40 km (25 mi) long, at the northeast corner of the Batu group. Located at the western tip of the island. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-241; Admiralty F1235; NGA 23209.

Batahan Area Lighthouses
Pulau Temang
Date unknown (station established 1913). Active; focal plane 65 m (213 ft); white light, 3 s on, 6 s off. 22 m (72 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and Google's distant satellite view does not show the station. Located at the west end of an island just off the mainland coast near Batahan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-252; Admiralty F1238; NGA 23220.
Pulau Bojo Light
Pulau Bojo Light, Batu Islands, October 2008
photo copyright Dietrich Lange; used by permission
Pulau Labu (Pulau Sidakah)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 65 m (213 ft); white flash every 5 s. 15 m (49 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the island. Located at the west end of an island just off the mainland coast about 45 km (28 mi) north of Batahan. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-211; Admiralty F1244; NGA 23228.

Pulau Nias Area Lighthouses
Note: Nias is a large island (more than 5000 km2) about 140 km (88 mi) off the Sumatran coast and 80 km (50 mi) northwest of the Batu group. It has a substantial population, more than 750,000, although it does not attract many Western tourists. The island is accessible by air and by ferries from Sibolga on the mainland of North Sumatra.
Pulau Sumabawa
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); white flash every 4 s. 30 m (98 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and the island is only a blur in Google's satellite view. Located on an island about 12 km (7.5 mi) off the east coast of Nias. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-260; Admiralty F1257; NGA 23246.
* Teluk Dalam
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); white flash every 3 s. Approx. 29 m (95 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery. A photo is at right, but the tower has not been found in Bing's satellite view. Located on the waterfront of Teluk Dalam, a port and resort town at the southern tip of Nias. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F1255.2; NGA 23236.
Tanjung Soahebohu
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); four white flashes every 18 s. Approx. 30 m (98 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and the lighthouse is inconspicuous in Google's satellite view. Located at the southwestern tip of Nias. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1254.5; NGA 23239.
Pulau Hinaka (Hinako)
1912. Active; focal plane 54 m (177 ft); white flash every 5 s. 32 m (105 ft) cast iron skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google's satellite view indicates that this historic tower survives. This lighthouse guides vessels passing Nias to the west. Located on a small island in the Indian Ocean about 10 km (6 mi) off the west coast of Nias. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-198; Admiralty F1254; NGA 23240.
Tanjung Sirombu
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); four white flashes every 18 s. "White beacon," according to the light lists; almost certainly this is a skeletal tower at least 25 m (82 ft) tall. No photo available, and the tower is probably too new to appear in Google's satellite view. The cape is actually a tombolo: an island connected to the mainland by a narrow isthmus. Located midway on the west coast of Nias. Site probably open, tower closed. Admiralty F1254.4; NGA 23244.2.
Teluk Dalam Light
Teluk Dalam Light, Nias, January 2006
Panoramio photo copyright ilman.only; used by permission
Gosong Baohi
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); white flash every 5 s. 25 m (82 ft) cast iron skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available; Google has a satellite view that may show the light. This lighthouse guides vessels to the port of Lahewa. Located on an island off the northwestern coast of Nias. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-129; Admiralty F1250; NGA 23260.
Pulau Sarangbaung
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 55 m (180 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. Approx. 50 m (164 ft) square skeletal communications tower, painted with red and white horizontal bands. A view from the sea is available, but Bing has only a distant satellite view of the island. NGA misspells the name as Sarangbuang. Located on a small island about 20 km (13 mi) north of the northern tip of Nias. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1249; NGA 23258.
Tanjung Mbaa
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 75 m (246 ft); white flash every 5 s. 21 m (69 ft) cast iron skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view The light guides vessels approaching Gunungsitoli, the administrative center of the island, on the northeast coast. Located on a promontory about 3 km (2 mi) north of Gunungsitoli. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-286; Admiralty F1248; NGA 23248.
Bintanah
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); white flash every 5 s. 30 m (98 ft) cast iron skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and Google has only a distant satellite view of the island. Located on an island in the center of the Mentawai Strait, midway between Nias and the Sumatra mainland. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-112; Admiralty F1262.3; NGA 23267.

Sibolga Area Lighthouses
Pulau Ilir
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 94 m (308 ft); white flash every 9 s. Skeletal tower, painted white; height unknown. No photo available; Google has a distant satellite view of the island. Located on a small island about 2 km (1.25 mi) offshore and 60 km (37 mi) south of Sibolga. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-200; Admiralty F1245; NGA 23271.
Labu Labu Kecil
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 57 m (187 ft); two white flashes every 7 s. 40 m (131 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available; Google has a distant satellite view of the island. Located on a small island on the west side of the southern entrance to the bay of Sibolga. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-152; Admiralty F1262.5; NGA 23269.
Pulau Mursala (Musala)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); white flash every 5 s. Described only as a" beacon." No photo available, and the light is not seen in Google's fuzzy satellite view of the island. NGA lists this light as "Pulau Mansalar." Mursala is best known for a waterfall that cascades directly into the sea. Located on a northwest end of the island, marking the northern entrance to the bay of Sibolga. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1265; NGA 23259.
Ujung Karang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 41 m (134 ft); three white flashes every 17 s. 40 m (131 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and the tower is not seen in Bing's satellite view. Located on a peninsula sheltering the west side of the bay of Sibolga. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-349; Admiralty F1263; NGA 23284.

Aceh Lighthouses

Note: Located at the northwestern end of Sumatra, Aceh was the scene of a lengthy and sometimes violent separatist movement, first against Dutch control and then against Indonesian administration. Following the disastrous tsunami of 26 December 2004, a peace agreement negotiated with the help of Finnish diplomats was signed in August 2005. Aceh is governed not as a province of Indonesia but as a "special territory" enjoying a considerable degree of autonomy. The capital is Banda Aceh, and the territory has a population of roughly four million.
Singkil Area Lighthouses
Singkil (Singkel) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1912). Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); white flash every 6 s. 30 m (98 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. A 1917 coast pilot lists the original light with a focal plane of 21 m (69 ft). Located at the entrance to the port of Pasar Singkel in the extreme southern end of Aceh. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-279; Admiralty F1267; NGA 23292.
Pulau Bagu (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); four white flashes every 18 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. A distant view is available, but Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the area. The earlier light here had a focal plane of 32 m (105 ft). Located in the Pulau Banyak Islands, about 50 km (30 mi) west of Singkil. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1271.5; NGA 23295.

Pulau Simeulue Area Lighthouses
Note: Simeulue is a large island about 130 km (80 mi) off the coast of West Aceh. The island was near the epicenter of the great earthquake of 26 December 2004 and suffered another major earthquake several months later. The two earthquakes tilted the entire island, raising the west coast by about 2 meters and dropping the east coast a similar amount.
Tinggi
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); white flash every 3 s. 30 m (98 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the area. The lighthouse guides vessels approaching Simeulue Barat, a port on the northeast coast of Simeulue. Located on a small island about 4 km (2.5 mi) off the coast of Simeulue. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-341; Admiralty F1278; NGA 23310.
Pulau Siumat
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 42 m (138 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 25 m (82 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Siumat is a small island about 16 km (10 mi) off the central east coast of Simeulue. Located at the east end of the island. Site status unknown. Accessible only by boat. Admiralty F1276; NGA 23311.
Teluk Sinabang (Ujung Babang)
Date unknown (2008?). Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); white flash every 3 s. 25 m (82 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Teluk Sinabang is a magnificent natural harbor on the southeastern coast of Simeulue. Located on heights at the east side of the entrance to the harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1274.5; NGA 23308.
Pulau Babi
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 27 m (89 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Babi is a small island about 50 km (30 mi) southeast of Pulau Simeulue. Located on the west side of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1273.5; NGA 23305.

Western Aceh Lighthouses
Ujung Raya
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 42 m (138 ft); four white flashes every 20 s. Approx. 25 m (82 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a remote, rounded headland in Nagan Raya regency. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1289; NGA 23326.
Ujung Kareueng (Teluk Muelaboh) (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 27 m (89 ft); white light, 2 s on, 6 s off. 25 m (82 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. In an aerial photo of the promontory, the tower is barely visible at the extreme tip of the point (use maximum magnification), and Google has a satellite view. This area was devastated by the 2004 tsunami, and the original lighthouse must have been destroyed; a 2007 photo of the remaining damage was almost certainly taken from the new lighthouse. Located on a promontory at Muelaboh, the district capital of West Aceh. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-350; Admiralty F1292; NGA 23328.
Krueng Teunom
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 34 m (111 ft); red flash every 7.5 s. 30 m (98 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and the tower has not been located in Google's satellite view. Located at the Teunom River entrance northwest of Suak Uleue and about 50 km (30 mi) northwest of Muelaboh. (The river entrance is blocked by a bar, so this must be a coastal light rather than a harbor light.) Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-149; Admiralty F1292.2; NGA 23328.5.
Ujung Baro
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 60 m (197 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 30 m (98 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and the tower is too new to appear in Bing's satellite view. Located on a tombolo (island) just off a promontory near Alue Titi. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-347; Admiralty F1292.35; NGA 23329.5.
Pulau Rangas
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); white flash every 5 s. NGA provides no description of this light; Bing's satellite view reveals what is probably a white skeletal tower at least 15 m (49 ft) tall. No photo available. Located on a small island about 3 km (1.75 mi) southwest of Ujung Baro. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-261; Admiralty F1292.3; NGA 23329.
Pulau Raya
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 72 m (236 ft); two quick white flashes every 5 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the northwest corner of Pulau Raya, a triangular island just off the coast near Sampoiniet. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1292.5; NGA 23330.
Ujung Tangkura
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); three quick white flashes every 5 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on a prominent cape north of Jaya. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1292.7; NGA 23331.

Pulau Rondo and Pulau Weh Lighthouses

Note: Pulau Weh is the northwesternmost inhabited island of Indonesia. Also known as Sabang, the name of its largest town, the island has a population of about 25,000 and attracts tourists from Indonesia and elsewhere.
Pulau Rondo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 193 m (633 ft); three white flashes every 20 s. 40 m (131 ft) skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. A photo is at right, and Bing has a satellite view of the station. Pulau Rondo is the northwesternmost island of Indonesia, about 25 km (15 mi) northwest of Pulau Weh. The island is inhabited and is sometimes visited by scuba divers. There is also a small Indonesian military outpost on the island. Accessible only boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-369; Admiralty F1300; NGA 22232.
* Breueh (Pulau Brueh, Pulau Bras, Willemstoren)
1875. Active; focal plane 160 m (525 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 44 m (144 ft) round stone tower with lantern and gallery, painted red with one very broad white horizontal band. Douglas Cameron's photo is at the top of this page, a recent photo is available, Wikimedia has three historic photos from the collection of the Amsterdam Tropenmuseum, and Bing has a satellite view. This light marks the extreme northwestern corner of Indonesia, the island of Weh off the northwestern end of Sumatra. Breueh was devastated by the tsunami of 26 December 2004, but this lighthouse was far above the waves. Some of its support buildings were destroyed, however. Located at the northwestern tip of Weh, about 40 km (25 mi) northwest of Banda Aceh. There are ecotours to the island, and the light station is accessible by road. Site open, tower status unknown. ARLHS IDO-051; Admiralty F1302; NGA 22236.
Pulau Klah (Pulau Weh, Sabang) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1896). Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); white light, 7 s on, 23 s off. 10 m (33 ft) skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Hantu Laut has a photo, the lighthouse is at the left of a photo of the harbor, the light can also be seen in a 1924 photo, and Bing has a satellite view of the station. The original light was announced in the London Gazette of 2 October 1896. The lighthouse is high enough to have escaped damage from the tsunami of 26 December 2004, but might have been damaged by the earthquake. Located on a small island in the entrance to the harbor of Sabang, about 40 km (25 mi) north of Banda Aceh. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-208; Admiralty F1310; NGA 22244.
Ujung Lhome (Teluk Sabang, Sabang Harbor, Ujung Lho Me, Massam Point) (3)
2005(?) (station established 1905). Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); three white flashes every 15 s. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. The lighthouse is at the right of a photo of the harbor, and Bing has a satellite view. Klaus Huelse has a historic postcard view of the original lighthouse. NGA formerly listed a concrete tower, which must have been destroyed by the tsunami. Located on the north side of the entrance to Sabang harbor. Site status unknown, possibly open; tower closed. ARLHS IDO-208; Admiralty F1312; NGA 22240.
Pulau Rondo Light
Pulau Rondo Light, Aceh, July 2008
Creative Commons photo
by Garis Depan Nusantara
Le Meule (Ujung Tapagaya, Ujung Baratlaut) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1905). Active; focal plane 29 m (95 ft); white flash every 5 s. 25 m (82 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. A 2010 photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the northern point of Pulau Weh. Site probably open, tower closed. ARLHS IDO-340; Admiralty F1308; NGA 22260.
Ujung Seuke
Date unknown (1980s?). Active; focal plane 85 m (279 ft); white flash every 2.5 s. Tall square skeletal tower with gallery (and lantern?), painted white. No closeup photo available, but the light is seen at left center of a view from the sea, and Bing has a satellite view of the station. Located on the southeastern tip of Pulau Weh about 10 km (6 mi) southeast of Sabang. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1314; NGA 22258.

Banda Aceh Area Lighthouses
Note: Banda Aceh is the capital of the Aceh region. Built on low ground, the city was devastated by the 2004 tsunami.
Pulau Bunta
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 90 m (295 ft); four white flashes every 20 s. Approx. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Jürgen Klinksiek's 1998 photo is at right, but the shadow of the tower is hard to discern in Google's satellite view of the light station. This light marks the beginning of the approach to Banda Aceh from the Indian Ocean. Pulau Bunta is an island off the extreme northwestern tip of Sumatra. Located at the western tip of the island, about 25 km (15 mi) west of Banda Aceh. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1295; NGA 22238.
Pulau Dedap (Pulau Deudab, Ujung Umpee)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) barbell-shaped white fiberglass tower. A very distant view from the sea is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small "island," really a peninsula, at the southeastern tip of Pulau Nasi, an island about 15 km (9 mi) west of Banda Aceh. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1296; NGA 22273.
#Ulee Lheue (Banda Aceh)
Date unknown. Status unknown. Approx.18 m (59 ft) square concrete pylon, unpainted. The beacon originally had a lantern, but no pre-tsunami photos have been found. The tsunami swept entirely over the tower, ripping off the lantern and creating a lasting symbol of its fury. A closeup photo of the result is available. The tower has disappeared from Google's satellite view. Located on a low island sheltering Ulee Lheue, the harbor district of Banda Aceh. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed.
* Sungai Aceh (Atjeh River) (2)
2005? Active; focal plane about 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 5 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, standing on a concrete platform supported by four piles. Entire lighthouse is white. No photo available, and the tower is not seen in Bing's satellite view. This lighthouse replaced a somewhat smaller light destroyed by the tsunami. Located just offshore at the entrance to the Aceh River in Banda Aceh. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F1314.5; NGA 22280.
Pulau Buru (Buro) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1889). Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 3 s. 15 m (49 ft) barbell-shaped white fiberglass tower, centered on a square base. Michael Thirnbeck has an aerial photo, and Bing has a satellite view. This lighthouse may have escaped serious damage by the 2004 tsunami, because it is built on an isolated island too small (only 50 m (160 ft) in diameter) to trigger the great waves to rise up to destructive size. The original lighthouse was a hexagonal skeletal tower with lantern. Located about 15 km (9 mi) north of Banda Aceh and a similar distance south of Pulau Weh. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1315; NGA 22268.

Pulau Bunta Light, Aceh, 1998
photo copyright Jürgen Klinksiek; used by permission
Teluk Krueng Raya (Krueng Raja)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 3 s. 15 m (49 ft) square pyramidal skeletal tower, painted white. The light is visible in a distant view of the harbor, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the waterfront of Krueng Raya, an industrial harbor about 25 km (15 mi) east of Banda Aceh. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1317; NGA 22272.
Krueng Raya (Krueng Raja)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); white light, 2 s on, 6 s off. 12.5 m (41 ft) barbell-shaped white fiberglass tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a promontory sheltering the east side of Krueng Raya bay. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1316; NGA 22276.

East Coast (Andaman Sea and Strait of Malacca) Lighthouses
Ujung Pidie
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 60 m (197 ft); three white flashes every 20 s. 40 m (131 ft) skeletal tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Three red-roofed keeper's houses. No photo available, but Google has a good satellite view of the station. This lighthouse marks a prominent cape about 80 km (50 mi) east of Banda Aceh and 16 km (10 mi) northwest of Sigli. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-344; Admiralty F1319; NGA 22286.
* Blang Lancang Entrance Range Front
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 40 m (131 ft); white light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 36 m (118 ft) square pyramidal tower with gallery, painted with black and white horizontal bands. A 2007 photo is available (it shows that the tower was formerly red and white), and Bing has a satellite view. Blang Lancang is an artificial harbor for liquid natural gas shipments, built on the west side of Lhokseumawe. Located on the waterfront of the harbor. Site status unknown, but the tower would be easy to see from nearby roads. Admiralty F1322; NGA 22340.
* Blang Lancang Entrance Range Rear
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); white light, occulting once every 8 s. 45 m (141 ft) square pyramidal tower with gallery, painted with black and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located 157 m (515 ft) southwest of the front light. Site status unknown, but the tower would be easy to see from nearby roads. Admiralty F1322.1; NGA 22344.
Lhokseumawe (2)
Date unknown (station established 1904). Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); white flash every 3 s. 13 m (43 ft) iron framework tower, painted white. No photo available, and the tower has not been found in Google's satellite view. The original lighthouse was of similar size but the focal plane was only 15 m (49 ft). Located in Lhokseumawe, a city about 160 km (100 mi) east of Banda Aceh. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-157; Admiralty F1324; NGA 22356.
Tanjung Jambuair (Tanjung Jamboaye, Diamantpunt, Diamond Point) (2)
Date unknown (station established 1905). Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); one long (1.5 s) white flash every 5 s. 40 m (131 ft) skeletal tower on an octagonal base. Lighthouse painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view of the station. The original lighthouse was a 26 m (85 ft) screwpile tower. This lighthouse is on Sumatra's northern "shoulder," marking the south side of the entrance to the Strait of Malacca. Located on Tanjung (cape) Jambuair, about 40 km (25 mi) east of Lhokseurnawe. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-083; Admiralty F1327; NGA 22364.
* Idi (Edie Rajut)
Date unknown (station established 1903). Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 3 s. 20 m (66 ft) iron skeletal tower, painted white. No current photo available, and the tower is not seen in Bing's satellite view of the area. The original tower was a 20 m (66 ft) hexagonal skeletal tower. Perhaps this lighthouse survives, but we have no evidence of it. Located at Idi, a town about 50 km (30 mi) southeast of Tanjung Jambuair. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-083; Admiralty F1327.5; NGA 22368.
Ujung Tamiang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); three white flashes every 20 s. 40 m (131 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white, rising from an octagonal 2-story white concrete building. Pak Ivan Setiawan has a closeup photo of the base of the lighthouse, but Google has a very fuzzy satellite view. Located just off a swampy cape about 35 km (22 mi) east of Langsa. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-345; Admiralty F1334; NGA 22394.

North Sumatra Province East Coast Lighthouses

Malacca Strait Lighthouses
Nipah Larangan (Nipahlarangang)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 44 m (144 ft); three white flashes every 20 s. 40 m (131 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. Pak Ivan Setiawan's photo is at right, and the tower is centered in a Google satellite view of the station. Located on a low cape about 16 km (10 mi) north of Belawan. Site status unknown. ARLHS IDO-172; Admiralty F1352; NGA 22400.
Belawan (Deli River)
Date unknown (lightship station established 1890). Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); green flash every 5 s. 20 m (66 ft) green tower, presumably on a platform supported by piles. No photo available, and the light is not seen in Google's satellite view. Located on a shoal about 4 km (2.5 mi) offshore and 10 km (6 mi) north of the entrance to Belawan harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F1355; NGA 22408.
Belawan Beacon V (Range Rear)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower with gallery, painted white. Hadanata Lim has a photo of the lighthouse in action, and Bing has a satellite view that probably shows the location. This is the rear light of a harbor approach range. Located on a guidewall at Belawan, an important port and terminal for ferries crossing the Strait of Malacca to Penang, Malaysia. Site and tower closed. ARLHS IDO-109; Admiralty F1362.1; NGA 22428.
Pankalan Dodek (2)
Date unknown (station established 1906). Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 5 s. 15 m (49 ft) "white beacon," according to NGA. No photo available, and Google has only a very distant satellite view of the area. The original lighthouse had a focal plane height of 15 m (49 ft). Located on the south side of the entrance to the Pangkalan River about 20 km (13 mi) northwest of Tanjungbalai. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1376.5; NGA 22458.
Pulau Berhala
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 192 m (630 ft); four white flashes every 19 s. 12 m (39 ft) square skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, and Google has only a very distant satellite view of the island. Located on a small, isolated high island about 50 km (30 mi) off the coast in the Strait of Malacca. Probably accessible only by helicopter. Admiralty F1375; NGA 22452.
Pulau Salahnama (South Brother Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 121 m (397 ft); white flash every 6 s. 30 m (98 ft) "white beacon," according to NGA. A distant view from the sea is available, but Google has only a very blurry satellite view. This island and its shorter neighbor Pulau Pandang (North Brother) are well-known hazards to navigation along the Sumatran coast. Located on an island in the Strait of Malacca about 20 km (13 mi) off the coast north of Tanjung Balai. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1378.5; NGA 22462.
Nipah Larangan Light
Nipah Larangan Light, Belawan, May 2012
Panoramio photo copyright Pak Ivan Setiawan
permission requested
Pulau Pandang (North Brother Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 63 m (207 ft); white flash every 5 s. 12 m (39 ft) skeletal tower, painted white. No photo available, although there is a view from the lighthouse (note Pulau Salahnama in the distance); the island is only a blur in Google's satellite view. Located about 15 km (9 mi) northeast of Pulau Salahnama. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty F1378; NGA 22460.
Tanjung Leidong (Leiding)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. 15 m (49 ft) "white beacon" according to NGA. No photo available, and Google's satellite view has no detail in the area. Located on the west side of the entrance to the Leidong estuary in Kualuh Leidong. Site status unknown. Admiralty F1390; NGA 22486.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: East: Malaya West Coast | South: Southern Sumatra

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Posted April 13, 2006. Checked and revised November 2, 2013. Lighthouses: 59. Site copyright 2013 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.