Established in 1965, the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) includes the scattered islands of the Chagos Archipelago, located south of the Equator near the center of the Indian Ocean. The islands were formerly administered as a dependency of Mauritius. They were detached as a separate colony in 1965 so that Britain and the U.S. could establish a military base on Diego Garcia, the largest atoll of the group. In 1966, the U.S. leased this base, now called the U.S. Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia, until 2016 with an option to extend the lease to 2036.
Former residents of the islands were displaced to Mauritius and Seychelles. In 2000 the British High Court ruled that they have the right in principle to return, and in 2006 the islanders were granted the right to visit their former homes for purposes such as tending the graves of their ancestors.
Mauritius claims sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago, and Britain has promised to return sovereignty to Mauritius if the islands are no longer needed for defense purposes. This seems quite unlikely to happen in the foreseeable future.
ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume K of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.
Minni Minni Light, Diego Garcia
Vega Industries photo
Adjoining pages: South: Mauritius | West: Seychelles
Return to the Lighthouse Directory index | Ratings key
Posted November 16, 2005. Checked and revised June 20, 2013. Lighthouses: 3. Site copyright 2013 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.