Lighthouses of Japan: Tottori Area

This page lists lighthouses of Tottori prefecture and the north coast of Hyōgo prefecture. (Hyōgo spans the island of Honshū and has a south coast on the Seto Inland Sea; lighthouses of that coast will be found on the Kōbe Area, Himeji Area, and Awaji Shima pages.) This is a rugged and beautiful coast, with many small ports but only a few big ones. Sakai (Sakaiminato) in far western Tottori Prefecture is the most important.

In Japanese, the word for a lighthouse is tōdai or toudai (灯台). The words saki and misaki are for capes and headlands, shima (also spelled sima or jima) is an island, wan is a bay, and is a harbor. Lighthouses in Japan are operated and maintained by the Japanese Coast Guard's Maritime Safety Agency. On Honshū there is usually at least one Coast Guard Section Office in each prefecture, often two or more. In Tottori there is one office at Sakaiminato; lights on the rather short coast of northern Hyōgo are maintained by the office at Maizuru in neighboring Kyōto prefecture.

A note on the Sea of Japan/East Sea controversy: The Directory takes no side in any international dispute; it makes use of the terminology, names, and spellings as they currently exist in each area covered. The sea between Japan and Korea is called the Sea of Japan on the pages for Japan and the East Sea on the pages for Korea.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. JCG numbers are the Japanese Coast Guard's light list numbers. Admiralty numbers are from volume M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication

General Sources
Lighthouses in Japan - Tottori and Hyōgo
A comprehensive site, although almost entirely in Japanese.
Lighthouse-Japan.com - Tottori and Hyōgo
Excellent photos with notes (in Japanese) for many of the lighthouses.
Form of a Lighthouse - Tottori and Hyōgo
Another site with many photos of Japanese lighthouses.
Kiso's Lighthouses - Western Honshū
This site has many excellent photos of Japanese lighthouses. Search for lighthouses by names or JCG numbers, which are in English.
Lighthouses (Tottori Prefecture) and (Northern Hyōgo Prefecture)
A comprehensive site for photos of Japanese lighthouses.
Misty's Japanese Lighthouse Tour - Tottori and Hyōgo
Photos and a few notes for lighthouses in all parts of the country.
Lighthouses in Hyōgo Prefecture
Photos available from Wikimedia.
Maizuru Coast Guard Office - Photo Gallery
This gallery includes (at the bottom of the page) photos of four major lighthouses.
Eighth Region Lighthouses
Photos and data for 13 of the major lighthouses of the Eighth Coast Guard Region.

Amurabe Saki Light
Amarube Saki Light, Kasumi, 2006
Wikimedia Creative Commons photo by 日:Jnn

Lighthouses of Tottori Prefecture

Sakaiminato City Lighthouses
* Sakai Kō Directional Light
1982. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white, red or green light, depending on direction, shown only along or close to the range line; also a yellow light, 1 s on, 1 s off. 20 m (66 ft) round cylindrical tower, painted with red and white horizontal bands. Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with good photos, another page has several photos, Kiso has a photo, another good photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. The range guides vessels in the channel separating Sakai from Jizo Saki in Shimane Prefecture. Located on the waterfront about 600 m (3/8 mi) west of the Mihonoseki Bridge (seen in the background of Kiso's photo). Site open, tower closed. JCG-0901; Admiralty M7296; NGA 2184.
* Sakai (replica)
1991 replica of 1895 lighthouse. Inactive (?). 9 m (30 ft) hexagonal wood tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white. Kiso has a photo, another photo (bottom of the page) is available, the lighthouse is at the right (across the channel) in a photo of the Mihonoseki Bridge, and Bing has a satellite view. The original Sakai lighthouse, demolished in 1965, was a shorter version of an 1877 lighthouse near Ōsaka, which by coincidence is also called Sakai Light. The replica is located in a small park just off the waterfront of the channel separating Sakai from Jizo Saki, about 200 m (220 yd) west of the Mihonoseki Bridge. Site open, tower closed.
* Sakai Kō South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 14 m (46 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. A Coast Guard photo is at right, Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with several photos, Kiso has a photo, a closeup and another photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Sakaiminato is located on a broad spit separated from the Jizo Saki peninsula by a narrow channel that is the inlet to a protected lagoon behind the spit. The channel is the border between Tottori and Shimane Prefectures. Located at the end of a short jetty (not really a breakwater) on the south side of the inlet. Site and tower closed, but the lighthouse can be seen easily from shore. ARLHS JPN-322; JCG-0897; Admiralty M7294; NGA 2180.
Sakai Kō (Outer Breakwater)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); green flash every 3 s. 14 m (46 ft) round concrete tower with flared top and gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. Lighthouse-Japan.com has a photo, another page has photos of both brealwater lights, and Google has a satellite view. This light is actually southeast of the so-called South Breakwater Light, and the main entrance to Sakai harbor is between the two lights. Located at the north end of the detached outer breakwater of Sakai. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. ARLHS JPN-527; JCG-0897.4; Admiralty M7294.5; NGA 2182.
Sakai South Breakwater Light
Sakai Kō South Breakwater Light, Sakaiminato
Japanese Coast Guard Sakaiminato Office photo

Yonago City Lighthouse
* Yodoe Kō
1955. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 9 m (30 ft) round concrete post attached to a 1-story concrete equipment building. Entire lighthouse is white. Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the north (main) breakwater of Yodoe harbor, at the east end of Miho Bay. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-1601; JCG-0921; Admiralty M7293.5; NGA 2216.

Saihaku District Lighthouse
* Misaki Kō
1970. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete post attached to a 1-story concrete equipment building. Entire lighthouse is red. Bing has a distant satellite view. Located at the end of the north (main) breakwater of Misaki harbor, at a prominent cape in central Tottori. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-1591; JCG-0924; Admiralty M7292; NGA 2224.

Tōhaku District Lighthouses
Akasaki Kō
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 3 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) round concrete post attached to a 1-story concrete equipment building. Entire lighthouse is red. Google has a distant satellite view. Located on the west outer breakwater of Akasaki harbor in Kotoura. Accessible by walking the pier. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-1597; JCG-0925; Admiralty M7290.2; NGA 2232.
* Tomari
1972. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); white flash every 4 s; also a continuous white spotlight (JCG-0928) illuminates a nearby reef. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete post centered on a 1-story concrete equipment building. Entire lighthouse is white. Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with several photos, another photo is available, Misty's Tour has a small photo, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located on heights above the waterfront at Tomari, in Yurihama about 25 km (15 mi) west of Tottori. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-668; JCG-0927; Admiralty M7289.2; NGA 2236.

Tottori City Lighthouses
* Nagao Hana (2)
1991 (station established 1927). Active; focal plane 68 m (223 ft); white flash every 8 s. 13.5 m (45 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, attached to a 1-story equipment shed. Entire lighthouse is white. A Coast Guard photo is at right, Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with several photos, Kiso has a good closeup, another photo is available, Misty's Tour has another small photo, the Coast Guard has an aerial photo, and Google has a satellite view. The station is surrounded by the Nishiinaba Prefectural Natural Park. Located on a sharp, isolated promontory about 3 km (2 mi) northeast of Aori; this cape is a significant hazard to navigation along the coast. Site gated, but the lighthouse can be seen from nearby. ARLHS JPN-389; JCG-0934; Admiralty M7289; NGA 2256.
Sakenotsu
1957. Active; focal plane 59 m (194 ft); white flash every 3 s. 7.5 m (25 ft) round concrete post attached to a 1-story concrete equipment building. Entire lighthouse is white. Another photo is available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located atop a steep hill southeast of the harbor of Sakenotsu; the coastal highway tunnels under this hill. Site open, but the author of Lighthouse-Japan.com had trouble finding it; tower closed. ARLHS JPN-531; JCG-0938; Admiralty M7288.6; NGA 2264.
Tottori Kō (Toriga Shima)
1983. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); white light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with good photos, another photo is available, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located on a rocky islet just off the waterfront of Tottori. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. ARLHS JPN-682; JCG-0939.5; Admiralty M7287.5; NGA 2276.
Nagao Hana Light
Nagao Hana Light, Tottori
Japanese Coast Guard Eighth Region photo
Tottori Kō Outer Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); red flash every 4 s. 12 m (39 ft) round hourglass-shaped concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of Tottori's outer breakwater. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. ARLHS JPN-1598; JCG-0938.9; Admiralty M7287.7; NGA 2280.
Tottori Kō East Breakwater
1990. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); continuous green light with a more intense flash every 4 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round hourglass-shaped concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of Tottori's east breakwater. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. ARLHS JPN-1596; JCG-0941; Admiralty M7287.6; NGA 2286.

Iwami District Lighthouses
* Ajiro (Aziro) Saki
1950. Active; focal plane 105 m (344 ft); white flash every 12 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with good photos, Kato's blog has a page with good photos, Misty's Tour has a photo, another photo is available, and Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a promontory about 12 km (7.5 mi) northeast of Tottori. Accessible by a hiking trail. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-038; JCG-0946; Admiralty M7286; NGA 2296.
* Tajiri (Taziri)
1950. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); white light occulting once every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) round concrete post centered on a 1-story concrete equipment building. Entire lighthouse is white. Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with several photos, Kato's blog also has a page with photos, another photo and a view across the harbor are available, and Misty's Tour has a small photo, but the tower is not seen in Bing's satellite view. Located on an islet protecting the harbor at Tajiri, about 15 km (9 mi) northeast of Tottori; the islet is accessible from the town's main breakwater. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-636; JCG-0947; Admiralty M7283.9; NGA 2308.
Tajiri (Taziri) U Shima
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 3 s. 9 m (30 ft) round concrete post attached to a 1-story concrete equipment building. Entire lighthouse is red. Another photo is available, and Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a rocky reef just beyond the end of the main Tajiri breakwater. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-1599; JCG-0949; Admiralty M7283.94; NGA 2316.
Ōbaneo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 75 m (246 ft); white light, 4 s on, 4 s off. 7.5 m (25 ft) round concrete tower, attached to a 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is white. Kiso has a closeup, a closeup photo is available, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located on a promontory about 3 km (2 mi) northeast of Tajiri. The road to the lighthouse is reported closed, and access to the site is difficult. Site and tower closed. ARLHS JPN-449; JCG-0950; Admiralty M7283.85; NGA 2320.

Lighthouses of Northern Hyōgo Prefecture

Note: Hyōgo Prefecture spans the width of Honshū. Lighthouses of Hyōgo's southern coast, on the Seto Inland Sea, are listed on the Kōbe Area, Himeji Area, and Awaji Shima pages.
Mikata District: Shin'onsen Lighthouses
Ikumi (Igumi)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 66 m (217 ft); white flash every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. A distant view is available, and Google has a satellite view. In a photo of the harbor, the light is barely visible atop the island on the left. Located atop a rocky islet off the waterfront of Ikumi. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. ARLHS JPN-1499; JCG-0951; Admiralty M7283.8; NGA 2328.
Ikumi (Igumi) Hudosan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); continuous red (?) light with a more intense flash every 4 s; also a continuous white spotlight (JCG-0954) illuminates a nearby reef. 10 m (33 ft) concrete post attached to a 1-story concrete equipment shelter. Entire lighthouse is white. The light is at the far left of a photo of the harbor, and it is barely visible in Google's distant satellite view. The combination of a red light on a white tower would be unusual in Japan. Located at the end of a rocky reef that forms a natural breakwater northwest of the main Ikumi light (previous entry). May be accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS JPN-1496; JCG-0953; Admiralty M7283.84; NGA 2324.
* Moroyose (Hiyori Yama) (2)
1986 (station established 1956). Inactive since 2011. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with good photos, Kiso has a closeup, Misty's Tour has a small photo, and Bing has a satellite view. Photos of the first and second lighthouses are available (first lighthouse at the top of the page). Located on the heights above the harbor of Moroyose. Accessible by a hiking trail, but local guidance may be needed. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-372; ex-JCG-0955; ex-Admiralty M7283.6; NGA 2332.
* Moroyose (Hiyori Yama) Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 8.5 m (28 ft) concrete post attached to a 1-story concrete equipment shelter. Entire lighthouse is red. Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on the north (main) breakwater of Moroyose harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-870; JCG-0957; Admiralty M7283.7; NGA 2336.
Hamasaka (Yashiro Ga Hana)
1972. Active; focal plane 74 m (243 ft); white light occulting twice every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, attached to a 2-story equipment shelter (an inactive spotlight in the upper story formerly illuminated on a nearby reef). Entire lighthouse is white. A photo is at right, Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with photos, Misty's Tour has photos, another photo and a more distant view are available, Naoyuki Sakai has a distant view from the beach, and Bing has a satellite view. NGA lists the light as Yazyoga Hana. Located on a promontory at Hamasaka, about 3 km (2 mi) east of Moroyose. Accessible by a hiking trail. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-1547; JCG-0958; Admiralty M7283.57; NGA 2340.
* Hamasaka Kō North Breakwater (2)
2005 (station established 1960). Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red light occulting once every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower attached to a small equipment shelter. Entire lighthouse is red. Bing has a satellite view. NGA misspells the name of the town "Hamaska." Located at the end of the north breakwater at the entrance to Hamasaka harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. JCG-0959; Admiralty M7283.58; NGA 2348.
Mio Oshima
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 71 m (233 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, adjoining a 1-story equipment building. Entire lighthouse is white. The Coast Guard has aerial photos, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island off Mio, a tiny village about 15 km (9 mi) northwest of Hamasaka. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS JPN-357; JCG-0961; Admiralty M7283.52; NGA 2352.
Hamasaka Light
Hamasaka Light, Shin'onsen, 2009
Panoramio photo copyright nsky; permission requested

Mikata District: Kami Lighthouses
* Amarube Saki (2)
1985 (station established 1951). Active; focal plane 284 m (932 ft); white flash every 15 s. 14 m (46 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, attached to a 1-story equipment building. 2nd order Fresnel lens in use. Entire lighthouse is white. A photo is at the top of this page, the Coast Guard has a photo, Lighthouse-Japan.com has photos, Kiso has an excellent photo, Misty's Tour also has a photo, and Google has a satellite view of the station. NGA lists an "octagonal iron tower," which may describe the original lighthouse. This is Japan's highest lighthouse, and its powerful light has a range of 73 km (45 mi). Located on a prominent cape about 10 km (6 mi) west of Kasumi. Accessible by a twisting mountain highway. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-019; JCG-0963; Admiralty M7283.5; NGA 2360.
* Shiroyama South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); red light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped red concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Kasumi's Shiroyama harbor. Site status unknown. ARLHS JPN-1532; JCG-0967; Admiralty M7282; NGA 2392.
* Shiroyama North Breakwater (2?)
Date unknown (station established 1949). Active; focal plane 13 m (39 ft); green flash every 3 s. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped white concrete tower. Google has a satellite view. NGA lists an octagonal tower for this light. Located at the end of the north breakwater of Kasumi's Shiroyama harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-1531; JCG-0968; Admiralty M7283; NGA 2396.
* Kasumi Kō
1949. Active; focal plane 88 m (289 ft); white light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 6.5 m (21 ft) concrete post adjoining a 1-story concrete equipment shed. Entire lighthouse is white. Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with photos, Misty's Tour has a photo, another photo is available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a steep bluff on the east side of the entrance to Kasumi harbor. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-242; JCG-0969; Admiralty M7281; NGA 2376.
Kasumi Kō Main Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); continuous red light with a more intense flash every 4 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) round concrete tower with a flared top, attached to a small equipment shelter. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the main breakwater of the newer harbor of Kasumi. Probably accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-1502; JCG-0970.3; Admiralty M7281.5; NGA 2380.
Kasumi Kō North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 3 s. 10 m (33 ft) concrete post attached to a square 1-story equipment shelter. Entire lighthouse is red. No photo available, but Google has a good satellite view. Located at the end of the old north breakwater of Kasumi. Probably accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-1503; JCG-0971; Admiralty M7283.3; NGA 2384.
* Shibayama (Sibayama) Kō
1933. Active; focal plane 99 m (325 ft); white light occulting once every 4 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) concrete post centered on a 1-story concrete equipment building. Entire lighthouse is white. Another photo is available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a high hill on the west side of the entrance to Shibayama. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-555; JCG-0973; Admiralty M7280; NGA 2400.
* Shibayama (Sibayama) Breakwater
1962. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 5 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) concrete post attached to a 1-story concrete equipment shelter. Entire structure is red. Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the west (main) breakwater of Shibayama. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-1503; JCG-0974; Admiralty M7280.4; NGA 2408.
Shibayama (Sibayama) East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green flash every 3 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower with a flared top, attached to a small equipment shelter. Entire lighthouse is white. Google has a satellite view. Located on a detached breakwater on the east side of the approach to Shibayama. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. JCG-0975.2; Admiralty M7280.7; NGA 2402.
Kasumi Breakwater Light
Kasumi Kō Main Breakwater Light, Kami
Panoramio photo copyright harimao; permission requested

Toyooka City Lighthouses
* Takeno Kō (North Breakwater)
1965. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); continuous green light with a more intense flash every 5 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) concrete post attached to a 1-story concrete equipment shelter. Entire structure is white. Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the end of the north (main) breakwater at Takeno, a small port on the west side of the base of the Neko Saki peninsula. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-1793; JCG-0978; Admiralty M7279; NGA 2416.
Neko Saki
1961. Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); two white flashes every 7 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with a good photo, Kato's blog has a page with photos, another photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of a narrow peninsula projecting into the Sea of Japan northeast of Shibayama. Site status unknown. ARLHS JPN-406; JCG-0979; Admiralty M7278.6; NGA 2412.
Sarugajō (Sarugazo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 46 m (151 ft); white flash every 4 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) concrete post centered on a 1-story concrete equipment building. The square box on the right side of the tower contains a spotlight (JCG-0981) that shines on a nearby reef. Entire lighthouse is white. Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with good photos, Kato's blog also has a page for the lighthouse, a closeup photo is available, the Misty's Tour photo shows the spectacular site of this little lighthouse, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located on a steep slope on the west side of the entrance to the fjord of Tsuiyama, a narrow cleft in the rugged coast. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. ARLHS JPN-537; JCG-0980; Admiralty M7276; NGA 2428.
Tsuiyama Kō (Sarugazō Training Wall)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 10 m (33 ft) round red concrete tower. Google has a distant satellite view. This light marks the end of a longitudinal pier that divides Tsuiyama harbor. Accessible only boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-1528; JCG-0982; Admiralty M7277; NGA 2432.
Sutega (Sutego) Hana
1964. Active; focal plane 56 m (184 ft); white light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 10 m (33 ft) round hourglass-shaped concrete tower, covered with tiles colored white with one red horizontal band. Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with several photos, Misty's Tour has additional photos, another photo is available, and Google has a very distant satellite view. Located at the tip of a very sharp promontory on the east side of the entrance to Tsuiyama. Accessible by a rugged hike of about two hours round trip; the Misty's Tour author writes, "I was tired from ups and downs very much." Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-604; JCG-0985; Admiralty M7275; NGA 2440.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: East: Kyōto and Fukui | West: Shimane

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Posted February 28, 2007. Checked and revised December 16, 2013. Lighthouses: 38. Site copyright 2013 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.