Lighthouses of Japan: Kushikino Area

Located at the southwestern end of the Japanese archipelago, the island of Kyūshū is divided into seven prefectures. This page includes lighthouses of the Kushikino area of Kagoshima Prefecture, the southernmost prefecture of Kyūshū and of the main islands of Japan. Note: Kagoshima Prefecture also includes the Kagoshima Area, the Ōsumi Islands, and the Amami Islands; the two latter groups form the northern half of the Nansei Shotō (Ryukyu Islands).

In Japanese, the word for a lighthouse is tōdai or toudai (灯台). The words saki and misaki are for capes and headlands, shima (also spelled sima or jima) is an island, wan is a bay, andis a harbor. Lighthouses in Japan are operated and maintained by the Japanese Coast Guard's Maritime Safety Agency. There is at least one Coast Guard Section Office in each prefecture, often two or more. Lighthouses on this page are maintained by the Coast Guard office at Kushikino (now part of the merged city of Ichikikushikino).

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. JCG numbers are the Japanese Coast Guard's light list numbers. Admiralty numbers are from volume M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Lighthouses in Japan - Kagoshima
A comprehensive site, although almost entirely in Japanese.
Our Lighthouses of Kagoshima Prefecture
A comprehensive collection of photos of Kagoshima lighthouses.
Lighthouse-Japan.com - Kagoshima
Another comprehensive site, with many photos.
Form of a Lighthouse - Kagoshima
Another site with many photos of Japanese lighthouses, cited below as FOAL.
Kiso's Lighthouses
This site has many excellent photos of Japanese lighthouses.
Lighthouses in Kagoshima Prefecture
Photos by various photographers available from Wikimedia.
Kushikino Major Aids to Navigation
Interactive map leads to pages for the major lighthouses maintained by the Kushikino office.
Region Ten Lighthouses
Information and photos posted by the Tenth Coast Guard Region office, which is responsible for Kagoshima Prefecture.

Bōno Misaki Light
Bōno Misaki Light, Minamisatsuma
Japanese Coast Guard Kushikino Office photo

Minamisatsuma City Lighthouses
Bōno Misaki
1922. Active; focal plane 84 m (276 ft); three white flashes every 30 s. 12 m (39 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, attached to a 1-story concrete keeper's cottage. Entire lighthouse is white. The Coast Guard has two photos (including the one above), Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with fine closeup photos, Our Lighthouses has a page with excellent photos, FOAL's page has additional photos, Kiso also has a photo (2/3 the way down the page), and Google has a satellite view. This lighthouse marks the extreme southwestern tip of the Satsuma Peninsula. Located about 7 km (4.5 mi) west of Makurazaki, at the end of a rugged promontory. Accessible by hiking the narrow, twisting service road; the payoff is a spectacular view. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-047; JCG-6605; Admiralty M4812; NGA 11064.
Uji Islands (Uji Ie Shima)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 103 m (338 ft); white flash every 3 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) round concrete tower with gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. A photo is available, but Google has only a fuzzy satellite view of the island. The Uji Islands are a small group located about 80 km (50 mi) southwest of Noma Misaki and a similar distance south of the Gotō Islands. Located on the highest point of Ie Shima, the easternmost of the islands. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS JPN-2037; JCG-6601; Admiralty M4805; NGA 12984.
Minega Saki
1971. Active; focal plane 125 m (410 ft); white light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 8.5 m (28 ft) round concrete tower attached to a square 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is white. Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with photos, FOAL's page has good photos, Our Lighthouses also has good photos, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located on a rugged promontory about 3 km (1.8 mi) north of Bōno Misaki. Accessible by hiking the service road. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-355; JCG-6602; Admiralty M5080; NGA 11068.
Satsuma (Satuma) Noma Misaki
1959. Active; focal plane 149 m (489 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10.5 m (34 ft) concrete post centered on a round 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is white. A Coast Guard photo is at right, Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with closeup photos, Our Lighthouses has good photos, FOAL's page has additional photos, and Google has a satellite view. This light marks the westernmost extension of the Satsuma Peninsula. Located on the heights of a long, hook-shaped promontory about 20 km (13 mi) northwest of Bōno Misaki. Site open, tower closed. JCG-6579; Admiralty M5083; NGA 11072.
Satsuma Noma Misaki Light
Satsuma Noma Misaki Light, Minamisatsuma
Japanese Coast Guard Kushikino Office photo
* Kataura Kō
1932. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); white flash every 3 s. 9 m (30 ft) square white concrete tower. Our Lighthouses has photos, FOAL's page also has photos, a 2014 photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. The light was formerly located at the end of the west breakwater at Kataura, but that breakwater has been extended more than 800 m (1/2 mi) into the bay. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-2049; JCG-6578; Admiralty M5084; NGA 11080.

West Coast Lighthouses

Ichikikushikino (Kushikino) City Lighthouses
Note: Ichikikushikino was formed in 2005 by merging the seaport of Kushikino with the adjoining town of Ichiki.
* Kushikino (Kusikino) Kō (Naga Saki)
1951. Inactive since 2010. 12 m (39 ft) concrete post centered on a round 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is white. An Jeong-Hoon's photo is at right, FOAL's page for the Kishikino lights has photos (lower half of the page), the Coast Guard has a photo, Kiso has a good closeup photo, a 2007 closeup is available, and Google has a satellite view. Expansion of the port of Kushikino made this light redundant. Lighthouse-Japan.com has a 2008 photo showing the two lights of this tower in action. Located at the root of the south breakwater of Kushikino; apparently accessible by a short walk from the fishing port. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-315; ex-JCG-6577; ex-Admiralty M5087; NGA 11124.
Kushikino (Kusikino) North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); continuous green light with a more intense flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. FOAL's page for the Kishikino lights has photos (halfway down the page), and Google has a satellite view. Located at the south end of the detached north breakwater of Kushikino. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. ARLHS JPN-2057; JCG-6573.5; Admiralty M5088; NGA 11120.
Satsuma (Satuma) Okino Shima
1970. Active; focal plane 87 m (285 ft); white flash every 4 s. 9.5 m (28 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, rising from a 1-story concrete keeper's cottage. Entire lighthouse is white. The Coast Guard has a closeup photo, Our Lighthouses has a distant view, FOAL's page has several views, and Google has a satellite view. Located atop an isolated high island about 8 km (5 mi) west of Kushikino. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. ARLHS JPN-546; JCG-6573; Admiralty M5091; NGA 11128.

Satsumasendai City Lighthouses

Note: Known locally as Sendai, the city is officially called Satsumasendai to distinguish it from the better-known city Sendai in northeastern Honshū.
Satsumasendai (Sendai Kō) South Breakwater
1996. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) round concrete tower, flared at the top. Entire lighthouse is red. FOAL has a photo (halfway down the page), and Google has a satellite view and a very distant street view. Located at the end of a 2.5 km (1.5 mi) long breakwater on the north side of the mouth of the Sendai River. Accessible in good weather by walking the pier, but it's an hour's walk roundtrip. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-2070; JCG-6570.21; Admiralty M5094; NGA 11136.
Kushikino Light
Kushikino Kō Light, Ichikikushikino, April 2007
Panoramio photo copyright An Jeong-Hoon; permission requested
Satsumasendai (Sendai Kō) Outer Breakwater
1996 (?). Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); two green flashes every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower, flared at the top. Entire lighthouse is white. The Coast Guard has a page with a photo, FOAL has another photo (second photo on the page), and Google has a satellite view. Located at the west end of the detached outer breakwater of Satsumasendai. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-2071; JCG-6570.2; Admiralty M5094.3; NGA 11138.
Satsumasendai (Sendai Kō) West Breakwater South Head
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (43 ft); green flash every 3 s. 10.5 m (34 ft) concrete post attached to a 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is white. FOAL has another photo (second photo on the page), and Google has a satellite view. Located at the west end of the older detached breakwater of Satsumasendai. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. JCG-6570; Admiralty M5094.4; NGA 11140.

Koshikijima Islands Lighthouses
Note: The Koshikijima Islands are located in the East China Sea roughly 35 km (22 mi) west of the coast of Kyūshū. The islands extend southwestward for about 40 km (25 mi). The largest islands are Kami-Koshikijima, at the northern end of the group, and Shimo-Koshikijima in the south. The islands are administered as part of Satsumasendai City.
Naka Se
1955. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 17.5 m (58 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with double galleries and a conical base, centered on a round concrete pier. Lighthouse painted black with one red horizontal band. The Coast Guard has another photo. Located on an isolated rock about halfway between the mainland and Sato Saki. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. JCG-6572; Admiralty M5093; NGA 11148.
Nawase Hana
1975. Active; focal plane 175 m (574 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) concrete post attached to a square 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is white. The Coast Guard has a closeup photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located atop at steep promontory at the northernmost point of the islands. Site status unknown. ARLHS JPN-405; JCG-6580; Admiralty M4997; NGA 11160.
Ite Saki
1972. Active; focal plane 83 m (272 ft); white flash every 3 s. 11.5 m (38 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, centered on a 1-story concrete keeper's house. Entire lighthouse is white. The Coast Guard has the photo at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located atop at steep promontory at the northeasternmost point of Kami-Koshikijima. Site status unknown. ARLHS JPN-786; JCG-6581; Admiralty M5092; NGA 11156.
Sato Saki (Satomura)
1977. Active; focal plane 54 m (177 ft); white light, 3 s on, 2 s off. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower attached to a 1-story concrete equipment room. The Coast Guard has two photos, Kiso has a great closeup photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory on Kami-Koshikijima about 3 km (2 mi) south of Ite Saki. Site status unknown. ARLHS JPN-541; JCG-6582; Admiralty M4996.4; NGA 11152.
Nakakoshiki Kō
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); green flash every 4 s. 7 m (23 ft) concrete post attached to a 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is white. Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located at the end of the main breakwater at Nakakoshiki, the principal harbor of Kami-Koshikijima. Probably accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. JCG-6583; Admiralty M4996; NGA 11104.

Ite Saki Light, Shimo-Koshikijima
Japanese Coast Guard Kushikino Office photo
Nakakoshiki Entry (Tsutsuminishi)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) round concrete tower attached to a square 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is red. A distant view is available, and Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on a breakwater (technically known as a training wall) guiding ships under the bridge connecting Kami-Koshikijima to Nakakashika Shima to the south. Site status unknown. JCG-6584; Admiralty M4995; NGA 11108.
Tsubura Saki (Tubura Saki)
1965. Active; focal plane 91 m (299 ft); four white flashes every 15 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round concrete tower with a flared top, attached to a square 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is white. The Coast Guard has a closeup photo, Google has a satellite view. Located at the northernmost point of Shimo-Koshikijima. Site status unknown. ARLHS JPN-686; JCG-6586; Admiralty M4994.6; NGA 11088.
* Torinosu Yama
1971. Active; focal plane 72 m (236 ft); white flash every 4 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) round concrete tower attached to a square 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is white. The Coast Guard has a page with a closeup photo, Kiso has a good photo, a closeup is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory about 2 km (1.2 mi) southeast of the Tsubura Saki lighthouse. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-675; JCG-6587; Admiralty M4994.7; NGA 11084.
* Teuchi Kō
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); two green flashes every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, attached to a small equipment shelter. Entire lighthouse is white. The Coast Guard has a photo, Google has a street view and a satellite view. Located on a short breakwater on the south side of the entrance to Teuchi harbor, at the southeastern tip of Shimo-Koshikijima. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-2080; JCG-6590; Admiralty M4994; NGA 11100.
* Tsurikake (Turikake) Saki (2)
1951 (station established 1896). Active; focal plane 146 m (479 ft); white flash every 15 s. 17 m (56 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, attached to a small concrete equipment shelter. 3rd order clamshell Fresnel lens in use. A Coast Guard photo is at right, the Coast Guard has a page and another photo for the lighthouse, a closeup is available, Kiso has a view from the sea (1/3 the way down the page), and Google has a satellite view. The original stone lighthouse was destroyed by a U.S. air raid during World War II. Located at the southern tip of Shimo-Koshikijima, marking the southern end of the island group. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-695; JCG-6591; Admiralty M4992; NGA 11096.

Tsurikake Saki Light, Shimo-Koshikijima
Japanese Coast Guard Kushikino Office photo (no longer online)

Akune City Lighthouses
* Akune Kō
1962. Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); two white flashes every 10 s; a continuous white light (JCG-6566) illuminates an obstruction some 300 m (325 yd) away. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower attached to a 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is white. Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with photos, Our Lighthouses has good photos, FOAL's page has photos, the Coast Guard has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a headland near the south entrance to Akune harbor. The light appears to be accessible by a short walk from the harbor. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-015; JCG-6565; Admiralty M5095; NGA 11164.
* Akune Kō Old Port West Breakwater
1937. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 8.5 m (28 ft) concrete post attached to a 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is red. FOAL has another photo (middle of the page, right), a view from the harbor is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the west breakwater of Akune's original harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-2033; JCG-6564; Admiralty M5096; NGA 11168.
Akune Kō East Port Breakwater
1990. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 4 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) round concrete tower, flared at the top. Entire lighthouse is red. FOAL has another photo (bottom of the page), Minoru Oenohama has a view across the harbor, and Google has a satellite view. NGA calls this the east breakwater, but it is really the south breakwater of the new port, known as the east port. Located at the end of a 900 m (0.56 mi) long breakwater on the south side of Akune harbor. Accessible in good weather by walking the pier, but it's a long walk. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-2032; JCG-6563.5; Admiralty M5097; NGA 11169.
Kohirase Kō (Kohira Se, Kobira Se)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); three white flashes every 13 s; a continuous white light (JCG-6560) illuminates the nearby Hira Se reef. 9 m (30 ft) round concrete tower attached to a 2-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is white. Our Lighthouses has good photos, FOAL's page for the lighthouses has excellent photos, the Coast Guard has a page with a photo, and Google has a satellite view. This light guides ships in the narrow channel between the mainland and Naga Shima. Located atop a steep bluff about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) west of Wakimoto. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-2015; JCG-6559; Admiralty M5100; NGA 11172.

Nagashima Town Lighthouses
Satsuma (Satuma) No Se
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); one short and one long green flash every 8 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with double gallery. Entire lighthouse is green. FOAL has additional photos, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef on the west side of the entrance to a narrow strait separating Nagashima Island from the mainland. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. JCG-6558; Admiralty M5100.2; NGA 11180.
* Nagasaki Hana (3)
1977 (station established 1897). Active; focal plane 27 m (89 ft); white flash every 10 s. 15 m (49 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, centered on a 1-story octagonal concrete keeper's house. Entire lighthouse is white. A photo is at right, Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with good photos, Our Lighthouses also has good photos, FOAL's page for the lighthouse has photos, the Coast Guard has a page for the light and another photo, Kiso has a good closeup photo (1/4 the way down the page), and Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory on Naga Shima marking the east side of the entrance to Yatsushiro Bay. Accessible by road. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-2066; JCG-6562; Admiralty M5102; NGA 11184.
Yatsushiro Nagasaki Hana Light
Yatsushiro Nagasaki Hana Light
Japanese Coast Guard photo
Mate Shima
1968. Active; focal plane 24 m (79 ft); white flash every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) round concrete tower, probably attached to a concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is white. The Coast Guard has a photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the northern tip of Mate Shima, an island in the southwestern corner of Yatsushiro Bay. Site status unknown. ARLHS JPN-2061; JCG-6500; Admiralty M5129; NGA 11392.

Izumi City Lighthouse
#Komenotsu Kō West Breakwater
Date unknown. Removed in 2010. This was an 8.5 m (28 ft) concrete post attached to a square equipment shelter. The entire lighthouse was red. Tom Hirano has a distant view, but Google's satellite view confirms the removal of the light. Construction of new outer breakwaters made the light obsolete. formerly located on the west breakwater of Komenotsu harbor, at the south end of Yatsushiro Bay. ex-JCG-6549.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Kumamoto Area | East: Kagoshima Area | South: Ōsumi Islands

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Posted July 23, 2007. Checked and revised May 26, 2015. Lighthouses: 29. Site copyright 2015 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.