Lighthouses of Japan: Matsuyama Area (Central Ehime)

Smallest of the Japanese main islands, Shikoku is divided into four prefectures. This page includes lighthouses of central Ehime Prefecture, a coastline facing north on the Inland Sea. This is a scenic and well populated coast with numerous harbors.

In Japanese, the word for a lighthouse is tōdai or toudai (灯台). The words saki and misaki are for capes and headlands, shima (also spelled sima or jima) is an island, wan is a bay, andis a harbor. Lighthouses in Japan are operated and maintained by the Japanese Coast Guard's Maritime Safety Agency. There is at least one Coast Guard Section Office in each prefecture, often two or more. Lighthouses in this part of Ehime are managed by the office at Matsuyama.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. JCG numbers are the Japanese Coast Guard's light list numbers. Admiralty numbers are from volume M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Lighthouses in Japan - Ehime
A comprehensive site, although almost entirely in Japanese.
Lighthouse of Japan - Ehime
Another comprehensive site, in Japanese, with many photos.
Form of a Lighthouse - Ehime
Another site with many photos of Japanese lighthouses.
Kiso's Lighthouses
This site has many excellent photos of Japanese lighthouses.
Misty's Japanese Lighthouse Tour - Ehime
Photos and a few notes in English for lighthouses in all parts of the country.
Kato's Lighthouses
Photos and notes from all parts of Japan.
Ehime Lighthouses
Photos and travel directions for accessible lighthouses.
Lighthouses (Ehime Prefecture)
Another photo collection.
Lighthouse Photo Gallery
Photos from the web site of the Sixth Coast Guard Region.
Meiji Lighthouses of the Sixth Region
Also posted by the Sixth Coast Guard Region, information and photos concerning lighthouses built in the Meiji period (1868-1912).
The Japanese Lighthouse - Ehime
A collection of photos of lighthouses.
Lighthouses in Ehime Prefecture
Photos available from Wikimedia.
The Famous Fifty Lighthouses
Photos of the lighthouses voted most famous in Japan, posted by the Eighth Coast Guard Region. One of the fifty (the Sada Misaki Light seen at right) stands in central Ehime.

Tsuru Shima Light
Tsurushima Light, Matsuyama
Japanese Coast Guard Sixth Region photo

Iyo Bay Lighthouses

Ikata Town (Sadamisaki Peninsula) Lighthouses
Note: The Sadamisaki Peninsula is a 32 km (20 mi) long finger of land pointing from the western tip of Shikoku. Narrow and mountainous, the scenic peninsula separates the Bungo Strait to the south from Iyo Bay, the westernmost basin of the Seto Inland Sea, to the north. Highway 197 runs the length of the peninsula.
Murono (Muroga) Hana
1972. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); white light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 12 m (39 ft) two-stage round concrete tower, the lower part cylindrical and the upper part conical. Entire lighthouse is white. Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with good photos, another page also has photos, Kato also has a page with photos, and Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on a promontory on the west side of the entrance to Ikata, about 8 km (5 mi) west of Yawatahama, near the base of the Sadamisaki peninsula. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-378; JCG-5642; Admiralty M5623.6; NGA 10380.
Mekko Hana (Taka Bae)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 64 m (210 ft); white light occulting twice every 8 s. 12 m (39 ft) round white concrete tower. Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with closeup photos, another page has distant views, Kato also has a page with photos, and Google has a satellite view. Located atop the end of a very narrow peninsula projecting from the south side of the Sadamisaki peninsula, about 10 km (6 mi) west of Yawatahama. May be accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS JPN-341; JCG-5643; Admiralty M5624.5; NGA 10384.
* Sadamisaki Kō
1963. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); continuous green light with a more intense flash every 6 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) concrete post rising from a square 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is white. Another page has a closeup photo, and Google has a distant street view and a fuzzy satellite view of the harbor. Located at the end of the main breakwater of Sadamisaki harbor, on the south side of the peninsula, about 5 km (3 mi) northeast of the point of the cape. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. JCG-5647; Admiralty M5625.6; NGA 10465.
* Sada Misaki
1918. Active; focal plane 49 m (161 ft); three white flashes every 20 s; in addition, a spotlight (JCG-4968) illuminates the Ogon Bae reef to the south. 18 m (59 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, rising from a 1-story concrete keeper's house. Entire lighthouse is white. Aaron Madlon-Kay's photo is at right, Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with several good photos, another page has several photos, Kiso has a closeup photo, a 2008 photo and another good photo from the land side are available, Wikimedia has several photos, and Google has a very distant satellite view. This is one of Japan's Famous Fifty Lighthouses. Although many lighthouses have lovely locations, few command a view as spectacular as this one. The Sadamisaki peninsula is 32 km (20 mi) long and never more than a few kilometers wide. It projects into the Inland Sea, separating Iyo Bay on the north from Uwa Bay on the south. At its tip, the lighthouse is surrounded by water in all directions. Accessible by hiking trail from the parking area at the end of the very scenic highway 197. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-519; JCG-4967; Admiralty M5424; NGA 9296.
* Mimai Saki
1976. Active; focal plane 73 m (240 ft); white light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 10 m (33 ft) two-stage round concrete tower with double gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with several photos, another page has several closeup photos, and Google has a street view and a distant satellite view. Located on a sharp promontory on the north side of the Sadamisaki peninsula about 2/3 of the way to the cape. Accessible by road, but there's no parking provided at the lighthouse. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-354; JCG-4966; Admiralty M5426; NGA 9292.
* Mitsukue (Mitukue) Kō (2)
Date unknown (station established 1960). Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 9 m (30 ft) concrete post rising from a square 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is red. Another page for the light has excellent photos, and Google has a street view across the harbor and an indistinct satellite view. NGA lists a 7 m (23 ft) skeletal tower at this location. Located at the end of the west breakwater of Mitsukue harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. JCG-4965; Admiralty M5427; NGA 9288.
* Fusuma (Husuma) Hana
1956. Active; focal plane 60 m (197 ft); white flash every 10 s. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with good photos, additional photos are available on another page for the lighthouse, Kato also has a page with photos, Misty's Tour has another photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a sharp promontory on the north side of the Sadamisaki peninsula about 1/3 of the way to the cape and 2.5 km (1.5 mi) northeast of the Mitsukue harbor. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-145; JCG-4964; Admiralty M5427.5; NGA 9284.
Sada Misaki Light
Sada Misaki Light, Ikata, December 2006
Panoramio Creative Commons photo by Aaron Madlon-Kay

Ōzu City Lighthouse
Ao Shima (Iyo Aoshima)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 102 m (335 ft); two white flashes every 8 s. 12 m (39 ft) round white concrete tower. Kiso has a photo, and Bing has a satellite view. Located atop an isolated high island in Iyo Bay about 20 km (12.5 mi) west of Iyo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS JPN-192; JCG-4915; Admiralty F5644.4; NGA 9144.

Iyo City Lighthouses
* Iyo Toyota (Iyotoyota) Kō
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); continuous red light with a more intense flash every 6 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) concrete post attached to a 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is red. A closeup photo is available, the local fisherman's union has a similar photo (fifth photo on the page), Google has a street view across the harbor, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the end of the main breakwater of the Toyota Fishing Harbor at Shimonada, southwest of Iyo. Accessible by walking the pier (a long walk). Site open, tower closed. JCG-4960.5; Admiralty M5430; NGA 9270.
* Iyo (Futami) Kaminada Kō
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red light, 2 s on, 2 s off; also a continuous white spotlight (JCG-4959) illuminates the breakwater on the other side of the entrance. 9.5 m (31 ft) round hourglass-shaped concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. A closeup photo (2/3 the way down the page) is available, Google has a distant street view across the harbor, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the end of the west breakwater at Kaminada harbor, southwest of Iyo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. JCG-4958; Admiralty M5430.5; NGA 9268.
* [Gunchu (Guntyu) Kō (1)]
Date unknown (around 1870?). Inactive since 1957. Approx. 7.5 m (25 ft) square tapered unpainted stone tower with a traditional box lantern. Additional photos are available, and Google has an indistinct satellite view. Said to date from the Meiji era, this lighthouse originally stood at the end of a pier but was relocated to its present location in 1912. It continued to carry a light until 1957, when the harbor was rebuilt. There is a modern post light (focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two red flashes every 7 s) at the end of the extended breakwater. Located on the waterfront of the traditional Gunchu harbor in Iyo. Site open, tower closed. JCG-4957; Admiralty M5431; NGA 9264.

Matsuyama City Lighthouses

Matsuyama Harbor Lighthouses
* Masaki Kō
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 3 s. 8 m (26 ft) concrete post attached to a 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is red. A closeup photo is available (last photo in the set), and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the breakwater of Masaki Harbor in southern Matsuyama. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. JCG-4956; Admiralty M5432; NGA 9260.
Nishi Habuhakuchi Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 3 s. 11 m (36 ft) concrete post attached to a 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is red. Google has a satellite view. Located at the north end of the detached breakwater of Nichi Habuhakuchi harbor, in the southern part of the city of Matsuyama. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. JCG-4955; Admiralty M5432.8; NGA 9256.
Yoshidahama (Yosidahama) Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); continuous red light with a more intense flash every 5 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) concrete post attached to a 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is red. Kato has a photo (first photo on the page), and Google has a satellite view. Located at the north end of the main breakwater of Yoshidahama harbor, just north of the Matsuyama airport. Site status unknown. JCG-4951; Admiralty M5433; NGA 9248.
Matsuyama Kō Outer Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (56 ft); two red flashes every 7 s. 16 m (52 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse is red. Kato has a page with photos, a sunset photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the north end of the detached outer breakwater of Matsuyama, the capital city of Ehime prefecture. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. JCG-4947.5; Admiralty M5433.8; NGA 9240.
* Matsuyama Kō Inner Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); red light, 2 s on, 2 s off. 8.5 m (28 ft) concrete post light attached to a 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is red. There's a 2013 photo taken from an arriving ferry, and Bing has a distant satellite view. Located at the end of a short breakwater at the entrance to Matsuyama'a inner harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. JCG-4948; Admiralty M5434; NGA 9244.
* Tsurushima (Turu Shima)
1873 (Richard Henry Brunton). Active; focal plane 58 m (190 ft); flash every 8 s, alternately red and white. 10 m (33 ft) round stone tower rising from a semicircular stone keeper's house. Entire lighthouse painted white. A photo is at the top of this page, Lighthouse-Japan.com has a page with good photos, Kazunori Seki has a 2009 photo, Wikimedia has a closeup photo, a visitor has a report with photos, and a Google satellite view is available. The keeper's house and other buildings of the station gradually fell into ruins after the lighthouse was automated in 1955. In 1995, the city of Matsuyama acquired all of the station except the light tower and carefully restored the buildings to their original appearance. Tsurushima is a kidney-shaped island about 7 km (4 mi) west of Matsuyama. Located on a hillside above the town, at the northern end of the island. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-696; JCG-4901; Admiralty M5436; NGA 9128.

Katsuna Islands Lighthouses
Note: The Katsuna Islands stretch northwestward from Matsuyama across the Seto Inland Sea.
Yuri Shima
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); three white flashes every 12 s. 12 m (39 ft) concrete post rising from a round 1-story concrete equipment room. Entire lighthouse is white. Kiso has a photo, another photo is available, and Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on the southeastern tip of Yuri Shima, an uninhabited island about 15 km (9 mi) west of the Matsuyama waterfront. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. JCG-4914; Admiralty M5645; NGA 9140.
Nenashi Sho (Nenasi Syo)
1902. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 17 m (56 ft) round strongly conical stone tower with lantern and gallery, mounted on a round pier. Lighthouse painted black with a red horizontal band. A closeup photo is at right, Kiso has a good photo, and Google has a satellite view. This lighthouse is on the border between Ehima and Yamaguchi prefectures, and sources disagree as to its placement. Located on a shoal off the eastern tip of Yashiro Shima, at the northeastern corner of Iyo Bay. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. JCG-4929; Admiralty M5446; NGA 9188.
Nenashi Sho Light
Nenashi Sho Light, Seto Inland Sea
Japanese Coast Guard Sixth Region photo
Aburitori Se
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); two green flashes, one short and one long, every 8 s. 9 m (30 ft) round hourglass-shaped concrete tower mounted on a round concrete pier. Entire lighthouse is green. A photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef off the southeast coast of Tsuwaji Shima, the northwesternmost of the Katsuna Islands. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. JCG-4928; Admiralty M5646.7; NGA 9184.
Kazekiri Hana
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white light occulting twice every 6 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower mounted on a large square concrete pier. Entire lighthouse is white. No photo available, and Google has only a distant satellite view. Located at the extreme northeastern tip of Nuwa Shima. Probably accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-2390; JCG-4925; Admiralty M5649; NGA 9172.
Heyano Hana
1971. Active; focal plane 53 m (174 ft); three white flashes every 13 s. 11.5 m (38 ft) two-stage round concrete tower with double gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. Kiso also has a photo, but Bing has only a very distant satellite view. Located on the western tip of the island of Nakajima in the Inland Sea about 16 km (10 mi) northwest of Matsuyama. Site status unknown, but possibly accessible by road. ARLHS JPN-106; JCG-4927; Admiralty M5451; NGA 9180.
Kudako Shima
1903. Active; focal plane 57 m (187 ft); white light, 3 s on, 3 s off. 11 m (36 ft) round stone tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. A Coast Guard photo is at right, Kiso has a distant photo, a fuzzy photo is available, and Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on a small island about 1.5 km (1 mi) west of Heyano Hana. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS JPN-296; JCG-4926; Admiralty M5450; NGA 9176.
Fuguri (Huguri) Iwa
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); six quick white flashes and one long white flash every 15 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower, mounted on a round concrete pier. Upper half of the tower painted yellow, lower half black. Bing has a satellite view. Located on a shoal off the southern tip of the island of Nakajima. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. JCG-4903; Admiralty M5651.7; NGA 9132.
Kudako Shima Light
Kudako Shima Light, Matsuyama
Japanese Coast Guard Sixth Region photo
Uta Saki
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 4 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. A photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the extreme northern tip of the island of Nakajima. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-2425; JCG-4671; Admiralty M5651.3; NGA 8900.
Ho Saki
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); two green flashes, one short and one long, every 8 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round concrete tower mounted on a round concrete pier. Entire lighthouse is green. Google has a satellite view. Located just off the point of Ho Saki, the southeastern tip of Muzuki Shima. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. JCG-4629; Admiralty M5651.8; NGA 8780.
Nogutsuna (Nobutsuna) Shima
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white light occulting twice every 12 s. 6.5 m (21 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, attached to a 1-story equipment shelter and mounted on a large stone pier. Entire lighthouse is white. The Coast Guard has a small photo (upper right photo in the group), but Google has only a fuzzy satellite view. NGA misspells the name as "Nokutuna." Located at the southeastern tip of Nogutsuna Shima. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-2408; JCG-4628; Admiralty M5652; NGA 8776.
Ai Shima (Aijima)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 65 m (213 ft); white light occulting once every 4 s. 11 m (36 ft) round white concrete tower. A closeup photo is available (1/5 the way down the page), and Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island in Aki Bay about 13 km (8 mi) northwest of Hojo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS JPN-006; JCG-4669; Admiralty M5445; NGA 8896.
Uta Saki Light
Uta Saki Light, Matsuyama, June 2011
Panoramio photo copyright HRShd; permission requested

Northern Matsuyama Lighthouses
Tsumuri (Tumuri) Saki
1972. Active; focal plane 47 m (154 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. Additional photos are available, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the northeastern tip of the island of Gogo Shima about 8 km (5 mi) southwest of Hojo. Site status unknown. ARLHS JPN-691; JCG-4641; Admiralty M5437; NGA 8812.
Horie West Harbor Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 4 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) concrete post light centered on a square 1-story concrete equipment building. Entire lighthouse is white. Akihiro Matsuda has a 2013 photo, a closeup photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the detached breakwater of a small boat harbor at Horie in Matsuyama. Accessible only by boat, but easily seen from shore. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-2373; JCG-4640; Admiralty F5439; NGA 8810.
* Hojo (Hozyo) Kō
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); three green flashes every 7 s. 10 m (32 ft) concrete post attached to a square 1-story concrete equipment building. Entire lighthouse is white. Akihiro Matsuda's photo is at right, additional photos are available, and Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located on the north side of the entrance to Hojo harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-2375; JCG-4637; Admiralty F5442; NGA 8800.
* Hazumano (Hazuma No) Hana
1966. Active; focal plane 62 m (203 ft); white light occulting once every 8 s. 10 m (33 ft) concrete post light rising from a square 1-story concrete equipment building. Entire lighthouse is white. Located on the tip of a sharp promontory on the mainland of Shikoku about 3 km (2 mi) north of Hojo. Another page for the lighthouse has photos, another photo is available, there's a page by another recent visitor, and a Google satellite view shows that access to the light is through an industrial or warehouse facility of some kind. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS JPN-097; JCG-4636; Admiralty F5444; NGA 8796.
Hojo Kō Light
Sunset at Hojo Kō Light, Matsuyama, September 2012
Panoramio photo copyright Akihiro Matsuda; used by permission
Shiode Iso
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); one short and one long red flash every 8 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with double gallery, mounted on a round concrete pier. Entire lighthouse is red. A good photo and another photo are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 1 km (0.6 mi) northwest of Asanami. Accessible only by boat, but easy to see from shore. Site open, tower closed. JCG-4635; Admiralty F5447; NGA 8792.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Hiroshima | East: Northern Ehime | West: Western Ehime | Northwest: Yamaguchi

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Posted May 28, 2007. Checked and revised February 21, 2014. Lighthouses: 32. Site copyright 2014 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.