Lighthouses of South Korea: Goseong Bay

Tongyeong (formerly called Chungmu) is a seaport at the end of the blunt Goseong Peninsula in southwestern Gyeongsangnam (South Gyeongsang) province on South Korea's south coast. Tongyeong is separated from the island of Namhaedo to the west by the island-strewn waters of Goseong Bay. This page covers the lighthouses of Goseong Bay, including the lighthouses of Goseong County on the north shore of the bay and the Saryang and Yokjim districts of the city of Tongyeong.

For most of its history, Korea was an independent kingdom, or at least an autonomous kingdom under Chinese influence. This came to an end in 1910, when Japan annexed all of Korea. At the end of World War II in 1945, the 38° parallel was established as the dividing line between U.S. and Soviet zones of occupation, and in 1948 separate civil administrations were established in the two halves of the country. The Korean War (1950-53) ended in a draw, with the armistice line falling close to the prewar 38° line. The Republic of Korea (ROK), commonly called South Korea, occupies the Korean peninsula south of the armistice line.

Navigational aids in the ROK are regulated by the Ministry of Land, Transport, and Maritime Affairs (MLTM). MLTM also operates the major coastal lights, but management of harbor lighthouses is in the hands of local port authorities. The lights on this page are maintained by the Masan office of MLTM. In Korean, the word for a lighthouse is donghae (등대); dan is a cape, do is an island, and hang is a harbor .

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. KR numbers, where available, are from the Korean light list. Admiralty numbers are from volume M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Aids to Navigation Status
Light list (in Korean) posted by the MLTM office in Masan.
KAAN Major Lighthouse Information
KAAN is the Korean Association of Aids to Navigation. Click on the map for information concerning each province, and then scroll down for small photos. All the data is in Korean. An English version of the page has the names of the lighthouses, but no photos.

Pogyo Hang Light
Pogyo Hang Light, Goseong County, February 2011
Panoramio photo copyright 김 철 봉; used by permission

Goseong County Lighthouses

Samsan District (Northeastern Goseong Bay) Lighthouses
Daeseo
2006. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 12 m (39 ft) tower, painted black with a red horizontal band. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef in the northern portion of the Goseong Bay about 12 km (7.5 mi) southwest of Goseong city and 500 m (0.3 mi) south of Pogyo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4321.54.
* Pogyo Hang
2006. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); red flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower attached to an equipment structure. Lighthouse painted red: it appears pink in the 2011 photo above. Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the breakwater at Pogyo, on the north shore of Goseong Bay. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4321.538.
Hadaegudo (Hadaehodo, Hadaeho Do)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 47 m (154 ft); white flash every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) round concrete tower, painted white. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island in the northern portion of the bay about 16 km (10 mi) southwest of Goseong city. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4321.55; NGA 16962.

Hail District Lighthouses
Jaran (Jalan) Man
2011. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower, painted black with a red horizontal band. No photo available, and the light is too new to appear in Google's satellite view. Located on a reef in Jaran Bay, about 1.6 km (1 mi) southeast of Limpo village. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4321.525.
Myoseo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) tower, painted black with a red horizontal band. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. This light guides vessels in a narrow passage north of Saryangdo. Located on a skerry about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) north of Sangdo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4321.51; NGA 17006.
* Maekjeonpo Hang East (Inner) Breakwater (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 6 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) octagonal tower with gallery, painted red. A 2012 photo and a distant view are available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the east (inner) breakwater of Maekjeonpo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4321.83; NGA 16963.5.
* Maekjeonpo Hang West (Outer) Breakwater (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); green flash every 6 s. 7 m (23 ft) round white concrete tower with gallery. A photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of the west (outer) breakwater of Maekjeonpo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4321.8; NGA 16963.
Maekjeonpo Outer Breakwater Light
Maekjeonpo Hang West Breakwater Light, Goseong County, April 2012
Panoramio photo copyright 김 철 봉; used by permission

Tongyeong City: Saryang District Lighthouses

Note: The Saryang District incoudes a number of islands in the center of Goseong Bay. Hado ("lower island"), the easternmost island, is separated from Sangdo ("upper island") by a narrow channel. The two islands together are often called Saryangdo.The third and smallest island, Suudo, is about 3 km (2 mi) to the west southwest of Sangdo. The islands have a permanent population of about 1750.
Hado Lighthouses
Baekseo (Paek So)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) octagonal concrete tower, painted with black and red horizontal bands. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on a skerry about 3 km (2 mi) southeast of Hado. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4322.95; NGA 17016.
* Yangji Hang (Neunryang) East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 6 s. 9.5 m (31 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. A photo is available, a photo of both breakwater lights is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the east breakwater of a protected harbor on the southeast side of Hado. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4321.59; NGA 17010.5.
* Yangji Hang (Neunryang) West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); green flash every 6 s. 7.5 m (25 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. A closeup photo is available, a photo of both breakwater lights is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the west breakwater of a protected harbor on the southeast side of Hado. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4321.58; NGA 17010.
Nammudo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); quick-flashing white light. 17 m (56 ft) tower, upper half painted black, lower half yellow. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located on a rock about 25 km (15 mi) south southwest of Goseong. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4321.47; NGA 17013.
Yangji Hang Breakwater Lights
Yangji Hang West (left) and East Breakwater Lights, Saryangdo, January 2011
Panoramio photo copyright 김 철 봉; used by permission
Mokseokdo (Moksokto)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); red flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower, painted red. A photo and a sunset photo are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island on the east side of the entrance to Saryangdo harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4321.45; NGA 17012.
Tonggang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 60 m (197 ft); white flash every 4 s. 7.5 m (25 ft) round white concrete tower. A 2012 photo is available, but clouds block Google's satellite view. Located on the northern tip of Saryangdo, marking the entrance to the passage between Sangdo and Hado. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4321.52; NGA 17008.5.

Sangdo Lighthouses
* Sangdo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. A photo (3/4 the way down the page) is available, there's a second photo in which the light is partially hidden by trees, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the northern tip of Sangdo. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4321.5.
* Dongji Hang Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); green flash every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round hourglass-shaped concrete tower, painted white. A photo and a second photo are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the breakwater of a small fishing harbor on the southwest side of Sangdo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4321.495; NGA 17008.1.

Suudo Lighthouses
Badayeo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 16 m (52 ft) tower, painted black with a red horizontal band. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 400 m (1/4 mi) off the northern tip of Suudo, an island at the west end of the Saryangdo group. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4321.43.
Suudo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 7 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower with gallery. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the western tip of Suudo. Probably accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4321.4; NGA 17020.

Tongyeong City: Yokjim District Lighthouses

Note: The Yokjim District includes a scattering of rather small islands across the entrance to Goseong Bay from the Korea Strait. Yogjido is by far the largest of the islands. The permanent population of the district is about 2300.
Dumido Lighthouse
Dumido (Tumido)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); white flash every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. A sunset photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on the northwest coast of Dumido, an island about 10 km (6 mi) northwest of Yogjido, 30 km (19 mi) southwest of Tongyeong and a similar distance southeast of Namhae. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4322.37.

Yogjido Area Lighthouses
Heukcho
2002(?). Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 14 m (46 ft) tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. A distant view is available, but the skerry is barely visible in Google's satellite view. Located on a shoal off the south side of Yogjido. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4322.42; NGA 16961.
Yogjido (Yogji Do, Yokji Do) (2?)
Date unknown (station established 1961). Active; focal plane 195 m (640 ft); white flash every 6 s. 13 m (43 ft) round concrete tower, painted white. No photo available, and Google has only an indistinct satellite view. Yogjido is an irregularly shaped island about 5 km (3 mi) long by 3 km (2 mi) wide about 30 km (19 mi) southwest of Tongyeong. Located on a mountainous peninsula on the southwest side of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4322.4; NGA 16960.
* Yogjido West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo is at right, Sung Ki Il also has a photo, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the end of the breakwater on the northwest side of the harbor of Yogjido, on the northeast side of the island. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4322.6; NGA 16956.
* Yogjido South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); two yellow flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is yellow. A photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the end of the breakwater on the south side of the harbor of Yogjido. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4322.65; NGA 16956.5.
* Yogjido East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); green flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located at the end of the breakwater on the east side of the harbor of Yogjido. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4322.4; NGA 16956.3.
Saidoyeo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); quick-flashing white light. 16 m (52 ft) round concrete tower, painted yellow with a black band at the top. A 2012 photo is available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a shoal about 5 km (3 mi) north of Yogjido. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4322.45.
Yogido West Breakwater Light
Yogjido West Breakwater Light, Yogido, June 2012
Panoramio photo copyright 김 철 봉; used by permission

Yeonhwado Area Lighthouses
Note: Yeonhwado is a smaller island lying northeast of Yokjido. The island is a tourist attraction, famous as the site of a historic Buddhist temple.
Bongdo (Bong Do)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 107 m (351 ft); white flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower, painted white. No photo available, and the tower is not seen in Google's satellite view of the location. Located on the highest point of a small island about 5 km (3 mi) northwest of Yeonhwado. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4322.5; NGA 16954.
Gyoboncho (Kyobon-cho)
2001. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 14 m (46 ft) tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. A 2012 photo and a small photo (bottom of the page) are available. Located on a shoal in the bay about 4 km (2.5 mi) north of Bongdo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4322.71; NGA 16953.5.
Useo
2006. Active; focal plane 22 m (72 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. A photo and a second photo are available, an Bing has a satellite view. Located on an islet about 3 km (2 mi) north of Yeonhwado. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4322.52.
Napjakyeo
2003(?). Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 14 m (46 ft) tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. A distant view is available, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located on a shoal off the northwest coast of Yeonhwado . Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4322.55; NGA 16958.
Yeonhwa Hang
2007. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); red flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical tower; the lower portion of the tower is surrounded by a round observation platform. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo is at right, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the breakwater of Yeonhwado harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, and visitors can climb an external stairway to the observation platform. Admiralty M4322.54.
Yeonhwado Light
Yeonhwa Hang Light, Yeonhwado, December 2012
Panoramio photo copyright 김 철 봉; used by permission

Jwasarido Area Lighthouses
Note: These lighthouses mark the ends of dangerous reef system in the Korea Strait about 9 km (15 mi) south of Yeonhwado.
Oejangdeogam
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 12 m (39 ft) tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, but Bing has a somewhat indistinct satellite view. Located on a rocky islet about 5 km (3 mi) south of Napjakyeo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4322.703.
Jwasarido (Chwarasido) (2)
2007 (station established 1983). Active; focal plane 58 m (190 ft); white flash every 4 s. 13 m (43 ft) octagonal concrete tower with a gallery framed by eight ribs. Entire lighthouse is white. A view from the sea is available, and Bing has a somewhat indistinct satellite view. Located on an island about 35 km (22 mi) south of Tongyeong. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4322.7; NGA 16868.

Goamdo Lighthouse
Goam (Koam, Go Am Island)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); white flash every 6 s. 14 m (46 ft) octagonal white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Goamdo is an island about 2 km (1.25 mi) in length located far out into the Korea Strait, about 15 km (9 mi) south southwest of Somaemuldo. Presumably located on the highest point of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4333; NGA 16874.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: East: Tongyeong | West: Sacheon and Namhae

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Posted December 4, 2007. Checked and revised April 5, 2013. Lighthouses: 32. Site copyright 2013 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.