Lighthouses of Korea: Jeju City

Jeju (formerly Cheju) is an island province of the Republic of Korea (South Korea) located off the southwestern end of the Korean Peninsula. Dominated by the volcano Halla-san, Korea's tallest mountain, Jeju is roughly 75 km (45 mi) long and 25 km (15 mi) wide. More than half a million people live on the island. The province is divided administratively into two cities, Jeju on the north side and Seogwipo on the south side. This page has the lighthouses of Jeju City; those of Seogwipo are on a separate page.

Jeju is readily accessible by air or by ferry from Busan, Tongyeong, Wando, Mokpo, or Incheon.

Following several recent government reorganizations, navigational aids in the ROK are now regulated by the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (MOMAF). The lights on this page are maintained by the Jeju Maritime Management Division, a branch of the Busan Regional Maritime Affairs and Port Administration.

In Korean, the word for a lighthouse is donghae (등대); dan is a cape, do is an island, and hang is a harbor.

Special thanks to Michel Forand, who located many of the photo links on this page.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Kiso's Lighthouses - Korea
Photos posted by a Japanese lighthouse fan.
Jeju Lighthouses
Data and small photos of the major lighthouses from the Jeju Maritime Management Division.
World of Lighthouses - South Korea
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Korean Association of Aids to Navigation - Jeju
Data and small photos of the four major lighthouses.

Sanji Lights
1999 (left) and 1916 Sanji Lights, Jeju City, February 2011
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Hyoung Won Park

Hangyeong District (Jeju West End) Lighthouses
[Jukdo (Chagwido, Chagwi Do, Chakwido)]
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 67 m (220 ft); white flash every 6 s. 5 m (17 ft) round white concrete tower. A closeup photo (next to last photo on the page) is available, Google has a distant satellite view, and Naver.com has a somewhat clearer satellite view. Chagwido is an island off the western tip of Jeju. Located on heights at the west end of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4255; NGA 17496.
Chagwido (Jejudo West End)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); nine very quick white flashes every 10 s. 23 m (75 ft) round concrete post with gallery, painted yellow with one black horizontal band and mounted on a round concrete pier or caisson. A photo and a second photo (halfway down the page) are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef off the extreme western tip of Jeju and east of Chagwido. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4255.25; NGA 17497.
Yongdang Sanggot
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); nine quick white flashes every 15 s. 14 m (46 ft) round concrete tower, painted yellow with a black horizontal band. A photo (a little past the halfway point on the page) and a distant view (near the bottom of the page) are available, and Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on a reef off the western tip of Jeju, about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) north of the West End light. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4255.5; NGA 17502.

Hallim District (Jeju Northwest Coast) Lighthouses
* Sinchang (Shinchang)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 4 s. 11 m (36 ft) octagonal white concrete tower. Johann Rupprecht has a photo, there's a page with several photos, a good closeup (halfway down the page) is available, and Bing has a distant satellite view. Located about 8 km (5 mi) southwest of Hallim. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4256; NGA 17500.
* Suyonggot (Geumneung)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, painted white. Johann Rupprecht has a photo, a closeup photo and several additional photos are available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a sharp, rocky point at Geumneung (Keumneung), on the northwest coast of Jeju, about 5 km (3 mi) southwest of Hallim. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4256.5; NGA 17501.
Biyangdo (Biyang Do, Piyang Do) South
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); six quick white flashes followed by one long white flash every 15 s. 12 m (39 ft) round concrete tower, upper half painted yellow, lower half black. A photo is at right, and Google has a very distant satellite view. Biyangdo is a high island about 2 km (1.25 mi) off the coast north of Suyonggot. Located on a rock off the southern tip of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4259; NGA 17505.
* [Biyangdo (Piyang-do)]
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 119 m (390 ft); white flash every 6 s. 5 m (17 ft) round white concrete tower. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. This small light is similar to the Jukdo (Chagwido) light (see above). Located at the highest point of the island, commanding a spectacular view. Accessible by a popular hiking trail. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4258; NGA 17504.
Sobiyo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); quick-flashing white light. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower, upper half painted black, lower half yellow. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 1200 m (3/4 mi) north of Biyangdo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4257; NGA 17508.
Biyangdo South Light
Biyangdo South Light, August 2010
Naver.com Creative Commons photo by Jeju Travel Office
Hallim West Breakwater (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) (?) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted red. A closeup photo , a second photo (1/4 the way down the page) and another photo (third photo on the page) are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Hallim is the largest port on the northwestern coast of Jeju. Located at the end of the west breakwater of Hallim. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4262; NGA 17516.
Hallim North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); green flash every 5 s. 15 m (49 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. A closeup photo and a distant photo are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the west end of the detached main (north) breakwater of Hallim. Accessible only by boat. Site and tower closed. Admiralty M4263; NGA 17512.
* Unyonggot (2)
2010 (station stablished 1990). Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a promontory about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) north of Hallim. Accessible by road. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4263.5; NGA 17518.
Hallim Hang Approach
2012. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); three white flashes, two short and one long, every 8 s. 16 m (52 ft) round metal tower painted with red and white horizontal bands. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located about 1.6 km (1 mi) north of Unyonggot. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4263.6.
Biyangdo (Reef)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); very quick flashing white light. 16 m (52 ft) round concrete post; upper half painted black, lower half yellow. A photo and a distant view are available, but Google has a satellite view. Not to be confused with the nearby island of Biyangdo (see above). Located on a rock at the end of a reef extending from the coast about 3 km (2 mi) north of Hallim. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4263.9; NGA 17519.5.
Gwideok Ni (Kwidok Ri)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 6 s. 13 m (43 ft) round concrete tower rising from a round base that carries a large sculpture of a turtle. The lighthouse is white, the turtle black. A photo, a second photo, and a very distant photo are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on an island sheltering a small harbor about 5 km (3 mi) northeast of Hallim. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4264; NGA 17520.
Gwideok (Kwidok) Hang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); red flash every 6 s. 16 m (52 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo and a very distant photo are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located off the entrance to Gwideok harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4263.92; NGA 17519.6.

Aeweol District Lighthouses
* Aeweol (Aewol) Hang North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); red flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. A closeup photo (halfway down the page) and a distant view are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the end of the main breakwater of Aeweol harbor, about 25 km (15 mi) west of downtown Jeju. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4265.2; NGA 17528.
* Aeweol (Aewol) Hang East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. A closeup photo (halfway down the page) is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the end of the east breakwater of Aeweol harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4265.3; NGA 17528.5.

Iho Harbor and Dudo Harbor Lighthouses
* Iho Hang West Breakwater
2009(?). Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); three red flashes every 7 s. 12 m (39 ft) concrete tower, built in the shape of a dragon (or perhaps a horse) with the lantern perched on its head. A photo by Gary Cycles is at right, Min Byungchul has a photo of both Iho Hang breakwater lighthouses, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the short west breakwater at Iho Hang, about 8 km (5 mi) west of Jeju city. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4265.56.
* Iho Hang East Breakwater
2009(?). Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); three green flashes every 7 s. 12 m (39 ft) concrete tower, built in the shape of a dragon (or perhaps a horse) with the lantern perched on its head. A closeup photo is available, Gary Cycles has a nighttime photo of the two lighthouses in action, Min Byungchul has a photo of both Iho Hang breakwater lighthouses, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the longer east breakwater at Iho Hang. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4265.57.
Iho Hang West Breakwater
West Breakwater Light, Iho Hang, November 2010
Flickr Creative Commons photo by Gary Cycles
Sebaeyeo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); quick-flashing white light. 16 m (52 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, upper half painted black, lower half yellow. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 500 m (0.4 mi) north of the Iho harbor entrance. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4265.65; NGA 17374.
* Dudo Hang West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); red flash every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. A closeup photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. NGA calls this the south breakwater, a mistake. Located at the end of the west breakwater of Dudo harbor, close to the Jeju airport on the west side of the city. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4265.8; NGA 17393.5.
* Dudo Hang East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15.5 m (50 ft); green flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. A closeup photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. NGA calls this the north breakwater, a mistake. Located at the end of the west breakwater of Dudo harbor, close to the Jeju airport on the west side of the city. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4265.7; NGA 17393.

Jeju Harbor Lighthouses
Jeju Hang Inner West Breakwater (1)
Date unknown. Inactive since about 2007. Approx. 7 m (23 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo is available, and Google has a satellite view. When a new west breakwater was constructed, the light was moved to a post at the end of the new breakwater; a photo of that light is also available. Located at the end of the original west breakwater of Jeju harbor. Site status unknown. ex-Admiralty M4267.3.
Jeju Hang Inner East Breakwater (1)
Date unknown. Inactive since about 2007. 7 m (23 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. This tower is on the right in a 2007 closeup and a 2012 photo, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the southeast end of the main breakwater of Jeju harbor. Site status unknown.
Jeju Hang Inner East Breakwater (2)
2007(?). Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); three green flashes every 7 s. 18 m (59 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. This tower is on the left in a 2007 closeup and a 2012 photo, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a spur of the main breakwater of Jeju harbor. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4267.32.
Jeju Hang Main Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); red flash every 5 s. 15 m (49 ft) round tapered concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted red. A view from the sea is available, Kwon YongGu also has a view, Kiso also has a photo (third photo in the left column), and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the end of the detached, 2 km (1.25 mi) long main breakwater of Jeju city, on the north shore of the island. Accessible only by boat, although there are good views from ferries arriving at the island. Site and tower closed. Admiralty M4266.5; NGA 17380.
Jeju Hang East Breakwater (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); green flash every 5 s. 18 m (59 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. A photo is at right, Kwon YongGu has a photo, a closeup is available, and Bing has a satellite view. NGA formerly described an 8 m (26 ft) post light at this location. Located at the end of the east breakwater of Jeju city. Site and tower closed. Admiralty M4267.5; NGA 17382.
Jeju Hang Outer Port Outer Breakwater
2011. Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); red flash every 10 s. 18 m (59 ft) square wedge-shaped concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo of both outer port lighthouses is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of a detached breakwater sheltering the eastern harbor of Jeju. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4267.6.
Jeju Hang Outer Port Inner Breakwater
2011. Active; focal plane about 20 m (66 ft); green flash every 10 s. 18 m (59 ft) square wedge-shaped concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. A photo of both outer port lighthouses is available, and Google has a satellite view. Located at the end of a detached breakwater sheltering the eastern harbor of Jeju. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4268.
Jeju Hang East Breakwater
Jeju Hang East Breakwater Light, Jeju City, October 2010
Panoramio photo copyright Kamacom; permission requested
Sanji (Sanchi) (1)
1916. Inactive since 1999. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, attached to a 1-story concrete keeper's house. Entire lighthouse is white. Hyoung Won Park's photo is at the top of this page, a closeup and a 2009 photo of both lighthouses are available, Kiso has a photo showing both lighthouses (second photo in the left column), and Bing has a satellite view of the station. Located atop a steep bluff on the east side of Jeju harbor. Site status unknown; the lack of photos of this lighthouse suggests access to the area may be restricted.
Sanji (Sanchi) (2)
1999 (station established 1916). Active; focal plane 72 m (236 ft); white flash every 15 s. 18 m (59 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, centered on a 1-story concrete administration building. Entire lighthouse is white. Fog horn (blast every 50 s). Hyoung Won Park's photo of the station is at the top of this page, a 2008 closeup is available, Kiso has a photo showing both lighthouses (second photo in the left column), and Bing has a satellite view of the station. Located atop a steep bluff on the east side of Jeju harbor. Site status unknown; the lack of photos of this lighthouse suggests access to the area may be restricted. Admiralty M4266; NGA 17376.
* Hwabuk Hang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 5 s. 6 m (20 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo is available, and Bing has a fuzzy satellite view. Located on the west inner breakwater of Hwabuk harbor, on the east side of Jeju city. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4269; NGA 17396.

Jocheon District Lighthouses
Sinheung (Shinhung)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) octagonal white concrete tower. A closeup photo (halfway down the page) and several additional photos (1/3 the way down the page) are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the tip of a promontory about 10 km (6 mi) east of Jeju city. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4269.3; NGA 17397.
Talseo (Talso)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) octagonal white concrete tower. A very distant view from the mainland is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located near the end of a rocky reef extending from the north coast of Jeju about 25 km (15 mi) east of Jeju city. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4269.5; NGA 17400.

Northern Gujwa District Lighthouses
* Gimnyeong (Kimnyong) Hang West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (56 ft); red flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo and a second photo are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the end of the west breakwater of Gimnyeong, a fishing harbor on the northeastern coast of Jeju. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. NGA 17402.
* Gimnyeong (Kimnyong) Hang East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (56 ft); green flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. A photo is available, also a photo of both lighthouses, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the end of the east breakwater of Gimnyeong. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4269.9; NGA 17402.1.
* Haengwon Hang West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 4 s. 7 m (23 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo (halfway down the page) and a second photo are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the end of the original west breakwater of Haengwon, a fishing harbor about 8 km (5 mi) norwest of Sehwa. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4270; NGA 17404.
* Sehwa Hang East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green flash every 4 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) octagonal cylindrical white concrete tower. A photo is at right, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the end of the east breakwater of Sehwa Hang, a fishing harbor near the northeastern corner of Jeju. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4270.2; NGA 17408.
Sehwa Hang Light
East Breakwater Light, Sehwa Hang, July 2008
Panoramio photo by Korea Tourism Agency
Pandatan (Pongdatan)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, painted red. A distant view is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef off the northeastern corner of Jeju Island, marking the north entrance to the strait separating Udo from Jeju. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4271; NGA 17412.


Udo Lighthouses
Note: Udo is an island about 1 km (0.6 mi) long and 0.6 km (0.4 mi) wide located off the eastern tip of Jeju, about 3 km (2 mi) northeast of Seongsanpo. The island has become a popular tourist destination. Regular ferry service is available from Seongsan (see the Seogwipo page for lighthouses of Seongsan).
* Udo (1)
1906. Inactive since 2003. 7.5 m (25 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white. Michael Geipel's photo is at right, Nelson Cunnington has a closeup photo, Park Sungbum has a photo of both lighthouses, Junho Song has a more distant view, and Bing has a satellite view. This lighthouse was built with an automated, acetylene-powered light, so there was never a keeper's house at the station. Located atop a steep bluff at the southern tip of Udo. Site open, tower closed.
*** Udo (2)
2003 (station established 1906). Active; focal plane 140 m (459 ft); white flash every 20 s. Approx. 15 m (49 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, rising from a 2-story visitor center building. Lighthouse painted white; lantern dome painted red. The new lighthouse, built higher on the slope than the old one, is the centerpiece of a lighthouse park. Michael Geipel's photo is at right, Park Sungbum has a photo of both lighthouses, Nelson Cunnington has a distant view, and Bing has a satellite view of the station. Located atop a steep bluff at the southern tip of Udo. Site and visitor center open, tower status unknown but probably open. Admiralty M4272; NGA 17420.
Udo South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); red flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. A closeup and a view from an arriving ferry are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the breakwater of the ferry terminal on the southwest side of the island facing Jeju. Site and tower closed, but there's a good view from arriving ferries. Admiralty M4271.7; NGA 17425.
* Tuksaenggot
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 13 m (43 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, painted white. Kim Bong-Sun has a good photo, Park Sungbum also has a photo, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on Tuksaenggot, the northernmost tip of Udo. Accessible by road; parking provided. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4271.5; NGA 17414.
Udo Northeast (Biyangdo, Piyangdo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); three quick white flashes every 10 s. 13 m (43 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with gallery, painted black with one yellow horizontal band. A closeup photo is available, Kim Bong-Sun has a photo, Mike Mellinger has a sunrise photo, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a tiny island off the northeastern coast of Udo. Accessible by a causeway. Site open, and nothing prevented the visitors in the first photo from climbing the ladder to the gallery. Admiralty M4272.2; NGA 17416.
Udo Light
Old (left) and new Udo Lights, Udo, May 2011
Panoramio photo copyright Michael Geipel; used by permission

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining page: North: Chuja Islands | South: Seogwipo City

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Posted December 10, 2007. Checked and revised June 8, 2014. Lighthouses: 42. Site copyright 2014 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.