Lighthouses of South Korea: Wando

For most of its history, Korea was an independent kingdom, or at least an autonomous kingdom under Chinese influence. This came to an end in 1910, when Japan annexed all of Korea. At the end of World War II in 1945, the 38° parallel was established as the dividing line between U.S. and Soviet zones of occupation, and in 1948 separate civil administrations were established in the two halves of the country. The Korean War (1950-53) ended in a draw, with the armistice line falling close to the prewar 38° line. The Republic of Korea (ROK), commonly called South Korea, occupies the Korean peninsula south of the armistice line.

This page covers lighthouses of the island county of Wando in Jeollanam Province, located on South Korea's southwest coast in the region formerly known as Jeolla or Cholla. Also included are several lighthouses located in the neighboring mainland county of Gangjin. Wando County consists of a large group of islands facing south on the Korea Strait. This is an intricate and rocky coast, with numerous islands of all sizes.

Navigational aids in the ROK are regulated by the Ministry of Land, Transport, and Maritime Affairs (MLTM). MLTM also operates the major coastal lights, but management of harbor lighthouses is in the hands of local port authorities. In Korean, the word for a lighthouse is donghae (등대); dan is a cape, do is an island, and hang is a harbor.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

Oryongdo Light
Oryongdo Light, Nohwa District
Korean Association of Aids to Navigation photo

General Sources
Port of Mokpo - Lighthouses
Photos and information in English for the major lighthouses of the area. The Mokpo MLTM office maintains most of the lights on this page.
Port of Yeosu - Navigational Aids
This site has a map of navigational aids in the Yeosu area and links to information pages for the major lighthouses (all in Korean). The Yeosu MLTM office maintains several of the lights in the southeastern part of the Wando archipeligo.
Kiso's Lighthouses - Korea
Photos posted by a Japanese lighthouse fan.
Korean Association of Aids to Navigation - Jeollanam
Photos and limited information for five of the provinces's most famous lighthouses.

Gangjin County Lighthouses

Maryang District Lighthouses
* Maryang Hang East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); red flash every 4 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted red. The tower is on the right in a distant view of the harbor, and Bing has a satellite view. Maryang is a mainland port opposite the Wando islands. Located on the east breakwater of Maryang harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4281.9; NGA 17307.
* Maryang Hang West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 4 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted white. The tower is on the left in a distant view of the harbor, and Bing has a satellite view. NGA describes this as the "center breakwater." Located on the west breakwater of Maryang harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. NGA 17307.5.
Gamagsom
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); six quick white flashes followed by one long white flash. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower, upper half painted yellow and lower half black. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. NGA lists the light as Kkamaksom. Located on a shoal about 800 m (1/2 mi) west of the Maryang West Breakwater Light. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4281.8; NGA 17306.

Wando County Lighthouses

Geumdang District Lighthouses
Note: Geumdangdo, the easternmost island of Wando County, is a smaller island about 5 km (3 mi) west of Geogeumdo in Goheung County.
Geumdangdo (Kumdang Do)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); white flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located at the northwestern point of Kumdangdo. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4281.7; NGA 17301.
Geumdangdo Hang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 4 s. 16 m (52 ft) concrete tower, painted green. No photo available, and Google has only a very distant satellite view. Located in the entrance to a harbor at the southeastern end of Kumdangdo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4297.55; NGA 17301.55.

Geumildo District Lighthouses
Note: Geomildo is an irregularly shaped island in the southeastern corner of the Wando archipelago about 25 km (15 mi) south southwest of the Goheung Peninsula.
Daebyeongpungdo (Taebyongp'ungdo)
1997. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); white flash every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. Google's distant satellite view does not reveal the lighthouse. Located on the western point of an island about 8 km (5 mi) southwest of Geomildo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4296.7; NGA 17292.5.
Seopdo (Sopto)
1957. Active; focal plane 55 m (180 ft); white flash every 10 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal cylindrical white concrete tower with gallery. An MLTM photo is at right, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located on the southeastern tip of Seopdo, a small island about 4 km (2.5 mi) southeast of Geomildo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4296; NGA 17292.
Darangdo
2012. Active; focal plane 18 m (56 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 17 m (56 ft) round concrete tower, painted black with a red horizontal band. No photo available; Google has a distant satellite view of the location. Located on an isolated rock about 5 km (3 mi) south of Sadong Hang. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4295.72.
* Sadong Hang South Breakwater
2001. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal concrete tower, painted red. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the end of the breakwater at the south end of Sadong harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4295.8; NGA 17291.3.
* Sadong Hang North Breakwater
2001. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); green flash every 5 s. 8 M (26 ft) octagonal white concrete tower. A photo showing both Sadang north harbor lights is available, and Google has a distant satellite view. Sadang is a small boat harbor at the southeastern end of Geomildo. Located at the end of the north breakwater. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4295.82; NGA 17291.35.
Seopdo Light
Seopdo Light, Geomildo District
Yeosu MLTM Office photo
* Sadong Hang West Breakwater
2001. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); red flash every 5 s. 8 M (26 ft) octagonal concrete tower, painted red. A photo showing both Sadang north harbor lights is available, and Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the end of the south breakwater. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. NGA 17293.

Saengil District Lighthouses
Hwangjedo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) octagonal cylindrical white concrete tower with gallery. A photo is available (third photo on the page), but Google's distant satellite view barely shows the lighthouse. Located on the eastern tip of Hwangjedo, a small island in the Korea Strait about 15 km (9 mi) due south of Saengildo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4295.5; NGA 17290.
Dogudo (Togudo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); white flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Dogudo is a small, inhabited island about 8 km (5 mi) south of Saengildo. Located on a hill above the harbor of Dogudo. Accessible by a short walk from the village. Site open, tower closed. NGA 17309.
Saengildo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); white flash every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on an islet off the east end of Saengildo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4281.55; NGA 17302.5.
Doryongnangdo (Toryongnangdo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island just off the south coast of Saengildo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NGA 17310.

Yaksan District Lighthouses
Tooduji
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the northeastern tip of Yaksando, an island northwest of Geumildo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4281.65; NGA 17303.
Gongdaejisan
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); white flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located the southeastern tip of Yaksando. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4281.6; NGA 17302.

Sinji (Sinchi) District Lighthouses
Note: Sinjido is an island about 15 km (9 mi) long east to west and varying in width from 2 km (1.2 mi) to 5 km (3 mi). The island has a population of about 3900 and is accessible by bridge from Wando.
Hyeoldo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 43 m (141 ft); white flash every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) round white concrete tower with gallery. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the eastern tip of Sinjido. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4281.58; NGA 17302.1.
Sinjido
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 37 m (121 ft); white flash every 4 s. 6 m (20 ft) round white concrete tower with gallery. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a high promontory on the southwestern coast of Sinjido. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4281; NGA 17304.

Cheongsan District Lighthouses
Note: Cheongsando is a round island, about 7 km (4.5 mi) in diameter, located in the Korea Strait about 18 km (11 mi) southeast of Wando. The island has a population of about 2600 and is a popular resort.
* Cheongsando (Chunsando, Chunsan To) South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); red flash every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, painted red. M.C. Han has a view from across the harbor, the light is in the background of Kim Solmae's photo of the north breakwater light, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the south breakwater of Cheongsando harbor, on the northwest side of the island. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4283.4; NGA 17336.
* Cheongsando (Chunsando, Chunsan To) North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); green flash every 6 s. 13 m (43 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, painted white. Kim Bong-sun's photo is at right, he has another photo, Kim Solmae has a closeup photo, and Bing has a satellite view. Accessible by walking the pier. Located on the north breakwater of Cheongsando harbor. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4283.6; NGA 17338.
Yeoseodo (Yoso Do)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 89 m (292 ft); white flash every 10 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, painted white. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Yeoseodo is an isolated island in the Korea Strait about 25 km (15 mi) south of Cheongsando. Located on heights above the west side of the harbor, on the north coast of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4284; NGA 17316.
* Yeoseodo West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, painted red. Kim Bong-Sun has a distant photo of both breakwater lights, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the west breakwater of Yeoseodo harbor, on the north side of the island. Site open, tower closed. NGA 17316.5.
Cheongsando Light
Cheongsando North Breakwater Light, Cheongsan, October 2008
Panoramio photo copyright Kim Bong-sun; used by permission
* Yeoseodo East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft (?)); green flash every 5 s (?). 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower with gallery, painted white. Kim Bong-Sun has a distant photo of both breakwater lights, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the east breakwater of Yeoseodo harbor, on the north side of the island. Site open, tower closed.

Wando District Lighthouses
Note: The Wando District includes the southeastern 2/3 of Wando, the largest island of the group.
* Wando Hang
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 15 m (49 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower wrapped in square panels creating a heliacal effect. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo is at right, another photo is available, the light is near the center of a distant panoramic view, and Bing has a satellite view. In the evenings, the lighthouse is illuminated and plays music while the panels rotate around the tower. These unusual enhancements were apparently added in 2009; a June 2008 photo (third photo on the page), shows the former appearance of the tower. Located at the end of the north (main) breakwater of Wando harbor. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4280.8; NGA 17305.
Molso
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 6 s. 12 m (39 ft) round concrete tower, painted green. No photo available, but Google has a distant satellite view. Located at the end of a detached breakwater to the southeast of Wando harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NGA 17304.5.
Meeruam
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 13 m (43 ft) tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, and a cloud blocks Bing's satellite view. Located on a shoal about 5 km (3 mi) south of Wando. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4280.5; NGA 17328.

Gunoe District Lighthouses
Note: The Gunoe District includes the northwestern 1/3 of Wando as well as a number of small islands to the west.
Hugildo (Hugil-to)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (43 ft); white flash every 5 s. 9 m (30 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located at the southwestern tip of Hugildo, an island about 13 km (8 mi) southwest of Wando. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4279.37; NGA 17531.5.

Soan District Lighthouses
Note: The remaining lighthouses of Wando County are in a group of islands lying about 20 km (13 mi) southwest of Wando itself. Bogildo is the largest of these islands.
Yongjeoncho (Yongjoncho)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 17 m (56 ft) tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located about 12 km (7.5 mi) southwest of Wando. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4279.45; NGA 17322.
Wando Hang Light
Wando Hang Light, Wando, 2009
Port of Mokpo photo
Gagsiseo (Kaksi So)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 1.6 km (1 mi) north of Soando. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4279.5; NGA 17324.
Daeseo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); red flash every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower, painted red. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef just off the northwestern tip of Soando. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4279.6; NGA 17325.
Soan Hang West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 5 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) octagonal concrete tower, painted red. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the west breakwater of Soan harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. NGA 17327.
Soan Hang North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); green flash every 5 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) octagonal concrete tower, painted green. No photo available, but Bing has a flawed satellite view. Located on the north breakwater of Soan harbor. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. NGA 17327.1.
Dangsado (Jagaedo, Chagaedo, Dongsado) (1)
1909. Inactive since 2008. 8 m (26 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white. A photo is at right, and Bing has a satellite view of the station. 1-story concrete keeper's house. In 2008, plans were announced to restore the lighthouse and open it to visitors on the occasion of its 100th anniversary in 2009. Jagaedo (Dongsado) is a small island south of the larger island of Bogildo and about 30 km (19 mi) southwest of Wando. There is ferry service from Wando to Bogildo, and transportation to Jagaedo can be arranged. Located on the southeastern point of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4282; NGA 17340.
Dangsado (Jagaedo, Chagaedo, Dongsado) (2)
2008 (station esatblished 1909). Active; focal plane 109 m (358 ft); white flash every 20 s. 21 m (69 ft) octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white; lantern roof is red. Fog siren (8 s blast every 48 s on request). A photo is at right, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the southeastern point of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4282; NGA 17340.

New (left) and old Dangsado Lights, Soan District
Port of Mokpo photo
Churuncho
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 20 m (66 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 24 m (79 ft) square cylindrical skeletal tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located about 5 km (3 mi) southwest of Dangsado. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NGA 17341.

Nohwa District Lighthouses
Seoneobdo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 51 m (167 ft); white flash every 4 s. 11 m (36 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, and the tower is not seen in Bing's satellite view of the location. Located at the northwest end of Seoneobdo, an island about 5 km (3 mi) northwest of Bogildo. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4278.15; NGA 17531.
Jugguldo (Chukkul Do)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 51 m (167 ft); white flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island, about 7 km (4 mi) northwest of Seoneob. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4278.2; NGA 17530.
Milmaedo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 54 m (177 ft); white flash every 4 s. 11 m (36 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island, about 7 km (4 mi) northwest of Juggul. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4278.3; NGA 17529.
Oryongdo
1910. Active; focal plane 93 m (305 ft); white flash every 15 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white. Fog horn (one blast every 40 s). Two 1-story concrete keeper's cottages. KAAN's photo is at the top of this page, a 2010 photo is available, and Bing has an indistinct satellite view of the station. Oryongdo is a high island about 8 km (5 mi) south of Oran. Located on the highest point of the island, near the northeast end. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4278; NGA 17532.

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: West: Jindo | East: Goheung Area | South: Jeju

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Posted January 9, 2008. Lighthouses: 40. Checked and revised May 28, 2013. Site copyright 2013 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.