Lighthouses of South Korea: Jindo

For most of its history, Korea was an independent kingdom, or at least an autonomous kingdom under Chinese influence. This came to an end in 1910, when Japan annexed all of Korea. At the end of World War II in 1945, the 38° parallel was established as the dividing line between U.S. and Soviet zones of occupation, and in 1948 separate civil administrations were established in the two halves of the country. The Korean War (1950-53) ended in a draw, with the armistice line falling close to the prewar 38° line. The Republic of Korea (ROK), commonly called South Korea, occupies the Korean peninsula south of the armistice line.

This page covers lighthouses of the island county of Jindo (formerly spelled Chindo) in Jeollanam Province, located on South Korea's southwest coast in the region formerly known as Jeolla or Cholla. Also included are several lighthouses located in the southern portion of the mainland county of Haenam. The coast of Jeolla faces southwest on the East China Sea and west on the Yellow Sea. It is an intricate and rocky coast, with numerous islands of all sizes offshore. Although there are several famous and historic lighthouses on this coast, most of the more modern lights are not well known.

Following several recent government reorganizations, navigational aids in the ROK are now regulated by the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (MOMAF). Lighthouses in Jindo are maintained by the Mokpo Regional Maritime Affairs and Port Authority. In Korean, the word for a lighthouse is donghae (등대); dan is a cape, do is an island, and hang is a harbor .

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Port of Mokpo - Lighthouses
Photos and information in English for the major lighthouses of the area. The Mokpo MLTM office maintains all of the lights on this page.
Kiso's Lighthouses - Korea
Photos posted by a Japanese lighthouse fan.
World of Lighthouses - South Korea
Photos by various photographers available from Lightphotos.net.
Korean Association of Aids to Navigation - Jeollanam
Photos and limited information for five of the provinces's most famous lighthouses.

Galdu Hang Light
Galdu Hang Light, Songcho, October 2008
Panoramio photo copyright nholt769; used by permission

Southern Haenam County Lighthouses

Note: Lighthouses of northern Haenam County are included on the Mokpo Area page.
Songji District Lighthouses
* Galdu Hang
2000. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green flash every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) tapered square white concrete skeletal tower with gallery. A photo is above, a distant view is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Inspired by the Eiffel Tower, this unusual light stands very close to the southernmost point of the Korean peninsula. Located at the end of the breakwater at Galdu, a small port in the village of Ttangkkeut ("Land's End") at the south end of Haenam County. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4279.36; NGA 17533.5.
Yangdo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 23 m (75 ft); white flash every 5 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) octagonal white concrete tower. The light is at the far left of a very distant view, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the south end of an island just off the extreme southwestern point of the Korean mainland, about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) west of Galdu Hang. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NGA 17534.
Eobuldo
2001(?). Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); three white flashes every 7 s. 9 m (30 ft) hexagonal cylindrical skeletal tower with gallery. Entire lighthouse is white. A photo (fifth photo on the page) is available, and Bing has a fuzzy satellite view. Located near the south end of an island off Eoran harbor. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4278.8; NGA 17535.
* Eoranjin (Eoran) Hang (Oran-ni, Oranchin) West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); green flash every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. Il Choi has a photo and a second photo, and Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located at the end of the west breakwater at Eoran, about 8 km (5 mi) northwest of Galdu Hang. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4279; NGA 17536.

Munnae District (Myeongnyang Strait) Lighthouses
Nokdo (Nok Do, Nogto)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 27 m (89 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) round white concrete tower with gallery. No photo available, but Google has a good satellite view. Located on the southern tip of the island, marking the southern approach to the Jindo Bridge, about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) southeast of the bridge. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4241; NGA 17600.
Pangtangseo (Pangtangso, Pangtang Rock)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); red flash every 4 s. 13 m (43 ft) round tower with lantern and gallery, painted red. A photo is available, but Google has a good satellite view. Located on a rock in the Myeongnyang Strait, which separates Jindo from the mainland, about 4 km (2.5 mi) east of the Jindo Bridge. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4242; NGA 17604.
Imhado (Imha Do) (2?)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 21 m (69 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 6 m (20 ft) round white concrete tower with double gallery. Several photos are available (halfway down the page) including the one at right, and Bing has a satellite view. Another photo apparently shows an earlier light at this location. Located at the tip of an island projecting westward at the northern entrance to the Myeongnyang Strait. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4238; NGA 17608.
Imhado Light
Imhado Light, Munnae, June 2012
Daum.net Creative Commons photo by balgurac

Jindo County: Jindo Island Area Lighthouses

Note: Jindo is the third largest island of South Korea. It is separated from Haenam County on the mainland by the Myeongnyang Strait, which is crossed by the Jindo Bridge.
Uisin and Imhoe Districts (South Coast) Lighthouses
Gujado (Guja-do, Hagujado, Ku Do)
1996. Active; focal plane 42 m (138 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located at the southeastern end of an island about 10 km (6 mi) off the southeastern coast of Jindo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4278.4; NGA 17544.
Pulmudo (Pulmu Do)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 45 m (148 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10.5 m (34 ft) round white concrete tower. A photo and a very distant view are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the northwestern end of an island about 3 km (2 mi) off the southern tip of Jindo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. NGA 17558.
* Seomang (Somang) Hang South Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. A closeup is available, Yoon Byoung-Cheon has a photo of the two Somang lighthouses, and Bing has a satellite view. Seomang is the terminal for ferries to the more remote islands of Jindo County. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Seomang, at the southern end of Jindo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4246.6; NGA 17581.
* Seomang (Somang) Hang North Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); green flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. A closeup (7th photo on the page) and another photo are available, Yoon Byoung-Cheon has a photo of the two Somang lighthouses, and Bing has a satellite view. Seomang is the terminal for ferries to the more remote islands of Jindo County. Located at the end of the south breakwater of Seomang, at the southern end of Jindo. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4246.65; NGA 17581.5.

Gogun and Jindo Districts (North Coast) Lighthouses
Geupchisan (Jindo Southwest)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located at the tip of a steep promontory at the southwestern tip of Jindo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4246.55; NGA 17581.8.
Buldo (Puldo, Pulto)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 52 m (171 ft); white flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on an islet off the western tip of Jindo, south of Gasado. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4232.6; NGA 17582.
Galduri (Kalduri)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower. Lighthouse painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on an isolated rock about 1.6 km (1 mi) off the western tip of Jindo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4233; NGA 17583.
Jeodo (Chodo, Cho Do)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, and the tower is not seen in Google's satellite view of the island. Located on an island off the central north coast of Jindo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4234; NGA 17592.
Gudo (Ku Do)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 29 m (95 ft); white flash every 4 s. 7.5 m (25 ft) round white concrete tower. Kim Bong-Sun has a view from the sea, and Google has a satellite view. Located on an islet about 5 km (3 mi) off the north coast of Jindo, guiding vessels toward the north end of the Myeongnyang Strait. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4236; NGA 17596.

Jindo County: Jodo Islands Lighthouses

Note: The Jodo district (Jodomyeon) includes a broad scattering of about 200 islands lying to the west and south of Jindo Island. Many of the islands are inhabited; the district has 33 villages and a total population of about 3300. The larger inhabited islands are accessible by ferry from Seomang on Jindo Island.
Boksacho (2)
2009 (station established 2003). Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 29 m (92 ft) round scientific platform supported by four robust piles. Structure painted black with a broad red horizontal band. A photo is at right, an excellent closeup photo (1/3 the way down the page) is available, and Bing has a satellite view. This tower is an observing station of the Korean Hydrographic and Oceanographic Adminstration (KHOA). Located about 15 km (9 mi) southeast of the Jodo Islands and a similar distance northwest of the Chuja Islands. Accessible only by boat. Admiralty M4242.6; NGA 17549.
Boksacho Light
Boksacho Light
Korean Hydrographic and Oceanographic Adminstration photo

Gasado Area Lighthouses
Note: Gasado is an island about 5 km (3 mi) long and 3 km (2 mi) wide, located about 6.5 km (4 mi) off the west coast of Jindo. The island is the site of gold and silver mines, long inactive but now being reopened.
Gwangdaedo
2006. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); white flash every 5 s. 13 m (43 ft) round white concrete tower. A view from the sea is avaiulable, another site has the same view (just over halfway down the page), and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the northern tip of an island about 8 km (5 mi) northeast of Gasado. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4234.5.
* Gasado (Kasado, Kasa Do) (2)
2008 (?) (station established 1915). Active; focal plane 75 m (246 ft); white flash every 15 s. 17 m (56 ft) octagonal cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted white, surrounded by an octagonal 3-story building. Fog horn (one blast every 45 s). An aerial photo is at right, a Seoul newspapaer has an excellent closeup, a portfolio of distant views is available, and Bing has a satellite view. This station is being developed as a tourist attraction. KAAN has a photo of the original lighthouse (last photo on the page), which was demolished. The Port of Mokpo also has a photo of the original light, and a closeup photo is available. Gasado is an island about 5 km (3 mi) long and about 6 km (3.5 mi) off the west coast of Jindo. Located on a promontory at the southeastern tip of the island. Site open, tower status unknown. ARLHS SKR-042; Admiralty M4232; NGA 17584.
Manseo (Man-so)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 14 m (46 ft) round concrete tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) northwest of the Gasado light station. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4234.8; NGA 17594.
Gadeokdo (Gadogdo, Kadokdo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located at the southeastern end of an island about 5 km (3 mi) west southwest of Gasado. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4247.81; NGA 17585.
Gasedo Light
Gasado Light, Gasado, Jindo County
Port of Mokpo photo

Hajodo Area Lighthouses
Note: Hajodo, the largest of the Jodo Islands, is about 7 km (4.5 mi) long and is located 8 km (5 mi) southwest of Jindo. A bridge links Hajodo to the neighboring island of Sangjodo, just to the north. A popular tourist destination, the island has a population of about 1800 and is readily accessible by ferry.
Jangjukdo (Changjukdo, Changjukto)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 6 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) octagonal white concrete tower. A photo (1/5 the way down the page) and a distant view are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the north end of an island in the strait between Jindo and Hajodo. Accessible only by boat, but ferries between Seomang and Hajodo pass close to this light. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4246.52; NGA 17559.5.
Hangando
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 32 m (105 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal white concrete tower. Kim Bong-Sun has a view from the sea, another view from the sea is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on an isolated high islet about 4 km (2.5 mi) east northeast of Hajodo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4246.51; NGA 17559.
Gyeongseocho (Dang Dan)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 10 m (33 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round concrete tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. Yoon Byoung-cheon has a distant view, and a closeup (1/4 the way down the page) is available, but the light is too new to appear in Bing's satellite view. Located on a shoal west of the bridge joining Hajodo to Sangjodo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. NGA 17557.
* Hajodo (Hajo-do, Hojodo)
1909. Active; focal plane 48 m (158 ft); white flash every 10 s. 14 m (46 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Fog siren (blast every 55 s). The 1-story concrete keeper's house seen in KAAN's photos has been removed. Entire station painted white. Fog siren (one blast every 55 s). A photo is at right, Jodo District has a page with photos, a blog has many photos, Kiso has a view from the sea (halfway down the page), Yoon Byoung-cheon also has a view from the sea, and Bing has a somewhat indistinct satellite view. Located at the tip of a very sharp promontory at the northeastern tip of Hajo-do. Accessible by road. Site open, tower closed. ARLHS SKR-008; Admiralty M4246; NGA 17556.
Hajodo Light
Hajodo Light, Hajodo
Jodo District Public Information photo
Heukseo
2007. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); three white flashes every 10 s. 17 m (56 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower, painted black with one yellow horizontal band, mounted on a round concrete pier. A distant view is available, Bing has an indistinct satellite view, and Naver has a clearer satellite view. Located on a reef about 1 km (0.6 mi) southeast of the Hajodo lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4245.
Semog
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) round white concrete tower with gallery. Yoon Byoung-cheon has a distant view; the light is hard to see in Bing's satellite view but appears clearly in Naver's satellite view. Located on the western tip of Hajodo. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4247; NGA 17560.

Gwanmaedo Area Lighthouses
Haesuseo (Haesu Seo, Haesu So)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. Yoon Byoung-cheon has a photo, and Bing has a distant satellite view of the shoal. Located on a reef near the center of the southwestern island group, southwest of Hajodo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4249.8; NGA 17562.
Geomado (Komado, Koma-do)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 50 m (164 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view and Naver has a better satellite view. Located on a high islet at the southern end of the southwestern island group. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4249.7; NGA 17563.

Seogeochado Lighthouses
Note: Seogeochado is near the outermost edge of the Jodo Islands, about 13 km (8 mi) southwest of Hajado.
Seogeochado
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 30 m (98 ft); white flash every 6 s. 6 m (20 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view and Naver has a clearer satellite view. Located at the eastern tip of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4249; NGA 17564.
* Seogeochado East Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); red flash every 4 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. Yoon Byoung-Cheon has a photo, additional photos are available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the end of the east breakwater of Seogeochado. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4249.2; NGA 17568.
* Seogeochado West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green flash every 4 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. Photos and additional photos are available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located at the end of the west breakwater of Seogeochado. Accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4249.4; NGA 17572.

Maenggoldo Area Lighthouses
Note: Maenggoldo and the neighboring island of Jukdo are the outermost inhabited islands of the Jodo Islands, about 5 km (3 mi) southwest of Seogeochado.
Byeongpungdo (Pyongpungdo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 47 m (154 ft); white flash every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) round white concrete tower. A photo (halfway down the page) and a second photo (also halfway down the page) are available; Google has a very distant satellite view and Naver has a clearer satellite view. Pyongpungdo is an island about 25 km (15 mi) south southwest of Jindo. Located at the southern tip of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4250; NGA 17580.
Jukdo (Chukdo, Chuk-to)
1907. Active; focal plane 85 m (279 ft); white flash every 10 s. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white. Fog horn (one blast every 35 s). KAAN's photo is at the top of this page, a closeup photo is available, and Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on a small island near the extreme southwestern corner of Korean territory, about 25 km (15 mi) southwest of Jindo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4248; NGA 17576.
Chukdo Light
Jukdo (Chukdo) Light, Maenggoldo
Korean Association of Aids to Navigation photo
Byeonseo (Pyonso)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 13 m (43 ft) tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, and the reef is only a blur in Bing's satellite view. Located on a rock about 4 km (2.5 mi) southwest of Chukdo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4248.5; NGA 17577.

Oebyongdo Area Lighthouses
Nurokdo (Nulogdo, Nulokdo)
2004. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round white concrete tower. Another photo and two additional photos are available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on an islet off the southeastern tip of Nurokdo, an island about 3 km (2 mi) south of Eoryongdo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4247.25; NGA 17552.
Duryangseo (Turyangdo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 12 m (39 ft) round concrete tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, but Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a shoal about 5 km (3 mi) west of Eoryongdo. Accessible only by boat. Admiralty M4247.6; NGA 17551.8.
Oebyeongdo
1907. Active; focal plane 81 m (266 ft); white flash every 10 s. 10 m (33 ft) octagonal concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Modern 2-story crew quarters building. Entire station painted white. KAAN's photo is at right, but clouds obscure Bing's satellite view of the area. Oebyeongdo is an island about 16 km (10 mi) west of the southwestern end of Jindo. Located on the highest point of the island. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. ARLHS SKR-019; Admiralty M4247.7; NGA 17554.
Nurokdo Light
Nurokdo Light, Nurokdo
Port of Mokpo photo

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: Sinan | Northeast: Mokpo Area | East: Wando | South: Jeju

Return to the Lighthouse Directory index | Ratings key

Posted January 9, 2008. Lighthouses: 38. Checked and revised June 28, 2014. Site copyright 2014 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.