Lighthouses of South Korea: Sinan

For most of its history, Korea was an independent kingdom, or at least an autonomous kingdom under Chinese influence. This came to an end in 1910, when Japan annexed all of Korea. At the end of World War II in 1945, the 38° parallel was established as the dividing line between U.S. and Soviet zones of occupation, and in 1948 separate civil administrations were established in the two halves of the country. The Korean War (1950-53) ended in a draw, with the armistice line falling close to the prewar 38° line. The Republic of Korea (ROK), commonly called South Korea, occupies the Korean peninsula south of the armistice line.

This page covers lighthouses of Sinan County, an island county of Jeollanam Province, located on South Korea's southwest coast in the region formerly known as Jeolla or Cholla. The county includes a large archipelago west of Mokpo. Also included in the county are the more remote Heuksan Islands; their lighthouses are listed on a separate page.

Following several recent government reorganizations, navigational aids in the ROK are now regulated by the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (MOMAF). Lighthouses in Sinan are maintained by the Mokpo Regional Maritime Affairs and Port Authority.

In Korean, the word for a lighthouse is donghae (등대); dan is a cape, do is an island, and hang is a harbor.

ARLHS numbers are from the ARLHS World List of Lights. Admiralty numbers are from volume M of the Admiralty List of Lights & Fog Signals. U.S. NGA List numbers are from Publication 112.

General Sources
Port of Mokpo - Lighthouses
Photos and information in English for the major lighthouses of the area.
Lighthouses and Aids to Navigation
Another page posted by the Port of Mokpo, with photos of typical smaller beacons.
Kiso's Lighthouses - Korea
Photos posted by a Japanese lighthouse fan.
Korean Association of Aids to Navigation - Jeollanam
Photos and limited information for five of the provinces's most famous lighthouses.
Lighthouses in South Korea
Photos available from Wikimedia.

Chilbaldo Light
Chilbaldo Light, Bigeum
Korean Association of Aids to Navigation photo

Sinui District Lighthouse
Neolbeunyeo (Pajangyeo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 17 m (56 ft); red flash every 6 s. 18 m (59 ft) round concrete tower centered on a large round concrete base. Entire lighthouse is red. A photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island in the narrow passage between Sinuido and Hauido, near the southern end of the Sinan islands. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4228.4.

Haui District Lighthouses
Sindo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); white flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located at the western tip of Sindo, an island off the west coast of Hauido. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4228.6; NGA 17587.
Jangbyeongdo
2010. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 6 s. 11 m (26 ft) octagonal white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located at the northern tip of an island off the north coast of Hauido. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4231.6.

Jangsan District Lighthouses
Jangdo (Changdo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); white flash every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) round white concrete tower. Kim Bong-sun has a distant view, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a small island southwest of Jangsando, marking the passage northward from Jindo toward Mokpo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4237; NGA 17612.
Jangsando
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); red flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower painted red. No photo available, but Google has a satellite view. Located on a shoal off the western tip of Majindo, a small island southeast of Jangsando. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4236.8.
Majindo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 17 m (56 ft) round concrete tower painted black with one red horizontal band. A photo is at right, and Google has a satellite view. Located on a shoal in the passage about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) southeast of Jangsando and a similar distance off the mainland. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4236.5.

Docho (Tocho) District Lighthouses
Pido (Ui-Gundo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 27 m (89 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island about 13 km (8 mi) south of Dochodo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4228.5; NGA 17588.
Gyeongchido (Gyongchido, Kyongchido) (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 47 m (154 ft); white flash every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) octagonal cylindrical white concrete tower. No photo available; Naver has a distant satellite view, and Bing also has a distant satellite view. The original light was on a round tower. Located at the east end of an island about 10 km (6 mi) northeast of Ueuido. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4229; NGA 17648.
Jongdaram (Chongdar-Am)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 8 m (26 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 18 m (59 ft) square skeletal tower mounted on a square concrete pier. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 3 km (1.8 mi) east of Gyongchido. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4229.1; NGA 17649.
Majindo Light
Majindo Light, Jangsan
Port of Mokpo photo
Docho (Touch'ado)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 6 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) octagonal white concrete tower. A closeup photo (3/4 the way down the page) and a second photo (first photo below the map) are available, Naver has a satellite view, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the northern tip of Dochodo, marking the eastern entrance to the strait between Dochodo and Bigeumdo. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4230.8; NGA 17650.
Jeungdo (Jeung Do)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8 m (26 ft) round white concrete tower. A sunset photo is available, and Naver has a satellite view, but Bing has only a distant satellite view. Located at the north point of a small island about 3 km (2 mi) east of the Docho light. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4231; NGA 17656.
Mado (Malseom)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 5 s. 12 m (39 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island about 2 km (1.25 mi) off the northeast coast of Dochodo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4231.3.
Migido
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 5 s. 15 m (49 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the eastern tip of Dochodo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4231.5; NGA 17658.

Bigeum District Lighthouses
Chilbaldo
1905. Active; focal plane 105 m (345 ft); white flash every 15 s. 8.5 m (29 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery. Lighthouse painted white. Several additional station buildings. KAAN's photo is at the top of this page, and Naver has a satellite view, but Google has only a very distant satellite view of the island. Located on a small island about 50 km (30 mi) due west of Mokpo. Accessible only by boat, and the island is a restricted bird sanctuary. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4212; NGA 17672.
Daegokdo (Daegogdo)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 35 m (115 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the south end of an island off the western entrance to the strait between Bigeumdo and Dochodo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4230; NGA 17643.
Bokdo (Bogdo, Pokto)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 16 m (52 ft); two white flashes every 10 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower with lantern and gallery, painted black with one red horizontal band. A photo (14th photo on the page) is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef about 6 km (3.5 mi) southwest of Bigeumdo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4229.5; NGA 17645.
Jangguseom (Janggu Seo, Changgu-so)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (69 ft); white flash every 5 s. 9 m (29 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on an islet off the west coast of Bigeumdo, about 4 km (2.5 mi) northwest of Daegogdo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4229.8; NGA 17644.5.
* Wonpyeong (Wonpyong) Hang West Breakwater
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); two red flashes every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is red. A closeup photo is available, the light can be seen in an aerial photo of the harbor, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the west breakwater of Wonpyong harbor, on the north coast of Biguemdo. Probably accessible by walking the pier. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4212.7; NGA 17669.
Wonpyeong (Wonpyong) Hang East Breakwater (2)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); two green flashes every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) round concrete tower. Entire lighthouse is white. A closeup photo is available, the light can be seen in an aerial photo of the harbor, and Bing has a satellite view. NGA lists a light on a mast. Located at the west end of a detached breakwater of Wonpyong harbor. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4212.8; NGA 17670.
Usedo (Use Do)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 68 m (233 ft); white flash every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) round white concrete tower. The light can be seen in an aerial photo, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the west end of an uninhabited island sheltering Wonpyong. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4212.5; NGA 17668.
Sangsuchido
1996. Active; focal plane 37 m (121 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) round white concrete tower, mounted on a square base. The light is barely visible in an aerial photo, and Naver has a satellite view, and Bing has a satellite view. Located at the northwest end of an island about 3 km (5 mi) southeast of Bigeumdo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4213; NGA 17652.
Oemyeondo
2010. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) octagonal white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island in the passage between Bigeum and Anjwa. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4231.2.
Suchido
2010. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flashes every 6 s. 11 m (39 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the southern tip of Suchido, an island in the passage between Bigeum and Anjwa. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4231.4.

Anjwa District Lighthouses
Sangsachido
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); nine quick white flashes every 13 s. 13 m (43 ft) round concrete tower, apparently with lantern and gallery, painted yellow with a black horizontal band. No photo available, and Bing has only a fuzzy satellite view. Located on a shoal about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) east of the Sangsuchido light. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4213.2; NGA 17661.
Samdo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 15 m (49 ft); white flash every 4 s. 9 m (30 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on a tiny island off the northwest coast of Anjwado. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4213.5; NGA 17660.
Somajindo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 4 s. 8.5 m (28 ft) octagonal white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the northwest end of an island in the passage between Anjwado and Palgeumdo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4214.5; NGA 17665.
Byeondo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 4 s. 12 m (39 ft) octagonal white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island at the south side of the eastern entrance to the passage between Anjwado and Palgeumdo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4215; NGA 17620.
Bokhocho
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); green flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round cylindrical tower. Entire lighthouse is green. The Port of Mokpo's photo is at right, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a reef off the harbor of Bokho, a small port at the southeastern end of Anjwado. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4219.5; NGA 17615.
Jeungsando
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); white flash every 6 s. 8 m (26 ft) octagonal white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on the northern tip of Jeungsando, an island off the southeast side of Anjwado. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4219; NGA 17617.
Jido (Chido)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 28 m (92 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round white concrete tower. The tower is barely visible in Kim Bong-Sun's very distant view of the island, and Bing has a satellite view. Located atop a small island about 40 km (25 mi) southwest of Mokpo and 3 km (2 mi) southeast of Anjwado. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4235; NGA 17614.
Bokhocho Light
Bokhocho Light, Anjwa
Port of Mokpo photo

Palgeum District Lighthouses
Palgeumdo (P'algum Do)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 18 m (59 ft); white flash every 6 s. 6 m (20 ft) round white concrete tower. A photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on the western tip of Palgeumdo, an island just to the northeast of Anjwado. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4214; NGA 17664.
Amchido
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 12 m (39 ft) round cylindrical tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a shoal off the northeastern tip of Maedo, an island northeast of Palgeumdo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4215.7; NGA 17633.
Hanapdeokdo (Hanapdokdo, Hanaptokto)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 26 m (85 ft); white flash every 6 s. Approx. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. The light is seen in an aerial photo, and Bing has a satellite view. Located atop a small island off the northestern tip of Palgeumdo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4215.5; NGA 17632.

Amtae District Lighthouse
* Amtaedo (Amtae Do)
1913. Active; focal plane 38 m (125 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 7 m (23 ft) round stucco-clad brick tower, painted white. Lantern removed. A closeup photo is available (second photo on the page), also a second photo (halfway down the page) and several distant views. The small tower can be seen in Google's satellite view, and Naver also has a satellite view. This is clearly a historic lighthouse, but we do not know anything of its history. Located at the eastern tip of Amtaedo, the largest island of the Sinan archipelago. Accessible by a hiking trail. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4216; NGA 17636.
Hwangdalseo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); six quick white flashes followed by one long white flash every 15 s. 15 m (49 ft) round concrete tower, upper half painted yellow and lower half black. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a shoal about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) east of teh Amtaedo lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4215.9.

Jaeun District Lighthouses
Oegaldo (Oegalto)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); white flash every 5 s. 8 m (26 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the southwestern tip of Jaeundo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4210.8; NGA 17643.1.
Jinseomal (Chinso Mal)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 60 m (197 ft); white flash every 5 s. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a promontory at the western tip of Jaeundo. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4211.5; NGA 17666.
Odo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 72 m (236 ft); white flash every 4 s. 11 m (36 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Naver has a satellite view and Google has a distant satellite view. Located on an isolated high island about 7 km (4 mi) northwest of Jaeundo. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4211; NGA 17644.
Jaeundo (Chaun Do)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 34 m (112 ft); two white flashes every 6 s. 9 m (30 ft) round cylindrical white concrete tower. A photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a promontory at the northeastern tip of Jaeundo. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4216.5; NGA 17640.
Jinmokdo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); three quick white flashes every 10 s. 13 m (43 ft) round concrete tower, painted black with one yellow horizontal band. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a shoal off the east coast of Jaeundo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4216.3.

Jeungdo District Lighthouses
Sinan Byeongpungdo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 9 m (30 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, and the tower may be too new to appear in Google's satellite view. Located on a reef in the passage off the east coast of Jeungdo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4216.8.
Soakdo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 12 m (39 ft); nine quick white flashes every 15 s. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower, painted yellow with one black horizontal band. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a skerry in the passage on the east side of Jeungdo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4216.6.
Hwangdo (Bigyeoseom)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 33 m (108 ft); white flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) round white concrete tower. The light is barely visible in an aerial photo, but Bing has a satellite view. Located at the western end of a small island south of Jeungdo, marking the northern approach to Mokpo, about 30 km (19 mi) northwest of the city. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4216.7; NGA 17642.

Imja District Lighthouses
Jasonyeo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); quick-flashing white light. 11 m (36 ft) round concrete tower, upper half painted black and lower half yellow. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a skerry about 20 km (13 mi) west southwest of Imjado. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4211.2; NGA 17644.2.
Sobichido
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 94 m (308 ft); white flash every 6 s. 10 m (33 ft) octagonal white concrete tower. A photo is at right, and Naver has a satellite view. Located at the northwestern end of a small island about 20 km (13 mi) northwest of Imjado. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4210.2.
Sobichido Light
Sobichido Light, Imja
Port of Mokpo photo
Daenorokdo (Daerorogso, Taerorok To)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 72 m (236 ft); white flash every 5 s. 7 m (23 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Naver has a satellite view and Bing has a distant satellite view. Located on an island about 8 km (5 mi) west of Imjado. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4210; NGA 17712.
Sambongdan (Sambong)
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 31 m (102 ft); white flash every 4 s. 10 m (33 ft) round white concrete tower. No photo available, but Naver has a satellite view and Bing has an indistinct satellite view. Located on a sharp promontory at the northeastern tip of Imjado. Accessible only by boat. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4210.3; NGA 17714.
Jeonjangpo
2007. Active; focal plane 11 m (36 ft); two white flashes every 5 s. 16 m (52 ft) round concrete tower, painted black with one red horizontal band. No photo available, but Bing has a satellite view. Located on a shoal off the waterfront of Jeonjangpo, about 1.6 km (1 mi) southwest of the Sambongdan lighthouse. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4210.25.
Sudo Southeast
2006. Active; focal plane 13 m (43 ft); white flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) octagonal white concrete tower standing on a broad octagonal concrete base. A photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Sudo is an island in the passage between Imjado on the west and Haejedo on the east. Located on the southeastern tip of the island. Site status unknown. Admiralty M4210.38.

Jido Town Lighthouses
Oegyodo
Date unknown. Active; focal plane 19 m (62 ft); white flash every 4 s. 15 m (49 ft) white concrete tower. A photo is at right, and Bing has a satellite view. Oegyodo is a small island off Dangchong village, about 8 km (5 mi) southwest of Jido. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4210.7.
Bongni
2004. Active; focal plane 14 m (46 ft); white flash every 6 s. 11 m (36 ft) octagonal white concrete tower standing on a broad octagonal concrete base. A photo is available, and Bing has a satellite view. Located on a small island off the northwestern coast of Haejedo. Accessible only by boat. Site open, tower closed. Admiralty M4210.35.
Oegyodo Light
Oegyodo Light, Jido
Port of Mokpo photo

Information available on lost lighthouses:

Notable faux lighthouses:

Adjoining pages: North: North Jeolla (Gunsan Area) | East: Mokpo Area | South: Jindo | West: Heuksan Islands

Return to the Lighthouse Directory index | Ratings key

Posted January 9, 2008. Lighthouses: 51. Checked and revised July 5, 2014. Site copyright 2014 Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.